Chronology of Events

by Daniel Gregg

Chronology of Events

Nisan 445 BC: Decree to rebuild the walls of Yerūshalayim. Neḥemyah is appointed to be the governor. ‘Ezra’ reads the Torah in Tishri 445 BC, marking the sabbatical year.

Nisan 397 BC: After seven sabbatic years, and also exactly 49 years, ‘Ezra’ the priest and scribe is appointed governor of Yehūdah. He comes with a commission from Artaxerxes II to right the wrongs committed by the previous governor.

Nisan AD 34: After sixty two more sabbatic years, Mĕssiah Yĕshūa̒ dies for the sins of the world and resurrects on the third day.

3 B.C.; Month IV, 4th week (noon July 6 to noon July 13): Zeḳaryah serves in the division of A̕v̱i̱yah this week. He was alloted to burn the incense offering, on the Sabbath, July 13, during the morning service, and receives a vision announcing the birth of Yōḥanan.

3 B.C.; Month V, New Moon Day (July 14): E̕li̱shav̱a̒ conceives Yōḥanan.

3 B.C.; Month X, New Moon Day (December 10): On the first day of the sixth month of E̕li̱shav̱a̒ is the announcement to Miryam. She conceives Yĕshūa̒.

2 B.C.; Month II, New Moon Day (April 6): On the first day of the second month E̕li̱shav̱a̒ gives birth to Yōḥanan exactly at the completion of 266 days.

2 B.C.; Month VII, New Moon Day (Sept 1): On the first day of the seventh month, at exactly 266 days Miryam gives birth a son, and he is named Yĕshūa̒.

AD 12; Nisan: Yĕshūa̒ and his parents attend the Passover in Yerūshalayim. When he is age 12 this year, he enters a scripture discussion in the Temple with the learned men.

AD 14; August: Augustus dies and Tiberius takes administrative control of the Roman Empire on August 19. The Senate confirms him on Sept. 17.

AD 29; Month II, New Moon Day (May 4): On or not long very long after this day, his 30th birthday, Yōḥanan is ordained. He comes announcing an immersion of repentance in the 15th year of Tiberius.

AD 29; Month V-VI: When Yĕshūa̒ is almost 30 he is immersed by Yōḥanan.

AD 30; Nisan: During the first Passover season of his ministry, Yĕshūa̒ announces to the Yehūdi̱m that he will destroy the Temple and raise it in three days. He was speaking of his body. The Yehūdi̱m reject his claim to be Mĕssiah for the first time. According to tradition strange signs began to occur in the Temple at this time, and lasted for forty years, until AD 70, when the Temple was destroyed by Titus. The Yehūdi̱m regarded the signs as a sign of divine displeasure. It appears that the reason is that they rejected Yĕshūa̒ as recorded in John 2.

AD 30-31; Winter: Yōḥanan is put in prision.

AD 30-31; Winter: Yĕshūa̒ goes through Shōmrōn and reveals that he is the Mĕssiah to the woman at the well. Many affirm faithfulness to him from that city. Yĕshūa̒ disciples are concerned that he has not eaten, and he says, “My food is to do the will of him who sent me, and to accomplish his work. Do you not say, ‘There are yet four months, and then comes the harvest’? Look, I say to you, lift up your eyes, and look on the fields, that they are white for harvest.”

AD 31; Nisan 18, Sabbath (March 31) Yĕshūa̒ and his disciples are going through the grain fields on the first Shabbat after Passover when the Perūshi̱m criticize them for plucking grain and eating it on the Shabbat. Yĕshūa̒ offers in defense that Daυi̱d obtained the left over bread of the presence on the Shabbat when he was fleeing from King Sha’ūl. This was during the week of the second Passover of Yĕshūa̒’s ministry.

AD 32; Nisan:Yoḥanan the Evangelist mentions the third Passover of Yĕshūa̒’s ministry (John 6:4).

AD 32; Month IX, Kislev: Yoḥanan the Evangelist mentions the Hanukkah (John 10:22).

AD 33; Month XII, Adar: Yĕshūa̒ pays the Temple Tax, collected in Adar, for himself and Peter (Matthew 17:27).

AD 33; late spring: Yĕshūa̒ has stayed away from the Passover this year due to the threat on his life. In the late spring, beginning in Gali̱l he sets his face toward Yerūshalayim to being a long and often interrupted last journey of ministry on his way to the crucifixion. He sents 70 emissaries to 35 destinations which he plans to follow up on himself after.

AD 34; Nisan 9 (Friday, March 19): Six days before Passover Yĕshūa̒ comes to Bēi̱t-hi̱ni̱ where he is served supper. He is anointed during super.

AD 34; Nisan 10 (Sabbath, March 20): Yĕshūa̒ enters Yerūshalayim as the set apart lamb with great fanfare.

AD 34; Nisan 11 (Sunday, March 21): Yĕshūa̒ curses the fig tree. He then casts the money changers out of the Temple.

AD 34; Nisan 12 (Monday, March 22): The disciples finally notice the fig tree which was cursed the day before has withered. Yĕshūa̒ taught in the Temple this day and gave the prophecy on the Mt. of Olives.

AD 34; Nisan 13 (Tuesday, March 23): Late on this day preparations are begun for the Passover. That evening Yĕshūa̒ and his disciples eat the last supper.

AD 34; Wednesday Night (March 24, early a.m.): Yĕshūa̒ is arrested after supper. And the authorities begin to take depositions.

AD 34; Wednesday dawn (March 24): The trial begins. Yĕshūa̒ is charged with claiming to be Yăhwēh Almĭghty, which he confirms, and then is sentenced to death on the charge of blasphemy.

AD 34, Nisan 14, 3 p.m. (Wednesday, March 24): Yĕshūa̒ finally dies after five or six hours. He is buried in a single linen cloth before the annual Shabbat.

AD 34, Nisan 15, (Thursday, March 25): The authorities go to Pilate and ask him to secure the grave until the third day.

AD 34, Nisan 16, (Friday, March 26)Naqdi̱mōn and Yōsēf of Haramati̱ return to the tomb to give Yĕshūa̒ a proper embalming which was not possible with so little time left before the annual Shabbat to acquire the necessary spices. This time they wrap him with linen strips, and wrap the head in a separate head cloth. The woman also buy and prepare spices on this day, as they plan to visit the tomb on the Sabbath at the end of the third day for the final anointing.

AD 34, Nisan 17, (Shabbat, March 27): Near dawn on the later of the Shabbats (Mat. 28:1), which is the second Shabbat after the first annual Shabbat of Passover, there was an earthquake, and Yĕshūa̒ was raised from the dead. Now on the first of the Shabbats Miryam Ha-Magdali̱t came early, while it was still dark at the tomb. (John 20:1). On the same day two were walking to Emmaus when Yĕshūa̒ appeared to them, and later the same Shabbat Yĕshūa̒ appeared to his disciples.

AD 34, Nisan 24, (Shabbat, April 3): Yĕshūa̒ appears to the disciples again, and this time he appears to Tōma̕, one of the twelve, called Di̱dūmōs. When his doubts are disconfirmed, he exclaims, “My A̕dŏnai̱ and my Al­mĭgh­ty!” And Yĕshūa̒ said to him, “Because you have seen me, you have affirmed faithfulness. Blessed are they who do not see, and who affirm faithfulness.” Yĕshūa̒ tells them to wait for the promised Holy Spĭrit.

AD 34, Sivan 7, (Friday, May 14th): The Rūaḥ HaQōdēsh (Holy Spĭrit) falls on the disciples on the feast of Shav̱ū‘ōt.

AD 36: Conversion of Paul.

AD 39: Paul’s visit with Peter.

AD 49: Acts 15 Council decides what the minimum requirements will be upon the conduct of non-Jews making a profession of faithfulness to Mĕssiah. The assembly is assured that the non-Jews will continue to learn the Law and Prophets as Mōshēh is read every Shabbat in the congregations.

AD 57 First Sabbath (April 16)Paul preaches on the first of the Sabbaths after Passover, and then late into the night after the Sabbath. A young man falls asleep and falls from an upper window and dies, but Paul raises him from the dead. Acts 20:7.

AD 57Arrest of Paul after Shav̱ū‘ōt.

Av 9-10, AD 70 (Sunday and Monday, August 5-6): First Jewish Revolt ended. The Temple is destroyed at the beginning of the duty of the first division of priests, Av 9-10.

ca. AD 90: Yōḥanan receives the Revelation of Yĕshūa̒ on the Shabbat.