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TorahTimes Messianic Ministry

Teaching Truths about Torah, Time, and Messiah


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Second Chronicles

Chapter 1

Now Solomon the son of David established himself securely over his kingdom, and Yahweh his Almighty was with him and exalted him greatly. 1:2And Solomon spoke to all Israel, to the commanders of thousands and of hundreds and to the judges and to every leader in all Israel, the heads of the fathers’ households. 3Then Solomon, and all the assembly with him, went to the high place which was at Gibeon; for the Almighty’s tent of meeting was there, which Moses the servant of Yahweh had made in the wilderness. 4However, David had brought up the ark of the Almighty from Kiriath-jearim to the place he had prepared for it; for he had pitched a tent for it in Jerusalem. 5Now the bronze altar, which Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, was there before the tabernacle of Yahweh, and Solomon and the assembly sought it out. 6And Solomon went up there before Yahweh to the bronze altar which was at the tent of meeting, and offered a thousand burnt offerings on it. 7In that night the Almighty appeared to Solomon and said to him, “Ask what I shall give you.” 8And Solomon said to the Almighty, “You have dealt with my father David with great lovingkindness, and have made me king in his place. 9“Now, Yahweh Almighty, your word to my father David is supported; for you have made me king over a people as numerous as the dust of the earth. 10“Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people; for who can rule this great people of yours?” 11And the Almighty said to Solomon, “Because you had this in mind, and did not ask for riches, wealth, or honor, or the life of those who hate you, nor have you even asked for long life, but you have asked for yourself wisdom and knowledge, that you may rule my people, over whom I have made you king, 12wisdom and knowledge have been granted to you. And I will give you riches and wealth and honor, such as none of the kings who were before you has possessed, nor those who will come after you.” 13So Solomon went from the high place which was at Gibeon, from the tent of meeting, to Jerusalem, and he reigned over Israel. 14And Solomon amassed chariots and horsemen. He had 1,400 chariots, and 12,000 horsemen, and he stationed them in the chariot cities and with the king at Jerusalem. 15And the king made silver and gold as plentiful in Jerusalem as stones, and he made cedars as plentiful as sycamores in the lowland. 16And Solomon’s horses were imported from Egypt and from Kue; the king’s traders procured them from Kue for a price. 17And they imported chariots from Egypt for 600 shekels of silver apiece, and horses for 150 apiece, and by the same means they exported them to all the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Aram.

Chapter 2

Now Solomon decided to build a house for the name of Yahweh, and a royal palace for himself. 2:2So Solomon assigned 70,000 men to carry loads, and 80,000 men to quarry stone in the mountains, and 3,600 to supervise them. 3Then Solomon sent word to Huram the king of Tyre, saying, “As you dealt with David my father, and sent him cedars to build him a house to dwell in, so do for me. 4“Behold, I am about to build a house for the name of Yahweh my Almighty, dedicating it to him, to burn fragrant incense before him, and to set out the showbread continually, and to offer burnt offerings morning and evening, on sabbaths and on new moons and on the appointed feasts of Yahweh our Almighty, this is to time immemorial for Israel. 5“And the house which I am about to build will be great; for greater is our Almighty than all the gods. 6“But who is able to build a house for him, for the heavens and the highest heavens cannot contain him? So who am I, that I should build a house for him, except to burn incense before him? 7“And now send me a skilled man to work in gold, silver, brass and iron, and in purple, crimson and violet fabrics, and who knows how to make engravings, to work with the skilled men whom I have in Judah and Jerusalem, whom David my father provided. 8“Send me also cedar, cypress and algum timber from Lebanon, for I know that your servants know how to cut timber of Lebanon; and indeed, my servants will work with your servants, 9to prepare timber in abundance for me, for the house which I am about to build will be great and wonderful. 10“Now behold, I will give to your servants, the woodsmen who cut the timber, 20,000 kors of crushed wheat, and 20,000 kors of barley, and 20,000 baths of wine, and 20,000 baths of oil.” 11Then Huram, king of Tyre, answered in a letter sent to Solomon: “Because Yahweh loves his people, he has made you king over them.” 12Then Huram continued, “Blessed be Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, who has made heaven and earth, who has given King David a wise son, endowed with discretion and understanding, who will build a house for Yahweh and a royal palace for himself. 13“And now I am sending a skilled man, endowed with understanding, Huram-abi, 14the son of a Danite woman and a Tyrian father, who knows how to work in gold, silver, bronze, iron, stone and wood, and in purple, violet, linen and crimson fabrics, and who knows how to make all kinds of engravings and to execute any design which may be assigned to him, to work with your skilled men, and with those of my lord David your father. 15“Now then, let my lord send to his servants wheat and barley, oil and wine, of which he has spoken. 16“And we will cut whatever timber you need from Lebanon, and bring it to you on rafts by sea to Joppa, so that you may carry it up to Jerusalem.” 17And Solomon numbered all the aliens who were in the land of Israel, following the census which his father David had taken; and 153,600 were found. 18And he appointed 70,000 of them to carry loads, and 80,000 to quarry stones in the mountains, and 3,600 supervisors to make the people work.

Chapter 3

Then Solomon began to build the house of Yahweh in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where Yahweh had appeared to his father David, at the place that David had prepared, on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. 3:2And he began to build on the second day in the second month of the fourth year of his reign. 3Now these are the foundations which Solomon laid for building the house of the Almighty. The length in cubits, according to the old standard was sixty cubits, and the width twenty cubits. 4And the porch which was in front of the house was as long as the width of the house, twenty cubits, and the height 120; and inside he overlaid it with pure gold. 5And he overlaid the main room with cypress wood and overlaid it with fine gold, and ornamented it with palm trees and chains. 6Further, he adorned the house with precious stones; and the gold was gold from Parvaim. 7He also overlaid the house with gold—the beams, the thresholds, and its walls, and its doors; and he carved cherubim on the walls. 8Now he made the room of the holy of holies: its length, across the width of the house, was twenty cubits, and its width was twenty cubits; and he overlaid it with fine gold, amounting to 600 talents. 9And the weight of the nails was fifty shekels of gold. He also overlaid the upper rooms with gold. 10Then he made two sculptured cherubim in the room of the holy of holies and overlaid them with gold. 11And the wingspan of the cherubim was twenty cubits; the wing of one, of five cubits, touched the wall of the house, and its other wing, of five cubits, touched the wing of the other cherub. 12And the wing of the other cherub, of five cubits, touched the wall of the house; and its other wing of five cubits, was attached to the wing of the first cherub. 13The wings of these cherubim extended twenty cubits, and they stood on their feet facing the main room. 14And he made the veil of violet, purple, crimson and fine linen, and he worked cherubim on it. 15He also made two pillars for the front of the house, thirty-five cubits high, and the capital on the top of each was five cubits. 16And he made chains in the inner sanctuary, and placed them on the tops of the pillars; and he made one hundred pomegranates and placed them on the chains. 17And he erected the pillars in front of the temple, one on the right and the other on the left, and named the one on the right Jachin and the one on the left Boaz.

Chapter 4

Then he made a bronze altar, twenty cubits in length and twenty cubits in width and ten cubits in height. 4:2Also he made the cast metal sea, ten cubits from brim to brim, circular in form, and its height was five cubits and its circumference thirty cubits. 3Now figures like oxen were under it and all around it, ten cubits, entirely encircling the sea. The oxen were in two rows, cast in one piece. 4It stood on twelve oxen, three facing the north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east; and the sea was set on top of them, and all their hindquarters turned inwards. 5And it was a handbreadth thick, and its brim was made like the brim of a cup, like a lily blossom; it could hold 3,000 baths. 6He also made ten basins in which to wash, and he set five on the right side and five on the left, to rinse things for the burnt offering; but the sea was for the priests to wash in. 7Then he made the ten golden lampstands in the way prescribed for them, and he set them in the temple, five on the right side and five on the left. 8He also made ten tables and placed them in the temple, five on the right side and five on the left. And he made one hundred golden bowls. 9Then he made the court of the priests and the great court and doors for the court, and overlaid their doors with bronze. 10And he set the sea on the right side of the house toward the southeast. 11Huram also made the pails, the shovels, and the bowls. So Huram finished doing the work which he performed for King Solomon in the house of the Almighty: 12the two pillars, the bowls and the two capitals on top of the pillars, and the two networks to cover the two bowls of the capitals which were on top of the pillars, 13and the four hundred pomegranates for the two networks, two rows of pomegranates for each network to cover the two bowls of the capitals which were on the pillars. 14He also made the stands and he made the basins on the stands, 15and the one sea with the twelve oxen under it. 16And the pails, the shovels, the forks, and all its utensils, Huram-abi made of polished bronze for King Solomon for the house of Yahweh. 17On the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredah. 18Thus Solomon made all these utensils in great quantities, for the weight of the bronze could not be found out. 19Solomon also made all the things that were in the house of the Almighty: even the golden altar, the tables with the bread of the Presence on them, 20the lampstands with their lamps of pure gold, to burn in front of the inner sanctuary in the way prescribed; 21the flowers, the lamps, and the tongs of gold, of purest gold; 22and the snuffers, the bowls, the spoons, and the firepans of pure gold; and the entrance of the house, its inner doors for the holy of holies, and the doors of the house, that is, of the nave, of gold.

Chapter 5

Thus all the work that Solomon performed for the house of Yahweh was finished. And Solomon brought in the things that David his father had dedicated, even the silver and the gold and all the utensils, and put them in the treasuries of the house of the Almighty. 5:2Then Solomon assembled to Jerusalem the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the leaders of the fathers’ households of the sons of Israel, to bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh out of the city of David, which is Zion. 3And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to the king at the feast, that is in the seventh month. 4Then all the elders of Israel came, and the Levites took up the ark. 5And they brought up the ark and the tent of meeting and all the holy utensils which were in the tent; the Levitical priests brought them up. 6And King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel who were assembled with him before the ark were sacrificing so many sheep and oxen, that they could not be counted or numbered. 7Then the priests brought the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to its place, into the inner sanctuary of the house, to the holy of holies, under the wings of the cherubim. 8For the cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark, so that the cherubim made a covering over the ark and its poles. 9And the poles were so long that the ends of the poles of the ark could be seen in front of the inner sanctuary, but they could not be seen outside; and they are there to this day. 10There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets which Moses put there at Horeb, where Yahweh made a covenant with the sons of Israel, when they came out of Egypt. 11And when the priests came forth from the holy place (for all the priests who were present had sanctified themselves, without regard to divisions), 12and all the Levitical singers, Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and their sons and kinsmen, clothed in fine linen, with cymbals, harps, and lyres, standing east of the altar, and with them one hundred and twenty priests blowing trumpets 13in unison when the trumpeters and the singers were to make themselves heard with one voice to praise and to glorify Yahweh, and when they lifted up their voice accompanied by trumpets and cymbals and instruments of music, and when they praised Yahweh saying,He indeed is good for his lovingkindness is to time immemorial,” then the house, the house of Yahweh, was filled with a cloud, 14so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of Yahweh filled the house of the Almighty.

Chapter 6

Then Solomon said, “Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the thick cloud. 6:2“I have built you a lofty house, and a place for your dwelling most enduringly.” 3Then the king faced about and blessed all the assembly of Israel, while all the assembly of Israel was standing. 4And he said, “Blessed be Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, who spoke with his mouth to my father David and has fulfilled it with his hands, saying, 5‘Since the day that I brought my people from the land of Egypt, I did not choose a city out of all the tribes of Israel in which to build a house that my name might be there, nor did I choose any man for a leader over my people Israel; 6but I have chosen Jerusalem that my name might be there, and I have chosen David to be over my people Israel.’ 7“Now it was in the heart of my father David to build a house for the name of Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel. 8“But Yahweh said to my father David, ‘Because it was in your heart to build a house for my name, you did well that it was in your heart. 9‘Nevertheless you shall not build the house, but your son who shall be born to you, he shall build the house for my name.’ 10“Now Yahweh has fulfilled his word which he spoke; for I have risen in the place of my father David and sit on the throne of Israel, as Yahweh promised, and have built the house for the name of Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel. 11“And there I have set the ark, in which is the covenant of Yahweh, which he made with the sons of Israel.” 12Then he stood before the altar of Yahweh in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands. 13Now Solomon had made a bronze platform, five cubits long, five cubits wide, and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court; and he stood on it, knelt on his knees in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven. 14And he said, “Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, there is no god like you in heaven or on earth, keeping covenant and showing lovingkindness to your servants who walk before you with all their heart; 15who has kept with your servant David, my father, that which you have promised him; indeed, you have spoken with your mouth, and have fulfilled it with your hand, as it is this day. 16“Now therefore, Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, keep with your servant David, my father, that which you have promised him, saying, ‘You shall not lack a man to sit on the throne of Israel, if only your sons take heed to their way, to walk in my Law as you have walked before me.’ 17“Now therefore, Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, let your word be supported which you have spoken to your servant David. 18“But will the Almighty indeed dwell with mankind on the earth? Behold, heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain you; how much less this house which I have built. 19“Yet have regard to the prayer of your servant and to his supplication, Yahweh my Almighty, to listen to the cry and to the prayer which your servant prays before you; 20that your eyes may be open toward this house day and night, toward the place of which you have said that you wouldst put your name there, to listen to the prayer which your servant shall pray toward this place. 21“And listen to the supplications of your servant and of your people Israel, when they pray toward this place; hear you from your dwelling place, from heaven; hear you and forgive. 22“If a man sins against his neighbor, and is made to take an oath, and he comes and takes an oath before your altar in this house, 23then hear you from heaven and act and judge your servants, punishing the wicked by bringing his way on his own head and justifying the righteous by giving him according to his righteousness. 24“And if your people Israel are defeated before an enemy, because they have sinned against you, and they return to you and confess your name, and pray and make supplication before you in this house, 25then hear you from heaven and forgive the sin of your people Israel, and bring them back to the land which you have given to them and to their fathers. 26“When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against you, and they pray toward this place and confess your name, and turn from their sin when you afflict them; 27then hear you in heaven and forgive the sin of your servants and your people Israel, indeed, teach them the good way in which they should walk. And send rain on your land, which you have given to your people for an inheritance. 28“If there is famine in the land, if there is pestilence, if there is blight or mildew, if there is locust or grasshopper, if their enemies besiege them in the land of their cities, whatever plague or whatever sickness there is, 29whatever prayer or supplication is made by any man or by all your people Israel, each knowing his own affliction and his own pain, and spreading his hands toward this house, 30then hear you from heaven your dwelling place, and forgive, and render to each according to all his ways, whose heart you knowest for you alone know the hearts of the sons of men, 31that they may fear you, to walk in your ways as long as they live in the land which you have given to our fathers. 32“Also concerning the foreigner who is not from your people Israel, when he comes from a far country for your great name’s sake and your mighty hand and your outstretched arm, when they come and pray toward this house, 33then hear you from heaven, from your dwelling place, and do according to all for which the foreigner calls to you, in order that all the peoples of the earth may know your name, and fear you, as do your people Israel, and that they may know that this house which I have built is called by your name. 34“When your people go out to battle against their enemies, by whatever way you shall send them, and they pray to you toward this city which you have chosen, and the house which I have built for your name, 35then hear you from heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause. 36“When they sin against you (for there is no man who does not sin) and you are angry with them and deliver them to an enemy, so that they take them away captive to a land far off or near, 37if they take thought in the land where they are taken captive, and repent and make supplication to you in the land of their captivity, saying, ‘We have sinned, we have committed iniquity, and have acted wickedly’; 38if they return to you with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, where they have been taken captive, and pray toward their land which you have given to their fathers, and the city which you have chosen, and toward the house which I have built for your name, 39then hear from heaven, from your dwelling place, their prayer and supplications, and maintain their cause, and forgive your people who have sinned against you. 40“Now, my Almighty, I pray you, let your eyes be open, and your ears attentive to the prayer offered in this place. 41“Now therefore arise, Yahweh Almighty, to your resting place, you and the ark of your might; let your priests, Yahweh Almighty, be clothed with salvation, and let your godly ones rejoice in what is good. 42“Yahweh Almighty, do not turn away the face of your anointed; remember your lovingkindness to your servant David.”

Chapter 7

Now when Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of Yahweh filled the house. 7:2And the priests could not enter into the house of Yahweh, because the glory of Yahweh filled Yahweh’s house. 3And all the sons of Israel, seeing the fire come down and the glory of Yahweh upon the house, bowed down on the pavement with their faces to the ground, and they worshiped and gave praise to Yahweh, saying, “Truly he is good, truly his lovingkindness is to time immemorial.” 4Then the king and all the people offered sacrifice before Yahweh. 5And King Solomon offered a sacrifice of 22,000 oxen, and 120,000 sheep. Thus the king and all the people dedicated the house of the Almighty. 6And the priests stood at their posts and the Levites, with the instruments of music to Yahweh, which King David had made for giving praise to Yahweh—“for his lovingkindness is to time immemorial”—whenever he gave praise by their means, while the priests on the other side blew trumpets; and all Israel was standing. 7Then Solomon consecrated the middle of the court that was before the house of Yahweh, for there he offered the burnt offerings and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze altar which Solomon had made was not able to contain the burnt offering, the grain offering, and the fat. 8So Solomon observed the feast at that time for seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great assembly, who came from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of Egypt. 9And on the eighth day they held a solemn assembly, for the dedication of the altar they observed seven days, and the feast seven days. 10Then on the twenty-third day of the seventh month he sent the people to their tents, rejoicing and happy of heart because of the goodness that Yahweh had shown to David and to Solomon and to his people Israel. 11Thus Solomon finished the house of Yahweh and the king’s palace, and successfully completed all that he had planned on doing in the house of Yahweh and in his palace. 12Then Yahweh appeared to Solomon at night and said to him, “I have heard your prayer, and have chosen this place for Myself as a house of sacrifice. 13“If I shut up the heavens so that there is no rain, or if I command the locust to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people, 14and my people who are called by my name humble themselves and pray, and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. 15“Now my eyes shall be open and my ears attentive to the prayer offered in this place. 16“For now I have chosen and consecrated this house that my name may be there onward of time immemorial, and my eyes and my heart will be there all the days. 17“And as for you, if you walk before me as your father David walked even to do according to all that I have commanded you and will keep my statutes and my ordinances, 18then I will establish your royal throne as I covenanted with your father David, saying, ‘You shall not lack a man to be ruler in Israel.’ 19“But if you turn away and forsake my statutes and my commandments which I have set before you and shall go and serve other gods and worship them, 20then I will uproot you from my land which I have given you, and this house which I have consecrated for my name I will cast out of my sight, and I will make it a proverb and a byword among all peoples. 21“As for this house, which was exalted, everyone who passes by it will be astonished and say, ‘Why has Yahweh done thus to this land and to this house?’ 22“And they will say, ‘Because they forsook Yahweh, the Almighty of their fathers, who brought them from the land of Egypt, and they adopted other gods and worshiped them and served them, therefore he has brought all this adversity on them.’”

Chapter 8

Now it came about at the end of the twenty years in which Solomon had built the house of Yahweh and his own house 8:2that he built the cities which Huram had given to him, and settled the sons of Israel there. 3Then Solomon went to Hamath-zobah and captured it. 4And he built Tadmor in the wilderness and all the storage cities which he had built in Hamath. 5He also built upper Beth-horon and lower Beth-horon, fortified cities with walls, gates, and bars; 6and Baalath and all the storage cities that Solomon had, and all the cities for his chariots and cities for his horsemen, and all that it pleased Solomon to build in Jerusalem, in Lebanon, and in all the land under his rule. 7All of the people who were left of the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, who were not of Israel, 8namely, from their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel had not destroyed, them Solomon raised as forced laborers to this day. 9But Solomon did not make slaves for his work from the sons of Israel; they were men of war, his chief captains, and commanders of his chariots and his horsemen. 10And these were the chief officers of King Solomon, two hundred and fifty who ruled over the people. 11Then Solomon brought Pharaoh’s daughter up from the city of David to the house which he had built for her; for he said, “My wife shall not dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places are holy where the ark of Yahweh has entered.” 12Then Solomon offered burnt offerings to Yahweh on the altar of Yahweh which he had built before the porch; 13and did so according to the daily rule, offering them up according to the commandment of Moses, for the sabbaths, the new moons, and the three annual feasts—the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Booths. 14Now according to the ordinance of his father David, he appointed the divisions of the priests for their service, and the Levites for their duties of praise and ministering before the priests according to the daily rule, and the gatekeepers by their divisions at every gate; for David the man of the Almighty had so commanded. 15And they did not depart from the commandment of the king to the priests and Levites in any manner or concerning the storehouses. 16Thus all the work of Solomon was carried out from the day of the foundation of the house of Yahweh, and until it was finished. So the house of Yahweh was completed. 17Then Solomon went to Ezion-geber and to Eloth on the seashore in the land of Edom. 18And Huram by his servants sent him ships and servants who knew the sea; and they went with Solomon’s servants to Ophir, and took from there four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and brought them to King Solomon.

Chapter 9

Now when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to Jerusalem to test Solomon with difficult questions. She had a very large retinue, with camels carrying spices, and a large amount of gold and precious stones; and when she came to Solomon, she spoke with him about all that was on her heart. 9:2And Solomon answered all her questions; nothing was hidden from Solomon which he did not explain to her. 3And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, the house which he had built, 4the food at his table, the seating of his servants, the attendance of his ministers and their attire, his cupbearers and their attire, and his stairway by which he went up to the house of Yahweh, she was breathless. 5Then she said to the king, “It was a true report which I heard in my own land about your words and your wisdom. 6“Nevertheless I did not give any support to their reports until I came and my eyes had seen it. And behold, the half of the greatness of your wisdom was not told me. You surpass the report that I heard. 7“How blessed are your men, how blessed are these your servants who stand before you continually and hear your wisdom. 8“Blessed be Yahweh your Almighty who delighted in you, setting you on his throne as king for Yahweh your Almighty; because your Almighty loved Israel establishing them to time immemorial, therefore he made you king over them, to do justice and righteousness.” 9Then she gave the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold, and a very great amount of spices and precious stones; there had never been spice like that which the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon. 10And the servants of Huram and the servants of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir, also brought algum trees and precious stones. 11And from the algum the king made steps for the house of Yahweh and for the king’s palace, and lyres and harps for the singers; and none like that was seen before in the land of Judah. 12And King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire which she requested besides a return for what she had brought to the king. Then she turned and went to her own land with her servants. 13Now the weight of gold which came to Solomon in one year was 666 talents of gold, 14besides that which the traders and merchants brought; and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon. 15And King Solomon made 200 large shields of beaten gold, using 600 shekels of beaten gold on each large shield. 16And he made 300 shields of beaten gold, using three hundred shekels of gold on each shield, and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon. 17Moreover, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with pure gold. 18And there were six steps to the throne and a footstool in gold attached to the throne, and arms on each side of the seat, and two lions standing beside the arms. 19And twelve lions were standing there on the six steps on the one side and on the other; nothing like it was made for any other kingdom. 20And all King Solomon’s drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; silver was not considered valuable in the days of Solomon. 21For the king had ships which went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram; once every three years the ships of Tarshish came bringing gold and silver, ivory and apes and peacocks. 22So King Solomon became greater than all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom. 23And all the kings of the earth were seeking the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom which the Almighty had put in his heart. 24And they brought every man his gift, articles of silver and gold, garments, weapons, spices, horses, and mules, so much year by year. 25Now Solomon had 4,000 stalls for horses and chariots and 12,000 horsemen, and he stationed them in the chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem. 26And he was the ruler over all the kings from the Euphrates River even to the land of the Philistines, and as far as the border of Egypt. 27And the king made silver as common as stones in Jerusalem, and he made cedars as plentiful as sycamore trees that are in the lowland. 28And they were bringing horses for Solomon from Egypt and from all countries. 29Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, from first to last, are they not written in the records of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer concerning Jeroboam the son of Nebat? 30And Solomon reigned forty years in Jerusalem over all Israel. 31And Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of his father David; and his son Rehoboam reigned in his place.

Chapter 10

Then Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king. 10:2And it came about when Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard of it (for he was in Egypt where he had fled from the presence of King Solomon), that Jeroboam returned from Egypt. 3So they sent and summoned him. When Jeroboam and all Israel came, they spoke to Rehoboam, saying, 4“Your father made our yoke hard; now therefore lighten the hard service of your father and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.” 5And he said to them, “Return to me again in three days.” So the people departed. 6Then King Rehoboam consulted with the elders who had served his father Solomon while he was still alive, saying, “How do you counsel me to answer this people?” 7And they spoke to him, saying, “If you will be kind to this people and please them and speak good words to them, then they will be your servants all the days.” 8But he forsook the counsel of the elders which they had given him, and consulted with the young men who grew up with him and served him. 9So he said to them, “What counsel do you give that we may answer this people, who have spoken to me, saying, ‘Lighten the yoke which your father put on us’?” 10And the young men who grew up with him spoke to him, saying, “Thus you shall say to the people who spoke to you, saying, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, but you make it lighter for us.’ Thus you shall say to them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s loins! 11‘Whereas my father loaded you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions.’” 12So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day as the king had directed, saying, “Return to me on the third day.” 13And the king answered them harshly, and King Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the elders. 14And he spoke to them according to the advice of the young men, saying, “My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to it; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions.” 15So the king did not listen to the people, for it was a turn of events from the Almighty that Yahweh might establish his word, which he spoke through Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 16And when all Israel saw that the king did not listen to them the people answered the king, saying, “What portion do we have in David? We have no inheritance in the son of Jesse. Every man to your Elohim, Israel; now look after your own house, David.” So all Israel departed to their tents. 17But as for the sons of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. 18Then King Rehoboam sent Hadoram, who was over the forced labor, and the sons of Israel stoned him to death. And King Rehoboam made haste to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem. 19So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day.

Chapter 11

Now when Rehoboam had come to Jerusalem, he assembled the house of Judah and Benjamin, 180,000 chosen men who were warriors, to fight against Israel to restore the kingdom to Rehoboam. 11:2But the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah the man of the Almighty, saying, 3“Speak to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying, 4‘Thus says Yahweh, “You shall not go up or fight against your relatives; return every man to his house, for this thing is from me.”’” So they listened to the words of Yahweh and returned from going against Jeroboam. 5Rehoboam lived in Jerusalem and built cities for defense in Judah. 6Thus he built Bethlehem, Etam, Tekoa, 7Beth-zur, Soco, Adullam, 8Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, 9Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, 10Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron, which are fortified cities in Judah and in Benjamin. 11He also strengthened the fortresses and put officers in them and stores of food, oil and wine. 12And he put shields and spears in every city and strengthened them greatly. So he held Judah and Benjamin. 13Moreover, the priests and the Levites who were in all Israel stood with him from all their districts. 14For the Levites left their pasture lands and their property and came to Judah and Jerusalem, for Jeroboam and his sons had excluded them from serving as priests to Yahweh. 15And he set up priests of his own for the high places, for the satyrs, and for the calves which he had made. 16And those from all the tribes of Israel who set their hearts on seeking Yahweh Almighty of Israel, followed them to Jerusalem to sacrifice to Yahweh Almighty of their fathers. 17And they strengthened the kingdom of Judah and supported Rehoboam the son of Solomon for three years, for they walked in the way of David and Solomon for three years. 18Then Rehoboam took as a wife Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David and of Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse, 19and she bore him sons: Jeush, Shemariah, and Zaham. 20And after her he took Maacah the daughter of Absalom, and she bore him Abijah, Attai, Ziza, and Shelomith. 21And Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom more than all his other wives and concubines. For he had taken eighteen wives and sixty concubines and fathered twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters. 22And Rehoboam appointed Abijah the son of Maacah as head and leader among his brothers, for he intended to make him king. 23And he acted wisely and distributed some of his sons through all the territories of Judah and Benjamin to all the fortified cities, and he gave them food in abundance. And he sought many wives for them.

Chapter 12

IT took place when the kingdom of Rehoboam was established and strong that he and all Israel with him forsook the Law of Yahweh. 12:2And it came about in King Rehoboam’s fifth year, because they had been unfaithful to Yahweh, that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem 3with 1,200 chariots and 60,000 horsemen. And the people who came with him from Egypt were without number: the Lubim, the Sukkiim, and the Ethiopians. 4And he captured the fortified cities of Judah and came as far as Jerusalem. 5Then Shemaiah the prophet came to Rehoboam and the princes of Judah who had gathered at Jerusalem because of Shishak, and he said to them, “Thus says Yahweh, ‘You have forsaken me, so I also have forsaken you to Shishak.’” 6So the princes of Israel and the king humbled themselves and said, “Yahweh is righteous.” 7And when Yahweh saw that they humbled themselves, the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah, saying, “They have humbled themselves so I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some measure of deliverance, and my wrath shall not be poured out on Jerusalem by means of Shishak. 8“But they will become his slaves so that they may learn the difference between my service and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.” 9So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took the treasures of the house of Yahweh and the treasures of the king’s palace. He took everything; he even took the golden shields which Solomon had made. 10Then King Rehoboam made shields of bronze in their place, and committed them to the care of the commanders of the guard who guarded the door of the king’s house. 11And it happened as often as the king entered the house of Yahweh, the guards came and carried them and then brought them back into the guards’ room. 12And when he humbled himself, the anger of Yahweh turned away from him, so as not to destroy him completely; and also conditions were good in Judah. 13So King Rehoboam strengthened himself in Jerusalem, and reigned. Now Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which Yahweh had chosen from all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess. 14And he did evil because he did not set his heart to seek Yahweh. 15Now the acts of Rehoboam, from first to last, are they not written in the records of Shemaiah the prophet and of Iddo the seer, according to genealogical enrollment? And there were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually. 16And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David; and his son Abijah became king in his place.

Chapter 13

IN the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam, Abijah became king over Judah. 13:2He reigned three years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Micaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. 3And Abijah began the battle with an army of valiant warriors, 400,000 chosen men, while Jeroboam drew up in battle formation against him with 800,000 chosen men who were valiant warriors. 4Then Abijah stood on Mount Zemaraim, which is in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, “Listen to me, Jeroboam and all Israel: 5“Do you not know that Yahweh Almighty of Israel gave the rule over Israel to time immemorial to David and his sons by a covenant of salt? 6“Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his master, 7and worthless men gathered about him, scoundrels, who proved too strong for Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, when he was young and timid and could not hold his own against them. 8“So now you intend to resist the kingdom of Yahweh through the sons of David, being a great multitude and having with you the golden calves which Jeroboam made for gods for you. 9“Have you not driven out the priests of Yahweh, the sons of Aaron and the Levites, and made for yourselves priests like the peoples of other lands? Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams, even he may become a priest of what are no gods. 10“But as for us, Yahweh is our Almighty, and we have not forsaken him; and the sons of Aaron are ministering to Yahweh as priests, and the Levites attend to their work. 11“And every morning and evening they burn to Yahweh burnt offerings and fragrant incense, and the showbread is set on the clean table, and the golden lampstand with its lamps is ready to light every evening; for we keep the charge of Yahweh our Almighty, but you have forsaken him. 12“Now behold, the Almighty is with us at our head and his priests with the signal trumpets to sound the alarm against you. Sons of Israel, do not fight against Yahweh Almighty of your fathers, for you will not succeed.” 13But Jeroboam had set an ambush to come from the rear, so that Israel was in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them. 14When Judah turned around, behold, they were attacked both front and rear; so they cried to Yahweh, and the priests blew the trumpets. 15Then the men of Judah raised a war cry, and when the men of Judah raised the war cry, then it was that the Almighty routed Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. 16And when the sons of Israel fled before Judah, the Almighty gave them into their hand. 17And Abijah and his people defeated them with a great slaughter, so that 500,000 chosen men of Israel fell slain. 18Thus the sons of Israel were subdued at that time, and the sons of Judah conquered because they trusted in Yahweh, the Almighty of their fathers. 19And Abijah pursued Jeroboam, and captured from him several cities, Bethel with its villages, Jeshanah with its villages, and Ephron with its villages. 20And Jeroboam did not again recover strength in the days of Abijah; and Yahweh struck him and he died. 21But Abijah became powerful, and took fourteen wives to himself; and became the father of twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters. 22Now the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways and his words are written in the treatise of the prophet Iddo.

Chapter 14

SO Abijah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David, and his son Asa became king in his place. The land was undisturbed for ten years during his days. 14:2And Asa did good and right in the sight of Yahweh his Almighty, 3for he removed the foreign altars and high places, tore down the sacred pillars, cut down the Asherim, 4and commanded Judah to seek Yahweh Almighty of their fathers and to observe the Law and the commandment. 5He also removed the high places and the incense altars from all the cities of Judah. And the kingdom was undisturbed under him. 6And he built fortified cities in Judah, since the land was undisturbed, and there was no one at war with him during those years, because Yahweh had given him rest. 7For he said to Judah, “Let us build these cities and surround them with walls and towers, gates and bars. The land is still ours, because we have sought Yahweh our Almighty; we have sought him, and he has given us rest on every side.” So they built and prospered. 8Now Asa had an army of 300,000 from Judah, bearing large shields and spears, and 280,000 from Benjamin, bearing shields and wielding bows; all of them were valiant warriors. 9Now Zerah the Ethiopian came out against them with an army of a million men and 300 chariots, and he came to Mareshah. 10So Asa went out to meet him, and they drew up in battle formation in the valley of Zephathah at Mareshah. 11Then Asa called to Yahweh his Almighty, and said, “Yahweh, there is no one besides you to help in the battle between the powerful and those who have no strength; so help us, Yahweh our Almighty, for we trust in you, and in your name have come against this multitude. Yahweh, you are our Almighty; let not man prevail against you.” 12So Yahweh routed the Ethiopians before Asa and before Judah, and the Ethiopians fled. 13And Asa and the people who were with him pursued them as far as Gerar; and so many Ethiopians fell that they could not recover, for they were shattered before Yahweh, and before his army. And they carried away very much plunder. 14And they destroyed all the cities around Gerar, for the dread of Yahweh had fallen on them; and they despoiled all the cities, for there was much plunder in them. 15They also struck down those who owned livestock, and they carried away large numbers of sheep and camels. Then they returned to Jerusalem.

Chapter 15

Now the Spirit of the Almighty came on Azariah the son of Oded, 15:2and he went out to meet Asa and said to him, “Listen to me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin: Yahweh is with you when you are with him. And if you seek him, he will let you find him; but if you forsake him, he will forsake you. 3“And for many days Israel was without the true Almighty and without a teaching priest and without Law. 4“But in their distress they turned to Yahweh Almighty of Israel, and they sought him, and he let them find him. 5“And in those times there was no peace to him who went out or to him who came in, for many disturbances afflicted all the inhabitants of the lands. 6“And nation was crushed by nation, and city by city, for the Almighty troubled them with every kind of distress. 7“But you, be strong and do not lose courage, for there is reward for your work.” 8Now when Asa heard these words and the prophecy which Azariah the son of Oded the prophet spoke, he took courage and removed the abominable idols from all the land of Judah and Benjamin and from the cities which he had captured in the hill country of Ephraim. He then restored the altar of Yahweh which was in front of the porch of Yahweh. 9And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin and those from Ephraim, Manasseh, and Simeon who resided with them, for many defected to him from Israel when they saw that Yahweh his Almighty was with him. 10So they assembled at Jerusalem in the third month of the fifteenth year of Asa’s reign. 11And they sacrificed to Yahweh that day 700 oxen and 7,000 sheep from the spoil they had brought. 12And they entered into the covenant to seek Yahweh Almighty of their fathers with all their heart and soul; 13and whoever would not seek Yahweh Almighty of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, man or woman. 14Moreover, they made an oath to Yahweh with a loud voice, with shouting, with trumpets, and with horns. 15And all Judah rejoiced concerning the oath, for they had sworn with their whole heart and had sought him earnestly, and he let them find him. So Yahweh gave them rest on every side. 16And he also removed Maacah, the mother of King Asa, from the position of queen mother, because she had made a horrid image as an Asherah, and Asa cut down her horrid image, crushed it and burned it at the brook Kidron. 17But the high places were not removed from Israel; nevertheless Asa’s heart was blameless all his days. 18And he brought into the house of the Almighty the dedicated things of his father and his own dedicated things: silver and gold and utensils. 19And there was no more war until the thirty-fifth year of Asa’s reign.

Chapter 16

IN the thirty-sixth year of Asa’s reign Baasha king of Israel came up against Judah and fortified Ramah in order to prevent anyone from going out or coming in to Asa king of Judah. 16:2Then Asa brought out silver and gold from the treasuries of the house of Yahweh and the king’s house, and sent them to Ben-hadad king of Aram, who lived in Damascus, saying, 3Let there be a treaty between you and me, as between my father and your father. Behold, I have sent you silver and gold; go, break your treaty with Baasha king of Israel so that he will withdraw from me.” 4So Ben-hadad listened to King Asa and sent the commanders of his armies against the cities of Israel, and they conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel-maim, and all the store cities of Naphtali. 5And it came about when Baasha heard of it that he ceased fortifying Ramah and stopped his work. 6Then King Asa brought all Judah, and they carried away the stones of Ramah and its timber with which Baasha had been building, and with them he fortified Geba and Mizpah. 7At that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah and said to him, “Because you have relied on the king of Aram and have not relied on Yahweh your Almighty, therefore the army of the king of Aram has escaped out of your hand. 8“Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubim an immense army with very many chariots and horsemen? Yet, because you relied on Yahweh, he delivered them into your hand. 9“For the eyes of Yahweh move to and fro throughout the earth that he may strongly support those whose heart is completely his. You have acted foolishly in this. Indeed, from now on you will surely have wars.” 10Then Asa was angry with the seer and put him in prison, for he was enraged at him for this. And Asa oppressed some of the people at the same time. 11And now, the acts of Asa from first to last, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel. 12And in the thirty-ninth year of his reign Asa became diseased in his feet. His disease was severe, yet even in his disease he did not seek Yahweh, but the physicians. 13So Asa slept with his fathers, having died in the forty-first year of his reign. 14And they buried him in his own tomb which he had cut out for himself in the city of David, and they laid him in the resting place which he had filled with spices of various kinds blended by the perfumers’ art; and they made a very great fire for him.

Chapter 17

Jehoshaphat his son then became king in his place, and made his position over Israel firm. 17:2He placed troops in all the fortified cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah, and in the cities of Ephraim which Asa his father had captured. 3And Yahweh was with Jehoshaphat because he followed the example of his father David’s earlier days and did not seek the Baals, 4but sought the Almighty of his father, followed his commandments, and did not act as Israel did. 5So Yahweh established the kingdom in his control, and all Judah brought tribute to Jehoshaphat, and he had great riches and honor. 6And he took great pride in the ways of Yahweh and again removed the high places and the Asherim from Judah. 7Then in the third year of his reign he sent his officials, Ben-hail, Obadiah, Zechariah, Nethanel, and Micaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah; 8and with them the Levites, Shemaiah, Nethaniah, Zebadiah, Asahel, Shemiramoth, Jehonathan, Adonijah, Tobijah, and Tobadonijah, the Levites; and with them Elishama and Jehoram, the priests. 9And they taught in Judah, having the book of the Law of Yahweh with them; and they went throughout all the cities of Judah and taught among the people. 10Now the dread of Yahweh was on all the kingdoms of the lands which were around Judah, so that they did not make war against Jehoshaphat. 11And some of the Philistines brought gifts and silver as tribute to Jehoshaphat; the Arabians also brought him flocks, 7,700 rams and 7,700 male goats. 12So Jehoshaphat grew greater and greater, and he built fortresses and store cities in Judah. 13And he had large supplies in the cities of Judah, and warriors, valiant men, in Jerusalem. 14And this was their muster according to their fathers’ households: of Judah, commanders of thousands, Adnah was the commander, and with him 300,000 valiant warriors; 15and next to him was Johanan the commander, and with him 280,000; 16and next to him Amasiah the son of Zichri, who volunteered for Yahweh, and with him 200,000 valiant warriors; 17and of Benjamin, Eliada a valiant warrior, and with him 200,000 armed with bow and shield; 18and next to him Jehozabad, and with him 180,000 equipped for war. 19These are they who served the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortified cities through all Judah.

Chapter 18

Now Jehoshaphat had great riches and honor; and he allied himself by marriage with Ahab. 18:2And some years later he went down to visit Ahab at Samaria. And Ahab slaughtered many sheep and oxen for him and the people who were with him, and induced him to go up against Ramoth-gilead. 3And Ahab king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, “Will you go with me against Ramoth-gilead?” And he said to him, “I am as you are, and my people as your people, and we will be with you in the battle.” 4Moreover, Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please inquire first for the word of Yahweh.” 5Then the king of Israel assembled the prophets, four hundred men, and said to them, “Shall we go against Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall I refrain?” And they said, “Go up, for the Almighty will give it into the hand of the king.” 6But Jehoshaphat said, “Is there not yet a prophet of Yahweh here that we may inquire of him?” 7And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, but I hate him, for he never prophesies good concerning me but always evil. He is Micaiah, son of Imla.” But Jehoshaphat said, “Let not the king say so.” 8Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Bring quickly Micaiah, Imla’s son.” 9Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in their robes, and they were sitting at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets were prophesying before them. 10And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made horns of iron for himself and said, “Thus says Yahweh, ‘With these you shall gore the Arameans, until they are consumed.’” 11And all the prophets were prophesying thus, saying, “Go up to Ramoth-gilead and succeed, for Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king.” 12Then the messenger who went to summon Micaiah spoke to him saying, “Behold, the words of the prophets are uniformly favorable to the king. So please let your word be like one of them and speak favorably.” 13But Micaiah said, “As Yahweh lives, what my Almighty says, that I will speak.” 14And when he came to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall I refrain?” He said, “Go up and succeed, for they will be given into your hand.” 15Then the king said to him, “How many times must I adjure you to speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of Yahweh?” 16So he said, “I saw all Israel Scattered on the mountains, like sheep which have no shepherd; and Yahweh said, ‘These have no master. Let each of them return to his house in peace.’” 17Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Did I not tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?” 18And Micaiah said, “Therefore, hear the word of Yahweh. I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing on his right and on his left. 19“And Yahweh said, ‘Who will entice Ahab king of Israel to go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ And one said this while another said that. 20“Then a spirit came forward and stood before Yahweh and said, ‘I will entice him.’ And Yahweh said to him, ‘How?’ 21“And he said, ‘I will go and be a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ Then he said, ‘You are to entice him and prevail also. Go and do so.’ 22“Now therefore, behold, Yahweh has put a deceiving spirit in the mouth of these your prophets; for Yahweh has proclaimed disaster against you.” 23Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “How did the Spirit of Yahweh pass from me to speak to you?” 24And Micaiah said, “Behold, you shall see on that day, when you enter an inner room to hide yourself.” 25Then the king of Israel said, “Take Micaiah and return him to Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king’s son; 26and say, ‘Thus says the king, “Put this man in prison, and feed him sparingly with bread and water until I return safely.”’” 27And Micaiah said, “If you indeed return safely, Yahweh has not spoken by me.” And he said, “Listen, all you people.” 28So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up against Ramoth-gilead. 29And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into battle, but you put on your robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself, and they went into battle. 30Now the king of Aram had commanded the captains of his chariots, saying, “Do not fight with small or great, but with the king of Israel alone.” 31So it came about when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, “It is the king of Israel,” and they turned aside to fight against him. But Jehoshaphat cried out, and Yahweh helped him, and the Almighty diverted them from him. 32Then it happened when the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, that they turned back from pursuing him. 33And a certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel in a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of the chariot, “Turn around, and take me out of the fight; for I am severely wounded.” 34And the battle raged that day, and the king of Israel propped himself up in his chariot in front of the Arameans until the evening; and at sunset he died.

Chapter 19

Then Jehoshaphat the king of Judah returned in safety to his house in Jerusalem. 19:2And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him and said to King Jehoshaphat, “Should you help the wicked and love those who hate Yahweh and so bring wrath on yourself from Yahweh? 3“But there is some good in you, for you have removed the Asheroth from the land and you have set your heart to seek the Almighty.” 4So Jehoshaphat lived in Jerusalem and went out again among the people from Beersheba to the hill country of Ephraim and brought them back to Yahweh, the Almighty of their fathers. 5And he appointed judges in the land in all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city. 6And he said to the judges, “Consider what you are doing, for you do not judge for man but for Yahweh who is with you when you render judgment. 7“Now then let the fear of Yahweh be upon you; be very careful what you do, for Yahweh our Almighty will have no part in unrighteousness, or partiality, or the taking of a bribe.” 8And in Jerusalem also Jehoshaphat appointed some of the Levites and priests, and some of the heads of the fathers’ households of Israel, for the judgment of Yahweh and to judge disputes among the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 9Then he charged them saying, “Thus you shall do in the fear of Yahweh, faithfully and wholeheartedly. 10“And whenever any dispute comes to you from your brethren who live in their cities, between blood and blood, between law and commandment, statutes and ordinances, you shall warn them that they may not be guilty before Yahweh, and wrath may not come on you and your brethren. Thus you shall do and you will not be guilty. 11“And behold, Amariah the chief priest will be over you in all that pertains to Yahweh; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, in all that pertains to the king. Also the Levites shall be officers before you. Act resolutely, and Yahweh be with the upright.”

Chapter 20

Now it came about after this that the sons of Moab and the sons of Ammon, together with some of the Meunites, came to make war against Jehoshaphat. 20:2Then some came and reported to Jehoshaphat, saying, “A great multitude is coming against you from beyond the sea, out of Aram and behold, they are in Hazazon-Tamar (that is Engedi).” 3And Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek Yahweh; and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. 4So Judah gathered together to seek help from Yahweh; they even came from all the cities of Judah to seek Yahweh. 5Then Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of Yahweh before the new court, 6and he said, “Yahweh, the Almighty of our fathers, are you not Almighty in the heavens? And are you not ruler over all the kingdoms of the nations? Power and might are in your hand so that no one can stand against you. 7“Did you not, our Almighty, drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel, and give it to the descendants of Abraham your friend to time immemorial? 8“And they lived in it, and have built you a sanctuary there for your name, saying, 9‘Should evil come upon us, the sword, or judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we will stand before this house and before you (for your name is in this house) and cry to you in our distress, and you will hear and deliver us.’ 10“And now behold, the sons of Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir, whom you did not let Israel invade when they came out of the land of Egypt (they turned aside from them and did not destroy them), 11behold how they are rewarding us, by coming to drive us out from your possession which you have given us as an inheritance. 12“Our Almighty, will you not judge them? For we are powerless before this great multitude who are coming against us; nor do we know what to do, but our eyes are on you.” 13And all Judah was standing before Yahweh, with their infants, their wives, and their children. 14Then in the midst of the assembly the Spirit of Yahweh came upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, the Levite of the sons of Asaph; 15and he said, “Listen, all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and King Jehoshaphat: thus says Yahweh to you, ‘Do not fear or be dismayed because of this great multitude, for the battle is not yours but the Almighty’s. 16‘Tomorrow go down against them. Behold, they will come up by the ascent of Ziz, and you will find them at the end of the valley in front of the wilderness of Jeruel. 17‘You need not fight in this battle; station yourselves, stand and see the salvation of Yahweh on your behalf, Judah and Jerusalem.’ Do not fear or be dismayed; tomorrow go out to face them, for Yahweh is with you.” 18And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with his face to the ground, and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell down before Yahweh, worshiping Yahweh. 19And the Levites, from the sons of the Kohathites and of the sons of the Korahites, stood up to praise Yahweh Almighty of Israel, with a very loud voice. 20And they rose early in the morning and went out to the wilderness of Tekoa; and when they went out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, “Listen to me, Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem, put your support in Yahweh your Almighty, and you will be supported. Put your support in his prophets and succeed.” 21And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed those who sang to Yahweh and those who praised him in holy attire, as they went out before the army and said, “Give thanks to Yahweh, for his lovingkindness is to time immemorial.” 22And when they began singing and praising, Yahweh set ambushes against the sons of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; so they were routed. 23For the sons of Ammon and Moab rose up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir destroying them completely, and when they had finished with the inhabitants of Seir, they helped to destroy one another. 24When Judah came to the lookout of the wilderness, they looked toward the multitude; and behold, they were corpses lying on the ground, and no one had escaped. 25And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take their spoil, they found much among them, including goods, garments, and valuable things which they took for themselves, more than they could carry. And they were three days taking the spoil because there was so much. 26Then on the fourth day they assembled in the valley of Beracah, for there they blessed Yahweh. Therefore they have named that place “The Valley of Beracah” until today. 27And every man of Judah and Jerusalem returned with Jehoshaphat at their head, returning to Jerusalem with joy, for Yahweh had made them to rejoice over their enemies. 28And they came to Jerusalem with harps, lyres, and trumpets to the house of Yahweh. 29And the dread of the Almighty was on all the kingdoms of the lands when they heard that Yahweh had fought against the enemies of Israel. 30So the kingdom of Jehoshaphat was at peace, for his Almighty gave him rest on all sides. 31Now Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah. He was thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-five years. And his mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi. 32And he walked in the way of his father Asa and did not depart from it, doing right in the sight of Yahweh. 33The high places, however, were not removed; the people had not yet directed their hearts to the Almighty of their fathers. 34Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first to last, behold, they are written in the annals of Jehu the son of Hanani, which is recorded in the Book of the Kings of Israel. 35And after this Jehoshaphat king of Judah allied himself with Ahaziah king of Israel. He acted wickedly in so doing. 36So he allied himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish, and they made the ships in Ezion-geber. 37Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, Yahweh has destroyed your works.” So the ships were broken and could not go to Tarshish.

Chapter 21

Then Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and Jehoram his son became king in his place. 21:2And he had brothers, the sons of Jehoshaphat: Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azaryahu, Michael, and Shephatiah. All these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel. 3And their father gave them many gifts of silver, gold and precious things, with fortified cities in Judah, but he gave the kingdom to Jehoram because he was the first-born. 4Now when Jehoram had taken over the kingdom of his father and made himself secure, he killed all his brothers with the sword, and some of the rulers of Israel also. 5Jehoram was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. 6And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, just as the house of Ahab did (for Ahab’s daughter was his wife), and he did evil in the sight of Yahweh. 7Yet Yahweh was not willing to destroy the house of David because of the covenant which he had made with David, and since he had promised to give a lamp to him and his sons all the days. 8In his days Edom revolted against the rule of Judah, and set up a king over themselves. 9Then Jehoram crossed over with his commanders and all his chariots with him. And it came about that he arose by night and struck down the Edomites who were surrounding him and the commanders of the chariots. 10So Edom revolted against Judah to this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time against his rule, because he had forsaken Yahweh Almighty of his fathers. 11Moreover, he made high places in the mountains of Judah, and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to play the harlot and led Judah astray. 12Then a letter came to him from Elijah the prophet saying, “Thus says Yahweh Almighty of your father David, ‘Because you have not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat your father and the ways of Asa king of Judah, 13but have walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and have caused Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to play the harlot as the house of Ahab played the harlot, and you have also killed your brothers, your own family, who were better than you, 14behold, Yahweh is going to strike your people, your sons, your wives, and all your possessions with a great calamity; 15and you will suffer severe sickness, a disease of your bowels, until your bowels come out because of the sickness, day by day.’” 16Then Yahweh stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines and the Arabs who bordered the Ethiopians; 17and they came against Judah and invaded it, and carried away all the possessions found in the king’s house together with his sons and his wives, so that no son was left to him except Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons. 18So after all this Yahweh smote him in his bowels with an incurable sickness. 19Now it came about in the course of time, at the end of two years, that his bowels came out because of his sickness and he died in great pain. And his people made no fire for him like the fire for his fathers. 20He was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years; and he departed with no one’s regret, and they buried him in the city of David, but not in the tombs of the kings.

Chapter 22

Then the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah, his youngest son, king in his place, for the band of men who came with the Arabs to the camp had slain all the older sons. So Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah began to reign. 22:2Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Athaliah, the granddaughter of Omri. 3He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother was his counselor to do wickedly. 4And he did evil in the sight of Yahweh like the house of Ahab, for they were his counselors after the death of his father, to his destruction. 5He also walked according to their counsel, and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to wage war against Hazael king of Aram at Ramoth-gilead. But the Arameans wounded Joram. 6So he returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which they had inflicted on him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Aram. And Ahaziah, the son of Jehoram king of Judah, went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick. 7Now the destruction of Ahaziah was from the Almighty, in that he went to Joram. For when he came, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi, whom Yahweh had anointed to cut off the house of Ahab. 8And it came about when Jehu was executing judgment on the house of Ahab, he found the princes of Judah and the sons of Ahaziah’s brothers, ministering to Ahaziah, and slew them. 9He also sought Ahaziah, and they caught him while he was hiding in Samaria; they brought him to Jehu, put him to death, and buried him. For they said, “He is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought Yahweh with all his heart.” So there was no one of the house of Ahaziah to retain the power of the kingdom. 10Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring of the house of Judah. 11But Jehoshabeath the king’s daughter took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king’s sons who were being put to death, and placed him and his nurse in the bedroom. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of King Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah so that she would not put him to death. 12And he was hidden with them in the house of the Almighty six years while Athaliah reigned over the land.

Chapter 23

Now in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Johanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, and they entered into a covenant with him. 23:2And they went throughout Judah and gathered the Levites from all the cities of Judah, and the heads of the fathers’ households of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem. 3Then all the assembly made a covenant with the king in the house of the Almighty. And Jehoiada said to them, “Behold, the king’s son shall reign, as Yahweh has spoken concerning the sons of David. 4“This is the thing which you shall do: one third of you, of the priests and Levites who come in on the sabbath, shall be gatekeepers, 5and one third shall be at the king’s house, and a third at the Gate of the Foundation; and all the people shall be in the courts of the house of Yahweh. 6“But let no one enter the house of Yahweh except the priests and the ministering Levites; they may enter, for they are holy. And let all the people keep the charge of Yahweh. 7“And the Levites will surround the king, each man with his weapons in his hand; and whoever enters the house, let him be killed. Thus be with the king when he comes in and when he goes out.” 8So the Levites and all Judah did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded. And each one of them took his men who were to come in on the sabbath, with those who were to go out on the sabbath, for Jehoiada the priest did not dismiss any of the divisions. 9Then Jehoiada the priest gave to the captains of hundreds the spears and the large and small shields which had been King David’s, which were in the house of the Almighty. 10And he stationed all the people, each man with his weapon in his hand, from the right side of the house to the left side of the house, by the altar and by the house, around the king. 11Then they brought out the king’s son and put the crown on him, and gave him the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him and said, “ Long live the king!” 12When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came into the house of Yahweh to the people. 13And she looked, and behold, the king was standing by his pillar at the entrance, and the captains and the trumpeters were beside the king. And all the people of the land rejoiced and blew trumpets, the singers with their musical instruments leading the praise. Then Athaliah tore her clothes and said, “Treason! Treason!” 14And Jehoiada the priest brought out the captains of hundreds who were appointed over the army, and said to them, “Bring her out between the ranks; and whoever follows her, put to death with the sword.” For the priest said, “Let her not be put to death in the house of Yahweh.” 15So they seized her, and when she arrived at the entrance of the Horse Gate of the king’s house, they put her to death there. 16Then Jehoiada made a covenant between himself and all the people and the king, that they should be Yahweh’s people. 17And all the people went to the house of Baal, and tore it down, and they broke in pieces his altars and his images, and killed Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. 18Moreover, Jehoiada placed the offices of the house of Yahweh under the authority of the Levitical priests, whom David had assigned over the house of Yahweh, to offer the burnt offerings of Yahweh, as it is written in the Law of Moses—with rejoicing and singing according to the order of David. 19And he stationed the gatekeepers of the house of Yahweh, so that no one should enter who was in any way unclean. 20And he took the captains of hundreds, the nobles, the rulers of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought the king down from the house of Yahweh, and came through the upper gate to the king’s house. And they placed the king upon the royal throne. 21So all of the people of the land rejoiced and the city was quiet. For they had put Athaliah to death with the sword.

Chapter 24

Joash was seven years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Zibiah from Beersheba. 24:2And Joash did what was right in the sight of Yahweh all the days of Jehoiada the priest. 3And Jehoiada took two wives for him, and he became the father of sons and daughters. 4Now it came about after this that Joash decided to restore the house of Yahweh. 5And he gathered the priests and Levites, and said to them, “Go out to the cities of Judah, and collect money from all Israel to repair the house of your Almighty annually, and you shall do the matter quickly.” But the Levites did not act quickly. 6So the king summoned Jehoiada the chief priest and said to him, “Why have you not required the Levites to bring in from Judah and from Jerusalem the levy fixed by Moses the servant of Yahweh on the congregation of Israel for the tent of the testimony?” 7For the sons of the wicked Athaliah had broken into the house of the Almighty and even used the holy things of the house of Yahweh for the Baals. 8So the king commanded, and they made a chest and set it outside by the gate of the house of Yahweh. 9And they made a proclamation in Judah and Jerusalem to bring to Yahweh the levy fixed by Moses the servant of the Almighty on Israel in the wilderness. 10And all the officers and all the people rejoiced and brought in their levies and dropped them into the chest until they had finished. 11And it came about whenever the chest was brought in to the king’s officer by the Levites, and when they saw that there was much money, then the king’s scribe and the chief priest’s officer would come, empty the chest, take it, and return it to its place. Thus they did daily and collected much money. 12And the king and Jehoiada gave it to those who did the work of the service of the house of Yahweh; and they hired masons and carpenters to restore the house of Yahweh, and also workers in iron and bronze to repair the house of Yahweh. 13So the workmen labored, and the repair work progressed in their hands, and they restored the house of the Almighty according to its specifications, and strengthened it. 14And when they had finished, they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada; and it was made into utensils for the house of Yahweh, utensils for the service and the burnt offering, and pans and utensils of gold and silver. And they offered burnt offerings in the house of Yahweh continually all the days of Jehoiada. 15Now when Jehoiada reached a ripe old age he died; he was one hundred and thirty years old at his death. 16And they buried him in the city of David among the kings, because he had done well in Israel and to the Almighty and his house. 17But after the death of Jehoiada the officials of Judah came and bowed down to the king, and the king listened to them. 18And they abandoned the house of Yahweh, the Almighty of their fathers, and served the Asherim and the idols; so wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem for this their guilt. 19Yet he sent prophets to them to bring them back to Yahweh; though they testified against them, they would not listen. 20Then the Spirit of the Almighty came on Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest; and he stood above the people and said to them, “Thus the Almighty has said, ‘Why do you transgress the commandments of Yahweh and do not prosper? Because you have forsaken Yahweh, he has also forsaken you.’” 21So they conspired against him and at the command of the king they stoned him to death in the court of the house of Yahweh. 22Thus Joash the king did not remember the kindness which his father Jehoiada had shown him, but he murdered his son. And as he died he said, “May Yahweh see and avenge!” 23Now it came about at the turn of the year that the army of the Arameans came up against him; and they came to Judah and Jerusalem, destroyed all the officials of the people from among the people, and sent all their spoil to the king of Damascus. 24Indeed the army of the Arameans came with a small number of men; yet Yahweh delivered a very great army into their hands, because they had forsaken Yahweh, the Almighty of their fathers. Thus they executed judgment on Joash. 25And when they had departed from him (for they left him very sick), his own servants conspired against him because of the blood of the son of Jehoiada the priest, and murdered him on his bed. So he died, and they buried him in the city of David, but they did not bury him in the tombs of the kings. 26Now these are those who conspired against him: Zabad the son of Shimeath the Ammonitess, and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith the Moabitess. 27As to his sons and the many oracles against him and the rebuilding of the house of the Almighty, behold, they are written in the treatise of the Book of the Kings. Then Amaziah his son became king in his place.

Chapter 25

Amaziah was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. 25:2And he did right in the sight of Yahweh, yet not with a whole heart. 3Now it came about as soon as the kingdom was firmly in his grasp, that he killed his servants who had slain his father the king. 4However, he did not put their children to death, but did as it is written in the Law in the book of Moses, which Yahweh commanded, saying, “Fathers shall not be put to death for sons, nor sons be put to death for fathers, but each shall be put to death for his own sin.” 5Moreover, Amaziah assembled Judah and appointed them according to their fathers’ households under commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds throughout Judah and Benjamin; and he took a census of those from twenty years old and upward, and found them to be 300,000 choice men, able to go to war and handle spear and shield. 6He hired also 100,000 valiant warriors out of Israel for one hundred talents of silver. 7But a man of the Almighty came to him saying, “King, do not let the army of Israel go with you, for Yahweh is not with Israel nor with any of the sons of Ephraim. 8“But if you do go, do it, be strong for the battle; yet the Almighty will bring you down before the enemy, for the Almighty has power to help and to bring down.” 9And Amaziah said to the man of the Almighty, “But what shall we do for the hundred talents which I have given to the troops of Israel?” And the man of the Almighty answered, “Yahweh has much more to give you than this.” 10Then Amaziah dismissed them, the troops which came to him from Ephraim, to go home; so their anger burned against Judah and they returned home in fierce anger. 11Now Amaziah strengthened himself, and led his people forth, and went to the Valley of Salt, and struck down 10,000 of the sons of Seir. 12The sons of Judah also captured 10,000 alive and brought them to the top of the cliff, and threw them down from the top of the cliff so that they were all dashed to pieces. 13But the troops whom Amaziah sent back from going with him to battle, raided the cities of Judah, from Samaria to Beth-horon, and struck down 3,000 of them, and plundered much spoil. 14Now it came about after Amaziah came from slaughtering the Edomites that he brought the gods of the sons of Seir, set them up as his gods, bowed down before them, and burned incense to them. 15Then the anger of Yahweh burned against Amaziah, and he sent him a prophet who said to him, “Why have you sought the gods of the people who have not delivered their own people from your hand?” 16And it came about as he was talking with him that the king said to him, “Have we appointed you a royal counselor? Stop! Why should you be struck down?” Then the prophet stopped and said, “I know that the Almighty has planned to destroy you, because you have done this, and have not listened to my counsel.” 17Then Amaziah king of Judah took counsel and sent to Joash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu, the king of Israel, saying, “Come, let us face each other.” 18And Joash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, “The thorn bush which was in Lebanon sent to the cedar which was in Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to my son in marriage.’ But there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trampled the thorn bush. 19“You said, ‘Behold, you have defeated Edom.’ And your heart has become proud in boasting. Now stay at home; for why should you provoke trouble that you, even you, should fall and Judah with you?” 20But Amaziah would not listen, for it was from the Almighty, that he might deliver them into the hand of Joash because they had sought the gods of Edom. 21So Joash king of Israel went up, and he and Amaziah king of Judah faced each other at Beth-shemesh, which belonged to Judah. 22And Judah was defeated by Israel, and they fled each to his tent. 23Then Joash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash the son of Jehoahaz, at Beth-shemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and tore down the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate, 400 cubits. 24And he took all the gold and silver, and all the utensils which were found in the house of the Almighty with Obed-edom, and the treasures of the king’s house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria. 25And Amaziah, the son of Joash king of Judah, lived fifteen years after the death of Joash, son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel. 26Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, from first to last, behold, are they not written in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel? 27And from the time that Amaziah turned away from following Yahweh they conspired against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish and killed him there. 28Then they brought him on horses and buried him with his fathers in the city of Judah.

Chapter 26

And all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the place of his father Amaziah. 26:2He built Eloth and restored it to Judah after the king slept with his fathers. 3Uzziah was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Jechiliah of Jerusalem. 4And he did right in the sight of Yahweh according to all that his father Amaziah had done. 5And he continued to seek the Almighty in the days of Zechariah, who had understanding through the vision of the Almighty; and as long as he sought Yahweh, the Almighty prospered him. 6Now he went out and warred against the Philistines, and broke down the wall of Gath and the wall of Jabneh and the wall of Ashdod; and he built cities in the area of Ashdod and among the Philistines. 7And the Almighty helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians who lived in Gur-baal, and the Meunites. 8The Ammonites also gave tribute to Uzziah, and his fame extended to the border of Egypt, for he became very strong. 9Moreover, Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the Corner Gate and at the Valley Gate and at the corner buttress and fortified them. 10And he built towers in the wilderness and hewed many cisterns, for he had much livestock, both in the lowland and in the plain. He also had plowmen and vinedressers in the hill country and the fertile fields, for he loved the soil. 11Moreover, Uzziah had an army ready for battle, which entered combat by divisions, according to the number of their muster, prepared by Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the official, under the direction of Hananiah, one of the king’s officers. 12The total number of the heads of the households, of valiant warriors, was 2,600. 13And under their direction was an elite army of 307,500, who could wage war with great power, to help the king against the enemy. 14Moreover, Uzziah prepared for all the army shields, spears, helmets, body armor, bows and sling stones. 15And in Jerusalem he made engines of war invented by skillful men to be on the towers and on the corners, for the purpose of shooting arrows and great stones. Hence his fame spread afar, for he was marvelously helped until he was strong. 16But when he became strong, his heart was so proud that he acted corruptly, and he was unfaithful to Yahweh his Almighty, for he entered the temple of Yahweh to burn incense on the altar of incense. 17Then Azariah the priest entered after him and with him eighty priests of Yahweh, valiant men. 18And they opposed Uzziah the king and said to him, “It is not for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to Yahweh, but for the priests, the sons of Aaron who are consecrated to burn incense. Get out of the sanctuary, for you have been unfaithful, and will have no honor from Yahweh Almighty.” 19But Uzziah, with a censer in his hand for burning incense, was enraged; and while he was enraged with the priests, the leprosy broke out on his forehead before the priests in the house of Yahweh, beside the altar of incense. 20And Azariah the chief priest and all the priests looked at him, and behold, he was leprous on his forehead; and they hurried him out of there, and he himself also hastened to get out because Yahweh had smitten him. 21And King Uzziah was a leper to the day of his death; and he lived in a separate house, being a leper, for he was cut off from the house of Yahweh. And Jotham his son was over the king’s house judging the people of the land. 22Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first to last, the prophet Isaiah, the son of Amoz, has written. 23So Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the field of the grave which belonged to the kings, for they said, “He is a leper.” And Jotham his son became king in his place.

Chapter 27

Jotham was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Jerushah the daughter of Zadok. 27:2And he did right in the sight of Yahweh, according to all that his father Uzziah had done; however he did not enter the temple of Yahweh. But the people continued acting corruptly. 3He built the upper gate of the house of Yahweh, and he built extensively the wall of Ophel. 4Moreover, he built cities in the hill country of Judah, and he built fortresses and towers on the wooded hills. 5He fought also with the king of the Ammonites and prevailed over them so that the Ammonites gave him during that year one hundred talents of silver, ten thousand kors of wheat and ten thousand of barley. The Ammonites also paid him this amount in the second and in the third year. 6So Jotham became mighty because he ordered his ways before Yahweh his Almighty. 7Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, even all his wars and his acts, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah. 8He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. 9And Jotham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David; and Ahaz his son became king in his place.

Chapter 28

Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem; and he did not do right in the sight of Yahweh as David his father had done. 28:2But he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel; he also made molten images for the Baals. 3Moreover, he burned incense in the valley of Ben-hinnom, and burned his sons in fire, according to the abominations of the nations whom Yahweh had driven out before the sons of Israel. 4And he sacrificed and burned incense on the high places, on the hills, and under every green tree. 5Wherefore, Yahweh his Almighty delivered him into the hand of the king of Aram; and they defeated him and carried away from him a great number of captives, and brought them to Damascus. And he was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who inflicted him with heavy casualties. 6For Pekah the son of Remaliah slew in Judah 120,000 in one day, all valiant men, because they had forsaken Yahweh Almighty of their fathers. 7And Zichri, a mighty man of Ephraim, slew Maaseiah the king’s son, and Azrikam the ruler of the house and Elkanah the second to the king. 8And the sons of Israel carried away captive of their brethren 200,000 women, sons, and daughters; and took also a great deal of spoil from them, and they brought the spoil to Samaria. 9But a prophet of Yahweh was there, whose name was Oded; and he went out to meet the army which came to Samaria and said to them, “Behold, because Yahweh, the Almighty of your fathers, was angry with Judah, he has delivered them into your hand, and you have slain them in a rage which has even reached heaven. 10“And now you are proposing to subjugate for yourselves the people of Judah and Jerusalem for male and female slaves. Surely, do you not have transgressions of your own against Yahweh your Almighty? 11“Now therefore, listen to me and return the captives whom you captured from your brothers, for the burning anger of Yahweh is against you.” 12Then some of the heads of the sons of Ephraim—Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth, Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai—arose against those who were coming from the battle, 13and said to them, “You must not bring the captives in here, for you are proposing to bring upon us guilt against Yahweh adding to our sins and our guilt; for our guilt is great so that his burning anger is against Israel.” 14So the armed men left the captives and the spoil before the officers and all the assembly. 15Then the men who were designated by name arose, took the captives, and they clothed all their naked ones from the spoil; and they gave them clothes and sandals, fed them and gave them drink, anointed them with oil, led all their feeble ones on donkeys, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their brothers; then they returned to Samaria. 16At that time King Ahaz sent to the kings of Assyria for help. 17For again the Edomites had come and attacked Judah, and carried away captives. 18The Philistines also had invaded the cities of the lowland and of the Negev of Judah, and had taken Beth-shemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, and Soco with its villages, Timnah with its villages, and Gimzo with its villages, and they settled there. 19For Yahweh humbled Judah because of Ahaz king of Israel, for he had brought about a lack of restraint in Judah and was very unfaithful to Yahweh. 20So Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him. 21Although Ahaz took a portion out of the house of Yahweh and out of the palace of the king and of the princes, and gave it to the king of Assyria, it did not help him. 22Now in the time of his distress this same King Ahaz became yet more unfaithful to Yahweh. 23For he sacrificed to the gods of Damascus which had defeated him, and said, “Because the gods of the kings of Aram helped them, I will sacrifice to them that they may help me.” But they became the downfall of him and all Israel. 24Moreover, when Ahaz gathered together the utensils of the house of the Almighty, he cut the utensils of the house of the Almighty in pieces; and he closed the doors of the house of Yahweh, and made altars for himself in every corner of Jerusalem. 25And in every city of Judah he made high places to burn incense to other gods, and provoked Yahweh, the Almighty of his fathers, to anger. 26Now the rest of his acts and all his ways, from first to last, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel. 27So Ahaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city, in Jerusalem, for they did not bring him into the tombs of the kings of Israel; and Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.

Chapter 29

Hezekiah became king when he was twenty-five years old; and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah. 29:2And he did right in the sight of Yahweh, according to all that his father David had done. 3In the first year of his reign, in the first month, he opened the doors of the house of Yahweh and repaired them. 4And he brought in the priests and the Levites, and gathered them into the square on the east. 5Then he said to them, “Listen to me, Levites. Consecrate yourselves now, and consecrate the house of Yahweh, the Almighty of your fathers, and carry the uncleanness out from the holy place. 6“For our fathers have been unfaithful and have done evil in the sight of Yahweh our Almighty, and have forsaken him and turned their faces away from the dwelling place of Yahweh, and have turned their backs. 7“They have also shut the doors of the porch and put out the lamps, and have not burned incense or offered burnt offerings in the holy place to the Almighty of Israel. 8“Therefore the wrath of Yahweh was against Judah and Jerusalem, and he has made them an object of terror, of horror, and of hissing, as you see with your own eyes. 9“For behold, our fathers have fallen by the sword, and our sons and our daughters and our wives are in captivity for this. 10“Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with Yahweh Almighty of Israel, that his burning anger may turn away from us. 11“My sons, do not be negligent now, for Yahweh has chosen you to stand before him, to minister to him, and to be his ministers and burn incense.” 12Then the Levites arose: Mahath, the son of Amasai and Joel the son of Azariah, from the sons of the Kohathites; and from the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and from the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah and Eden the son of Joah; 13and from the sons of Elizaphan, Shimri and Jeiel; and from the sons of Asaph, Zechariah and Mattaniah; 14and from the sons of Heman, Jehiel and Shimei; and from the sons of Jeduthun, Shemaiah and Uzziel. 15And they assembled their brothers, consecrated themselves, and went in to cleanse the house of Yahweh, according to the commandment of the king by the words of Yahweh. 16So the priests went in to the inner part of the house of Yahweh to cleanse it, and every unclean thing which they found in the temple of Yahweh they brought out to the court of the house of Yahweh. Then the Levites received it to carry out to the Kidron valley. 17Now they began the consecration on the first day of the first month, and on the eighth day of the month they entered the porch of Yahweh. Then they consecrated the house of Yahweh in eight days, and finished on the sixteenth day of the first month. 18Then they went in to King Hezekiah and said, “We have cleansed the whole house of Yahweh, the altar of burnt offering with all of its utensils, and the table of showbread with all of its utensils. 19“Moreover, all the utensils which King Ahaz had discarded during his reign in his unfaithfulness, we have prepared and consecrated; and behold, they are before the altar of Yahweh.” 20Then King Hezekiah arose early and assembled the princes of the city and went up to the house of Yahweh. 21And they brought seven bulls, seven rams, seven lambs, and seven male goats for a sin offering for the kingdom, the sanctuary, and Judah. And he ordered the priests, the sons of Aaron, to offer them on the altar of Yahweh. 22So they slaughtered the bulls, and the priests took the blood and sprinkled it on the altar. They also slaughtered the rams and sprinkled the blood on the altar; they slaughtered the lambs also and sprinkled the blood on the altar. 23Then they brought the male goats of the sin offering before the king and the assembly, and they laid their hands on them. 24And the priests slaughtered them and purged the altar with their blood to atone for all Israel, for the king ordered the burnt offering and the sin offering for all Israel. 25He then stationed the Levites in the house of Yahweh with cymbals, with harps, and with lyres, according to the command of David and of Gad the king’s seer, and of Nathan the prophet; for the command was from Yahweh through his prophets. 26And the Levites stood with the musical instruments of David, and the priests with the trumpets. 27Then Hezekiah gave the order to offer the burnt offering on the altar. When the burnt offering began, the song to Yahweh also began with the trumpets, accompanied by the instruments of David, king of Israel. 28While the whole assembly worshiped, the singers also sang and the trumpets sounded; all this continued until the burnt offering was finished. 29Now at the completion of the burnt offerings, the king and all who were present with him bowed down and worshiped. 30Moreover, King Hezekiah and the officials ordered the Levites to sing praises to Yahweh with the words of David and Asaph the seer. So they sang praises with joy, and bowed down and worshiped. 31Then Hezekiah answered and said, “Now that you have consecrated yourselves to Yahweh, come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings to the house of Yahweh.” And the assembly brought sacrifices and thank offerings, and all those who were willing brought burnt offerings. 32And the number of the burnt offerings which the assembly brought was 70 bulls, 100 rams, and 200 lambs; all these were for a burnt offering to Yahweh. 33And the consecrated things were 600 bulls and 3,000 sheep. 34But the priests were too few, so that they were unable to skin all the burnt offerings; therefore their brothers the Levites helped them until the work was completed, and until the other priests had consecrated themselves. For the Levites were more conscientious to consecrate themselves than the priests. 35And there were also many burnt offerings with the fat of the peace offerings and with the libations for the burnt offerings. Thus the service of the house of Yahweh was established again. 36Then Hezekiah and all the people rejoiced over what the Almighty had prepared for the people, because the thing came about suddenly.

Chapter 30

Now Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of Yahweh at Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover to Yahweh Almighty of Israel. 30:2For the king and his princes and all the assembly in Jerusalem had decided to celebrate the Passover in the second month, 3since they could not celebrate it at that time, because the priests had not consecrated themselves in sufficient numbers, nor had the people been gathered to Jerusalem. 4Thus the thing was right in the sight of the king and all the assembly. 5So they established a decree to circulate a proclamation throughout all Israel from Beersheba even to Dan, that they should come to celebrate the Passover to Yahweh Almighty of Israel at Jerusalem. For they had not celebrated it in great numbers as it was prescribed. 6And the couriers went throughout all Israel and Judah with the letters from the hand of the king and his princes, even according to the command of the king, saying, “Sons of Israel, return to Yahweh Almighty of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that he may return to those of you who escaped and are left from the hand of the kings of Assyria. 7“And do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who were unfaithful to Yahweh Almighty of their fathers, so that he made them a horror, as you see. 8“Now do not stiffen your neck like your fathers, but yield to Yahweh and enter his sanctuary which he has consecrated to time immemorial, and serve Yahweh your Almighty, that his burning anger may turn away from you. 9“For if you return to Yahweh, your brothers and your sons will find compassion before those who led them captive, and will return to this land. For Yahweh your Almighty is gracious and compassionate, and will not turn his face away from you if you return to him.” 10So the couriers passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, and as far as Zebulun, but they laughed them to scorn, and mocked them. 11Nevertheless some men of Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem. 12The hand of the Almighty was also on Judah to give them one heart to do what the king and the princes commanded by the word of Yahweh. 13Now many people were gathered at Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread in the second month, a very large assembly. 14And they arose and removed the altars which were in Jerusalem; they also removed all the incense altars and cast them into the brook Kidron. 15Then they slaughtered the Passover lambs on the fourteenth of the second month. And the priests and Levites were ashamed of themselves and consecrated themselves, and brought burnt offerings to the house of Yahweh. 16And they stood at their stations after their custom, according to the Law of Moses the man of the Almighty; the priests sprinkled the blood which they received from the hand of the Levites. 17For there were many in the assembly who had not consecrated themselves; therefore, the Levites were over the slaughter of the Passover lambs for everyone who was unclean, in order to consecrate them to Yahweh. 18For a multitude of the people, even many from Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than prescribed. For Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, “May the good Yahweh pardon 19everyone who prepares his heart to seek the Almighty, Yahweh Almighty of his fathers, though not according to the purification rules of the sanctuary.” 20So Yahweh heard Hezekiah and healed the people. 21And the sons of Israel present in Jerusalem celebrated the Feast of Unleavened Bread for seven days with great joy, and the Levites and the priests praised Yahweh day after day with loud instruments to Yahweh. 22Then Hezekiah spoke encouragingly to all the Levites who showed good insight in the things of Yahweh. So they ate for the appointed seven days, sacrificing peace offerings and giving thanks to Yahweh Almighty of their fathers. 23Then the whole assembly decided to celebrate the feast another seven days, so they celebrated the seven days with joy. 24For Hezekiah king of Judah had contributed to the assembly 1,000 bulls and 7,000 sheep, and the princes had contributed to the assembly 1,000 bulls and 10,000 sheep; and a large number of priests consecrated themselves. 25And all the assembly of Judah rejoiced, with the priests and the Levites, and all the assembly that came from Israel, both the sojourners who came from the land of Israel and those living in Judah. 26So there was great joy in Jerusalem, because there was nothing like this in Jerusalem since the days of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel. 27Then the Levitical priests arose and blessed the people; and their voice was heard and their prayer came to his holy dwelling place, to heaven.

Chapter 31

Now when all this was finished, all Israel who were present went out to the cities of Judah, broke the pillars in pieces, cut down the Asherim, and pulled down the high places and the altars throughout all Judah and Benjamin, as well as in Ephraim and Manasseh, until they had destroyed them all. Then all the sons of Israel returned to their cities, each to his possession. 31:2And Hezekiah appointed the divisions of the priests and the Levites by their divisions, each according to his service, both the priests and the Levites, for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to minister and to give thanks and to praise in the gates of the camp of Yahweh. 3He also appointed the king’s portion of his goods for the burnt offerings, namely, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths and for the new moons and for the fixed festivals, as it is written in the Law of Yahweh. 4Also he commanded the people who lived in Jerusalem to give the portion due to the priests and the Levites, that they might devote themselves to the Law of Yahweh. 5And as soon as the order spread, the sons of Israel provided in abundance the first fruits of grain, new wine, oil, honey, and of all the produce of the field; and they brought in abundantly the tithe of all. 6And the sons of Israel and Judah who lived in the cities of Judah, also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe of sacred gifts which were consecrated to Yahweh their Almighty, and placed them in heaps. 7In the third month they began to make the heaps, and finished them by the seventh month. 8And when Hezekiah and the rulers came and saw the heaps, they blessed Yahweh and his people Israel. 9Then Hezekiah questioned the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. 10And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok said to him, “Since the contributions began to be brought into the house of Yahweh, we have had enough to eat with plenty left over, for Yahweh has blessed his people, and this great quantity is left over.” 11Then Hezekiah commanded them to prepare rooms in the house of Yahweh, and they prepared them. 12And they faithfully brought in the contributions and the tithes and the consecrated things; and Conaniah the Levite was the officer in charge of them and his brother Shimei was second. 13And Jehiel, Azaziah, Nahath, Asahel, Jerimoth, Jozabad, Eliel, Ismachiah, Mahath, and Benaiah were overseers under the authority of Conaniah and Shimei his brother by the appointment of King Hezekiah, and Azariah was the chief officer of the house of the Almighty. 14And Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the keeper of the eastern gate, was over the freewill offerings of the Almighty, to apportion the contributions for Yahweh and the most holy things. 15And under his authority were Eden, Miniamin, Jeshua, Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah in the cities of the priests, to distribute faithfully their portions to their brothers by divisions, whether great or small, 16without regard to their genealogical enrollment, to the males from thirty years old and upward—everyone who entered the house of Yahweh for his daily obligations—for their work in their duties according to their divisions; 17as well as the priests who were enrolled genealogically according to their fathers’ households, and the Levites from twenty years old and upwards, by their duties and their divisions. 18And the genealogical enrollment included all their little children, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, for the whole assembly, for they consecrated themselves faithfully in holiness. 19Also for the sons of Aaron the priests who were in the pasture lands of their cities, or in each and every city, there were men who were designated by name to distribute portions to every male among the priests and to everyone genealogically enrolled among the Levites. 20And thus Hezekiah did throughout all Judah; and he did what was good, right, and true before Yahweh his Almighty. 21And every work which he began in the service of the house of the Almighty in Law and in commandment, seeking his Almighty, he did with all his heart and prospered.

Chapter 32

After these acts of faithfulness Sennacherib king of Assyria came and invaded Judah and besieged the fortified cities, and thought to break into them for himself. 32:2Now when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come, and that he intended to make war on Jerusalem, 3he decided with his officers and his warriors to cut off the supply of water from the springs which were outside the city, and they helped him. 4So many people assembled and stopped up all the springs and the stream which flowed through the region, saying, “Why should the kings of Assyria come and find abundant water?” 5And he took courage and rebuilt all the wall that had been broken down, and erected towers on it, and built another outside wall, and strengthened the Millo in the city of David, and made weapons and shields in great number. 6And he appointed military officers over the people, and gathered them to him in the square at the city gate, and spoke encouragingly to them, saying, 7“Be strong and courageous, do not fear or be dismayed because of the king of Assyria, nor because of all the multitude which is with him; for the one with us is greater than the one with him. 8“With him is only an arm of flesh, but with us is Yahweh our Almighty to help us and to fight our battles.” And the people relied on the words of Hezekiah king of Judah. 9After this Sennacherib king of Assyria sent his servants to Jerusalem while he was besieging Lachish with all his forces with him, against Hezekiah king of Judah and against all Judah who were at Jerusalem, saying, 10“Thus says Sennacherib king of Assyria, ‘On what are you trusting that you are remaining in Jerusalem under siege? 11‘Is not Hezekiah misleading you to give yourselves over to die by hunger and by thirst, saying, “Yahweh our Almighty will deliver us from the hand of the king of Assyria “? 12‘Has not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his altars, and said to Judah and Jerusalem, “You shall worship before one altar, and on it you shall burn incense “? 13‘Do you not know what I and my fathers have done to all the peoples of the lands? Were the gods of the nations of the lands able at all to deliver their land from my hand? 14‘Who was there among all the gods of those nations which my fathers utterly destroyed who could deliver his people out of my hand, that your Almighty should be able to deliver you from my hand? 15‘Now therefore, do not let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you like this, and do not be giving support to him, for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people from my hand or from the hand of my fathers. How much less shall your Almighty deliver you from my hand?’” 16And his servants spoke further against Yahweh Almighty and against his servant Hezekiah. 17He also wrote letters to insult Yahweh Almighty of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, “As the gods of the nations of the lands have not delivered their people from my hand, so the Almighty of Hezekiah shall not deliver his people from my hand.” 18And they called this out with a loud voice in the language of Judah to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall, to frighten and terrify them, so that they might take the city. 19And they spoke of the Almighty of Jerusalem as of the gods of the peoples of the earth, the work of men’s hands. 20But King Hezekiah and Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, prayed about this and cried out to heaven. 21And Yahweh sent an angel who destroyed every mighty warrior, commander and officer in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned in shame to his own land. And when he had entered the temple of his god, some of his own children killed him there with the sword. 22So Yahweh saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria, and from the hand of all others, and guided them on every side. 23And many were bringing gifts to Yahweh at Jerusalem and choice presents to Hezekiah king of Judah, so that he was exalted in the sight of all nations thereafter. 24In those days Hezekiah became mortally ill; and he prayed to Yahweh, and Yahweh spoke to him and gave him a sign. 25But Hezekiah gave no return for the benefit he received, because his heart was proud; therefore wrath came on him and on Judah and Jerusalem. 26However,Hezekiah humbled the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of Yahweh did not come on them in the days of Hezekiah. 27Now Hezekiah had immense riches and honor; and he made for himself treasuries for silver, gold, precious stones, spices, shields and all kinds of valuable articles, 28storehouses also for the produce of grain, wine and oil, pens for all kinds of cattle and sheepfolds for the flocks. 29And he made cities for himself, and acquired flocks and herds in abundance; for the Almighty had given him very great wealth. 30It was Hezekiah who stopped the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon and directed them to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all that he did. 31And even in the matter of the envoys of the rulers of Babylon, who sent to him to inquire of the wonder that had happened in the land, the Almighty left him alone only to test him, that he might know all that was in his heart. 32Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah and his deeds of devotion, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel. 33So Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the upper section of the tombs of the sons of David; and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem honored him at his death. And his son Manasseh became king in his place.

Chapter 33

Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. 33:2And he did evil in the sight of Yahweh according to the abominations of the nations whom Yahweh dispossessed before the sons of Israel. 3For he rebuilt the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down; he also erected altars for the Baals and made Asherim, and worshiped all the host of heaven and served them. 4And he built altars in the house of Yahweh of which Yahweh had said, “My name shall be in Jerusalem to time immemorial.” 5For he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of Yahweh. 6And he made his sons pass through the fire in the valley of Ben-hinnom; and he practiced witchcraft, used divination, practiced sorcery, and dealt with mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of Yahweh, provoking him to anger. 7Then he put the carved image of the idol which he had made in the house of the Almighty, of which the Almighty had said to David and to Solomon his son, “In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen from all the tribes of Israel, I will put my name to time immemorial; 8and I will not again remove the foot of Israel from the land which I have appointed for your fathers, if only they will observe to do all that I have commanded them according to all the Law, the statutes, and the ordinances given through Moses.” 9Thus Manasseh misled Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to do more evil than the nations whom Yahweh destroyed before the sons of Israel. 10And Yahweh spoke to Manasseh and his people, but they paid no attention. 11Therefore Yahweh brought the commanders of the army of the king of Assyria against them, and they captured Manasseh with hooks, bound him with bronze chains, and took him to Babylon. 12And when he was in distress, he entreated Yahweh his Almighty and humbled himself greatly before the Almighty of his fathers. 13When he prayed to him, he was moved by his entreaty and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem to his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that Yahweh was Almighty. 14Now after this he built the outer wall of the city of David on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entrance of the Fish Gate; and he encircled the Ophel with it and made it very high. Then he put army commanders in all the fortified cities of Judah. 15He also removed the foreign gods and the idol from the house of Yahweh, as well as all the altars which he had built on the mountain of the house of Yahweh and in Jerusalem, and he threw them outside the city. 16And he set up the altar of Yahweh and sacrificed peace offerings and thank offerings on it; and he ordered Judah to serve Yahweh Almighty of Israel. 17Nevertheless the people still sacrificed in the high places, although only to Yahweh their Almighty. 18Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh even his prayer to his Almighty, and the words of the seers who spoke to him in the name of Yahweh Almighty of Israel, behold, they are among the records of the kings of Israel. 19His prayer also and how the Almighty was entreated by him, and all his sin, his unfaithfulness, and the sites on which he built high places and erected the Asherim and the carved images, before he humbled himself, behold, they are written in the records of the Hozai. 20So Manasseh slept with his fathers, and they buried him in his own house. And Amon his son became king in his place. 21Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. 22And he did evil in the sight of Yahweh as Manasseh his father had done, and Amon sacrificed to all the carved images which his father Manasseh had made, and he served them. 23Moreover, he did not humble himself before Yahweh as his father Manasseh had done, but Amon multiplied guilt. 24Finally his servants conspired against him and put him to death in his own house. 25But the people of the land killed all the conspirators against King Amon, and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his place.

Chapter 34

Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. 34:2And he did right in the sight of Yahweh, and walked in the ways of his father David and did not turn aside to the right or to the left. 3For in the eighth year of his reign while he was still a youth, he began to seek the Almighty of his father David; and in the twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem of the high places, the Asherim, the carved images, and the molten images. 4And they tore down the altars of the Baals in his presence, and the incense altars that were high above them he chopped down; also the Asherim, the carved images, and the molten images he broke in pieces and ground to powder and scattered it on the graves of those who had sacrificed to them. 5Then he burned the bones of the priests on their altars, and purged Judah and Jerusalem. 6And in the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, even as far as Naphtali, in their surrounding ruins, 7he also tore down the altars and beat the Asherim and the carved images into powder, and chopped down all the incense altars throughout the land of Israel. Then he returned to Jerusalem. 8Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah an official of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of Yahweh his Almighty. 9And they came to Hilkiah the high priest and delivered the money that was brought into the house of the Almighty, which the Levites, the doorkeepers, had collected from Manasseh and Ephraim, and from all the remnant of Israel, and from all Judah and Benjamin and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 10Then they gave it into the hands of the workmen who had the oversight of the house of Yahweh, and the workmen who were working in the house of Yahweh used it to restore and repair the house. 11They in turn gave it to the carpenters and to the builders to buy quarried stone and timber for couplings and to make beams for the houses which the kings of Judah had let go to ruin. 12And the men did the work faithfully with foremen over them to supervise: Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites of the sons of Merari, Zechariah and Meshullam of the sons of the Kohathites, and the Levites, all who were skillful with musical instruments. 13They were also over the burden bearers, and supervised all the workmen from job to job; and some of the Levites were scribes and officials and gatekeepers. 14When they were bringing out the money which had been brought into the house of Yahweh, Hilkiah the priest found the book of the Law of Yahweh given by Moses. 15And Hilkiah responded and said to Shaphan the scribe, “I have found the book of the Law in the house of Yahweh.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan. 16Then Shaphan brought the book to the king and reported further word to the king, saying, “Everything that was entrusted to your servants they are doing. 17“They have also emptied out the money which was found in the house of Yahweh, and have delivered it into the hands of the supervisors and the workmen.” 18Moreover, Shaphan the scribe told the king saying, “Hilkiah the priest gave me a book.” And Shaphan read from it in the presence of the king. 19And it came about when the king heard the words of the Law that he tore his clothes. 20Then the king commanded Hilkiah, Ahikam the son of Shaphan, Abdon the son of Micah, Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying, 21“Go, inquire of Yahweh for me and for those who are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words of the book which has been found; for great is the wrath of Yahweh which is poured out on us because our fathers have not observed the word of Yahweh, to do according to all that is written in this book.” 22So Hilkiah and those whom the king had told went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, the keeper of the wardrobe (now she lived in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter); and they spoke to her regarding this. 23And she said to them, “Thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Tell the man who sent you to me, 24thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am bringing evil on this place and on its inhabitants, even all the curses written in the book which they have read in the presence of the king of Judah. 25“Because they have forsaken me and have burned incense to other gods, that they might provoke me to anger with all the works of their hands, therefore my wrath will be poured out on this place, and it shall not be quenched.”‘ 26“But to the king of Judah who sent you to inquire of Yahweh, thus you will say to him, ‘Thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel regarding the words which you have heard, 27“Because your heart was tender and you humbled yourself before the Almighty, when you heard his words against this place and against its inhabitants, and because you humbled yourself before me, tore your clothes, and wept before me, I truly have heard you,” declares Yahweh. 28“Behold, I will gather you to your fathers and you shall be gathered to your grave in peace, so your eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring on this place and on its inhabitants.”’” And they brought back word to the king. 29Then the king sent and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem. 30And the king went up to the house of Yahweh and all the men of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the priests, the Levites, and all the people, from the greatest to the least; and he read in their hearing all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of Yahweh. 31Then the king stood in his place and made a covenant before Yahweh to walk after Yahweh, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all his heart and with all his soul, to perform the words of the covenant written in this book. 32Moreover, he made all who were present in Jerusalem and Benjamin to stand with him. So the inhabitants of Jerusalem did according to the covenant of the Almighty, the Almighty of their fathers. 33And Josiah removed all the abominations from all the lands belonging to the sons of Israel, and made all who were present in Israel to serve Yahweh their Almighty. Throughout his lifetime they did not turn from following Yahweh Almighty of their fathers.

Chapter 35

Then Josiah celebrated the Passover to Yahweh in Jerusalem, and they slaughtered the Passover animals on the fourteenth day of the first month. 35:2And he set the priests in their offices and encouraged them in the service of the house of Yahweh. 3He also said to the Levites who taught all Israel and who were holy to Yahweh, “Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel built; it will be a burden on your shoulders no longer. Now serve Yahweh your Almighty and his people Israel. 4“And prepare yourselves by your fathers’ households in your divisions, according to the writing of David king of Israel and according to the writing of his son Solomon. 5“Moreover, stand in the holy place according to the sections of the fathers’ households of your brethren the lay people, and according to the Levites, by division of a father’s household. 6“Now slaughter the Passover animals, sanctify yourselves, and prepare for your brethren to do according to the word of Yahweh by Moses.” 7And Josiah contributed to the lay people, to all who were present, flocks of lambs and kids, all for the Passover offerings, numbering 30,000 plus 3,000 bulls; these were from the king’s possessions. 8His officers also contributed a freewill offering to the people, the priests, and the Levites. Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, the officials of the house of the Almighty, gave to the priests for the Passover offerings 2,600 from the flocks and 300 bulls. 9Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethanel, his brothers, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, the officers of the Levites, contributed to the Levites for the Passover offerings 5,000 from the flocks and 500 bulls. 10So the service was prepared, and the priests stood at their stations and the Levites by their divisions according to the king’s command. 11And they slaughtered the Passover animals, and while the priests sprinkled the blood received from their hand, the Levites skinned them. 12Then they removed the burnt offerings that they might give them to the sections of the fathers’ households of the lay people to present to Yahweh, as it is written in the book of Moses. They did this also with the bulls. 13So they roasted the Passover animals on the fire according to the ordinance, and they boiled the holy things in pots, in kettles, in pans, and carried them speedily to all the lay people. 14And afterwards they prepared for themselves and for the priests, because the priests, the sons of Aaron, were offering the burnt offerings and the fat until night; therefore the Levites prepared for themselves and for the priests, the sons of Aaron. 15The singers, the sons of Asaph, were also at their stations according to the command of David, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun the king’s seer; and the gatekeepers at each gate did not have to depart from their service, because the Levites their brethren prepared for them. 16So all the service of Yahweh was prepared on that day to celebrate the Passover, and to offer burnt offerings on the altar of Yahweh according to the command of King Josiah. 17Thus the sons of Israel who were present celebrated the Passover at that time, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days. 18And there had not been celebrated a Passover like it in Israel since the days of Samuel the prophet; nor had any of the kings of Israel celebrated such a Passover as Josiah did with the priests, the Levites, all Judah and Israel who were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 19In the eighteenth year of Josiah’s reign this Passover was celebrated. 20After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Neco king of Egypt came up to make war at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to engage him. 21But Neco sent messengers to him, saying, “What have we to do with each other, King of Judah? I am not coming against you today but against the house with which I am at war, and the Almighty has ordered me to hurry. Stop for your own sake from interfering with the Almighty who is with me, that he may not destroy you.” 22However, Josiah would not turn away from him, but disguised himself in order to make war with him; nor did he listen to the words of Neco from the mouth of the Almighty, but came to make war on the plain of Megiddo. 23And the archers shot King Josiah, and the king said to his servants, “Take me away, for I am badly wounded.” 24So his servants took him out of the chariot and carried him in the second chariot which he had, and brought him to Jerusalem where he died and was buried in the tombs of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. 25Then Jeremiah chanted a lament for Josiah. And all the male and female singers speak about Josiah in their lamentations to this day. And they made them an ordinance in Israel; behold, they are also written in the Lamentations. 26Now the rest of the acts of Josiah and his deeds of devotion as written in the Law of Yahweh, 27and his acts, first to last, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah.

Chapter 36

Then the people of the land took Joahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in place of his father in Jerusalem. 36:2Joahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. 3Then the king of Egypt deposed him at Jerusalem, and imposed on the land a fine of one hundred talents of silver and one talent of gold. 4And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. But Neco took Joahaz his brother and brought him to Egypt. 5Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; and he did evil in the sight of Yahweh his Almighty. 6Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against him and bound him with bronze chains to take him to Babylon. 7Nebuchadnezzar also brought some of the articles of the house of Yahweh to Babylon and put them in his temple at Babylon. 8Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and the abominations which he did, and what was found against him, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah. And Jehoiachin his son became king in his place. 9Jehoiachin was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem, and he did evil in the sight of Yahweh. 10And at the turn of the year King Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon with the valuable articles of the house of Yahweh, and he made his kinsman Zedekiah king over Judah and Jerusalem. 11Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 12And he did evil in the sight of Yahweh his Almighty; he did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet who spoke for Yahweh. 13And he also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar who had made him swear allegiance by the Almighty. But he stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to Yahweh Almighty of Israel. 14Furthermore, all the officials of the priests and the people were very unfaithful following all the abominations of the nations; and they defiled the house of Yahweh which he had sanctified in Jerusalem. 15And Yahweh, the Almighty of their fathers, sent word to them again and again by his messengers, because he had compassion on his people and on his dwelling place; 16but they continually mocked the messengers of the Almighty, despised his words and scoffed at his prophets, until the wrath of Yahweh arose against his people, until there was no remedy. 17Therefore he brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; he gave them all into his hand. 18And all the articles of the house of the Almighty, great and small, and the treasures of the house of Yahweh, and the treasures of the king and of his officers, he brought them all to Babylon. 19Then they burned the house of the Almighty, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem and burned all its fortified buildings with fire, and destroyed all its valuable articles. 20And those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, 21to fulfill the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete. 22Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—in order to fulfill the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah—Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, 23“Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘Yahweh, the Almighty of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has appointed me to build him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all his people, may Yahweh his Almighty be with him, and let him go up!’”