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TorahTimes Messianic Ministry

Teaching Truths about Torah, Time, and Messiah


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Isaiah

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Chapter 1

The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, concerning Judah and Jerusalem which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

1:2Listen, heavens, and hear, earth; for Yahweh speaks, “Sons I have reared and brought up, but they have revolted against me. 3An ox knows its owner, and a donkey its master’s manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.”

4Alas, sinful nation, people weighed down with iniquity, offspring of evildoers, sons who act corruptly! They have abandoned Yahweh, they have despised the Holy One of Israel, they have turned away from him.

5Where will you be stricken again, as you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart is faint. 6From the sole of the foot even to the head there is nothing sound in it, only bruises, welts, and raw wounds, not pressed out or bandaged, nor softened with oil.

7Your land is desolate, your cities are burned with fire, your fields—strangers are devouring them in your presence; it is desolation, as overthrown by strangers. 8And the daughter of Zion is left like a shelter in a vineyard, like a watchman’s hut in a cucumber field, like a besieged city.

9Unless Yahweh of hosts had left us a few survivors, we would be like Sodom, we would be like Gomorrah.

10Hear the word of Yahweh, you rulers of Sodom; give ear to the instruction of our Almighty, you people of Gomorrah. 11“What are your multiplied sacrifices to me?” says Yahweh. “I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed cattle. And I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs, or goats.

12When you come to see my face, who has made to be sought this from your hand, a trampling of my courts? 13Bring your worthless offerings no longer, incense is an abomination to me. New moon and sabbath, the calling of assemblies—I cannot endure iniquity and the solemn assembly. 14I hate your new moon festivals and your appointed feasts, they have become a burden to me. I am weary of bearing them. 15So when you spread out your hands in prayer, I will hide my eyes from you, yes, even though you multiply prayers, I will not listen. Your hands are covered with blood. 16Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; remove the evil of your deeds from my sight. Cease to do evil, 17learn to do good; seek justice, reprove the ruthless; defend the orphan, plead for the widow.”

18“Come now, and let us reason together,” says Yahweh, “Though your sins are as scarlet, they will be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they will be like wool. 19If you consent and obey, you will eat the best of the land; 20But if you refuse and rebel, you will be devoured by the sword.” Truly, the mouth of Yahweh has spoken.

21How the faithful city has become a harlot, she who was full of justice! Righteousness once lodged in her, but now murderers. 22Your silver has become dross, your drink diluted with water. 23Your rulers are rebels, and companions of thieves; everyone loves a bribe, and chases after rewards. They do not defend the orphan, nor does the widow’s plea come before them.

24Therefore the Lord Yahweh of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel declares, “Ah, I will be relieved of my adversaries, and avenge Myself on my foes. 25I will also turn my hand against you, and will smelt away your dross as with lye, and will remove all your alloy. 26Then I will restore your judges as at the first, and your counselors as at the beginning; after that you will be called the city of righteousness, a faithful city.”

27Zion will be redeemed with justice, and her repentant ones with righteousness. 28But transgressors and sinners will be crushed together, and those who forsake Yahweh shall come to an end. 29Surely, you will be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired, and you will be embarrassed at the gardens which you have chosen. 30For you will be like an oak whose leaf fades away, or as a garden that has no water. 31And the strong man will become tinder, his work also a spark. Thus they shall both burn together, and there will be none to quench them.

Chapter 2

The word which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

2:2Now it will come about that in the last days, the mountain of the house of Yahweh will be established as the chief of the mountains, and will be raised above the hills; and all the nations will stream to it. 3And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of Yahweh, to the house of the Almighty of Jacob; that he may teach us concerning his ways, and that we may walk in his paths.” For the Law will go forth from Zion, and the word of Yahweh from Jerusalem. 4And he will judge between the nations, and will render decisions for many peoples; and they will hammer their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they learn war.

5Come, house of Jacob, and let us walk in the light of Yahweh.

6For you have abandoned your people, the house of Jacob, because they are filled with influences from the east, and they are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they strike bargains with the children of foreigners. 7Their land has also been filled with silver and gold, and there is no end to their treasures; their land has also been filled with horses, and there is no end to their chariots. 8Their land has also been filled with idols; they worship the work of their hands, that which their fingers have made. 9So the common man has been humbled, and the man of importance has been abased, but do not forgive them. 10Enter the rock and hide in the dust from the terror of Yahweh and from the splendor of his majesty. 11The proud look of man will be abased, and the loftiness of man will be humbled, and Yahweh alone will be exalted in that day.

12For Yahweh of hosts will have a day of reckoning against everyone who is proud and lofty, and against everyone who is lifted up, that he may be abased. 13And it will be against all the cedars of Lebanon that are lofty and lifted up, against all the oaks of Bashan, 14against all the lofty mountains, against all the hills that are lifted up, 15against every high tower, against every fortified wall, 16against all the ships of Tarshish, and against all the beautiful craft. 17And the pride of man will be humbled, and the loftiness of men will be abased, and Yahweh alone will be exalted in that day. 18But the idols will completely vanish. 19And men will go into caves of the rocks, and into holes of the ground before the terror of Yahweh, and before the splendor of his majesty, when he arises to make the earth tremble.

20In that day men will cast away to the moles and the bats their idols of silver and their idols of gold, which they made for themselves to worship, 21in order to go into the caverns of the rocks and the clefts of the cliffs, before the terror of Yahweh and the splendor of his majesty, when he arises to make the earth tremble. 22Stop regarding man, whose breath of life is in his nostrils; for why should he be esteemed?

Chapter 3

For behold, the Lord Yahweh of hosts is going to remove from Jerusalem and Judah both supply and support, the whole supply of bread, and the whole supply of water; 3:2the mighty man and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder, 3the captain of fifty and the honorable man, the counselor and the expert artisan, and the skillful enchanter. 4And I will make mere lads their princes and capricious children will rule over them, 5and the people will be oppressed, each one by another, and each one by his neighbor; the youth will storm against the elder, and the inferior against the honorable.

6When a man lays hold of his brother in his father’s house, saying, “You have a cloak, you shall be our ruler, and these ruins will be under your charge,” 7on that day will he protest, saying, “I will not be your healer, for in my house there is neither bread nor cloak; you should not appoint me ruler of the people.” 8For Jerusalem has stumbled, and Judah has fallen, because their speech and their actions are against Yahweh, to rebel against his glorious presence.

9The expression of their faces bears witness against them. And they display their sin like Sodom; they do not even conceal it. Woe to them! For they have brought evil on themselves. 10Say to the righteous that it will go well with them, for they will eat the fruit of their actions. 11Woe to the wicked! It will go badly with him, for what he deserves will be done to him. 12My people! Their oppressors are children, and women rule over them. My people! Those who guide you lead you astray, and confuse the direction of your paths.

13Yahweh arises to contend, and stands to judge the people. 14Yahweh enters into judgment with the elders and princes of his people, “It is you who have devoured the vineyard; the plunder of the poor is in your houses. 15What do you mean by crushing my people, and grinding the face of the poor?” declares my Lord Yahweh of hosts.

16Moreover, Yahweh said, “Because the daughters of Zion are proud, and walk with heads held high and seductive eyes, and go along with mincing steps, and tinkle the bangles on their feet, 17therefore Adonai will afflict the scalp of the daughters of Zion with scabs, and Yahweh will make their foreheads bare.”

18In that day Adonai will take away the beauty of their anklets, headbands, crescent ornaments, 19dangling earrings, bracelets, veils, 20headdresses, ankle chains, sashes, perfume boxes, amulets, 21finger rings, nose rings, 22festal robes, outer tunics, cloaks, silver purses, 23hand mirrors, undergarments, turbans, and veils.

24Now it will come about that instead of sweet perfume there will be putrefaction; instead of a belt, a rope; instead of well-set hair, a plucked-out scalp; instead of fine clothes, a donning of sackcloth; and branding instead of beauty. 25Your men will fall by the sword, and your mighty ones in battle. 26And her gates will lament and mourn; and deserted she will sit on the ground.

Chapter 4

For seven women will take hold of one man in that day, saying, “We will eat our own bread and wear our own clothes, only let us be called by your name; take away our reproach!”

4:2In that day the Branch of Yahweh will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth will be the pride and the adornment of the survivors of Israel. 3And it will come about that he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem will be called holy—everyone who is recorded for life in Jerusalem. 4When Adonai has washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and purged the bloodshed of Jerusalem from her midst, by the spirit of judgment and the spirit of burning, 5then Yahweh will create over the whole area of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud by day, even smoke, and the brightness of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory will be a canopy. 6And there will be a shelter to give shade from the heat by day, and refuge and protection from the storm and the rain.

Chapter 5

Let me sing now for my well-beloved a song of my beloved concerning his vineyard. My well-beloved had a vineyard on a fertile hill. 5:2And he dug it all around, removed its stones, and planted it with the choicest vine. And he built a tower in the middle of it, and hewed out a wine vat in it; then he expected it to produce good grapes, but it produced only worthless ones.

3“And now, inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard. 4What more was there to do for my vineyard that I have not done in it? Why, when I expected it to produce good grapes did it produce worthless ones?

5So now let me tell you what I am going to do to my vineyard: I will remove its hedge and it will be consumed; I will break down its wall and it will become trampled ground. 6And I will lay it waste; it will not be pruned or hoed, but briars and thorns will come up. I will also charge the clouds to rain no rain on it.”

7For the vineyard of Yahweh of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his delightful plant. Thus he looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; for righteousness, but behold, a cry of distress.

8Woe to those who add house to house and join field to field, until there is no more room, so that you have to live alone in the midst of the land! 9In my ears Yahweh of hosts has sworn, “Surely, many houses shall become desolate, even great and fine ones, without occupants. 10For ten acres of vineyard will yield only one bath of wine, and a homer of seed will yield but an ephah of grain.”

11Woe to those who rise early in the morning that they may pursue strong drink; who stay up late in the evening that wine may inflame them! 12And their banquets are accompanied by lyre and harp, by tambourine and flute, and by wine; but they do not pay attention to the deeds of Yahweh, nor do they consider the work of his hands.

13Therefore my people go into exile for their lack of knowledge; and their honorable men are famished, and their multitude is parched with thirst. 14Therefore the grave has enlarged its throat and opened its mouth without measure; and Jerusalem’s splendor, her multitude, her din of revelry, and the jubilant within her, descend into it. 15So the common man will be humbled, and the man of importance abased, the eyes of the proud also will be abased. 16But Yahweh of hosts will be exalted in judgment, and the holy Almighty will show himself holy in righteousness. 17Then the lambs will graze as in their pasture, and strangers will eat in the waste places of the wealthy.

18Woe to those who drag iniquity with the cords of falsehood, and sin as if with cart ropes; 19who say, “Let him make speed, let him hasten his work, that we may see it; and let the purpose of the Holy One of Israel draw near and come to pass, that we may know it!” 20Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness; who substitute bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! 21Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes, and clever in their own sight! 22Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine, and valiant men in mixing strong drink; 23who justify the wicked for a bribe, and take away the rights of the ones who are in the right!

24Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes stubble, and dry grass collapses into the flame, so their root will become like rot and their blossom blow away as dust; for they have rejected the Law of Yahweh of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. 25On this account the anger of Yahweh has burned against his people, and he has stretched out his hand against them and struck them down, and the mountains quaked; and their corpses lay like refuse in the middle of the streets. For all this his anger is not spent, but his hand is still stretched out.

26He will also lift up a standard to the distant nation, and will whistle for it from the ends of the earth; and behold, it will come with speed swiftly. 27No one in it is weary or stumbles, none slumbers or sleeps; nor is the belt at its waist undone, nor its sandal strap broken. 28Its arrows are sharp, and all its bows are bent; the hoofs of its horses seem like flint, and its chariot wheels like a whirlwind. 29Its roaring is like a lioness, and it roars like young lions; it growls as it seizes the prey, and carries it off with no one to deliver it. 30And it shall growl over it in that day like the roaring of the sea. If one looks to the land, behold, there is darkness and distress; even the light is darkened by its clouds.

Chapter 6

IN the year of King Uzziah’s death, I saw Adonai sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of his robe filling the temple. 6:2Seraphim stood above him, each having six wings; with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3And one called out to another and said,

“Holy, holy, holy, is Yahweh of hosts, the whole earth is full of his glory.”

4And the foundations of the thresholds trembled at the voice of him who called out, while the temple was filling with smoke. 5Then I said, “Woe is me, for I am ruined! Because I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, Yahweh of hosts.”

6Then one of the seraphim flew to me, with a burning coal in his hand which he had taken from the altar with tongs. 7And he touched my mouth with it and said, “Behold, this has touched your lips; and your iniquity is taken away, and your sin is forgiven.”

8Then I heard the voice of Adonai, saying, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?” Then I said, “Here am I. Send me!” 9And he said, “Go, and tell this people:

‘Keep on listening, but do not perceive; keep on looking, but do not understand.’ 10Render the hearts of this people insensitive, their ears dull, and their eyes dim, lest they see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and return and be healed.” 11Then I said, “Adonai, how long?” And he answered, “Until cities are devastated and without inhabitant, houses are without people, and the land is utterly desolate, 12Yahweh has removed men far away, and the forsaken places are many in the midst of the land. 13Yet there will be a tenth portion in it, and it will again be subject to burning, like a terebinth or an oak whose stump remains when it is felled. The holy seed is its stump.”

Chapter 7

Now it came about in the days of Ahaz, the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Aram and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but could not conquer it. 7:2When it was reported to the house of David, saying, “The Arameans have camped in Ephraim,” his heart and the hearts of his people shook as the trees of the forest shake with the wind.

3Then Yahweh said to Isaiah: “Go out now to meet Ahaz, you and your son Shear-jashub, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool, on the highway to the fuller’s field, 4and say to him: ‘Take care, and be calm, have no fear and do not be fainthearted because of these two stubs of smoldering firebrands, on account of the fierce anger of Rezin and Aram, and the son of Remaliah. 5Because Aram, with Ephraim and the son of Remaliah, has planned evil against you, saying: 6“Let us go up against Judah and terrorize it, and make for ourselves a breach in its walls, and set up the son of Tabeel as king in the midst of it,” 7(thus says my Lord Yahweh),

‘It shall not stand nor shall it come to pass. 8For the head of Aram is Damascus and the head of Damascus is Rezin, but within another 65 years Ephraim will be shattered, so that it is no longer a people. 9And the head of Ephraim is Samaria and the head of Samaria is the son of Remaliah. If you will not give your support to Yahweh, you surely shall not be supported.‘“

The Sign of Immanuel

10Then Yahweh spoke again to Ahaz, saying: 11“Ask a sign for yourself from Yahweh your Almighty; make it deep as the grave or high as heaven.” 12But Ahaz said, “I will not ask, nor will I test Yahweh!” 13Then he said, “Listen now, house of David! Is it too slight a thing for you to try the patience of men, that you will try the patience of my Almighty as well? 14Therefore He will give Adonai Himself to you as a sign: Look! The young virgin is pregnant and bearing a son, and you will proclaim his name Immanuel. 15Curd and honey he will eat. For he knows refusal of the evil and choice of the good.” 16But before the lad knows refusal of the evil and choice of the good, the land will be forsaken from the faces of her two kings which you dread. 17“Yahweh will bring on you, on your people, and on your father’s house such days as have never come since the day that Ephraim separated from Judah, the king of Assyria.”

18And it will come about in that day, that Yahweh will whistle for the fly that is in the remotest part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria. 19And they will all come and settle on the steep ravines, on the ledges of the cliffs, on all the thorn bushes, and on all the watering places.

20In that day Adonai will shave with a razor, hired from regions beyond the Euphrates (that is, with the king of Assyria), the head and the hair of the legs; and it will also remove the beard.

21Now it will come about in that day that a man may keep alive a heifer and a pair of sheep; 22and it will happen that because of the abundance of the milk produced he will eat curds, for everyone that is left within the land will eat curds and honey.

23And it will come about in that day, that every place where there used to be a thousand vines, valued at a thousand shekels of silver, will become briars and thorns. 24People will come there with bows and arrows because all the land will be briars and thorns. 25And as for all the hills which used to be cultivated with the hoe, you will not go there for fear of briars and thorns; but they will become a place for pasturing oxen and for sheep to trample.

Chapter 8

Then Yahweh said to me, “Take for yourself a large tablet and write on it in ordinary letters: for the swift to booty, speedy to prey.” 8:2And that I might have a witness for myself I used faithful witnesses, Uriah the priest and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.

3So I approached the prophetess, and she conceived and gave birth to a son. Then Yahweh said to me, “Name him Maher-shalal-hash-baz; 4for before the boy knows how to cry out ‘My father’ or ‘My mother,’ the wealth of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria will be carried away before the king of Assyria.”

5And again Yahweh spoke to me further, saying, 6“Inasmuch as these people have rejected the gently flowing waters of Shiloah, and rejoice in Rezin and the son of Remaliah; 7now therefore, behold, Adonai is about to bring on them the strong and abundant waters of the Euphrates, even the king of Assyria and all his glory; and it will rise up over all its channels and go over all its banks. 8Then it will sweep on into Judah, it will overflow and pass through, it will reach even to the neck; and the spread of its wings will fill the breadth of your land, Immanuel.

9Be broken, peoples, and be shattered; and give ear, all remote places of the earth. Gird yourselves, yet be shattered; gird yourselves, yet be shattered. 10Devise a plan but it will be thwarted; state a proposal, but it will not stand, for the Almighty is with us.”

11For thus Yahweh spoke to me with mighty power and instructed me not to walk in the way of this people, saying, 12“You are not to say, ‘It is a conspiracy!’ in regard to all that this people call a conspiracy, and you are not to fear what they fear or be in dread of it. 13It is Yahweh of hosts whom you should regard as holy. And he shall be your fear, and he shall be your dread. 14Then he shall become a sanctuary; but to both the houses of Israel, a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, and a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 15And many will stumble over them, then they will fall and be broken; they will even be snared and caught.”

16Bind up the testimony, seal the Law among my disciples. 17And I will wait for Yahweh who is hiding his face from the house of Jacob; I will even look eagerly for him. 18Behold, I and the children whom Yahweh has given me are for signs and wonders in Israel from Yahweh of hosts, who dwells on Mount Zion. 19And when they say to you, “Consult the mediums and the spiritists who whisper and mutter,” should not a people consult their Almighty? Should they consult the dead on behalf of the living? 20To the Law and to the testimony! If they do not speak according to this word, it is because they have no dawn. 21And they will pass through the land hard-pressed and famished, and it will turn out that when they are hungry, they will be enraged and curse their king and their Almighty as they face upward. 22Then they will look to the earth, and behold, distress and darkness, the gloom of anguish; and they will be driven away into darkness.

Chapter 9

But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times he treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on he shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles.

9:2The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; those who live in a dark land, the light will shine on them. 3You shall multiply the nation, you shall increase their gladness; they will be glad in your presence As with the gladness of harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. 4For you shall break the yoke of their burden and the staff on their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor, as at the battle of Midian. 5For every boot of the booted warrior in the battle tumult, and cloak rolled in blood, will be for burning, fuel for the fire. 6For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on his shoulders; and his name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Powerful Mighty One, everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 7There will be no end to the increase of his government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from now and onward of time immemorial. The zeal of Yahweh of hosts will accomplish this.

8Adonai sends a message against Jacob, and it falls on Israel. 9And all the people know it, that is, Ephraim and the inhabitants of Samaria, asserting in pride and in arrogance of heart: 10“The bricks have fallen down, but we will rebuild with smooth stones; the sycamores have been cut down, but we will replace them with cedars.” 11Therefore Yahweh raises against them adversaries from Rezin, and spurs their enemies on, 12The Arameans on the east and the Philistines on the west; and they devour Israel with gaping jaws. In spite of all this his anger does not turn away, and his hand is still stretched out.

13Yet the people do not turn back to him who struck them, nor do they seek Yahweh of hosts. 14So Yahweh cuts off head and tail from Israel, both palm branch and bulrush in a single day. 15The head is the elder and honorable man, and the prophet who teaches falsehood is the tail. 16For those who guide this people are leading them astray; and those who are guided by them are brought to confusion. 17Therefore Adonai does not take pleasure in their young men, nor does he have pity on their orphans or their widows; for every one of them is godless and an evildoer, and every mouth is speaking foolishness. In spite of all this his anger does not turn away, and his hand is still stretched out.

18For wickedness burns like a fire; it consumes briars and thorns; it even sets the thickets of the forest aflame, and they roll upward in a column of smoke. 19By the fury of Yahweh of hosts the land is burned up, and the people are like fuel for the fire; no man spares his brother. 20And they slice off what is on the right hand but still are hungry, and they eat what is on the left hand but they are not satisfied; each of them eats the flesh of his own arm. 21Manasseh devours Ephraim, and Ephraim Manasseh, and together they are against Judah. In spite of all this his anger does not turn away, and his hand is still stretched out.

Chapter 10

Woe to those who enact evil statutes, and to those who constantly record unjust decisions, 10:2so as to deprive the needy of justice, and rob the poor of my people of their rights, in order that widows may be their spoil, and that they may plunder the orphans. 3Now what will you do in the day of punishment, and in the devastation which will come from afar? To whom will you flee for help? And where will you leave your wealth? 4Nothing remains but to crouch among the captives or fall among the slain. In spite of all this his anger does not turn away, and his hand is still stretched out.

5Woe to Assyria, the rod of my anger and the staff in whose hands is my indignation, 6I send it against a godless nation and commission it against the people of my fury to capture booty and to seize plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets. 7Yet it does not so intend nor does it plan so in its heart, but rather it is its purpose to destroy, and to cut off many nations. 8For it says, “Are not my princes all kings? 9Is not Calno like Carchemish, or Hamath like Arpad, or Samaria like Damascus? 10As my hand has reached to the kingdoms of the idols, whose graven images were greater than those of Jerusalem and Samaria, 11shall I not do to Jerusalem and her images just as I have done to Samaria and her idols?”

12So it will be that when Adonai has completed all his work on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the fruit of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria and the pomp of his haughtiness.” 13For he has said,

“By the power of my hand and by my wisdom I did this, for I have understanding; and I removed the boundaries of the peoples, and plundered their treasures, and like a mighty man I brought down their inhabitants, 14and my hand reached to the riches of the peoples like a nest, and as one gathers abandoned eggs, I gathered all the earth; and there was not one that flapped its wing or opened its beak or chirped.”

15Is the axe to boast itself over the one who chops with it? Is the saw to exalt itself over the one who wields it? That would be like a club wielding those who lift it, or like a rod lifting him who is not wood. 16Therefore the Lord Adonai of hosts, will send a wasting disease among his stout warriors; and under his glory a fire will be kindled like a burning flame. 17And the light of Israel will become a fire and his Holy One a flame, and it will burn and devour his thorns and his briars in a single day. 18And he will destroy the glory of his forest and of his fruitful garden, both soul and body; and it will be as when a sick man wastes away. 19And the rest of the trees of his forest will be so small in number that a child could write them down.

20Now it will come about in that day that the remnant of Israel, and those of the house of Jacob who have escaped, will never again rely on the one who struck them, but will truly rely on Yahweh, the Holy One of Israel. 21A remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the powerful Mighty One. 22For though your people, Israel, may be like the sand of the sea, only a remnant within them will return; a destruction is determined, overflowing with righteousness. 23For a complete destruction, one that is decreed, my Lord Yahweh of hosts will execute in the midst of the whole land.

24Therefore thus says my Lord Yahweh of hosts, “My people who dwell in Zion, do not fear the Assyrian who strikes you with the rod and lifts up his staff against you, the way Egypt did. 25For in a very little while my indignation against you will be spent, and my anger will be directed to their destruction.” 26And Yahweh of hosts will arouse a scourge against him like the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb; and his staff will be over the sea, and he will lift it up the way he did in Egypt. 27So it will be in that day, that his burden will be removed from your shoulders and his yoke from your neck, and the yoke will be broken because of fatness.

28He has come against Aiath, he has passed through Migron; at Michmash he deposited his baggage. 29They have gone through the pass, saying, “Geba will be our lodging place.” Ramah is terrified, and Gibeah of Saul has fled away. 30Cry aloud with your voice, daughter of Gallim! Pay attention, Laishah and wretched Anathoth! 31Madmenah has fled. The inhabitants of Gebim have sought refuge. 32Yet today he will halt at Nob; he shakes his fist at the mountain of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.

33Behold, the Lord, the Almighty of hosts, will lop off the boughs with a terrible crash; those also who are tall in stature will be cut down, and those who are lofty will be abased. 34And he will cut down the thickets of the forest with an iron axe, and Lebanon will fall by the Mighty One.

Chapter 11

Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a branch from his roots will bear fruit. 11:2And the Spirit of Yahweh will rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and strength, the spirit of knowledge and the fear of Yahweh. 3And he will delight in the fear of Yahweh, and he will not judge by what his eyes see, nor make a decision by what his ears hear; 4But with righteousness he will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; and he will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked. 5Also righteousness will be the belt about his loins, and faithfulness the belt about his waist.

6And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the kid, and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little boy will lead them. 7Also the cow and the bear will graze; their young will lie down together; and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8And the nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra, and the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den. 9They will not hurt or destroy in all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of Yahweh as the waters cover the sea.

10Then it will come about in that day that the nations will resort to the root of Jesse, who will stand as a signal for the peoples; and his resting place will be glorious. 11Then it will happen on that day that Adonai will again recover the second time with his hand the remnant of his people, who will remain, from Assyria, Egypt, Pathros, Cush, Elam, Shinar, Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

12And he will lift up a standard for the nations, and will assemble the banished ones of Israel, and will gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. 13Then the jealousy of Ephraim will depart; and Judah’s harassings will be cut off; Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah, and Judah will not harass Ephraim. 14And they will swoop down on the slopes of the Philistines on the west; together they will plunder the sons of the east; they will possess Edom and Moab; and the sons of Ammon will be subject to them. 15And Yahweh will utterly destroy the tongue of the Sea of Egypt; and he will wave his hand over the River with his scorching wind; and he will strike it into seven streams, and make men walk over dry-shod. 16And there will be a highway from Assyria for the remnant of his people who will be left, just as there was for Israel in the day that they came up out of the land of Egypt.

Chapter 12

Then you will say on that day, “I will give thanks to you, Yahweh; for although you were angry with me, your anger is turned away, and you comfort me.

12:2Behold, the Mighty One is my salvation, I will trust and not be afraid; for Yah Yahweh is my strength and song, and he has become my salvation.”

3Therefore you will joyously draw water from the springs of salvation. 4And in that day you will say,

“Give thanks to Yahweh, call on his name. Make known his deeds among the peoples; make them remember that his name is exalted.”

5Praise Yahweh in song, for he has done excellent things; let this be known throughout the earth. 6Cry aloud and shout for joy, inhabitant of Zion, for great in your midst is the Holy One of Israel.

Chapter 13

The oracle concerning Babylon which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.

13:2Lift up a standard on the bare hill, raise your voice to them, wave the hand that they may enter the doors of the nobles. 3I have commanded my consecrated ones, I have even called my mighty warriors, my proudly exulting ones, to execute my anger.

4A sound of tumult on the mountains, like that of many people! A sound of the uproar of kingdoms, of nations gathered together! Yahweh of hosts is mustering the army for battle. 5They are coming from a far country from the farthest horizons, Yahweh and his instruments of indignation, to destroy the whole land.

6Wail, for the day of Yahweh is near! It will come as destruction from the Almighty. 7Therefore all hands will fall limp, and every man’s heart will melt. 8And they will be terrified, pains and anguish will take hold of them; they will writhe like a woman in labor, they will look at one another in astonishment, their faces aflame.

9Behold, the day of Yahweh is coming, cruel, with fury and burning anger, to make the land a desolation; and he will exterminate its sinners from it. 10For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not flash forth their light; the sun will be dark when it rises, and the moon will not shed its light. 11Thus I will punish the world for its evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; I will also put an end to the arrogance of the proud, and abase the haughtiness of the ruthless. 12I will make mortal man scarcer than pure gold, and mankind than the gold of Ophir. 13Therefore I shall make the heavens tremble, and the earth will be shaken from its place at the fury of Yahweh of hosts in the day of his burning anger. 14And it will be that like a hunted gazelle, or like sheep with none to gather them, they will each turn to his own people, and each one flee to his own land. 15Anyone who is found will be thrust through, and anyone who is captured will fall by the sword. 16Their little ones also will be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses will be plundered and their wives ravished.

17Behold, I am going to stir up the Medes against them, who will not value silver or take pleasure in gold, 18And their bows will mow down the young men, they will not even have compassion on the fruit of the womb, nor will their eye pity children. 19And Babylon, the beauty of kingdoms, the glory of the Chaldeans’ pride, will be as when the Almighty overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. 20It will never be inhabited or lived in from generation to generation; nor will the Arab pitch his tent there, nor will shepherds make their flocks lie down there. 21But desert creatures will lie down there, and their houses will be full of owls, ostriches also will live there, and shaggy goats will frolic there. 22And hyenas will howl in their fortified towers and jackals in their luxurious palaces. Her fateful time also will soon come and her days will not be prolonged.

Chapter 14

When Yahweh will have compassion on Jacob, and again choose Israel, and settle them in their own land, then strangers will join them and attach themselves to the house of Jacob. 14:2And the peoples will take them along and bring them to their place, and the house of Israel will possess them as an inheritance in the land of Yahweh as male servants and female servants; and they will take their captors captive, and will rule over their oppressors.

Israel’s Remnant Taunts Babylon

3And it will be in the day when Yahweh gives you rest from your pain and turmoil and harsh service in which you have been enslaved, 4that you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say,

“How the oppressor has ceased, and how fury has ceased! 5Yahweh has broken the staff of the wicked, the scepter of rulers 6which used to strike the peoples in fury with unceasing strokes, which subdued the nations in anger with unrestrained persecution. 7The whole earth is at rest and is quiet; they break forth into shouts of joy. 8Even the cypress trees rejoice over you, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, ‘Since you were laid low, no tree cutter comes up against us.’ 9The grave from beneath is excited over you to meet you when you come; it arouses for you the spirits of the dead, all the leaders of the earth; it raises all the kings of the nations from their thrones. 10They will all respond and say to you, ‘Even you have been made weak as we, you have become like us. 11Your pomp and the music of your harps have been brought down to the grave; maggots are spread out as your bed beneath you, and worms are your covering.’

12“How you have fallen from heaven, star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, you who have weakened the nations! 13But you said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of the Almighty, and I will sit on the mount of assembly in the recesses of the north. 14I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.’ 15Nevertheless you will be thrust down to the grave, to the recesses of the pit. 16Those who see you will gaze at you, they will ponder over you, saying, ‘Is this the man who made the earth tremble, who shook kingdoms, 17who made the world like a wilderness and overthrew its cities, who did not allow his prisoners to go home?’ 18All the kings of the nations lie in glory, each in his own tomb. 19But you have been cast out of your tomb like a rejected branch, clothed with the slain who are pierced with a sword, who go down to the stones of the pit, like a trampled corpse. 20You will not be united with them in burial, because you have ruined your country, you have slain your people.

“May the offspring of evildoers not be mentioned to time immemorial. 21Prepare for his sons a place of slaughter because of the iniquity of their fathers. They must not arise and take possession of the earth and fill the face of the world with cities.”

22“And I will rise up against them,” declares Yahweh of hosts, “and will cut off from Babylon name and survivors, offspring and posterity,” declares Yahweh. 23“I will also make it a possession for the hedgehog, and swamps of water, and I will sweep it with the broom of destruction,” declares Yahweh of hosts.

An Oracle Concerning Assyria

24Yahweh of hosts has sworn saying, “Surely, just as I have intended so it has happened, and just as I have planned so it will stand, 25to break Assyria in my land, and I will trample him on my mountains. Then his yoke will be removed from them, and his burden removed from their shoulder.

26“This is the plan devised against the whole earth; and this is the hand that is stretched out against all the nations. 27For Yahweh of hosts has planned, and who can frustrate it? And as for his stretched-out hand, who can turn it back?”

An Oracle Concerning Philistia

28In the year that King Ahaz died this oracle came:

29“Do not rejoice, Philistia, all of you, because the rod that struck you is broken; for from the serpent’s root a viper will come out, and its fruit will be a flying serpent. 30And those who are most helpless will eat, and the needy will lie down in security; I will destroy your root with famine, and it will kill off your survivors. 31Wail, gate; cry, city; melt away, Philistia, all of you; for smoke comes from the north, and there is no straggler in his ranks.

32“How then will one answer the messengers of the nation? That Yahweh has founded Zion, and the afflicted of his people will seek refuge in it.”

Chapter 15

An Oracle Concerning Moab

The oracle concerning Moab.

Surely in a night Ar of Moab is devastated and ruined; surely in a night Kir of Moab is devastated and ruined. 15:2They have gone up to the temple and to Dibon, even to the high places to weep. Moab wails over Nebo and Medeba; everyone’s head is bald and every beard is cut off. 3In their streets they have girded themselves with sackcloth; on their housetops and in their squares everyone is wailing, dissolved in tears. 4Heshbon and Elealeh also cry out, their voice is heard all the way to Jahaz; therefore the armed men of Moab cry aloud; his soul trembles within him. 5My heart cries out for Moab; his fugitives are as far as Zoar and Eglath-shelishiyah, for they go up the ascent of Luhith weeping; surely on the road to Horonaim they raise a cry of distress over their ruin. 6For the waters of Nimrim are desolate. Surely the grass is withered, the tender grass died out, there is no green thing. 7Therefore the abundance which they have acquired and stored up They carry off over the brook of Arabim. 8For the cry of distress has gone around the territory of Moab, its wail goes as far as Eglaim and its wailing even to Beer-elim. 9For the waters of Dimon are full of blood; surely I will bring added woes upon Dimon, a lion upon the fugitives of Moab and upon the remnant of the land.

Chapter 16

Send the tribute lamb to the ruler of the land, from Sela by way of the wilderness to the mountain of the daughter of Zion. 16:2Then, like fleeing birds or scattered nestlings, the daughters of Moab will be at the fords of the Arnon.

3“Give us advice, make a decision; cast your shadow like night at high noon; hide the outcasts, do not betray the fugitive. 4“Let the outcasts of Moab stay with you; be a hiding place to them from the destroyer.” For the extortioner has come to an end, destruction has ceased, oppressors have completely disappeared from the land. 5A throne will even be established in lovingkindness, and a judge will sit on it in faithfulness in the tent of David; moreover, he will seek justice and be prompt in righteousness.

6We have heard of the pride of Moab, an excessive pride; even of his arrogance, pride, and fury; his idle boasts are false. 7Therefore Moab shall wail; everyone of Moab shall wail. You shall moan for the raisin cakes of Kir-hareseth as those who are utterly stricken.

8For the fields of Heshbon have withered, the vines of Sibmah as well; the lords of the nations have trampled down its choice clusters which reached as far as Jazer and wandered to the deserts; its tendrils spread themselves out and passed over the sea. 9Therefore I will weep bitterly for Jazer, for the vine of Sibmah; I will drench you with my tears, Heshbon and Elealeh; for the shouting over your summer fruits and your harvest has fallen away. 10And gladness and joy are taken away from the fruitful field; in the vineyards also there will be no cries of joy or jubilant shouting, no treader treads out wine in the presses, for I have made the shouting to cease. 11Therefore my heart intones like a harp for Moab, and my inward feelings for Kir-hareseth.

12So it will come about when Moab presents himself, when he wearies himself upon his high place, and comes to his sanctuary to pray, that he will not prevail. 13This is the word which Yahweh spoke earlier concerning Moab. 14But now Yahweh speaks, saying, “Within three years, as a hired man would count them, the glory of Moab will be degraded along with all his great population, and his remnant will be very small and impotent.”

Chapter 17

The oracle concerning Damascus.

1b“Behold, Damascus is about to be removed from being a city, and it will become a fallen ruin. 17:2“The cities of Aroer are forsaken; they will be for flocks to lie down in, and there will be no one to frighten them. 3“The fortified city will disappear from Ephraim, and sovereignty from Damascus and the remnant of Aram; they will be like the glory of the sons of Israel,”

declares Yahweh of hosts.

4Now it will come about in that day that the glory of Jacob will fade, and the fatness of his flesh will become lean. 5It will be even like the reaper gathering the standing grain, as his arm harvests the ears, or it will be like one gleaning ears of grain In the valley of Rephaim. 6Yet gleanings will be left in it like the shaking of an olive tree, two or three olives on the topmost bough, four or five on the branches of a fruitful tree,

declares Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel.

7In that day man will have regard for his Maker, and his eyes will look to the Holy One of Israel. 8And he will not have regard for the altars, the work of his hands, nor will he look to that which his fingers have made, even the Asherim and incense stands.

9In that day their strong cities will be like forsaken places in the forest, or like branches which they abandoned before the sons of Israel; and the land will be a desolation.

10For you have forgotten the Almighty of your salvation and have not remembered the rock of your refuge. Therefore you plant delightful plants and set them with vine slips of a strange god. 11In the day that you plant it you carefully fence it in, and in the morning you bring your seed to blossom; but the harvest will be a heap In a day of sickliness and incurable pain.

12Alas, the uproar of many peoples who roar like the roaring of the seas, and the rumbling of nations who rush on like the rumbling of mighty waters! 13The nations rumble on like the rumbling of many waters, but he will rebuke them and they will flee far away, and be chased like chaff in the mountains before the wind, or like whirling dust before a gale. 14At evening time, behold, there is terror! Before morning they are no more. Such will be the portion of those who plunder us, and the lot of those who pillage us.

Chapter 18

Alas, oh land of whirring wings which lies beyond the rivers of Cush, 18:2which sends envoys by the sea, even in papyrus vessels on the surface of the waters. Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth, to a people feared far and wide, a powerful and oppressive nation whose land the rivers divide.

3All you inhabitants of the world and dwellers on earth, as soon as a standard is raised on the mountains, you will see it, and as soon as the trumpet is blown, you will hear it. 4For thus Yahweh has told me, “I will look from my dwelling place quietly Like dazzling heat in the sunshine, like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.” 5For before the harvest, as soon as the bud blossoms and the flower becomes a ripening grape, then he will cut off the sprigs with pruning knives and remove and cut away the spreading branches. 6They will be left together for mountain birds of prey, and for the beasts of the earth; and the birds of prey will spend the summer feeding on them, and all the beasts of the earth will spend harvest time on them.

7At that time a gift of homage will be brought to Yahweh of hosts

from a people tall and smooth, even from a people feared far and wide, a powerful and oppressive nation, whose land the rivers divide—

to the place of the name of Yahweh of hosts, even Mount Zion.

Chapter 19

The oracle concerning Egypt.

Behold, Yahweh is riding on a swift cloud, and is about to come to Egypt; the idols of Egypt will tremble at his presence, and the heart of the Egyptians will melt within them. 19:2“So I will incite Egyptians against Egyptians; and they will each fight against his brother, and each against his neighbor, city against city, and kingdom against kingdom. 3“Then the spirit of the Egyptians will be demoralized within them; and I will confound their strategy, so that they will resort to idols and ghosts of the dead, and to mediums and spiritists. 4“Moreover, I will deliver the Egyptians into the hand of a cruel master, and a mighty king will rule over them,” declares the Lord Yahweh of hosts.

5And the waters from the sea will dry up, and the river will be parched and dry. 6And the canals will emit a stench, the streams of Egypt will thin out and dry up; the reeds and rushes will rot away. 7The bulrushes by the Nile, by the edge of the Nile and all the sown fields by the Nile will become dry, be driven away, and be no more. 8And the fishermen will lament, and all those who cast a line into the Nile will mourn, and those who spread nets on the waters will pine away. 9Moreover, the manufacturers of linen made from combed flax and the weavers of white cloth will be utterly dejected. 10And the pillars of Egypt will be crushed; all the hired laborers will be grieved in soul.

11The princes of Zoan are mere fools; the advice of Pharaoh’s wisest advisers has become stupid. How can you men say to Pharaoh, “I am a son of the wise, a son of ancient kings“? 12Well then, where are your wise men? Please let them tell you, and let them understand what Yahweh of hosts Has purposed against Egypt. 13The princes of Zoan have acted foolishly, the princes of Memphis are deluded; those who are the cornerstone of her tribes Have led Egypt astray. 14Yahweh has mixed within her a spirit of distortion; they have led Egypt astray in all that it does, as a drunken man staggers in his vomit. 15And there will be no work for Egypt which its head or tail, its palm branch or bulrush, may do.

16In that day the Egyptians will become like women, and they will tremble and be in dread because of the waving of the hand of Yahweh of hosts, which he is going to wave over them. 17And the land of Judah will become a terror to Egypt; everyone to whom it is mentioned will be in dread of it, because of the purpose of Yahweh of hosts which he is purposing against them.

18In that day five cities in the land of Egypt will be speaking the language of Canaan and swearing allegiance to Yahweh of hosts; one will be called the City of Destruction.

19In that day there will be an altar to Yahweh in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar to Yahweh near its border. 20And it will become a sign and a witness to Yahweh of hosts in the land of Egypt; for they will cry to Yahweh because of oppressors, and he will send them a Savior and a Champion, and he will deliver them. 21Thus Yahweh will make himself known to Egypt, and the Egyptians will know Yahweh in that day. They will even worship with sacrifice and offering, and will make a vow to Yahweh and perform it. 22And Yahweh will strike Egypt, striking but healing; so they will return to Yahweh, and he will respond to them and will heal them.

23In that day there will be a highway from Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrians will come into Egypt and the Egyptians into Assyria, and the Egyptians will worship with the Assyrians.

24In that day Israel will be the third party with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, 25whom Yahweh of hosts has blessed, saying, “Blessed is Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel my inheritance.”

Chapter 20

IN the year that the commander came to Ashdod, when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him and he fought against Ashdod and captured it, 20:2at that time Yahweh spoke through Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, “Go and loosen the sackcloth from your hips, and take your shoes off your feet.” And he did so, going naked and barefoot.

3And Yahweh said, “Even as my servant Isaiah has gone naked and barefoot three years as a sign and token against Egypt and Cush, 4so the king of Assyria will lead away the captives of Egypt and the exiles of Cush, young and old, naked and barefoot with buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt. 5“Then they shall be dismayed and ashamed because of Cush their hope and Egypt their boast. 6“So the inhabitants of this coastland will say in that day, ‘Behold, such is our hope, where we fled for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria; and we, how shall we escape?’”

Chapter 21

The oracle concerning the wilderness of the sea.

As windstorms in the Negev sweep on, it comes from the wilderness, from a terrifying land. 21:2A harsh vision has been shown to me; the treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys. Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media; I have made an end of all the groaning she has caused. 3For this reason my loins are full of anguish; pains have seized me like the pains of a woman in labor. I am so bewildered I cannot hear, so terrified I cannot see. 4My mind reels, horror overwhelms me; the twilight I longed for has been turned for me into trembling. 5They set the table, they spread out the cloth, they eat, they drink; “Rise up, captains, oil the shields,” 6For thus Adonai says to me, “Go, station the lookout, let him report what he sees. 7“When he sees riders, horsemen in pairs, a train of donkeys, a train of camels, let him pay close attention, very close attention.” 8Then the lookout called, “Adonai, I stand continually by day on the watchtower, and I am stationed every night at my guard post. 9“Now behold, here comes a troop of riders, horsemen in pairs.” And one answered and said, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon; and all the images of her gods are shattered on the ground.” 10My threshed people, and my afflicted of the threshing floor! What I have heard from Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, I make known to you.

11The oracle concerning Edom.

One keeps calling to me from Seir, “Watchman, how far gone is the night? Watchman, how far gone is the night?” 12The watchman says, “Morning comes but also night. If you would inquire, inquire; come back again.”

13The oracle about Arabia.

In the thickets of Arabia you must spend the night, caravans of Dedanites. 14Bring water for the thirsty, inhabitants of the land of Tema, meet the fugitive with bread. 15For they have fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the press of battle.

16For thus Adonai said to me, “In a year, as a hired man would count it, all the splendor of Kedar will terminate; 17and the remainder of the number of bowmen, the mighty men of the sons of Kedar, will be few; for Yahweh Almighty of Israel has spoken.”

Chapter 22

The oracle concerning the valley of vision.

What is the matter with you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops? 22:2You who were full of noise, you boisterous town, you exultant city; your slain were not slain with the sword, nor did they die in battle. 3All your rulers have fled together, and have been captured without the bow; all of you who were found were taken captive together, though they had fled far away. 4Therefore I say, “Turn your eyes away from me, let me weep bitterly, do not try to comfort me concerning the destruction of the daughter of my people.”

5For my Lord Yahweh of hosts has a day of panic, subjugation, and confusion In the valley of vision, a breaking down of walls and a crying to the mountain. 6And Elam took up the quiver with the chariots, infantry, and horsemen; and Kir uncovered the shield. 7Then your choicest valleys were full of chariots, and the horsemen took up fixed positions at the gate. 8And he removed the defense of Judah.

In that day you depended on the weapons of the house of the forest, 9And you saw that the breaches In the wall of the city of David were many; and you collected the waters of the lower pool. 10Then you counted the houses of Jerusalem, and you tore down houses to fortify the wall. 11And you made a reservoir between the two walls For the waters of the old pool. But you did not depend on him who made it, nor did you take into consideration him who planned it long ago.

12Therefore in that day my Lord Yahweh of hosts, called you to weeping, to wailing, to shaving the head, and to wearing sackcloth. 13Instead, there is gaiety and gladness, killing of cattle and slaughtering of sheep, eating of meat and drinking of wine: “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we may die.” 14But Yahweh of hosts revealed himself to me, “Surely this iniquity shall not be forgiven you until you die,” says my Lord Yahweh of hosts.

15Thus says my Lord Yahweh of hosts, “Come, go to this steward, to Shebna, who is in charge of the royal household, 16‘What right do you have here, and whom do you have here, that you have hewn a tomb for yourself here, you who hew a tomb on the height, you who carve a resting place for yourself in the rock? 17‘Behold, Yahweh is about to hurl you headlong, man. And he is about to grasp you firmly, 18And roll you tightly like a ball, to be cast into a vast country; there you will die, and there your splendid chariots will be, you shame of your master’s house.’ 19“And I will depose you from your office, and I will pull you down from your station. 20“Then it will come about in that day, that I will summon my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah 21And I will clothe him with your tunic, and tie your sash securely about him, I will entrust him with your authority, and he will become a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. 22“Then I will set the key of the house of David on his shoulder, when he opens no one will shut, when he shuts no one will open. 23“And I will drive him like a peg in a supportive place, and he will become a throne of glory to his father’s house. 24“So they will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, offspring and issue, all the least of vessels, from bowls to all the jars. 25“In that day,” declares Yahweh of hosts, “the peg driven in a supportive place will give way; it will even break off and fall, and the load hanging on it will be cut off, for Yahweh has spoken.”

Chapter 23

The oracle concerning Tyre.

Wail, ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is destroyed, without house or harbor; it is reported to them from the land of Cyprus. 23:2Be silent, you inhabitants of the coastland, you merchants of Sidon; your messengers crossed the sea 3And were on many waters. The grain of the Nile, the harvest of the River was her revenue; and she was the market of nations. 4Be ashamed, Sidon; for the sea speaks, the stronghold of the sea, saying, “I have neither travailed nor given birth, I have neither brought up young men nor reared virgins.” 5When the report reaches Egypt, they will be in anguish at the report of Tyre. 6Pass over to Tarshish; wail, inhabitants of the coastland. 7Is this your jubilant city, whose origin is from antiquity, whose feet used to carry her to colonize distant places? 8Who has planned this against Tyre, the bestower of crowns, whose merchants were princes, whose traders were the honored of the earth? 9Yahweh of hosts has planned it to defile the pride of all beauty, to despise all the honored of the earth. 10Overflow your land like the Nile, daughter of Tarshish, there is no more restraint. 11He has stretched his hand out over the sea, he has made the kingdoms tremble; Yahweh has given a command concerning Canaan to demolish its strongholds. 12And he has said, “You shall exult no more, crushed virgin daughter of Sidon. Arise, pass over to Cyprus; even there you will find no rest.”

13Behold, the land of the Chaldeans—this is the people which was not; Assyria appointed it for desert creatures—they erected their siege towers, they stripped its palaces, they made it a ruin.

14Wail, ships of Tarshish,
  for your stronghold is destroyed.

15Now it will come about in that day that Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years like the days of one king. At the end of seventy years it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the harlot:

16Take your harp,
  walk about the city,
  forgotten harlot;
pluck the strings skillfully,
  sing many songs,
  that you may be remembered.

17And it will come about at the end of seventy years that Yahweh will visit Tyre. Then she will go back to her harlot’s wages, and will play the harlot with all the kingdoms on the face of the earth. 18And her gain and her harlot’s wages will be set apart to Yahweh; it will not be stored up or hoarded, but her gain will become sufficient food and choice attire for those who dwell in the presence of Yahweh.

Chapter 24

Behold, Yahweh lays the earth waste, devastates it,
  distorts its surface, and scatters its inhabitants.
24:2And the people will be like the priest,
  the servant like his master,
  the maid like her mistress,
the buyer like the seller,
  the lender like the borrower,
  the creditor like the debtor.
3The earth will be completely laid waste and completely despoiled,
  for Yahweh has spoken this word.

4The earth mourns and withers,
  the world fades and withers,
  the exalted of the people of the earth fade away.
5The earth is also polluted
  by its inhabitants,
for they transgressed laws,
  violated statutes,
  broke the enduring covenant.
6Therefore, a curse devours the earth,
  and those who live in it are held guilty.
Therefore, the inhabitants of the earth are burned,
  and few men are left.
7The new wine mourns,
  the vine decays,
  all the merry-hearted sigh.
8The gaiety of tambourines ceases,
  the noise of revelers stops,
  the gaiety of the harp ceases.
9They do not drink wine with song;
  strong drink is bitter to those who drink it.
10The city of chaos is broken down;
  every house is shut up so that none may enter.
11There is an outcry in the streets concerning the wine;
  all joy turns to gloom.
  The gaiety of the earth is banished.
12Desolation is left in the city,
  and the gate is battered to ruins.
13For thus it will be in the midst of the earth
  among the peoples,
as the shaking of an olive tree,
  as the gleanings when the grape harvest is over.

14They raise their voices, they shout for joy.
  They cry out from the west concerning the majesty of Yahweh.
15Therefore glorify Yahweh in the east,
  the name of Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel in the coastlands of the sea.
16From the ends of the earth we hear songs,
  “Glory to the Righteous One,”
But I say, “Woe to me!
  Woe to me! Alas for me!
The treacherous deal treacherously,
  and the treacherous deal very treacherously.”

17Terror and pit and snare confront you,
  inhabitant of the earth.
18Then it will be that he who flees the report of disaster
  will fall into the pit,
and he who climbs out of the pit
  will be caught in the snare;
for the windows above are opened,
  and the foundations of the earth shake.
19The earth is broken asunder,
  the earth is split through,
  the earth is shaken violently.
20The earth reels to and fro like a drunkard,
  and it totters like a shack,
for its transgression is heavy upon it,
  and it will fall, never to rise again.

21So it will happen in that day, that Yahweh will punish
  the host of heaven, on high,
  and the kings of the earth, on earth.
22And they will be gathered together
  like prisoners in the dungeon,
and will be confined in prison;
  and after many days they will be punished.
23Then the moon will be abashed
  and the sun ashamed,
for Yahweh of hosts will reign
  on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem,
and his glory will be before his elders.

Chapter 25

Lord, you are my Almighty; I will exalt you, I will give thanks to your name; for you do wonders, plans from afar, that are firmly reliable. 25:2For you have made a city into a heap, a fortified city into a ruin; a palace of strangers is a city no more, it will not be rebuilt to time immemorial. 3Therefore a strong people will glorify you; cities of ruthless nations will revere you. 4For you have been a defense for the helpless, a defense for the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shade from the heat; for the breath of the ruthless is like a rain storm against a wall. 5Like heat in drought, you subdue the uproar of aliens; like heat by the shadow of a cloud, the song of the ruthless is silenced. 6And Yahweh of hosts will prepare a lavish banquet for all peoples on this mountain; a banquet of aged wine, choice pieces with marrow, and refined, aged wine. 7And on this mountain he will swallow up the covering which is over all peoples, even the veil which is stretched over all nations. 8He will swallow up death for all time, and my Lord Yahweh will wipe tears away from all faces, and he will remove the reproach of his people from all the earth; for Yahweh has spoken. 9And it will be said in that day, “Behold, this is our Almighty for whom we have waited that he might save us. This is Yahweh for whom we have waited; let us rejoice and be glad in his salvation.” 10For the hand of Yahweh will rest on this mountain, and Moab will be trodden down in his place as straw is trodden down in the water of a manure pile. 11And he will spread out his hands in the middle of it As a swimmer spreads out his hands to swim, but the Yahweh will lay low his pride together with the trickery of his hands. 12And the unassailable fortifications of your walls he will bring down, lay low, and cast to the ground, even to the dust.

Chapter 26

IN that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah: “We have a strong city; he sets up walls and ramparts for security. 26:2“Open the gates, that the righteous nation may enter, the one that remains faithful. 3“The steadfast of mind you will keep in perfect peace, because he trusts in you. 4“Trust in Yahweh forever, for in the Almighty Yahweh, we have a most enduring Rock. 5“For he has brought low those who dwell on high, the unassailable city; he lays it low, he lays it low to the ground, he casts it to the dust. 6“The foot will trample it, the feet of the afflicted, the steps of the helpless.” 7The way of the righteous is smooth. Upright One, make the path of the righteous level. 8Indeed, while following the way of your judgments, Yahweh, we have waited for you eagerly; your name, even your memory, is the desire of our souls. 9At night my soul longs for you, indeed, my spirit within me seeks you diligently; for when the earth experiences your judgments The inhabitants of the world learn righteousness. 10Though the wicked is shown favor, he does not learn righteousness; he deals unjustly in the land of uprightness, and does not perceive the majesty of Yahweh. 11Yahweh, your hand is lifted up yet they do not see it. They see your zeal for the people and are put to shame; indeed, fire will devour your enemies. 12Yahweh, you will establish peace for us, since you have also performed for us all our works. 13Yahweh our Almighty, other masters besides you have ruled us; but through you alone we confess your name. 14The dead will not live, the departed spirits will not rise; therefore you have punished and destroyed them, and you have wiped out all remembrance of them. 15You have increased the nation, Yahweh, you have increased the nation, you are glorified; you have extended all the borders of the land. 16Yahweh, they sought you in distress; they could only whisper a prayer, your chastening was upon them. 17As the pregnant woman approaches the time to give birth, she writhes and cries out in her labor pains, thus were we before you, Yahweh. 18We were pregnant, we writhed in labor, we gave birth, as it were, only to wind. We could not accomplish deliverance for the earth Nor were inhabitants of the world born. 19Your dead will live; their corpses will rise. You who lie in the dust, awake and shout for joy, for your dew is as the dew of the dawn, and the earth will give birth to the departed spirits. 20Come, my people, enter into your rooms, and close your doors behind you; hide for a little while, until indignation runs its course. 21For behold, Yahweh is about to come out from his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity; and the earth will reveal her bloodshed, and will no longer cover her slain.

Chapter 27

IN that day Yahweh will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, with his fierce and great and mighty sword, even Leviathan the twisted serpent; and he will kill the dragon who lives in the sea. 27:2In that day, “A vineyard of wine, sing of it! 3“I, Yahweh, am its keeper; I water it every moment. Lest anyone damage it, I guard it night and day. 4“I have no wrath. Should someone give me briars and thorns in battle, then I would step on them, I would burn them completely. 5“Or let him rely on my protection, let him make peace with me, let him make peace with me.” 6In the days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will blossom and sprout; and they will fill the whole world with fruit. 7Like the striking of him who has struck them, has he struck them? Or like the slaughter of his slain, have they been slain? 8You did contend with them by banishing them, by driving them away. With his fierce wind he has expelled them on the day of the east wind. 9Therefore through this Jacob’s iniquity will be forgiven; and this will be the full price of the pardoning of his sin: when he makes all the altar stones like pulverized chalk stones; when Asherim and incense altars will not stand. 10For the fortified city is isolated, a homestead forlorn and forsaken like the desert; there the calf will graze, and there it will lie down and feed on its branches. 11When its limbs are dry, they are broken off; women come and make a fire with them. For they are not a people of discernment, therefore their Maker will not have compassion on them. And their Creator will not be gracious to them. 12And it will come about in that day, that Yahweh will start his threshing from the flowing stream of the Euphrates to the brook of Egypt; and you will be gathered up one by one, sons of Israel. 13It will come about also in that day that a great trumpet will be blown; and those who were perishing in the land of Assyria and who were scattered in the land of Egypt will come and worship Yahweh in the holy mountain at Jerusalem.

Chapter 28

Woe to the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim, and to the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is at the head of the fertile valley Of those who are overcome with wine! 28:2Behold, Adonai has a strong and mighty agent; as a storm of hail, a tempest of destruction, like a storm of mighty overflowing waters, he has cast it down to the earth with his hand. 3The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is trodden under foot. 4And the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is at the head of the fertile valley, will be like the first-ripe fig prior to summer; which one sees, and as soon as it is in his hand, he swallows it. 5In that day Yahweh of hosts will become a beautiful crown and a glorious diadem to the remnant of his people; 6A spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment, a strength to those who repel the onslaught at the gate. 7And these also reel with wine and stagger from strong drink: the priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, they are confused by wine, they stagger from strong drink; they reel while having visions, they totter when rendering judgment. 8For all the tables are full of filthy vomit, without a single clean place. 9“To whom would he teach knowledge? And to whom would he interpret the message? Those just weaned from milk? Those just taken from the breast? 10“For he says, ‘Order on order, order on order, line on line, line on line, a little here, a little there.’” 11Indeed, he will speak to this people through stammering lips and a foreign tongue, 12He who said to them, “Here is rest, give rest to the weary,” And, “Here is repose,” but they would not listen. 13So the word of Yahweh to them will be, “Order on order, order on order, line on line, line on line, a little here, a little there,” that they may go and stumble backward, be broken, snared, and taken captive. 14Therefore, hear the word of Yahweh, scoffers, who rule this people who are in Jerusalem, 15Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death, and with the grave we have made a pact. The overwhelming scourge will not reach us when it passes by, for we have made falsehood our refuge and we have concealed ourselves with deception.” 16Therefore thus says my Lord Yahweh, “Behold, I lay in Zion a stone, a stone of testing, a costly keystone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who puts his support on it will not be disturbed. 17“And I will make justice the measuring line, and righteousness the level; then hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the secret place. 18“And your covenant with death shall be canceled, and your pact with the grave shall not stand; when the overwhelming scourge passes through, then you become its trampling place. 19“As often as it passes through, it will seize you. For morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night. And it will be sheer terror to understand what it means.” 20The bed is too short on which to stretch out, and the blanket is too small to wrap oneself in. 21For Yahweh will rise up as at Mount Perazim, he will be stirred up as in the valley of Gibeon; to do his task, his unusual task, and to work his work, his extraordinary work. 22And now do not carry on as scoffers, lest your fetters be made stronger; for I have heard from my Lord Yahweh of hosts, of decisive destruction on all the earth. 23Give ear and hear my voice, listen and hear my words. 24Does the farmer plow continually to plant seed? Does he continually turn and harrow the ground? 25Does he not level its surface, and sow dill and scatter cummin, and plant wheat in rows, barley in its place, and rye within its area? 26For his Almighty instructs and teaches him properly. 27For dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge, nor is the cartwheel driven over cummin; but dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club. 28Grain for bread is crushed, indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever. Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually damage it, he does not thresh it longer. 29This also comes from Yahweh of hosts, who has made his counsel wonderful and his wisdom great.

Chapter 29

Woe, Ariel, Ariel the city where David once camped! Add year to year, observe your feasts on schedule. 29:2And I will bring distress to Ariel, and she shall be a city of lamenting and mourning; and she shall be like an Ariel to me. 3And I will camp against you encircling you, and I will set siegeworks against you, and I will raise up battle towers against you. 4Then you shall be brought low; from the earth you shall speak, and from the dust where you are prostrate, your words shall come. Your voice shall also be like that of a spirit from the ground, and your speech shall whisper from the dust. 5But the multitude of your enemies shall become like fine dust, and the multitude of the ruthless ones like the chaff which blows away; and it shall happen instantly, suddenly. 6From Yahweh of hosts you will be punished with thunder and earthquake and loud noise, with whirlwind and tempest and the flame of a consuming fire. 7And the multitude of all the nations who wage war against Ariel, even all who wage war against her and her stronghold, and who distress her, shall be like a dream, a vision of the night. 8And it will be as when a hungry man dreams—and behold, he is eating; but when he awakens, his hunger is not satisfied, or as when a thirsty man dreams—and behold, he is drinking, but when he awakens, behold, he is faint, and his thirst is not quenched. Thus the multitude of all the nations shall be, who wage war against Mount Zion. 9Be delayed and wait. Blind yourselves and be blind. They become drunk, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink. 10For Yahweh has poured over you a spirit of deep sleep, he has shut your eyes, the prophets; and he has covered your heads, the seers. 11And the entire vision shall be to you like the words of a sealed book, which when they give it to the one who is literate, saying, “Please read this,” he will say, “I cannot, for it is sealed.” 12Then the book will be given to the one who is illiterate, saying, “Please read this.” And he will say, “I cannot read.” 13Then Adonai said, “Because this people draw near with their words and honor me with their lip service, but they remove their hearts far from me, and their reverence for me consists of tradition learned by rote, 14Therefore behold, I will once again deal marvelously with this people, wondrously marvelous; and the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the discernment of their discerning men shall be concealed.” 15Woe to those who deeply hide their plans from Yahweh, and whose deeds are done in a dark place, and they say, “Who sees us?” or “Who knows us?” 16You turn things around! Shall the potter be considered as equal with the clay, that what is made should say to its maker, “He did not make me”; or what is formed say to him who formed it, “He has no understanding”? 17Is it not yet just a little while before Lebanon will be turned into a fertile field, and the fertile field will be considered as a forest? 18And on that day the deaf shall hear words of a book, and out of their gloom and darkness the eyes of the blind shall see. 19The afflicted also shall increase their gladness in Yahweh, and the needy of mankind shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. 20For the ruthless will come to an end, and the scorner will be finished, indeed all who are intent on doing evil will be cut off; 21Who cause a person to be indicted by a word, and ensnare him who adjudicates at the gate, and defraud the one in the right with meaningless arguments. 22Therefore thus says Yahweh, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, “Jacob shall not now be ashamed, nor shall his face now turn pale; 23But when he sees his children, the work of my hands, in his midst, they will sanctify my name; indeed, they will sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and will stand in awe of the Almighty of Israel. 24“And those who err in mind will know the truth, and those who criticize will accept instruction.

Chapter 30

Woe to the rebellious children,” declares Yahweh, “Who execute a plan, but not Mine, and make an alliance, but not of my Spirit, in order to add sin to sin; 30:2Who proceed down to Egypt, without consulting me, to take refuge in the safety of Pharaoh, and to seek shelter in the shadow of Egypt! 3“Therefore the safety of Pharaoh will be your shame, and the shelter in the shadow of Egypt, your humiliation. 4“For their princes are at Zoan, and their ambassadors arrive at Hanes. 5“Everyone will be ashamed because of a people who cannot profit them, who are not for help or profit, but for shame and also for reproach.” 6The oracle concerning the beasts of the Negev. Through a land of distress and anguish, from where come lioness and lion, viper and flying serpent, they carry their riches on the backs of young donkeys and their treasures on camels’ humps, to a people who cannot profit them; 7even Egypt, whose help is vain and empty. Therefore, I have called her “Rahab who has been exterminated.” 8Now go, write it on a tablet before them and inscribe it on a scroll, that it may serve in the time to come as a witness onward of time immemorial. 9For this is a rebellious people, false sons, sons who refuse to listen To the instruction of Yahweh; 10Who say to the seers, “You must not see visions”; and to the prophets, “You must not prophesy to us what is right, speak to us pleasant words, prophesy illusions. 11“Get out of the way, turn aside from the path, let us hear no more about the Holy One of Israel.” 12Therefore thus says the Holy One of Israel, “Since you have rejected this word, and have put your trust in oppression and guile, and have relied on them, 13Therefore this iniquity will be to you Like a breach about to fall, a bulge in a high wall, whose collapse comes suddenly in an instant. 14“And whose collapse is like the smashing of a potter’s jar; so ruthlessly shattered That a sherd will not be found among its pieces To take fire from a hearth, or to scoop water from a cistern.” 15For thus my Lord Yahweh, the Holy One of Israel, has said, “In repentance and rest you shall be saved, in quietness and trust is your strength.” But you were not willing, 16And you said, “No, for we will flee on horses,” Therefore you shall flee! “And we will ride on swift horses,” Therefore those who pursue you shall be swift. 17One thousand shall flee at the threat of one man, you shall flee at the threat of five; until you are left as a flag on a mountain top, and as a signal on a hill. 18Therefore Yahweh longs to be gracious to you, and therefore he waits on high to have compassion on you. For Yahweh is an Almighty of justice; how blessed are all those who long for him. 19People in Zion, inhabitant in Jerusalem, you will weep no longer. He will surely be gracious to you at the sound of your cry; when he hears it, he will answer you. 20Although Adonai has given you bread of privation and water of oppression, he, your Teacher will no longer hide himself, but your eyes will behold your Teacher. 21And your ears will hear a word behind you, “This is the way, walk in it,” whenever you turn to the right or to the left. 22And you will defile your graven images, overlaid with silver, and your molten images plated with gold. You will scatter them as an impure thing; and say to them, “Be gone!” 23Then he will give you rain for the seed which you will sow in the ground, and bread from the yield of the ground, and it will be rich and plenteous; on that day your livestock will graze in a roomy pasture. 24Also the oxen and the donkeys which work the ground will eat salted fodder, which has been winnowed with shovel and fork. 25And on every lofty mountain and on every high hill there will be streams running with water on the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall. 26And the light of the moon will be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun will be seven times brighter, like the light of seven days, on the day Yahweh binds up the fracture of his people and heals the bruise he has inflicted. 27Behold, the name of Yahweh comes from a remote place; burning is his anger, and dense is his smoke; his lips are filled with indignation, and his tongue is like a consuming fire; 28And his breath is like an overflowing torrent, which reaches to the neck, to shake the nations back and forth in a sieve, and to put in the jaws of the peoples the bridle which leads to ruin. 29You will have songs as in the night when you keep the festival; and gladness of heart as when one marches to the sound of the flute, to go to the mountain of Yahweh, to the Rock of Israel. 30And Yahweh will cause his voice of authority to be heard. And the descending of his arm to be seen in fierce anger, and in the flame of a consuming fire, in cloudburst, downpour, and hailstones. 31For at the voice of Yahweh Assyria will be terrified, when he strikes with the rod. 32And every blow of the rod of punishment, which Yahweh will lay on him, will be with the music of tambourines and lyres; and in battles, brandishing weapons, he will fight them. 33For Topheth has long been ready, indeed, it has been prepared for the king. He has made it deep and large, a pyre of fire with plenty of wood; the breath of Yahweh, like a torrent of brimstone, sets it afire.

Chapter 31

Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help, and rely on horses, and trust in chariots because they are many, and in horsemen because they are very strong, but they do not look to the Holy One of Israel, nor seek Yahweh! 31:2Yet he also is wise and will bring disaster, and does not retract his words, but will arise against the house of evildoers, and against the help of the workers of iniquity. 3Now the Egyptians are men, and not Almighty, and their horses are flesh and not spirit; so Yahweh will stretch out his hand, and he who helps will stumble and he who is helped will fall, and all of them will come to an end together. 4For thus says Yahweh to me, “As the lion or the young lion growls over his prey, against which a band of shepherds is called out, will not be terrified at their voice, nor disturbed at their noise, so will Yahweh of hosts come down to wage war on Mount Zion and on its hill.” 5Like flying birds so Yahweh of hosts will protect Jerusalem. He will protect and deliver it; he will pass over and rescue it. 6Return to him from whom you have deeply defected, sons of Israel. 7For in that day every man will cast away his silver idols and his gold idols, which your hands have made as a sin. 8And the Assyrian will fall by a sword not of man, and a sword not of man will devour him. So he will not escape the sword, and his young men will become forced laborers. 9“And his rock will pass away because of panic, and his princes will be terrified at the standard,” declares Yahweh, whose fire is in Zion and whose furnace is in Jerusalem.

Chapter 32

Behold, a king will reign righteously, and princes will rule justly. 32:2And each will be like a refuge from the wind, and a shelter from the storm, like streams of water in a dry country, like the shade of a huge rock in a parched land. 3Then the eyes of those who see will not be blinded, and the ears of those who hear will listen. 4And the mind of the hasty will discern the truth, and the tongue of the stammerers will hasten to speak clearly. 5No longer will the fool be called noble, or the rogue be spoken of as generous. 6For a fool speaks nonsense, and his heart inclines toward wickedness, to practice ungodliness and to speak error against Yahweh, to keep the hungry person unsatisfied and to withhold drink from the thirsty. 7As for a rogue, his weapons are evil; he devises wicked schemes To destroy the afflicted with slander, even though the needy one speaks what is right. 8But the noble man devises noble plans; and by noble plans he stands. 9Rise up you women who are at ease, and hear my voice; give ear to my word, you complacent daughters. 10Within a year and a few days, you will be troubled, complacent daughters; for the vintage is ended, and the fruit gathering will not come. 11Tremble, you women who are at ease; be troubled, you complacent daughters; strip, undress, and put sackcloth on your waist, 12Beat your breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine, 13For the land of my people in which thorns and briars shall come up; yea, for all the joyful houses, and for the jubilant city. 14Because the palace has been abandoned, the populated city forsaken. Hill and watch-tower have become caves onward of time immemorial, a delight for wild donkeys, a pasture for flocks; 15Until the Spirit is poured out upon us from on high, and the wilderness becomes a fertile field and the fertile field is considered as a forest. 16Then justice will dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness will abide in the fertile field. 17And the work of righteousness will be peace, and the service of righteousness, quietness and confidence onward of time immemorial. 18Then my people will live in a peaceful habitation, and in secure dwellings and in undisturbed resting places; 19And it will hail when the forest comes down, and the city will be utterly laid low. 20How blessed will you be, you who sow beside all waters, who let out freely the ox and the donkey.

Chapter 33

Woe to you, destroyer, while you were not destroyed; and he who is treacherous, while others did not deal treacherously with him. As soon as you shall finish destroying, you shall be destroyed; as soon as you shall cease to deal treacherously, others shall deal treacherously with you. 33:2Yahweh, be gracious to us; we have waited for you. Be you their strength every morning, our salvation also in the time of distress. 3At the sound of the tumult peoples flee; at the lifting up of yourself nations disperse. 4And your spoil is gathered as the caterpillar gathers; as locusts rushing about, men rush about on it. 5Yahweh is exalted, for he dwells on high; he has filled Zion with justice and righteousness. 6And he shall be the stability of your times, a wealth of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge; the fear of Yahweh is his treasure. 7Behold, their brave men cry in the streets, the ambassadors of peace weep bitterly. 8The highways are desolate, the traveler has ceased, he has broken the covenant, he has despised the cities, he has no regard for man. 9The land mourns and pines away, Lebanon is shamed and withers; Sharon is like a desert plain, and Bashan and Carmel lose their foliage. 10“Now I will arise,” says Yahweh, “Now I will be exalted, now I will be lifted up. 11“You have conceived chaff, you will give birth to stubble; my breath will consume you like a fire. 12“And the peoples will be burned to lime, like cut thorns which are burned in the fire. 13“You who are far away, hear what I have done; and you who are near, acknowledge my might.” 14Sinners in Zion are terrified; trembling has seized the godless. “Who of us sojourns with a consuming fire. Who of us sojourns with an enduring burning 15He who walks righteously, and speaks with sincerity, he who rejects unjust gain, and shakes his hands so that they hold no bribe; he who stops his ears from hearing about bloodshed, and shuts his eyes from looking upon evil; 16He will dwell on the heights; his refuge will be the impregnable rock; his bread will be given him; his water will be supported. 17Your eyes will see the King in his beauty; they will behold a far-distant land. 18Your heart will meditate on terror: “Where is he who counts? Where is he who weighs? Where is he who counts the towers?” 19You will no longer see a fierce people, a people of unintelligible speech which no one comprehends, of a stammering tongue which no one understands. 20Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts; your eyes shall see Jerusalem an undisturbed habitation, a tent which shall not be folded, its stakes shall never be pulled up Nor any of its cords be torn apart. 21But there the majestic one, Yahweh, shall be for us A place of rivers and wide canals, on which no boat with oars shall go, and on which no mighty ship shall pass— 22For Yahweh is our judge, Yahweh is our lawgiver, Yahweh is our king; he will save us— 23Your tackle hangs slack; it cannot hold the base of its mast firmly, nor spread out the sail. Then the prey of an abundant spoil will be divided; the lame will take the plunder. 24And no resident will say, “I am sick”; the people who dwell there will be forgiven their iniquity.

Chapter 34

Draw near, nations, to hear; and listen, peoples! Let the earth and all it contains hear, and the world and all that springs from it. 34:2For Yahweh’s indignation is against all the nations, and his wrath against all their armies; he has utterly destroyed them, he has given them over to slaughter. 3So their slain will be thrown out, and their corpses will give off their stench, and the mountains will be drenched with their blood. 4And all the host of heaven will wear away, and the sky will be rolled up like a scroll; all their hosts will also wither away As a leaf withers from the vine, or as one withers from the fig tree. 5For my sword is satiated in heaven, behold it shall descend for judgment upon Edom, and upon the people whom I have devoted to destruction. 6The sword of Yahweh is filled with blood, it is sated with fat, with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams. For Yahweh has a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom. 7Wild oxen shall also fall with them, and young bulls with strong ones; thus their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust become greasy with fat. 8For Yahweh has a day of vengeance, a year of recompense for the cause of Zion. 9And its streams shall be turned into pitch, and its loose earth into brimstone, and its land shall become burning pitch. 10It shall not be quenched night or day; its smoke shall go up to time immemorial; from generation to generation it shall be desolate; none shall pass through it forever and ever. 11But pelican and hedgehog shall possess it, and owl and raven shall dwell in it; and he shall stretch over it the line of desolation and the plumb line of emptiness. 12Its nobles—there is no one there whom they may proclaim king—and all its princes shall be nothing. 13And thorns shall come up in its fortified towers, nettles and thistles in its fortified cities; it shall also be a haunt of jackals and an abode of ostriches. 14And the desert creatures shall meet with the wolves, the hairy goat also shall cry to its kind; yes, the night monster shall settle there and shall find herself a resting place. 15The tree snake shall make its nest and lay eggs there, and it will hatch and gather them under its protection. Yes, the hawks shall be gathered there, every one with its kind. 16Seek from the book of Yahweh, and read: not one of these will be missing; none will lack its mate. For his mouth has commanded, and his Spirit has gathered them. 17And he has cast the lot for them, and his hand has divided it to them by line. They shall possess it onward of time immemorial; from generation to generation they shall dwell in it.

Chapter 35

The wilderness and the desert will be glad, and the Arabah will rejoice and blossom; like the crocus 35:2it will blossom profusely and rejoice with rejoicing and shout of joy. The glory of Lebanon will be given to it, the majesty of Carmel and Sharon. They will see the glory of Yahweh, the majesty of our Almighty. 3Encourage the exhausted, and strengthen the feeble. 4Say to those with anxious heart, “Take courage, fear not. Behold, your Almighty will come with vengeance; the recompense of the Almighty will come, but he will save you.” 5Then the eyes of the blind will be opened, and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped. 6Then the lame will leap like a deer, and the tongue of the dumb will shout for joy. For waters will break forth in the wilderness and streams in the Arabah. 7And the scorched land will become a pool, and the thirsty ground springs of water; in the haunt of jackals, its resting place, grass becomes reeds and rushes. 8And a highway will be there, a roadway, and it will be called the Highway of Holiness. The unclean will not travel on it, but it will be for him who walks that way, and fools will not wander on it. 9No lion will be there, nor will any vicious beast go up on it; these will not be found there. But the redeemed will walk there, 10and the ransomed of Yahweh will return, and come with joyful shouting to Zion, with enduring joy upon their heads. They will find gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing will flee away.

Chapter 36

Now it came about in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and seized them. 36:2And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem to King Hezekiah with a large army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool on the highway of the fuller’s field. 3Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came out to him. 4Then Rabshakeh said to them, “Say now to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria, “What is this confidence that you have? 5“I say, ‘Your counsel and strength for the war are only empty words.’ Now on whom do you rely, that you have rebelled against me? 6“Behold, you rely on the staff of this crushed reed, even on Egypt; on which if a man leans, it will go into his hand and pierce it. So is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who rely on him. 7“But if you say to me, ‘We trust in Yahweh our Almighty,’ is it not he whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah has taken away, and has said to Judah and to Jerusalem, ‘You shall worship before this altar ‘? 8“Now therefore, come make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them. 9“How then can you repulse one official of the least of my master’s servants, and rely on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 10“And have I now come up without Yahweh’s approval against this land to destroy it? Yahweh said to me, ‘Go up against this land, and destroy it.’”’” 11Then Eliakim and Shebna and Joah said to Rabshakeh, “Speak now to your servants in Aramaic, for we understand it; and do not speak with us in Judean, in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.” 12But Rabshakeh said, “Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, doomed to eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?” 13Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in Judean, and said, “Hear the words of the great king, the king of Assyria. 14“Thus says the king, ‘Do not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he will not be able to deliver you; 15nor let Hezekiah make you trust in Yahweh, saying, “Yahweh will surely deliver us, this city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” 16‘Do not listen to Hezekiah,’ for thus says the king of Assyria, ‘Make your peace with me and come out to me, and eat each of his vine and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern, 17until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards. 18Beware lest Hezekiah misleads you, saying, “Yahweh will deliver us.” Has any one of the gods of the nations delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria? 19‘Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? And when have they delivered Samaria from my hand? 20‘Who among all the gods of these lands have delivered their land from my hand, that Yahweh should deliver Jerusalem from my hand?’” 21But they were silent and answered him not a word; for the king’s commandment was, “Do not answer him.” 22Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

Chapter 37

And when King Hezekiah heard it, he tore his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth and entered the house of Yahweh. 37:2Then he sent Eliakim who was over the household with Shebna the scribe and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz. 3And they said to him, “Thus says Hezekiah, ‘This day is a day of distress, rebuke, and rejection; for children have come to birth, and there is no strength to deliver. 4‘Perhaps Yahweh your Almighty will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to reproach the living Almighty, and will rebuke the words which Yahweh your Almighty has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for the remnant that is left.’” 5So the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah. 6And Isaiah said to them, “Thus you shall say to your master, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Do not be afraid because of the words that you have heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me. 7“Behold, I will put a spirit in him so that he shall hear a rumor and return to his own land. And I will make him fall by the sword in his own land.”’” 8Then Rabshakeh returned and found the king of Assyria fighting against Libnah, for he had heard that the king had left Lachish. 9When he heard them say concerning Tirhakah king of Cush, “He has come out to fight against you,” and when he heard it he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, 10“Thus you shall say to Hezekiah king of Judah, ‘Do not let your Almighty in whom you trust deceive you, saying, “Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” 11‘Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, destroying them completely. So will you be spared? 12‘Did the gods of those nations which my fathers have destroyed deliver them, even Gozan and Haran and Rezeph and the sons of Eden who were in Telassar? 13‘Where is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of the city of Sepharvaim, and of Hena and Ivvah?’” 14Then Hezekiah took the letter from the hand of the messengers and read it, and he went up to the house of Yahweh and spread it out before Yahweh. 15And Hezekiah prayed to Yahweh saying, 16“Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, who are enthroned above the cherubim, you are the Almighty, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth. 17“Incline your ear, Yahweh, and hear; open your eyes, Yahweh, and see; and listen to all the words of Sennacherib, who sent them to reproach the living Almighty. 18“Truly, Yahweh, the kings of Assyria have devastated all the countries and their lands, 19and have cast their gods into the fire, for they were not gods but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone. So they have destroyed them. 20“And now, Yahweh our Almighty, deliver us from his hand that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you alone, Yahweh, are Almighty.” 21Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent word to Hezekiah, saying, “Thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Because you have prayed to me about Sennacherib king of Assyria, 22this is the word that Yahweh has spoken against him: “She has despised you and mocked you, the virgin daughter of Zion; she has shaken her head behind you, the daughter of Jerusalem! 23“Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? And against whom have you raised your voice, and haughtily lifted up your eyes? Against the Holy One of Israel! 24“Through your servants you have reproached Adonai, and you have said, ‘With my many chariots I came up to the heights of the mountains, to the remotest parts of Lebanon; and I cut down its tall cedars and its choice cypresses. And I will go to its highest peak, its thickest forest. 25‘I dug wells and drank waters, and with the sole of my feet I dried up All the rivers of Egypt.’ 26“Have you not heard? Long ago I did it, from ancient times I planned it. Now I have brought it to pass, that you should turn fortified cities into ruinous heaps. 27“Therefore their inhabitants were short of strength, they were dismayed and put to shame; they were as the vegetation of the field and as the green herb, as grass on the housetops is scorched before it is grown up. 28“But I know your sitting down, and your going out and your coming in, and your raging against me. 29“Because of your raging against me, and because your arrogance has come up to my ears, therefore I will put my hook in your nose, and my bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way which you came. 30“Then this for you shall be the sign: eat the year of volunteer crop, and in the second year of aftergrowth, and in the third year sow ye, reap ye, and plant ye vineyards, and eat ye their fruit. 31“And the surviving remnant of the house of Judah shall again take root downward and bear fruit upward. 32“For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and out of Mount Zion survivors. The zeal of Yahweh of hosts shall perform this.”’ 33“Therefore, thus says Yahweh concerning the king of Assyria, ‘He shall not come to this city, or shoot an arrow there; neither shall he come before it with a shield, nor throw up a mound against it. 34‘By the way that he came, by the same he shall return, and he shall not come to this city,’ declares Yahweh. 35‘For I will defend this city to save it for my own sake and for my servant David’s sake.’” 36Then the angel of Yahweh went out, and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning, behold, all of these were dead. 37So Sennacherib, king of Assyria, departed and returned home, and lived at Nineveh. 38And it came about as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons killed him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son became king in his place.

Chapter 38

IN those days Hezekiah became mortally ill. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him and said to him, “Thus says Yahweh, ‘Set your house in order, for you shall die and not live.’” 38:2Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall, and prayed to Yahweh, 3and said, “Remember now, Yahweh, I beseech you, how I have walked before you in truth and with a whole heart, and have done what is good in your sight.” And Hezekiah wept bitterly. 4Then the word of Yahweh came to Isaiah, saying, 5“Go and say to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of your father David, “I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; behold, I will add fifteen years to your life. 6“And I will deliver you and this city from the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city.”’ 7“And this shall be the sign to you from Yahweh, that Yahweh will do this thing that he has spoken: 8“Behold, I will cause the shadow on the stairway, which has gone down with the sun on the stairway of Ahaz, to go back ten steps.” So the sun’s shadow went back ten steps on the stairway on which it had gone down. 9A writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, after his illness and recovery: 10I said, “In the middle of my life I am to enter the gates of the grave; I am to be deprived of the rest of my years.” 11I said, “I shall not see Yah—Yah in the land of the living; I shall look on man no more among the inhabitants of the world. 12“Like a shepherd’s tent my dwelling is pulled up and removed from me; as a weaver I rolled up my life. He cuts me off from the loom; from day until night you make an end of me. 13“I composed my soul until morning. Like a lion—so he breaks all my bones, from day until night you make an end of me. 14“Like a swallow, like a crane, so I twitter; I moan like a dove; my eyes look wistfully to the heights; Adonai, I am oppressed, be my security. 15“What shall I say? For he has spoken to me, and he himself has done it; I shall wander about all my years because of the bitterness of my soul. 16“Adonai, by these things men live; and in all these is the life of my spirit; restore me to health, and let me live! 17“Lo, for my own welfare I had great bitterness; it is you who have kept my soul from the pit of nothingness, for you have cast all my sins behind your back. 18“For the grave cannot thank you, death cannot praise you; those who go down to the pit cannot hope for your faithfulness. 19“It is the living who give thanks to you, as I do today; a father tells his sons about your faithfulness. 20“Yahweh will surely save me; so we will play my songs on stringed instruments All the days of our life at the house of Yahweh.” 21Now Isaiah had said, “Let them take a cake of figs, and apply it to the boil, that he may recover.” 22Then Hezekiah had said, “What is the sign that I shall go up to the house of Yahweh?”

Chapter 39

AT that time Merodach-baladan son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he heard that he had been sick and had recovered. 39:2And Hezekiah was pleased, and showed them all his treasure house, the silver and the gold and the spices and the precious oil and his whole armory and all that was found in his treasuries. There was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah did not show them. 3Then Isaiah the prophet came to King Hezekiah and said to him, “What did these men say, and from where have they come to you?” And Hezekiah said, “They have come to me from a far country, from Babylon.” 4And he said, “What have they seen in your house?” So Hezekiah answered, “They have seen all that is in my house; there is nothing among my treasuries that I have not shown them.” 5Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the word of Yahweh of hosts, 6‘Behold, the days are coming when all that is in your house, and all that your fathers have laid up in store to this day shall be carried to Babylon; nothing shall be left,’ says Yahweh. 7‘And some of your sons who shall issue from you, whom you shall beget, shall be taken away; and they shall become officials in the palace of the king of Babylon.’” 8Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The word of Yahweh which you have spoken is good.” For he thought, “For there will be peace and truth in my days.”

Chapter 40

“Comfort, comfort my people,” says your Almighty. 40:2“Speak kindly to Jerusalem; and call out to her, that her warfare has ended, that her iniquity has been removed, that she has received of Yahweh’s hand double for all her sins.” 3A voice is calling, “Clear the way for Yahweh in the wilderness; make smooth in the desert a highway for our Almighty. 4“Let every valley be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; and let the rough ground become a plain, and the rugged terrain a broad valley; 5Then the glory of Yahweh will be revealed, and all flesh will see it together; for the mouth of Yahweh has spoken.” 6A voice says, “Call out.” Then he answered, “What shall I call out?” All flesh is grass, and all its loveliness is like the flower of the field. 7The grass withers, the flower fades, when the breath of Yahweh blows upon it; surely the people are grass. 8The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our Almighty stands to time immemorial. 9Get yourself up on a high mountain, Zion, bearer of good news, lift up your voice mightily, Jerusalem, bearer of good news; lift it up, do not fear. Say to the cities of Judah, “Here is your Almighty!” 10Behold, my Lord Yahweh will come with might, with his arm ruling for him. Behold, his reward is with him, and his recompense before him. 11Like a shepherd he will tend his flock, in his arm he will gather the lambs, and carry them in his bosom; he will gently lead the nursing ewes. 12Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and marked off the heavens by the span, and calculated the dust of the earth by the measure, and weighed the mountains in a balance, and the hills in a pair of scales? 13Who has directed the Spirit of Yahweh, or as his counselor has informed him? 14With whom did he consult and who gave him understanding? And who taught him in the path of justice and taught him knowledge, and informed him of the way of understanding? 15Behold, the nations are like a drop from a bucket, and are regarded as a speck of dust on the scales; behold, he lifts up the islands like fine dust. 16Even Lebanon is not enough to burn, nor its beasts enough for a whole-ascending sacrifice. 17All the nations are as nothing before him, they are regarded by him as less than nothing and meaningless. 18To whom then will you liken the Almighty? Or what likeness will you compare with him? 19As for the idol, a craftsman casts it, a goldsmith plates it with gold, and a silversmith fashions chains of silver. 20He who is too impoverished for such an offering Selects a tree that does not rot; he seeks out for himself a skillful craftsman To prepare an idol that will not totter. 21Do you not know? Have you not heard? Has it not been declared to you from the beginning? Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth? 22It is he who sits above the vault of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, who stretches out the heavens like a curtain and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in. 23He it is who reduces rulers to nothing, who makes the judges of the earth meaningless. 24Scarcely have they been planted, scarcely have they been sown, scarcely has their stock taken root in the earth, but he merely blows on them, and they wither, and the storm carries them away like stubble. 25“To whom then will you liken me That I should be his equal?” says the Holy One. 26Lift up your eyes on high and see who has created these stars, the one who leads forth their host by number, he calls them all by name; because of the greatness of his might and the strength of his power Not one of them is missing. 27Why do you say, Jacob, and assert, Israel, “My way is hidden from Yahweh, and the justice due me escapes the notice of my Almighty “? 28Do you not know? Have you not heard? The enduring Almighty, Yahweh, the Creator of the ends of the earth does not become weary or tired. His understanding is inscrutable. 29He gives strength to the weary, and to him who lacks might he increases power. 30Though youths grow weary and tired, and vigorous young men stumble badly, 31Yet those who wait for Yahweh will gain new strength; they will mount up with wings like eagles, they will run and not get tired, they will walk and not become weary.

Chapter 41

“Coastlands, listen to me in silence, and let the peoples gain new strength; let them come forward, then let them speak; let us come together for judgment. 41:2“Who has aroused one from the east whom he calls in righteousness to his feet? He delivers up nations before him, and subdues kings. He makes them like dust with his sword, as the wind-driven chaff with his bow. 3“He pursues them, passing on in safety, by a way he had not been traversing with his feet. 4“Who has performed and accomplished it, calling forth the generations from the beginning? ‘I, Yahweh, am the first, and with the last. I am he.’” 5The coastlands have seen and are afraid; the ends of the earth tremble; they have drawn near and have come. 6Each one helps his neighbor, and says to his brother, “Be strong!” 7So the craftsman encourages the smelter, and he who smooths metal with the hammer encourages him who beats the anvil, saying of the soldering, “It is good”; and he fastens it with nails, that it should not totter. 8“But you, Israel, my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, descendant of Abraham my friend, 9You whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called from its remotest parts, and said to you, ‘You are my servant, I have chosen you and not rejected you. 10‘Do not fear, for I am with you; do not anxiously look about you, for I am your Almighty. I will strengthen you, surely I will help you, surely I will uphold you with my righteous right hand.’ 11“Behold, all those who are angered at you will be shamed and dishonored; those who contend with you will be as nothing, and will perish. 12“You will seek those who quarrel with you, but will not find them, those who war with you will be as nothing, and non-existent. 13“For I am Yahweh your Almighty, who upholds your right hand, who says to you, ‘Do not fear, I will help you.’ 14“Do not fear, you worm Jacob, you men of Israel; I will help you,” declares Yahweh, “and your redeemer is the Holy One of Israel. 15“Behold, I have made you a new, sharp threshing sledge with double edges; you will thresh the mountains, and pulverize them, and will make the hills like chaff. 16“You will winnow them, and the wind will carry them away, and the storm will scatter them; but you will rejoice in Yahweh, you will glory in the Holy One of Israel. 17“The afflicted and needy are seeking water, but there is none, and their tongue is parched with thirst; I, Yahweh, will answer them Myself, as the Almighty of Israel I will not forsake them. 18“I will open rivers on the bare heights, and springs in the midst of the valleys; I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land fountains of water. 19“I will put the cedar in the wilderness, the acacia, and the myrtle, and the olive tree; I will place the juniper in the desert, together with the box tree and the cypress, 20That they may see and recognize, and consider and gain insight as well, that the hand of Yahweh has done this, and the Holy One of Israel has created it. 21“Present your case,” Yahweh says. “Bring forward your strong arguments,” The King of Jacob says. 22Let them bring forth and declare to us what is going to take place; as for the former events, declare what they were, that we may consider them, and know their outcome; or announce to us what is coming. 23Declare the things that are going to come afterward, that we may know that you are gods; indeed, do good or evil, that we may anxiously look about us and fear together. 24Behold, you are of no account, and your work amounts to nothing; he who chooses you is an abomination. 25“I have aroused one from the north, and he has come; from the rising of the sun he will call on my name; and he will come upon rulers as upon mortar, even as the potter treads clay.” 26Who has declared this from the beginning, that we might know? Or from former times, that we may say, “He is right!”? Surely there was no one who declared, surely there was no one who proclaimed, surely there was no one who heard your words. 27“Formerly I said to Zion, ‘Behold, here they are.’ And to Jerusalem, ‘I will give a messenger of good news.’ 28“But when I look, there is no one, and there is no counselor among them who, if I ask, can give an answer. 29“Behold, all of them are false; their works are worthless, their molten images are wind and emptiness.

Chapter 42

“Behold, my Servant, whom I uphold; my chosen one in whom my soul delights. I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations. 42:2“He will not cry out or raise his voice, nor make his voice heard in the street. 3“A bruised reed he will not break, and a dimly burning wick he will not extinguish; he will faithfully bring forth justice. 4“He will not be disheartened or crushed, until he has established justice in the earth; and the coastlands will wait expectantly for his Law.” 5Thus says the Mighty Yahweh, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and its offspring, who gives breath to the people on it, and spirit to those who walk in it, 6“I am Yahweh, I have called you in righteousness, I will also hold you by the hand and watch over you, and I will appoint you as a covenant to the people, as a light to the nations, 7To open blind eyes, to bring out prisoners from the dungeon, and those who dwell in darkness from the prison. 8“I am Yahweh, that is my name; I will not give my glory to another, nor my praise to graven images. 9“Behold, the former things have come to pass, now I declare new things; before they spring forth I proclaim them to you.” 10Sing to Yahweh a new song, sing his praise from the end of the earth! You who go down to the sea, and all that is in it. You islands and those who dwell on them. 11Let the wilderness and its cities lift up their voices, the settlements where Kedar inhabits. Let the inhabitants of Sela sing aloud, let them shout for joy from the tops of the mountains. 12Let them give glory to Yahweh, and declare his praise in the coastlands. 13Yahweh will go forth like a warrior, he will arouse his zeal like a man of war. He will utter a shout, yes, he will raise a war cry. He will prevail against his enemies. 14“I have kept silent from time immemorial, I have kept still and restrained Myself. Now like a woman in labor I will groan, I will both gasp and pant. 15“I will lay waste the mountains and hills, and wither all their vegetation; I will make the rivers into coastlands, and dry up the ponds. 16“And I will lead the blind by a way they do not know, in paths they do not know I will guide them. I will make darkness into light before them and rugged places into plains. These are the things I will do, and I will not leave them undone.” 17They shall be turned back and be utterly put to shame, who trust in idols, who say to molten images, “You are our gods.” 18Hear, you deaf! And look, you blind, that you may see. 19Who is blind but my servant, or so deaf as my messenger whom I send? Who is so blind as he that is at peace with me, or so blind as the servant of Yahweh? 20You have seen many things, but you do not observe them; your ears are open, but none hears. 21Yahweh was pleased for his righteousness’ sake To make the Law great and glorious. 22But this is a people plundered and despoiled; all of them are trapped in caves, or are hidden away in prisons; they have become a prey with none to deliver them, and a spoil, with none to say, “Give them back!” 23Who among you will give ear to this? Who will give heed and listen hereafter? 24Who gave Jacob up for spoil, and Israel to plunderers? Was it not Yahweh, against whom we have sinned, and in whose ways they were not willing to walk, and whose Law they did not obey? 25So he poured out on him the heat of his anger and the fierceness of battle; and it set him aflame all around, yet he did not recognize it; and it burned him, but he paid no attention.

Chapter 43

But now, thus says Yahweh, your Creator, Jacob, and he who formed you, Israel, “Do not fear, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name; you are Mine! 43:2“When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they will not overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, nor will the flame burn you. 3“For I am Yahweh your Almighty, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior; I have given Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in your place. 4“Since you are precious in my sight, since you are honored and I love you, I will give other men in your place and other peoples in exchange for your life. 5“Do not fear, for I am with you; I will bring your offspring from the east, and gather you from the west. 6“I will say to the north, ‘Give them up!’ And to the south, ‘Do not hold them back.’ Bring my sons from afar, and my daughters from the ends of the earth, 7Everyone who is called by my name, and whom I have created for my glory, whom I have formed, even whom I have made.” 8Bring out the people who are blind, even though they have eyes, and the deaf, even though they have ears. 9All the nations have gathered together In order that the peoples may be assembled. Who among them can declare this and proclaim to us the former things? Let them present their witnesses that they may be justified, or let them hear and say, “It is true.” 10“You are my witnesses,” declares Yahweh, “And my servant whom I have chosen, in order that you may know and give your support to me, and understand that I am he. Before me there was no Almighty formed, and there will be none after me. 11“I, even I, am Yahweh; and there is no savior besides me. 12“It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed, and there was no strange god among you; so you are my witnesses,” declares Yahweh, “that I am the Mighty One.” 13“Even from eternity I am he; and there is none who can deliver out of my hand; I act and who can reverse it?” 14Thus says Yahweh your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, “For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and will bring them all down as fugitives, even the Chaldeans, into the ships in which they rejoice. 15“I am Yahweh, your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, your King.” 16Thus says Yahweh, who makes a way through the sea and a path through the mighty waters, 17Who brings forth the chariot and the horse, the army and the mighty man (They will lie down together and not rise again; they have been quenched and extinguished like a wick): 18“Do not call to mind the former things, or ponder things of the past. 19“Behold, I will do something new, now it will spring forth; will you not be aware of it? I will even make a roadway in the wilderness, rivers in the desert. 20“The beasts of the field will glorify me; the jackals and the ostriches; because I have given waters in the wilderness and rivers in the desert, to give drink to my chosen people. 21“The people whom I formed for Myself, will declare my praise. 22“Yet you have not called on me, Jacob; but you have become weary of me, Israel. 23“You have not brought to me the sheep of your whole-ascending sacrifices; nor have you honored me with your sacrifices. I have not burdened you with offerings, nor wearied you with incense. 24“You have bought me no sweet cane with silver, neither have you filled me with the fat of your sacrifices; rather you have burdened me with your sins, you have wearied me with your iniquities. 25“I, even I, am the one who wipes out your transgressions for my own sake; and I will not remember your sins. 26“Put me in remembrance; let us argue our case together, state your cause, that you may be proved right. 27“Your first forefather sinned, and your spokesmen have transgressed against me. 28“So I will pollute the princes of the sanctuary; and I will consign Jacob to the ban, and Israel to revilement.

Chapter 44

“But now listen, Jacob, my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen: 44:2Thus says Yahweh who made you and formed you from the womb, who will help you, ‘Do not fear, Jacob my servant; and you Jeshurun whom I have chosen. 3‘For I will pour out water on the thirsty land and streams on the dry ground; I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants; 4And they will spring up among the grass Like poplars by streams of water.’ 5“This one will say, ‘I am Yahweh’s’; and that one will call on the name of Jacob; and another will write on his hand, ‘Belonging to Yahweh,’ And will name Israel’s name with honor. 6“Thus says Yahweh, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, Yahweh of hosts: ‘I am the first and I am the last, and there is no Almighty besides me. 7‘And who is like me? Let him proclaim and declare it; yes, let him recount it to me in order, from the time that I set in place an enduring people, and things coming, and things that will come. Let them tell of them. 8‘Do not tremble and do not be afraid; have I not long since announced it to you and declared it? And you are my witnesses. Is there any Mighty One besides me, or is there any other Rock? I know of none.’” 9Those who fashion a graven image are all of them futile, and their precious things are of no profit; even their own witnesses fail to see or know, so that they will be put to shame. 10Who has fashioned a god or cast an idol to no profit? 11Behold, all his companions will be put to shame, for the craftsmen themselves are mere men. Let them all assemble themselves, let them stand up, let them tremble, let them together be put to shame. 12The man shapes iron into a cutting tool, and does his work over the coals, fashioning it with hammers, and working it with his strong arm. He also gets hungry and his strength fails; he drinks no water and becomes weary. 13Another shapes wood, he extends a measuring line; he outlines it with red chalk. He works it with planes, and outlines it with a compass, and makes it like the form of a man, like the beauty of man, so that it may sit in a house. 14Surely he cuts cedars for himself, and takes a cypress or an oak, and raises it for himself among the trees of the forest. He plants a fir, and the rain makes it grow. 15Then it becomes something for a man to burn, so he takes one of them and warms himself; he also makes a fire to bake bread. He also makes a god and worships it; he makes it a graven image, and falls down before it. 16Half of it he burns in the fire; over this half he eats meat as he roasts a roast, and is satisfied. He also warms himself and says, “Aha! I am warm, I have seen the fire.” 17But the rest of it he makes into a god, his graven image. He falls down before it and worships; he also prays to it and says, “Deliver me, for thou are my god.” 18They do not know, nor do they understand, for he has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend. 19And no one recalls, nor is there knowledge or understanding to say, “I have burned half of it in the fire, and also have baked bread over its coals. I roast meat and eat it. Then I make the rest of it into an abomination, I fall down before a block of wood!” 20He feeds on ashes; a deceived heart has turned him aside. And he cannot deliver himself, nor say, “Is there not a lie in my right hand?” 21“Remember these things, Jacob, and Israel, for you are my servant; I have formed you, you are my servant, Israel, you will not be forgotten by me. 22“I have wiped out your transgressions like a thick cloud, and your sins like a heavy mist. Return to me, for I have redeemed you.” 23Shout for joy, heavens, for Yahweh has done it! Shout joyfully, you lower parts of the earth; break forth into a shout of joy, you mountains, forest, and every tree in it; for Yahweh has redeemed Jacob and in Israel he shows forth his glory. 24Thus says Yahweh, your Redeemer, and the one who formed you from the womb, “I, Yahweh, am the maker of all things, stretching out the heavens by Myself, and spreading out the earth all alone, 25Causing the omens of boasters to fail, making fools out of diviners, causing wise men to draw back, and turning their knowledge into foolishness, 26Confirming the word of his servant, and performing the purpose of his messengers. It is I who says of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be inhabited!’ And of the cities of Judah, ‘They shall be built.’ And I will raise up her ruins again. 27It is I who says to the depth of the sea, ‘Be dried up!’ And I will make your rivers dry. 28It is I who says of Cyrus, ‘He is my shepherd! And he will perform all my desire.’ And he declares of Jerusalem, ‘She will be built,’ And of the temple, ‘Your foundation will be laid.’”

Chapter 45

Thus says Yahweh to Cyrus his anointed, whom I have taken by the right hand, to subdue nations before him, and to loose the loins of kings; to open doors before him so that gates will not be shut: 45:2“I will go before you and make the rough places smooth; I will shatter the doors of bronze, and cut through their iron bars. 3“And I will give you the treasures of darkness, and hidden wealth of secret places, in order that you may know that it is I, Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, who calls you by your name. 4“For the sake of Jacob my servant, and Israel my chosen one, I have also called you by your name; I have given you a title of honor Though you have not known me. 5“I am Yahweh, and there is no other; besides me there is no Almighty. I will gird you, though you have not known me; 6That men may know from the rising to the setting of the sun That there is no one besides me. I am Yahweh, and there is no other, 7The One forming light and creating darkness, causing well-being and creating calamity; I am Yahweh who does all these. 8“Drip down, heavens, from above, and let the clouds pour down righteousness; let the earth open up and salvation bear fruit, and righteousness spring up with it. I, Yahweh, have created it. 9“Woe to the one who quarrels with his Maker—An earthenware vessel among the vessels of earth! Will the clay say to the potter, ‘What are you doing?’ Or the thing you are making say, ‘He has no hands ‘? 10“Woe to him who says to a father, ‘What are you begetting?’ Or to a woman, ‘To what are you giving birth?’” 11Thus says Yahweh, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: “Ask me about the things to come concerning my sons, and you shall commit to me the work of my hands. 12“It is I who made the earth, and created man upon it. I stretched out the heavens with my hands, and I ordained all their host. 13“I have aroused him in righteousness, and I will make all his ways smooth; he will build my city, and will let my exiles go free, without any payment or reward,” says Yahweh of hosts. 14Thus says Yahweh, “The products of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush and the Sabeans, men of stature, will come over to you and will be yours; they will walk behind you, they will come over in chains and will bow down to you; they will make supplication to you: ‘Surely, the Mighty One is in you, and there is none else, no other Almighty.’” 15Truly, you are an Almighty who hides himself, Almighty of Israel, Savior! 16They will be put to shame and even humiliated, all of them; the manufacturers of idols will go away together in humiliation. 17Israel has been saved by Yahweh with a most enduring salvation; you will not be put to shame; you will not be humiliated onward to times immemorial of the future. 18For thus says Yahweh, who created the heavens (he is the Almighty who formed the earth and made it, he established it and did not create it a waste place, but formed it to be inhabited), “I am Yahweh, and there is none else. 19“I have not spoken in secret, in some dark land; I did not say to the offspring of Jacob, ‘Seek me in a waste place’; I, Yahweh, speak righteousness Declaring things that are upright. 20“Gather yourselves and come; draw near together, you fugitives of the nations; they have no knowledge, who carry about their wooden idol, and pray to a god who cannot save. 21“Declare and set forth your case; indeed, let them consult together. Who has announced this from of old? Who has long since declared it? Is it not I, Yahweh? And there is no other Almighty besides me, a righteous Mighty One and a Savior; there is none except me. 22“Turn to me, and be saved, all the ends of the earth; for I am the Mighty One, and there is no other. 23“I have sworn by Myself, the word has gone forth from my mouth in righteousness and will not turn back, that to me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance. 24“They will say of me, ‘Only in Yahweh are righteousness and strength.’ Men will come to him, and all who were angry at him shall be put to shame. 25“In Yahweh all the offspring of Israel will be justified, and will glory.”

Chapter 46

Bel has bowed down, Nebo stoops over; their images are consigned to the beasts and the cattle. The things that you carry are burdensome, a load for the weary beast. 46:2They stooped over, they have bowed down together; they could not rescue the burden, but have themselves gone into captivity. 3“Listen to me, house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, you who have been borne by me from birth, and have been carried from the womb; 4Even to your old age, I shall be the same, and even to your graying years I shall bear you! I have done it, and I shall carry you; and I shall bear you, and I shall deliver you. 5“To whom would you liken me, and make me equal and compare me, that we should be alike? 6“Those who lavish gold from the purse and weigh silver on the scale Hire a goldsmith, and he makes it into a god; they bow down, indeed they worship it. 7“They lift it upon the shoulder and carry it; they set it in its place and it stands there. It does not move from its place. Though one may cry to it, it cannot answer; it cannot deliver him from his distress. 8“Remember this, and be assured; recall it to mind, you transgressors. 9“Remember the former things from time immemorial, for I am the Mighty One, and there is no other; I am Almighty, and there is no one like me, 10Declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things which have not been done, saying, ‘My purpose will be established, and I will accomplish all my good pleasure’; 11Calling a bird of prey from the east, the man of my purpose from a far country. Truly I have spoken; truly I will bring it to pass. I have planned it, surely I will do it. 12“Listen to me, you stubborn-minded, who are far from righteousness. 13“I bring near my righteousness, it is not far off; and my salvation will not delay. And I will grant salvation in Zion, and my glory for Israel.

Chapter 47

“Come down and sit in the dust, virgin daughter of Babylon; sit on the ground without a throne, daughter of the Chaldeans. For you shall no longer be called tender and delicate. 47:2“Take the millstones and grind meal. Remove your veil, strip off the skirt, uncover the leg, cross the rivers. 3“Your nakedness will be uncovered, your shame also will be exposed; I will take vengeance and will not spare a man.” 4Our Redeemer, Yahweh of hosts is his name, the Holy One of Israel. 5“Sit silently, and go into darkness, daughter of the Chaldeans; for you will no more be called the queen of kingdoms. 6“I was angry with my people, I profaned my heritage, and gave them into your hand. You did not show mercy to them, on the aged you made your yoke very heavy. 7“Yet you said, ‘I shall be a queen to time immemorial.’ These things you did not consider, nor remember the outcome of them. 8“Now, then, hear this, you sensual one, who dwells securely, who says in your heart, ‘I am, and there is no one besides me. I shall not sit as a widow, nor shall I know loss of children.’ 9“But these two things shall come on you suddenly in one day: loss of children and widowhood. They shall come on you in full measure In spite of your many sorceries, in spite of the great power of your spells. 10“And you felt secure in your wickedness and said, ‘No one sees me,’ Your wisdom and your knowledge, they have deluded you; for you have said in your heart, ‘I am, and there is no one besides me.’ 11“But evil will come on you which you will not know how to charm away; and disaster will fall on you For which you cannot atone, and destruction about which you do not know will come on you suddenly. 12“Stand fast now in your spells and in your many sorceries with which you have labored from your youth; perhaps you will be able to profit, perhaps you may cause trembling. 13“You are wearied with your many counsels; let now the astrologers, those who prophesy by the stars, those who predict by the new moons, stand up and save you from what will come upon you. 14“Behold, they have become like stubble, fire burns them; they cannot deliver themselves from the power of the flame; there will be no coal to warm by, nor a fire to sit before! 15“So have those become to you with whom you have labored, who have trafficked with you from your youth; each has wandered in his own way. There is none to save you.

Chapter 48

“Hear this, house of Jacob, who are named Israel and who came forth from the loins of Judah, who swear by the name of Yahweh invoke the Almighty of Israel, but not in truth nor in righteousness. 48:2“For they call themselves after the holy city, and lean on the Almighty of Israel; Yahweh of hosts is his name. 3“I declared the former things long ago and they went forth from my mouth, and I proclaimed them. Suddenly I acted, and they came to pass. 4“Because I know that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your forehead bronze, 5therefore I declared them to you long ago, before they took place I proclaimed them to you, lest you should say, ‘My idol has done them, and my graven image and my molten image have commanded them.’ 6“You have heard; look at all this. And you, will you not declare it? I proclaim to you new things from this time, even hidden things which you have not known. 7“They are created now and not long ago; and before today you have not heard them, lest you should say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’ 8“You have not heard, you have not known. Even from long ago your ear has not been open, because I knew that you would deal very treacherously; and you have been called a rebel from birth. 9“For the sake of my name I delay my wrath, and for my praise I restrain it for you, in order not to cut you off. 10“Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tested you in the furnace of affliction. 11“For my own sake, for my own sake, I will act; for how can my name be profaned? And my glory I will not give to another. 12“Listen to me, Jacob, even Israel whom I called; I am he, I am the first, I am also the last. 13“Surely my hand founded the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I call to them, they stand together. 14“Assemble, all of you, and listen! Who among them has declared these things? Yahweh loves him; he shall carry out his good pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans. 15“I, even I, have spoken; indeed I have called him, I have brought him, and he will make his ways successful. 16“Come near to me, listen to this: from the first I have not spoken in secret, from the time it took place, I was there. And now my Lord Yahweh has sent me, and his Spirit.” 17Thus says Yahweh, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; “I am Yahweh your Almighty, who teaches you to profit, who leads you in the way you should go. 18“If only you had paid attention to my commandments! Then your well-being would have been like a river, and your righteousness like the waves of the sea. 19“Your descendants would have been like the sand, and your offspring like its grains; their name would never be cut off or destroyed from my presence.” 20Go forth from Babylon! Flee from the Chaldeans! Declare with the sound of joyful shouting, proclaim this, send it out to the end of the earth; say, “Yahweh has redeemed his servant Jacob.” 21And they did not thirst when he led them through the deserts. He made the water flow out of the rock for them; he split the rock, and the water gushed forth. 22“There is no peace for the wicked,” says Yahweh.

Chapter 49

Listen to me, islands, and pay attention, you peoples from afar. Yahweh called me from the womb; from the body of my mother he named me. 49:2And he has made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand he has concealed me, and he has also made me a select arrow; he has hidden me in his quiver. 3And he said to me, “You are my Servant, Israel, in whom I will show my glory.” 4But I said, “I have toiled in vain, I have spent my strength for nothing and vanity; yet surely the justice due to me is with Yahweh, and my reward with my Almighty.” 5And now says Yahweh, who formed me from the womb to be his Servant, to bring Jacob back to him, in order that Israel might be gathered to him (For I am honored in the sight of Yahweh, and my Almighty is my strength), 6He says, “It is too small a thing that you should be my Servant To raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved ones of Israel; I will also make you a light of the nations So that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.” 7Thus says Yahweh, the Redeemer of Israel, and its Holy One, to the despised One, to the One abhorred by the nation, to the Servant of rulers, “Kings shall see and arise, princes shall also bow down; because of Yahweh who is faithful, the Holy One of Israel who has chosen you.” 8Thus says Yahweh, “In a favorable time I have answered you, and in a day of salvation I have helped you; and I will keep you and give you for a covenant of the people, to restore the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritages; 9Saying to those who are bound, ‘Go forth,’ To those who are in darkness, ‘Show yourselves.’ Along the roads they will feed, and their pasture will be on all bare heights. 10“They will not hunger or thirst, neither will the scorching heat or sun strike them down; for he who has compassion on them will lead them, and will guide them to springs of water. 11“And I will make all my mountains a road, and my highways will be raised up. 12“Behold, these shall come from afar; and lo, these will come from the north and from the west, and these from the land of Sinim.” 13Shout for joy, heavens! And rejoice, earth! Break forth into joyful shouting, mountains! For Yahweh has comforted his people, and will have compassion on his afflicted. 14But Zion said, “Yahweh has forsaken me, and Adonai has forgotten me.” 15“Can a woman forget her nursing child, and have no compassion on the son of her womb? Even these may forget, but I will not forget you. 16“Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of my hands; your walls are continually before me. 17“Your builders hurry; your destroyers and devastators will depart from you. 18“Lift up your eyes and look around; all of them gather together, they come to you. As I live,” declares Yahweh, “You shall surely put on all of them as jewels, and bind them on as a bride. 19“For your waste and desolate places, and your destroyed land—Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants, and those who swallowed you will be far away. 20“The children of whom you were bereaved will yet say in your ears, ‘The place is too cramped for me; make room for me that I may live here.’ 21“Then you will say in your heart, ‘Who has begotten these for me, since I have been bereaved of my children, and am barren, an exile and a wanderer? And who has reared these? Behold, I was left alone; from where did these come?’” 22Thus says my Lord Yahweh, “Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and set up my standard to the peoples; and they will bring your sons in their bosom, and your daughters will be carried on their shoulders. 23“And kings will be your supporters, and their princesses your nurses. They will bow down to you with their faces to the earth, and lick the dust of your feet; and you will know that I am Yahweh; those who hopefully wait for me will not be put to shame. 24“Can the prey be taken from the mighty man, or the captives of a tyrant be rescued?” 25Surely, thus says Yahweh, “Even the captives of the mighty man will be taken away, and the prey of the tyrant will be rescued; for I will contend with the one who contends with you, and I will save your sons. 26“And I will feed your oppressors with their own flesh, and they will become drunk with their own blood as with sweet wine; and all flesh will know that I, Yahweh, am your Savior, and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.”

Chapter 50

Thus says Yahweh, “Where is the certificate of divorce, by which I have sent your mother away? Or to whom of my creditors did I sell you? Behold, you were sold for your iniquities, and for your transgressions your mother was sent away. 50:2“Why was there no man when I came? When I called, why was there none to answer? Is my hand so short that it cannot ransom? Or have I no power to deliver? Behold, I dry up the sea with my rebuke, I make the rivers a wilderness; their fish stink for lack of water, and die of thirst. 3“I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering.” 4my Lord Yahweh has given me the tongue of disciples, that I may know how to sustain the weary one with a word. He awakens me morning by morning, he awakens my ear to listen as a disciple. 5my Lord Yahweh has opened my ear; and I was not disobedient, nor did I turn back. 6I gave my back to those who strike me, and my cheeks to those who pluck out the beard; I did not cover my face from humiliation and spitting. 7For my Lord Yahweh helps me, therefore, I am not disgraced; therefore, I have set my face like flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed. 8He who vindicates me is near; who will contend with me? Let us stand up to each other; who has a case against me? Let him draw near to me. 9Behold, my Lord Yahweh helps me; who is he who condemns me? Behold, they will all wear out like a garment; the moth will eat them. 10Who is among you that fears Yahweh, that obeys the voice of his servant, that walks in darkness and has no light? Let him trust in the name of Yahweh and rely on his Almighty. 11Behold, all you who kindle a fire, who encircle yourselves with firebrands, walk in the light of your fire and among the brands you have set ablaze. This you will have from my hand; and you will lie down in torment.

Chapter 51

“Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness, who seek Yahweh: look to the rock from which you were hewn, and to the quarry from which you were dug. 51:2“Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah who gave birth to you in pain; when he was one I called him, then I blessed him and multiplied him.” 3Indeed, Yahweh will comfort Zion; he will comfort all her waste places. And her wilderness he will make like Eden, and her desert like the garden of Yahweh; joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and sound of a melody. 4“Pay attention to me, my people; and give ear to me, my nation; for the Law will go forth from me, and I will set my justice for a light of the peoples. 5“My righteousness is near, my salvation has gone forth, and my arms will judge the peoples; the coastlands will wait for me, and for my arm they will wait expectantly. 6“Lift up your eyes to the sky, then look to the earth beneath; for the sky will vanish like smoke, and the earth will wear out like a garment, and its inhabitants will die in like manner, but my salvation shall be to time immemorial, and my righteousness shall not wane. 7“Listen to me, you who know righteousness, a people in whose heart is my Law; do not fear the reproach of man, neither be dismayed at their revilings. 8“For the moth will eat them like a garment, and the grub will eat them like wool. But my righteousness shall be to time immemorial, and my salvation to all generations.” 9Awake, awake, put on strength, arm of Yahweh; awake as in the days of old, as in generations of times immemorial. Was it not you who cut Rahab in pieces, who pierced the dragon? 10Was it not you who dried up the sea, the waters of the great deep; who made the depths of the sea a pathway For the redeemed to cross over? 11So the ransomed of Yahweh will return, and come with joyful shouting to Zion; and enduring joy will be on their heads. They will obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing will flee away. 12“I, even I, am he who comforts you. Who are you that you are afraid of man who dies, and of the son of man who is made like grass; 13That you have forgotten Yahweh your Maker, who stretched out the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; that you fear continually all day long because of the fury of the oppressor, as he makes ready to destroy? But where is the fury of the oppressor? 14“The exile will soon be set free, and will not die in the dungeon, nor will his bread be lacking. 15“For I am Yahweh your Almighty, who stirs up the sea and its waves roar (Yahweh of hosts is his name). 16“And I have put my words in your mouth, and have covered you with the shadow of my hand, to establish the heavens, to found the earth, and to say to Zion, ‘You are my people.’” 17Rouse yourself! Rouse yourself! Arise, Jerusalem, you who have drunk from Yahweh’s hand the cup of his anger; the chalice of reeling you have drained to the dregs. 18There is none to guide her among all the sons she has borne; nor is there one to take her by the hand among all the sons she has reared. 19These two things have befallen you; who will mourn for you? The devastation and destruction, famine and sword; how shall I comfort you? 20Your sons have fainted, they lie helpless at the head of every street, like an antelope in a net, full of the wrath of Yahweh, the rebuke of your Almighty. 21Therefore, please hear this, you afflicted, who are drunk, but not with wine: 22Thus says your Lord, Yahweh, even your Almighty who contends for his people, “Behold, I have taken out of your hand the cup of reeling; the chalice of my anger, you will never drink it again. 23“And I will put it into the hand of your tormentors, who have said to you, ‘Lie down that we may walk over you.’ You have even made your back like the ground, and like the street for those who walk over it.”

Chapter 52

Awake, awake, clothe yourself in your strength, Zion; clothe yourself in your beautiful garments, Jerusalem, the holy city. For the uncircumcised and the unclean will no more come into you. 52:2Shake yourself from the dust, rise up, captive Jerusalem; loose yourself from the chains around your neck, captive daughter of Zion. 3For thus says Yahweh, “You were sold for nothing and you will be redeemed without silver.” 4For thus says my Lord Yahweh, “My people went down at the first into Egypt to reside there, then the Assyrian oppressed them without cause. 5“Now therefore, what do I have here,” declares Yahweh, “seeing that my people have been taken away without cause?” Again Yahweh declares, “Those who rule over them howl, and my name is continually blasphemed all day long. 6“Therefore my people shall know my name; therefore in that day I am the one who is speaking, ‘Here I am.’” 7How lovely on the mountains Are the feet of him who brings good news, who announces peace and brings good news of happiness, who announces salvation, and says to Zion, “Your Almighty reigns!” 8Listen! Your watchmen lift up their voices, they shout joyfully together; for they will see with their own eyes when Yahweh restores Zion. 9Break forth, shout joyfully together, you waste places of Jerusalem; for Yahweh has comforted his people, he has redeemed Jerusalem. 10Yahweh has bared his holy arm In the sight of all the nations, that all the ends of the earth may see The salvation of our Almighty. 11Depart, depart, go out from there, touch nothing unclean; go out of the midst of her, purify yourselves, you who carry the vessels of Yahweh. 12But you will not go out in haste, nor will you go as fugitives; for Yahweh will go before you, and the Almighty of Israel will be your rear guard. 13Behold, my servant will prosper, he will be high and lifted up, and greatly exalted. 14Just as many were astonished at you, my people, so his appearance was marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men. 15Thus he will sprinkle many nations, kings will shut their mouths on account of him; for what had not been told them they will see, and what they had not heard they will understand.

Chapter 53

Who gives his support to our message? And over whom is the arm of Yahweh revealed? 53:2When he goes up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground, then he has no form to himself and no majesty that we should see him, and no appearance that we should desire him. 3Being despised and forsaken of men; a man of pains, and being a knower of grief; and like a hider of faces from us, being despised, so that we did not consider him. 4Surely our sickness he bears away; and our pains, he carrieth them; yet we considered him being struck: made to be smitten of the Almighty, and being made to be humbled. 5So he was made to be pierced for our transgressions; being made to be crushed for our iniquities; the chastening of our well-being is upon him, and in connection to his blow it is healed for us. 6All of us like the sheep we wandereth; as a man to his own road, we turneth; but Yahweh makes fall on—on him the iniquity-punishment of all of us. 7He is hard-pressed and he is afflicted, yet not he openeth his mouth; like the lamb for the slaughter, even like an ewe toward the faces of the ones shearing her is dumb-bound, so not he openeth his mouth. 8With restraint and with judgment he is taken and his generation; who gives consideration that he was cut off out of the land of the living, for the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due? 9His grave was assigned with wicked men, yet he was with a rich man in his death, because he had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in his mouth. 10But Yahweh was pleased to crush him, putting him to grief; if he would render himself as a guilt offering, he will see his offspring, he will prolong his days, and the good pleasure of Yahweh will prosper in his hand. 11Beyond the trouble of his soul, he sees [the (light)]DSS; he will be satisfied); by his knowledge the righteous one, my servant, is making righteous) the many; and their punishment of iniquities he is bearing. 12Therefore, I will allot him a portion with the great, and he will divide the booty with the strong; because he poured out himself to death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he himself bore the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors.

Chapter 54

“Shout for joy, barren one, you who have borne no child; break forth into joyful shouting and cry aloud, you who have not travailed; for the sons of the desolate one will be more numerous Than the sons of the married woman,” says Yahweh. 54:2“Enlarge the place of your tent; stretch out the curtains of your dwellings, spare not; lengthen your cords, and strengthen your pegs. 3“For you will spread abroad to the right and to the left. And your descendants will possess nations, and they will resettle the desolate cities. 4“Fear not, for you will not be put to shame; neither feel humiliated, for you will not be disgraced; but you will forget the shame of your youth, and the reproach of your widowhood you will remember no more. 5“For your husband is your Maker, whose name is Yahweh of hosts; and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel, who is called the Almighty of all the earth. 6“For Yahweh has called you, like a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit, even like a wife of one’s youth when she is rejected,” Says your Almighty. 7“For a brief moment I forsook you, but with great compassion I will gather you. 8“In an outburst of anger I hid my face from you for a moment; but with enduring lovingkindness I will have compassion on you,” Says Yahweh your Redeemer. 9“For this is like the days of Noah to me; when I swore that the waters of Noah Should not flood the earth again, so I have sworn that I will not be angry with you, nor will I rebuke you. 10“For the mountains may be removed and the hills may shake, but my lovingkindness will not be removed from you, and my covenant of peace will not be shaken,” Says Yahweh who has compassion on you. 11“Afflicted one, storm-tossed, and not comforted, behold, I will set your stones in antimony, and your foundations I will lay in sapphires. 12“Moreover, I will make your battlements of rubies, and your gates of crystal, and your entire wall of precious stones. 13“And all your sons will be taught of Yahweh; and the well-being of your sons will be great. 14“In righteousness you will be established; you will be far from oppression, for you will not fear; and from terror, for it will not come near you. 15“If anyone fiercely assails you it will not be from me. Whoever assails you will fall because of you. 16“Behold, I Myself have created the smith who blows the fire of coals, and brings out a weapon for its work; and I have created the destroyer to ruin. 17“No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue that accuses you in judgment you will condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of Yahweh, and their vindication is from me,” declares Yahweh.

Chapter 55

“Ho! Every one who thirsts, come to the waters; and you who have no silver come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk without silver and without cost. 55:2“Why do you spend silver for what is not bread, and your wages for what does not satisfy? Listen carefully to me, and eat what is good, and delight yourself in abundance. 3“Incline your ear and come to me. Listen, that you may live; and I will make an enduring covenant with you, according to the faithful mercies shown to David. 4“Behold, I have made him a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander for the peoples. 5“Behold, you will call a nation you do not know, and a nation which knows you not will run to you, because of Yahweh your Almighty, even the Holy One of Israel; for he has glorified you.” 6Seek Yahweh while he may be found; call upon him while he is near. 7Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; and let him return to Yahweh, and he will have compassion on him; and to our Almighty, for he will abundantly pardon. 8“For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways,” declares Yahweh. 9“For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts. 10“For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and do not return there without watering the earth, and making it bear and sprout, and furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater; 11So shall my word be which goes forth from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty, without accomplishing what I desire, and without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it. 12“For you will go out with joy, and be led forth with peace; the mountains and the hills will break forth into shouts of joy before you, and all the trees of the field will clap their hands. 13“Instead of the thorn bush the cypress will come up; and instead of the nettle the myrtle will come up; and it will be a memorial to Yahweh, for an enduring sign which will not be cut off.”

Chapter 56

Thus says Yahweh, “Preserve judgment, and practice justice, for my salvation is about to come and my justice to be revealed. 56:2How blessed is the man who does this, and the son of man who takes hold of it; who keeps from profaning the sabbath, and keeps his hand from doing any evil. 3Let not the foreigner who has joined himself to Yahweh say, ‘Yahweh will surely separate me from his people.’ Neither let the eunuch say, ‘Behold, I am a dry tree.’” 4For thus says Yahweh, “To the eunuchs who keep my sabbaths, and choose what pleases me, and hold fast my covenant— 5to them I will give in my house and within my walls a memorial, and a name better than that of sons and daughters; I will give them an enduring name which will not be cut off. 6Also the foreigners who join themselves to Yahweh, to minister to him, and to love the name of Yahweh, to be his servants, every one who keeps from profaning the sabbath, and holds fast my covenant; 7even those I will bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer. Their whole-ascending sacrifices and their sacrifices will be acceptable on my altar; for my house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples.” 8My Lord Yahweh, who gathers the dispersed of Israel, declares, “Yet others I will gather to them, to those already gathered. 9All you beasts of the field, all you beasts in the forest, come to eat. 10His watchmen are blind, all of them know nothing. All of them are dumb dogs unable to bark, dreamers lying down, who love to slumber; 11And the dogs are greedy, they are not satisfied. And they are shepherds who have no understanding; they have all turned to their own way, each one to his unjust gain, to the last one. 12‘Come,’ they say, ‘let us get wine, and let us drink heavily of strong drink; and tomorrow will be like today, only more so.’”

Chapter 57

The righteous man perishes, and no man takes it to heart; and devout men are taken away, while no one understands. For the righteous man is taken away from evil, 57:2He enters into peace; they rest in their beds, each one who walked in his upright way. 3“But come here, you sons of a sorceress, offspring of an adulterer and a prostitute. 4“Against whom do you jest? Against whom do you open wide your mouth and stick out your tongue? Are you not children of rebellion, offspring of deceit, 5Who inflame yourselves among the oaks, under every luxuriant tree, who slaughter the children in the ravines, under the clefts of the crags? 6“Among the smooth stones of the ravine is your portion, they are your lot; even to them you have poured out a libation, you have made a grain offering. Shall I relent concerning these things? 7“Upon a high and lofty mountain you have made your bed. You also went up there to offer sacrifice. 8“And behind the door and the doorpost you have set up your sign; indeed, far removed from me, you have uncovered yourself; and have gone up and made your bed wide. And you have made an agreement for yourself with them, you have loved their bed, you have looked on their manhood. 9“And you have journeyed to the king with oil and increased your perfumes; you have sent your envoys a great distance, and made them go down to the grave. 10“You were tired out by the length of your road, yet you did not say, ‘It is hopeless.’ You found renewed strength, therefore you did not faint. 11“Of whom were you worried and fearful, when you lied, and did not remember me, nor give me a thought? Was I not silent even from time immemorial? Then you do not fear me! 12“I will declare your righteousness and your deeds, but they will not profit you. 13“When you cry out, let your collection of idols deliver you. But the wind will carry all of them up, and a breath will take them away. But he who takes refuge in me shall inherit the land,And shall possess my holy mountain.” 14And it shall be said, “Build up, build up, prepare the way, remove every obstacle out of the way of my people.” 15For thus says the high and exalted One who lives forever, whose name is Holy, “I dwell on a high and holy place, and also with the contrite and lowly of spirit In order to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the contrite. 16“For I will not contend to time immemorial, neither will I always be angry; for the spirit would grow faint before me, and the breath of those whom I have made. 17“Because of the iniquity of his unjust gain I was angry and struck him; I hid my face and was angry, and he went on turning away, in the way of his heart. 18“I have seen his ways, but I will heal him; I will lead him and restore comfort to him and to his mourners, 19Creating the praise of the lips. Peace, peace to him who is far and to him who is near,” Says Yahweh, “and I will heal him.” 20But the wicked are like the tossing sea, for it cannot be quiet, and its waters toss up refuse and mud. 21“There is no peace,” says my Almighty, “for the wicked.”

Chapter 58

“Cry loudly, do not hold back; raise your voice like a trumpet, and declare to my people their transgression, and to the house of Jacob their sins. 58:2“Yet they seek me day by day, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that has done righteousness, and has not forsaken the ordinance of their Almighty. They ask me for just decisions, they delight in the nearness of the Almighty. 3‘Why have we fasted and you do not see? Why have we humbled ourselves and you do not notice?’ Behold, on the day of your fast you find your desire, and drive hard all your workers. 4“Behold, you fast for contention and strife and to strike with a wicked fist. You do not fast like you do today to make your voice heard on high. 5“Is it a fast like this which I choose, a day for a man to humble himself? Is it for bowing one’s head like a reed, and for spreading out sackcloth and ashes as a bed? Will you call this a fast, even an acceptable day to Yahweh? 6“Is this not the fast which I choose, to loosen the bonds of wickedness, to undo the bands of the yoke, and to let the oppressed go free, and break every yoke? 7“Is it not to divide your bread with the hungry, and bring the homeless poor into the house; when you see the naked, to cover him; and not to hide yourself from your own flesh? 8“Then your light will break out like the dawn, and your recovery will speedily spring forth; and your righteousness will go before you; the glory of Yahweh will be your rear guard. 9“Then you will call, and Yahweh will answer; you will cry, and he will say, ‘Here I am.’ If you remove the yoke from your midst, the pointing of the finger, and speaking wickedness, 10And if you give yourself to the hungry, and satisfy the desire of the afflicted, then your light will rise in darkness, and your gloom will become like midday. 11“And Yahweh will continually guide you, and satisfy your desire in scorched places, and give strength to your bones; and you will be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water whose waters do not fail. 12“And those from among you will rebuild the enduring ruins; you will raise up generation spanning foundations; and you will be called the repairer of the breach, the restorer of the streets in which to dwell. 13“If because of the sabbath, you turn your foot from doing your own pleasure on my holy day, and call the sabbath a delight, the holy day of Yahweh honorable, and shall honor it, desisting from your own ways, from seeking your own pleasure, and speaking your own word, 14Then you will take delight in Yahweh, and I will make you ride on the heights of the earth; and I will feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father, for the mouth of Yahweh has spoken.”

Chapter 59

Behold, Yahweh’s hand is not so short that it cannot save; neither is his ear so dull That it cannot hear. 59:2But your iniquities have made a separation between you and your Almighty, and your sins have hidden his face from you, so that he does not hear. 3For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken falsehood, your tongue mutters wickedness. 4No one sues righteously and no one pleads honestly. They trust in confusion, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity. 5They hatch adders’ eggs and weave the spider’s web; he who eats of their eggs dies, and from that which is crushed a snake breaks forth. 6Their webs will not become clothing, nor will they cover themselves with their works; their works are works of iniquity, and an act of violence is in their hands. 7Their feet run to evil, and they hasten to shed innocent blood; their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; devastation and destruction are in their highways. 8They do not know the way of peace, and there is no justice in their tracks; they have made their paths crooked; whoever treads on them does not know peace. 9Therefore, justice is far from us, and righteousness does not overtake us; we hope for light, but behold, darkness; for brightness, but we walk in gloom. 10We grope along the wall like blind men, we grope like those who have no eyes; we stumble at midday as in the twilight, among those who are vigorous we are like dead men. 11All of us growl like bears, and moan sadly like doves; we hope for justice, but there is none, for salvation, but it is far from us. 12For our transgressions are multiplied before you, and our sins testify against us; for our transgressions are with us, and we know our iniquities: 13Transgressing and denying Yahweh, and turning away from our Almighty, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving in and uttering from the heart lying words. 14And justice is turned back, and righteousness stands far away; for truth has stumbled in the street, and uprightness cannot enter. 15Yes, truth is lacking; and he who turns aside from evil makes himself a prey. Now Yahweh saw, and it was displeasing in his sight that there was no justice. 16And he saw that there was no man, and was astonished that there was no one to intercede; then his own arm brought salvation to him; and his righteousness upheld him. 17And he put on righteousness like a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation on his head; and he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and wrapped himself with zeal as a mantle. 18According to their deeds, so he will repay, wrath to his adversaries, recompense to his enemies; to the coastlands he will make recompense. 19So they will fear the name of Yahweh from the west and his glory from the rising of the sun, for he will come like a rushing stream, which the wind of Yahweh drives. 20“And a Redeemer will come to Zion, and to those who turn from transgression in Jacob,” declares Yahweh. 21“And as for me, this is my covenant with them,” says Yahweh: “My Spirit which is upon you, and my words which I have put in your mouth, shall not depart from your mouth, nor from the mouth of your offspring, nor from the mouth of your offspring’s offspring,” says Yahweh, “from now and onward of time immemorial.”

Chapter 60

“Arise, shine; for your light has come, and the glory of Yahweh has risen upon you. 60:2“For behold, darkness will cover the earth, and deep darkness the peoples; but Yahweh will rise upon you, and his glory will appear upon you. 3“And nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising. 4“Lift up your eyes round about, and see; they all gather together, they come to you. Your sons will come from afar, and your daughters will be supported in the arms. 5“Then you will see and be radiant, and your heart will thrill and rejoice; because the abundance of the sea will be turned to you, the wealth of the nations will come to you. 6“A multitude of camels will cover you, the young camels of Midian and Ephah; all those from Sheba will come; they will bring gold and frankincense, and will bear good news of the praises of Yahweh. 7“All the flocks of Kedar will be gathered together to you, the rams of Nebaioth will minister to you; they will go up with acceptance on my altar, and I shall glorify my glorious house. 8“Who are these who fly like a cloud, and like the doves to their lattices? 9“Surely the coastlands will wait for me; and the ships of Tarshish will come first, to bring your sons from afar, their silver and their gold with them, for the name of Yahweh your Almighty, and for the Holy One of Israel because he has glorified you. 10“And foreigners will build up your walls, and their kings will minister to you; for in my wrath I struck you, and in my favor I have had compassion on you. 11“And your gates will be open continually; they will not be closed day or night, so that men may bring to you the wealth of the nations, with their kings led in procession. 12“For the nation and the kingdom which will not serve you will perish, and the nations will be utterly ruined. 13“The glory of Lebanon will come to you, the juniper, the box tree, and the cypress together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I shall make the place of my feet glorious. 14“And the sons of those who afflicted you will come bowing to you, and all those who despised you will bow themselves at the soles of your feet; and they will call you the city of Yahweh, the Zion of the Holy One of Israel. 15“Whereas you have been forsaken and hated with no one passing through, I will make you an enduring majesty, a joy from generation to generation. 16“You will also suck the milk of nations, and will suck the breast of kings; then you will know that I, Yahweh, am your Savior, and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. 17“Instead of bronze I will bring gold, and instead of iron I will bring silver, and instead of wood, bronze, and instead of stones, iron. And I will make peace your administrators, and righteousness your overseers. 18“Violence will not be heard again in your land, nor devastation or destruction within your borders; but you will call your walls salvation, and your gates praise. 19“No longer will you have the sun for light by day, nor for brightness will the moon give you light; but you will have Yahweh for an enduring light, and your Almighty for your glory. 20“Your sun will set no more, neither will your moon wane; for you will have Yahweh for an enduring light, and the days of your mourning will be finished. 21“Then all your people will be righteous; they will possess the land to time immemorial, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified. 22“The smallest one will become a clan, and the least one a mighty nation. I, Yahweh, will hasten it in its time.”

Chapter 61

The Spirit of my Lord Yahweh is upon me, because Yahweh has anointed me To bring good news to the afflicted; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to captives, and freedom to prisoners; 61:2To proclaim the favorable year of Yahweh, and the day of vengeance of our Almighty; to comfort all who mourn, 3To grant those who mourn in Zion, giving them a garland instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of Yahweh, that he may be glorified. 4Then they will rebuild the enduring ruins, they will raise up the former devastations, and they will repair the ruined cities, the desolations of many generations. 5And strangers will stand and pasture your flocks, and foreigners will be your farmers and your vinedressers. 6But you will be called the priests of Yahweh; you will be spoken of as ministers of our Almighty. You will eat the wealth of nations, and in their riches you will boast. 7Instead of your shame you will have a double portion, and instead of humiliation they will shout for joy over their portion. Therefore they will possess a double portion in their land, enduring joy will be theirs. 8For I, Yahweh, love justice, I hate robbery in the whole-ascending sacrifice; and I will faithfully give them their recompense, and I will make an enduring covenant with them. 9Then their offspring will be known among the nations, and their descendants in the midst of the peoples. All who see them will recognize them Because they are the offspring whom Yahweh has blessed. 10I will rejoice greatly in Yahweh, my soul will exult in my Almighty; for he has clothed me with garments of salvation, he has wrapped me with a robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself with a garland, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels. 11For as the earth brings forth its sprouts, and as a garden causes the things sown in it to spring up, so my Lord Yahweh will cause righteousness and praise To spring up before all the nations.

Chapter 62

For Zion’s sake I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not keep quiet, until her righteousness goes forth like brightness, and her salvation like a torch that is burning. 62:2And the nations will see your righteousness, and all kings your glory; and you will be called by a new name, which the mouth of Yahweh will designate. 3You will also be a crown of beauty in the hand of Yahweh, and a royal diadem in the hand of your Almighty. 4It will no longer be said to you, “Forsaken,” Nor to your land will it any longer be said, “Desolate”; but you will be called, “My delight is in her,” And your land, “Married”; for Yahweh delights in you, and to him your land will be married. 5For as a young man marries a virgin, so your sons will marry you; and as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so your Almighty will rejoice over you. 6On your walls, Jerusalem, I have appointed watchmen; all day and all night they will never keep silent. You who remind Yahweh, take no rest for yourselves; 7And give him no rest until he establishes and makes Jerusalem a praise in the earth. 8Yahweh has sworn by his right hand and by his strong arm, “I will never again give your grain as food for your enemies; nor will foreigners drink your new wine, for which you have labored.” 9But those who garner it will eat it, and praise Yahweh; and those who gather it will drink it in the courts of my sanctuary. 10Go through, go through the gates; clear the way for the people; build up, build up the highway; remove the stones, lift up a standard over the peoples. 11Behold, Yahweh has proclaimed to the end of the earth, say to the daughter of Zion, “Lo, your salvation comes; behold his reward is with him, and his recompense before him.” 12And they will call them, “The holy people, the redeemed of Yahweh”; and you will be called, “Sought out, a city not forsaken.”

Chapter 63

Who is this who comes from Edom, with garments of glowing colors from Bozrah, this One who is majestic in his apparel, marching in the greatness of his strength? “It is I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” 63:2Why is your apparel red, and your garments like the one who treads in the wine press? 3“I have trodden the wine trough alone, and from the peoples there was no man with me. I also trod them in my anger, and trampled them in my wrath; and their lifeblood is sprinkled on my garments, and I stained all my raiment. 4“For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and my year of redemption has come. 5“And I looked, and there was no one to help, and I was astonished and there was no one to uphold; so my own arm brought salvation to me; and my wrath upheld me. 6“And I trod down the peoples in my anger, and made them drunk in my wrath, and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth.” 7I shall make mention of the lovingkindnesses of Yahweh, the praises of Yahweh, according to all that Yahweh has granted us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he has granted them according to his compassion, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses. 8For he said, “Surely, they are my people, sons who will not deal falsely.” So he became their Savior. 9In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them; in his love and in his mercy he redeemed them; and he lifted them and carried them all the days of time immemorial. 10But they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; therefore, he turned himself to become their enemy, he fought against them. 11Then his people remembered the days of time immemorial, of Moses. Where is he who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of his flock? Where is he who put his Holy Spirit in the midst of them, 12Who caused his glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses, who divided the waters before them to make for himself an enduring name, 13Who led them through the depths? Like the horse in the wilderness, they did not stumble; 14As the cattle which go down into the valley, the Spirit of Yahweh gave them rest. So did you lead your people, to make for yourself a glorious name. 15Look down from heaven, and see from your holy and glorious habitation; where are your zeal and your mighty deeds? The stirrings of your heart and your compassion are restrained toward me. 16For you are our Father, though Abraham does not know us, and Israel does not recognize us. You, Yahweh, are our Father, our Redeemer from time immemorial is your name. 17Why, Yahweh, do you cause us to stray from your ways, and harden our heart from fearing you? Return for the sake of your servants, the tribes of your heritage. 18Your holy people possessed your sanctuary for a little while, our adversaries have trodden it down. 19We existed from time immemorial; you did not take dominion over them, whom is not called your name—over them.

Chapter 64

Oh, that you wouldst rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains might quake at your presence— 64:2As fire kindles the brushwood, as fire causes water to boil—to make your name known to your adversaries, that the nations may tremble at your presence! 3When you did awesome things which we did not expect, you did come down, the mountains quaked at your presence. 4And from time immemorial they have not heard nor perceived by ear, neither has the eye seen an Almighty besides you, who acts in behalf of the one who waits for him. 5You meet with the one rejoicing in and doing justice, who remembers you in your ways. Behold, you were angry when we sinned enduringly in connection to them; and shall we be saved? 6And we become as unclean—all of us; and all our righteousness like a garment of witnesses; and all of us wither like a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away. 7And there is no one who calls on your name, who arouses himself to take hold of you; for you have hidden your face from us, and have delivered us into the power of our iniquities. 8But now, Yahweh, you are our Father, we are the clay, and you our potter; and all of us are the work of your hand. 9Do not be angry beyond measure, Yahweh, neither remember iniquity forever; behold, look now, all of us are your people. 10Your holy cities have become a wilderness, Zion has become a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation. 11Our holy and beautiful house, where our fathers praised you, has been burned by fire; and all our precious things have become a ruin. 12Wilt you restrain yourself at these things, Yahweh? Wilt you keep silent and afflict us beyond measure?

Chapter 65

“I permitted Myself to be sought by those who did not ask for me; I permitted Myself to be found by those who did not seek me. I said, ‘Here am I, here am I,’ To a nation which did not call on my name. 65:2“I have spread out my hands all day long to a rebellious people, who walk in the way which is not good, following their own thoughts, 3A people who continually provoke me to my face, offering sacrifices in gardens and burning incense on bricks; 4Who sit among graves, and spend the night in secret places; who eat swine’s flesh, and the broth of unclean meat is in their pots. 5“Who say, ‘Keep to yourself, do not come near me, for I am holier than you!’ These are smoke in my nostrils, a fire that burns all the day. 6“Behold, it is written before me, I will not keep silent, but I will repay; I will even repay into their bosom, 7Both their own iniquities and the iniquities of their fathers together,” says Yahweh. “Because they have burned incense on the mountains, and scorned me on the hills, therefore I will measure their former work into their bosom.” 8Thus says Yahweh, “As the new wine is found in the cluster, and one says, ‘Do not destroy it, for there is benefit in it,’ So I will act on behalf of my servants In order not to destroy all of them. 9“And I will bring forth offspring from Jacob, and an heir of my mountains from Judah; even my chosen ones shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there. 10“And Sharon shall be a pasture land for flocks, and the valley of Achor a resting place for herds, for my people who seek me. 11“But you who forsake Yahweh, who forget my holy mountain, who set a table for Fortune, and who fill cups with mixed wine for Destiny, 12I will destine you for the sword, and all of you shall bow down to the slaughter. Because I called, but you did not answer; I spoke, but you did not hear. And you did evil in my sight, and chose that in which I did not delight.” 13Therefore, thus says my Lord Yahweh, “Behold, my servants shall eat, but you shall be hungry. Behold, my servants shall drink, but you shall be thirsty. Behold, my servants shall rejoice, but you shall be put to shame. 14“Behold, my servants shall shout joyfully with a glad heart, but you shall cry out with a heavy heart, and you shall wail with a broken spirit. 15“And you will leave your name for a curse to my chosen ones, and my Lord Yahweh will slay you. But my servants will be called by another name. 16“Because he who is blessed in the earth Shall be blessed by the supporting Almighty; and he who swears in the earth Shall swear by the supporting Almighty; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hidden from my sight! 17“For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; and the former things shall not be remembered or come to mind. 18“But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create; for behold, I create Jerusalem for rejoicing, and her people for gladness. 19“I will also rejoice in Jerusalem, and be glad in my people; and there will no longer be heard in her The voice of weeping and the sound of crying. 20“No longer will there be in it an infant who lives but a few days, or an old man who does not live out his days; for the youth will die at the age of one hundred and the one who does not reach the age of one hundred Shall be thought accursed. 21“And they shall build houses and inhabit them; they shall also plant vineyards and eat their fruit. 22“They shall not build, and another inhabit, they shall not plant, and another eat; for as the lifetime of a tree, so shall be the days of my people, and my chosen ones shall wear out the work of their hands. 23“They shall not labor in vain, or bear children for calamity; for they are the offspring of those blessed by Yahweh, and their descendants with them. 24“It will also come to pass that before they call, I will answer; and while they are still speaking, I will hear. 25“The wolf and the lamb shall graze together, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox; and dust shall be the serpent’s food. They shall do no evil or harm in all my holy mountain,” says Yahweh.

Chapter 66

Thus says Yahweh, “Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. Where then is a house you could build for me? And where is a place that I may rest? 66:2“For my hand made all these things, thus all these things came into being,” declares Yahweh. “But to this one I will look, to him who is humble and contrite of spirit, and who trembles at my word. 3But he who kills an ox is like one who slays a man; he who sacrifices a lamb is like the one who breaks a dog’s neck; he who offers a grain offering is like one who offers swine’s blood; he who burns incense is like the one who blesses an idol. As they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delights in their abominations, 4so I will choose their punishments, and I will bring on them what they dread. Because I called, but no one answered; I spoke, but they did not listen. And they did evil in my sight, and chose that in which I did not delight.” 5Hear the word of Yahweh, you who tremble at his word: “Your brothers who hate you, who exclude you for my name’s sake, have said, ‘Let Yahweh be glorified, that we may see your joy.’ But they will be put to shame. 6“A voice of uproar from the city, a voice from the temple, the voice of Yahweh who is rendering recompense to his enemies. 7“Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she gave birth to a boy. 8“Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things? Can a land be born in one day? Can a nation be brought forth all at once? As soon as Zion travailed, she also brought forth her sons. 9“Shall I bring to the point of birth, and not give delivery?” says Yahweh. “Or shall I who gives delivery shut the womb?” says your Almighty. 10“Be joyful with Jerusalem and rejoice for her, all you who love her; be exceedingly glad with her, all you who mourn over her, 11That you may nurse and be satisfied with her comforting breasts, that you may suck and be delighted with her bountiful bosom.” 12For thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the nations like an overflowing stream; and you shall be nursed, you shall be carried on the hip and fondled on the knees. 13“As one whom his mother comforts, so I will comfort you; and you shall be comforted in Jerusalem.” 14Then you shall see this, and your heart shall be glad, and your bones shall flourish like the new grass; and the hand of Yahweh shall be made known to his servants, but he shall be indignant toward his enemies. 15For behold, Yahweh will come in fire and his chariots like the whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. 16For Yahweh will execute judgment by fire and by his sword on all flesh, and those slain by Yahweh will be many. 17“Those who sanctify and purify themselves to go to the gardens, following one in the center, who eat swine’s flesh, detestable things, and mice, shall come to an end altogether,” declares Yahweh. 18“For I know their works and their thoughts; the time is coming to gather all nations and tongues. And they shall come and see my glory. 19“And I will set a sign among them and will send survivors from them to the nations: Tarshish, Put, Lud, Meshech, Rosh, Tubal, and Javan, to the distant coastlands that have neither heard my fame nor seen my glory. And they will declare my glory among the nations. 20“Then they shall bring all your brethren from all the nations as a grain offering to Yahweh, on horses, in chariots, in litters, on mules, and on camels, to my holy mountain Jerusalem,” says Yahweh, “just as the sons of Israel bring their grain offering in a clean vessel to the house of Yahweh. 21“I will also take some of them for priests and for Levites,” says Yahweh. 22“For just as the new heavens and the new earth which I make will endure before me,” declares Yahweh, “So your offspring and your name will endure. 23“And it shall be from new moon to new moon and from sabbath to sabbath, all mankind will come to bow down before me,” says Yahweh. 24“Then they shall go forth and look on the corpses of the men who have transgressed against me. For their worm shall not die, and their fire shall not be quenched; and they shall be an abhorrence to all mankind.”