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TorahTimes Messianic Ministry

Teaching Truths about Torah, Time, and Messiah


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Jeremiah

Chapter 1

The words of Jeremiah, the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, 1:2to whom the word of Yahweh came in the days of Josiah, the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. 3It came also in the days of Jehoiakim, the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah, the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the exile of Jerusalem in the fifth month. 4Now the word of Yahweh came to me saying, 5“Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I have appointed you a prophet to the nations.” 6Then I said, “Alas, my Lord Yahweh! Behold, I do not know how to speak, because I am a youth.” 7But Yahweh said to me, “Do not say, ‘I am a youth,’ Because everywhere I send you, you shall go, and all that I command you, you shall speak. 8“Do not be afraid of them, for I am with you to deliver you,” declares Yahweh. 9Then Yahweh stretched out his hand and touched my mouth, and Yahweh said to me, “Behold, I have put my words in your mouth. 10“See, I have appointed you this day over the nations and over the kingdoms, to pluck up and to break down, to destroy and to overthrow, to build and to plant.” 11And the word of Yahweh came to me saying, “What do you see, Jeremiah?” And I said, “I see a rod of an almond tree.” 12Then Yahweh said to me, “You have seen well, for I am watching over my word to perform it.” 13And the word of Yahweh came to me a second time saying, “What do you see?” And I said, “I see a boiling pot, facing away from the north.” 14Then Yahweh said to me, “Out of the north the evil will break forth on all the inhabitants of the land. 15“For, behold, I am calling all the families of the kingdoms of the north,” declares Yahweh; “and they will come, and they will set each one his throne at the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all its walls round about, and against all the cities of Judah. 16“And I will pronounce my judgments on them concerning all their wickedness, whereby they have forsaken me and have offered sacrifices to other gods, and worshiped the works of their own hands. 17“Now, gird up your loins, and arise, and speak to them all which I command you. Do not be dismayed before them, lest I dismay you before them. 18“Now behold, I have made you today as a fortified city, and as a pillar of iron and as walls of bronze against the whole land, to the kings of Judah, to its princes, to its priests and to the people of the land. 19“And they will fight against you, but they will not overcome you, for I am with you to deliver you,” declares Yahweh.

Chapter 2

Now the word of Yahweh came to me saying, 2:2“Go and proclaim in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “I remember concerning you the devotion of your youth, the love of your betrothals, your following after me in the wilderness, through a land not sown. 3“Israel was holy to Yahweh, the first of his harvest; all who ate of it became guilty; evil came upon them,” declares Yahweh.’” 4Hear the word of Yahweh, house of Jacob, and all the families of the house of Israel. 5Thus says Yahweh, “What injustice did your fathers find in me, that they went far from me and walked after emptiness and became empty? 6“And they did not say, ‘Where is Yahweh who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, who led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought and of deep darkness, through a land that no one crossed and where no man dwelt?’ 7“And I brought you into the fruitful land, to eat its fruit and its good things. But you came and defiled my land, and my inheritance you made an abomination. 8“The priests did not say, ‘Where is Yahweh?’ And those who handle the Law did not know me; the rulers also transgressed against me, and the prophets prophesied by Baal and walked after things that did not profit. 9“Therefore I will yet contend with you,” declares Yahweh, “And with your sons’ sons I will contend. 10“For cross to the coastlands of Kittim and see, and send to Kedar and observe closely, and see if there has been such a thing as this! 11“Has a nation changed gods, when they were not gods? But my people have changed my glory for that which does not profit. 12“Be appalled, heavens, at this, and shudder, be very desolate,” declares Yahweh. 13“For my people have committed two evils: they have forsaken me, the fountain of living waters, to hew for themselves cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water. 14“Is Israel a slave? Or is he a homeborn servant? Why has he become a prey? 15“The young lions have roared at him, they have roared loudly. And they have made his land a waste; his cities have been destroyed, without inhabitant. 16“Also the men of Memphis and Tahpanhes Have shaved the crown of your head. 17“Have you not done this to yourself, by your forsaking Yahweh your Almighty, when he led you in the way? 18“But now what are you doing on the road to Egypt, to drink the waters of the Nile? Or what are you doing on the road to Assyria, to drink the waters of the Euphrates? 19“Your own wickedness will correct you, and your apostasies will reprove you; know therefore and see that it is evil and bitter For you to forsake Yahweh your Almighty, and the dread of me is not in you,” declares my Lord Yahweh of hosts. 20“From time immemorial I broke your yoke and tore off your bonds; but you said, ‘I will not serve!’ For on every high hill and under every green tree you have lain down as a harlot. 21“Yet I planted you a choice vine, a completely faithful seed. How then have you turned yourself before me Into the degenerate shoots of a foreign vine? 22“Although you wash yourself with lye and use much soap, the stain of your iniquity is before me,” declares my Lord Yahweh. 23“How can you say, ‘I am not defiled, I have not gone after the Baals ‘? Look at your way in the valley! Know what you have done! You are a swift young camel entangling her ways, 24A wild donkey accustomed to the wilderness, that sniffs the wind in her passion. In the time of her heat who can turn her away? All who seek her will not become weary; in her month they will find her. 25“Keep your feet from being unshod and your throat from thirst; but you said, ‘It is hopeless! No! For I have loved strangers, and after them I will walk.’ 26“As the thief is shamed when he is discovered, so the house of Israel is shamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests, and their prophets, 27Who say to a tree, ‘You are my father,’ And to a stone, ‘You gave me birth.’ For they have turned their back to me, and not their face; but in the time of their trouble they will say, ‘Arise and save us.’ 28“But where are your gods which you made for yourself? Let them arise, if they can save you In the time of your trouble; for according to the number of your cities Are your gods, Judah. 29“Why do you contend with me? You have all transgressed against me,” declares Yahweh. 30“In vain I have struck your sons; they accepted no chastening. Your sword has devoured your prophets Like a destroying lion. 31“Generation, heed the word of Yahweh. Have I been a wilderness to Israel, or a land of thick darkness? Why do my people say, ‘We are free to roam; we will come no more to you’? 32“Can a virgin forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? Yet my people have forgotten me Days without number. 33“How well you prepare your way To seek love! Therefore even the wicked women you have taught your ways. 34“Also on your skirts is found The lifeblood of the innocent poor; you did not find them breaking in. But in spite of all these things, 35Yet you said, ‘I am innocent; surely his anger is turned away from me.’ Behold, I will enter into judgment with you Because you say, ‘I have not sinned.’ 36“Why do you go around so much Changing your way? Also, you shall be put to shame by Egypt As you were put to shame by Assyria. 37“From this place also you shall go out with your hands on your head; for Yahweh has rejected those in whom you trust, and you shall not prosper with them.”

Chapter 3

The Almighty says, “If a husband divorces his wife, and she goes from him, and belongs to another man, will he still return to her? Will not that land be completely polluted? But you are a harlot with many lovers; yet you turn to me,” declares Yahweh. 3:2“Lift up your eyes to the bare heights and see; where have you not been violated? By the roads you have sat for them Like an Arab in the desert, and you have polluted a land with your harlotry and with your wickedness. 3“Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there has been no spring rain. Yet you had a harlot’s forehead; you refused to be ashamed. 4“Have you not just now called to me, ‘My Father, you are the friend of my youth? 5‘Will he be angry to time immemorial? Will he be indignant to the end?’ Behold, you have spoken and have done evil things, and you have had your way.” 6Then Yahweh said to me in the days of Josiah the king, “Have you seen what faithless Israel did? She went up on every high hill and under every green tree, and she was a harlot there. 7“And I thought, ‘After she has done all these things, she will return to me’; but she did not return, and her treacherous sister Judah saw it. 8“And I saw that for all the adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a writ of divorce, yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and was a harlot also. 9“And it came about because of the lightness of her harlotry, that she polluted the land and committed adultery with stones and trees. 10“And yet in spite of all this her treacherous sister Judah did not return to me with all her heart, but rather in deception,” declares Yahweh. 11And Yahweh said to me, “Faithless Israel has proved herself more righteous than treacherous Judah. 12“Go, and proclaim these words toward the north and say, ‘Return, faithless Israel,’ declares Yahweh; ‘I will not look upon you in anger. For I am gracious,’ declares Yahweh; ‘I will not be angry to time immemorial. 13‘Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you have transgressed against Yahweh your Almighty and have scattered your favors to the strangers under every green tree, and you have not obeyed my voice,’ declares Yahweh. 14‘Return, faithless sons,’ declares Yahweh; ‘For I am a master to you, and I will take you one from a city and two from a family, and I will bring you to Zion.’ 15“Then I will give you shepherds after my own heart, who will feed you on knowledge and understanding. 16“And it shall be in those days when you are multiplied and increased in the land,” declares Yahweh, “they shall say no more, ‘The ark of the covenant of Yahweh.’ And it shall not come to mind, nor shall they remember it, nor shall they miss it, nor shall it be made again. 17“At that time they shall call Jerusalem ‘The Throne of Yahweh,’ and all the nations will be gathered to it, to Jerusalem, for the name of Yahweh; nor shall they walk anymore after the stubbornness of their evil heart. 18“In those days the house of Judah will walk with the house of Israel, and they will come together from the land of the north to the land that I gave your fathers as an inheritance. 19“Then I said, ‘How I would set you among my sons, and give you a pleasant land, the most beautiful inheritance of the nations!’ And I said, ‘You shall call me, my Father, and not turn away from following me.’ 20“Surely, as a woman treacherously departs from her lover, so you have dealt treacherously with me, house of Israel,” declares Yahweh. 21A voice is heard on the bare heights, the weeping and the supplications of the sons of Israel; because they have perverted their way, they have forgotten Yahweh their Almighty. 22“Return, faithless sons, I will heal your faithlessness.” “Behold, we come to you; for you are Yahweh our Almighty. 23“Surely, the hills are a deception, a tumult on the mountains. Surely, in Yahweh our Almighty is the salvation of Israel. 24“But the shameful thing has consumed the labor of our fathers since our youth, their flocks and their herds, their sons and their daughters. 25“Let us lie down in our shame, and let our humiliation cover us; for we have sinned against Yahweh our Almighty, we and our fathers, since our youth even to this day. And we have not obeyed the voice of Yahweh our Almighty.”

Chapter 4

“IF you will return, Israel,” declares Yahweh, “ Then you should return to me. And if you will put away your detested things from my presence, and will not waver, 4:2And you will swear, ‘As Yahweh lives,’ In truth, in justice, and in righteousness; then the nations will bless themselves in him, and in him they will glory.” 3For thus says Yahweh to the men of Judah and to Jerusalem, “Break up your fallow ground, and do not sow among thorns. 4“Circumcise yourselves to Yahweh remove the foreskins of your heart, men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem, lest my wrath go forth like fire and burn with none to quench it, because of the evil of your deeds.” 5Declare in Judah and proclaim in Jerusalem, and say, “Blow the trumpet in the land; cry aloud and say, ‘Assemble yourselves, and let us go Into the fortified cities.’ 6“Lift up a standard toward Zion! Seek refuge, do not stand still, for I am bringing evil from the north, and great destruction. 7“A lion has gone up from his thicket, and a destroyer of nations has set out; he has gone out from his place To make your land a waste. Your cities will be ruins without inhabitant. 8“For this, put on sackcloth, lament and wail; for the fierce anger of Yahweh Has not turned back from us.” 9“And it shall come about in that day,” declares Yahweh, “that the heart of the king and the heart of the princes will fail; and the priests will be appalled, and the prophets will be astounded.” 10Then I said, “Ah, my Lord Yahweh! Surely you have utterly deceived this people and Jerusalem, saying, ‘You will have peace’; whereas a sword touches the throat.” 11In that time it will be said to this people and to Jerusalem, “A scorching wind from the bare heights in the wilderness in the direction of the daughter of my people—not to winnow, and not to cleanse, 12a wind too strong for this—will come at my command; now I will also pronounce judgments against them. 13“Behold, he goes up like clouds, and his chariots like the whirlwind; his horses are swifter than eagles. Woe to us, for we are ruined!” 14Wash your heart from evil, Jerusalem, that you may be saved. How long will your wicked thoughts Lodge within you? 15For a voice declares from Dan, and proclaims wickedness from Mount Ephraim. 16“Report it to the nations, now! Proclaim over Jerusalem, ‘Besiegers come from a far country, and lift their voices against the cities of Judah. 17‘Like watchmen of a field they are against her round about, because she has rebelled against me,’ declares Yahweh. 18“Your ways and your deeds Have brought these things to you. This is your evil. How bitter! How it has touched your heart!” 19My soul, my soul! I am in anguish! Oh, my heart! My heart is pounding in me; I cannot be silent, because you have heard, my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war. 20Disaster on disaster is proclaimed, for the whole land is devastated; suddenly my tents are devastated, my curtains in an instant. 21How long must I see the standard, and hear the sound of the trumpet? 22“For my people are foolish, they know me not; they are stupid children, and they have no understanding. They are shrewd to do evil, but to do good they do not know.” 23I looked on the earth, and behold, it was formless and void; and to the heavens, and they had no light. 24I looked on the mountains, and behold, they were quaking, and all the hills moved to and fro. 25I looked, and behold, there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens had fled. 26I looked, and behold, the fruitful land was a wilderness, and all its cities were pulled down Before Yahweh, before his fierce anger. 27For thus says Yahweh, “The whole land shall be a desolation, yet I will not execute a complete destruction. 28“For this the earth shall mourn, and the heavens above be dark, because I have spoken, I have purposed, and I will not change my mind, nor will I turn from it.” 29At the sound of the horseman and bowman every city flees; they go into the thickets and climb among the rocks; every city is forsaken, and no man dwells in them. 30And you, desolate one, what will you do? Although you dress in scarlet, although you decorate yourself with ornaments of gold, although you enlarge your eyes with paint, in vain you make yourself beautiful; your lovers despise you; they seek your life. 31For I heard a cry as of a woman in labor, the anguish as of one giving birth to her first child, the cry of the daughter of Zion gasping for breath, stretching out her hands, saying, “Ah, woe is me, for I faint before murderers.”

Chapter 5

“Roam to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and look now, and take note. And seek in her open squares, if you can find a man, if there is one who does justice, who seeks truth, then I will pardon her. 5:2“And although they say, ‘As Yahweh lives,’ Surely they swear falsely.” 3Yahweh, do not your eyes look for truth? You have smitten them, but they did not weaken; you have consumed them, but they refused to take correction. They have made their faces harder than rock; they have refused to repent. 4Then I said, “They are only the poor, they are foolish; for they do not know the way of Yahweh or the ordinance of their Almighty. 5“I will go to the great and will speak to them, for they know the way of Yahweh, and the ordinance of their Almighty.” But they too, with one accord, have broken the yoke and burst the bonds. 6Therefore a lion from the forest shall slay them, a wolf of the deserts shall destroy them, a leopard is watching their cities. Everyone who goes out of them shall be torn in pieces, because their transgressions are many, their apostasies are numerous. 7“Why should I pardon you? Your sons have forsaken me and sworn by those who are not gods. When I had fed them to the full, they committed adultery and trooped to the harlot’s house. 8“They were well-fed lusty horses, each one neighing after his neighbor’s wife. 9“Shall I not punish these people,” declares Yahweh, “And on a nation such as this Shall I not avenge Myself? 10“Go up through her vine rows and destroy, but do not execute a complete destruction; strip away her branches, for they are not Yahweh’s. 11“For the house of Israel and the house of Judah Have dealt very treacherously with me,” declares Yahweh. 12They have lied about Yahweh said, “Not he; misfortune will not come on us; and we will not see sword or famine. 13“And the prophets are as wind, and the word is not in them. Thus it will be done to them!” 14Therefore, thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of hosts, “Because you have spoken this word, behold, I am making my words in your mouth fire and this people wood, and it will consume them. 15“Behold, I am bringing a nation against you from afar, house of Israel,” declares Yahweh. “It is an enduring nation, it is a nation from time immemorial, a nation whose language you do not know, nor can you understand what they say. 16“Their quiver is like an open grave, all of them are mighty men. 17“And they will devour your harvest and your food; they will devour your sons and your daughters; they will devour your flocks and your herds; they will devour your vines and your fig trees; they will demolish with the sword your fortified cities in which you trust. 18“Yet even in those days,” declares Yahweh, “I will not make you a complete destruction. 19“And it shall come about when they say, ‘Why has Yahweh our Almighty done all these things to us?’ then you shall say to them, ‘As you have forsaken me and served foreign gods in your land, so you shall serve strangers in a land that is not yours.’ 20“Declare this in the house of Jacob and proclaim it in Judah, saying, 21‘Hear this, foolish and senseless people, who have eyes, but see not; who have ears, but hear not. 22‘Do you not fear me?’ declares Yahweh. ‘Do you not tremble in my presence? For I have placed the sand as a boundary for the sea, an enduring decree, so it cannot cross over it. Though the waves toss, yet they cannot prevail; though they roar, yet they cannot cross over it. 23‘But this people has a stubborn and rebellious heart; they have turned aside and departed. 24‘They do not say in their heart, “Let us now fear Yahweh our Almighty, who gives rain in its season, both the autumn rain and the spring rain, who keeps for us The appointed weeks of the harvest.” 25‘Your iniquities have turned these away, and your sins have withheld good from you. 26‘For wicked men are found among my people, they watch like fowlers lying in wait; they set a trap, they catch men. 27‘Like a cage full of birds, so their houses are full of deceit; therefore they have become great and rich. 28‘They are fat, they are sleek, they also excel in deeds of wickedness; they do not plead the cause, the cause of the orphan, that they may prosper; and they do not defend the rights of the poor. 29‘Shall I not punish these people? ’ declares Yahweh, ‘On a nation such as this Shall I not avenge Myself?’ 30“An appalling and horrible thing Has happened in the land: 31The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests rule on their own authority; and my people love it so! But what will you do at the end of it?

Chapter 6

“Flee for safety, sons of Benjamin, from the midst of Jerusalem! Now blow a trumpet in Tekoa, and raise a signal over Beth-haccerem; for evil looks down from the north, and a great destruction. 6:2“The comely and dainty one, the daughter of Zion, I will cut off. 3“Shepherds and their flocks will come to her, they will pitch their tents around her, they will pasture each in his place. 4“Prepare war against her; arise, and let us attack at noon. Woe to us, for the day declines, for the shadows of the evening lengthen! 5“Arise, and let us attack by night and destroy her palaces!” 6For thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Cut down her trees, and cast up a siege against Jerusalem. This is the city to be punished, in whose midst there is only oppression. 7“As a well keeps its waters fresh, so she keeps fresh her wickedness. Violence and destruction are heard in her; sickness and wounds are ever before me. 8“Be warned, Jerusalem, lest I be alienated from you; lest I make you a desolation, a land not inhabited.” 9Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “They will thoroughly glean as the vine the remnant of Israel; pass your hand again like a grape gatherer Over the branches.” 10To whom shall I speak and give warning, that they may hear? Behold, their ears are closed, and they cannot listen. Behold, the word of Yahweh has become a reproach to them; they have no delight in it. 11But I am full of the wrath of Yahweh: I am weary with holding it in. “Pour it out on the children in the street, and on the gathering of young men together; for both husband and wife shall be taken, the aged and the very old. 12“And their houses shall be turned over to others, their fields and their wives together; for I will stretch out my hand Against the inhabitants of the land,” declares Yahweh. 13“For from the least of them even to the greatest of them, everyone is greedy for gain, and from the prophet even to the priest Everyone deals falsely. 14“And they have healed the brokenness of my people superficially, saying, ‘Peace, peace,’ But there is no peace. 15“Were they ashamed because of the abomination they have done? They were not even ashamed at all; they did not even know how to blush. Therefore they shall fall among those who fall; at the time that I punish them, they shall be cast down,” says Yahweh. 16Thus says Yahweh, “Stand by the ways and see and ask for the enduring paths, where the good way is, and walk in it; and you shall find rest for your souls. But they said, ‘We will not walk in it.’ 17“And I set watchmen over you, saying, ‘Listen to the sound of the trumpet!’ But they said, ‘We will not listen.’ 18“Therefore hear, nations, and know, congregation, what is among them. 19“Hear, earth: behold, I am bringing disaster on this people, the fruit of their plans, because they have not listened to my words, and as for my Law, they have rejected it also. 20“For what purpose does frankincense come to me from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a distant land? Your whole-ascending sacrifices are not acceptable, and your sacrifices are not pleasing to me.” 21Therefore, thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am laying stumbling blocks before this people. And they will stumble against them, fathers and sons together; neighbor and friend will perish.” 22Thus says Yahweh, “Behold, a people is coming from the north land, and a great nation will be aroused from the remote parts of the earth. 23“They seize bow and spear; they are cruel and have no mercy; their voice roars like the sea, and they ride on horses, arrayed as a man for the battle Against you, daughter of Zion!” 24We have heard the report of it; our hands are limp. Anguish has seized us, pain as of a woman in childbirth. 25Do not go out into the field, and do not walk on the road, for the enemy has a sword, terror is on every side. 26Daughter of my people, put on sackcloth and roll in ashes; mourn as for an only son, a lamentation most bitter. For suddenly the destroyer will come upon us. 27“I have made you an assayer and a tester among my people, that you may know and assay their way.” 28All of them are stubbornly rebellious, going about as a talebearer. They are bronze and iron; they, all of them, are corrupt. 29The bellows blow fiercely, the lead is consumed by the fire; in vain the refining goes on, but the wicked are not separated. 30They call them rejected silver, because Yahweh has rejected them.

Chapter 7

The word that came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying, 7:2“Stand in the gate of Yahweh’s house and proclaim there this word, and say, ‘Hear the word of Yahweh, all you of Judah, who enter by these gates to worship Yahweh!’” 3Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Amend your ways and your deeds, and I will let you dwell in this place. 4“Do not trust in deceptive words, saying, ‘This is the temple of Yahweh, the temple of Yahweh, the temple of Yahweh.’ 5“For if you truly amend your ways and your deeds, if you truly practice justice between a man and his neighbor, 6if you do not oppress the alien, the orphan, or the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place, nor walk after other gods to your own ruin, 7then I will let you dwell in this place, in the land that I gave to your fathers from time immemorial and onward of time immemorial. 8“Behold, you are trusting in deceptive words to no avail. 9“Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and offer sacrifices to Baal, and walk after other gods that you have not known, 10then come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, ‘We are delivered!’—that you may do all these abominations? 11“Has this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your sight? Behold, I, even I, have seen it, ” declares Yahweh. 12“But go now to my place which was in Shiloh, where I made my name dwell at the first, and see what I did to it because of the wickedness of my people Israel. 13“And now, because you have done all these things,” declares Yahweh, “and I spoke to you, rising up early and speaking, but you did not hear, and I called you but you did not answer, 14therefore, I will do to the house which is called by my name, in which you trust, and to the place which I gave you and your fathers, as I did to Shiloh. 15“And I will cast you out of my sight, as I have cast out all your brothers, all the offspring of Ephraim. 16“As for you, do not pray for this people, and do not lift up cry or prayer for them, and do not intercede with me; for I do not hear you. 17“Do you not see what they are doing in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 18“The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead dough to make cakes for the queen of heaven; and they pour out libations to other gods in order to spite me. 19“Do they spite me?” declares Yahweh. “Is it not themselves they spite, to their own shame?” 20Therefore thus says my Lord Yahweh, “Behold, my anger and my wrath will be poured out on this place, on man and on beast and on the trees of the field and on the fruit of the ground; and it will burn and not be quenched.” 21Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Add your whole-ascending sacrifices to your sacrifices and eat flesh. 22“For I did not speak to your fathers, or command them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning whole-ascending sacrifices and sacrifices. 23“But this is what I commanded them, saying, ‘Obey my voice, and I will be your Almighty, and you will be my people; and you will walk in all the way which I command you, that it may be well with you.’ 24“Yet they did not obey or incline their ear, but walked in their own counsels and in the stubbornness of their evil heart, and went backward and not forward. 25“Since the day that your fathers came out of the land of Egypt until this day, I have sent you all my servants the prophets, daily rising early and sending them. 26“Yet they did not listen to me or incline their ear, but stiffened their neck; they did evil more than their fathers. 27“And you shall speak all these words to them, but they will not listen to you; and you shall call to them, but they will not answer you. 28“And you shall say to them, ‘This is the nation that did not obey the voice of Yahweh their Almighty or accept correction; truth has perished and has been cut off from their mouth. 29‘Cut off your hair and cast it away, and take up a lamentation on the bare heights; for Yahweh has rejected and forsaken The generation of his wrath.’ 30“For the sons of Judah have done that which is evil in my sight,” declares Yahweh, “they have set their detestable things in the house which is called by my name, to defile it. 31“And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, and it did not come into my mind. 32“Therefore, behold, days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when it will no more be called Topheth, or the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of the Slaughter; for they will bury in Topheth because there is no other place. 33“And the dead bodies of this people will be food for the birds of the sky, and for the beasts of the earth; and no one will frighten them away. 34“Then I will make to cease from the cities of Judah and from the streets of Jerusalem the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride; for the land will become a ruin.

Chapter 8

“AT that time,” declares Yahweh, “they will bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of its princes, and the bones of the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem from their graves. 8:2“And they will spread them out to the sun, the moon, and to all the host of heaven, which they have loved, and which they have served, and which they have gone after, and which they have sought, and which they have worshiped. They will not be gathered or buried; they will be as dung on the face of the ground. 3“And death will be chosen rather than life by all the remnant that remains of this evil family, that remains in all the places to which I have driven them,” declares Yahweh of hosts. 4“And you shall say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Do men fall and not get up again? Does one turn away and not repent? 5“Why then has this people, Jerusalem, turned away in continual apostasy? They hold fast to deceit, they refuse to return. 6“I have listened and heard, they have spoken what is not right; no man repented of his wickedness, saying, ‘What have I done?’ Everyone turned to his course, like a horse charging into the battle. 7“Even the stork in the sky Knows her seasons; and the turtledove and the swift and the thrush Observe the time of their migration; but my people do not know The ordinance of Yahweh. 8“How can you say, ‘We are wise, and the Law of Yahweh is with us’? But behold, the lying pen of the scribes Has made it into a lie. 9“The wise men are put to shame, they are dismayed and caught; behold, they have rejected the word of Yahweh, and what kind of wisdom do they have? 10“Therefore I will give their wives to others, their fields to new owners; because from the least even to the greatest Everyone is greedy for gain; from the prophet even to the priest Everyone practices deceit. 11“And they heal the brokenness of the daughter of my people superficially, saying, ‘Peace, peace,’ But there is no peace. 12“Were they ashamed because of the abomination they had done? They certainly were not ashamed, and they did not know how to blush; therefore they shall fall among those who fall; at the time of their punishment they shall be brought down,” Declares Yahweh. 13“I will surely snatch them away,” declares Yahweh; “There will be no grapes on the vine, and no figs on the fig tree, and the leaf shall wither; and what I have given them shall pass away.”’” 14Why are we sitting still? Assemble yourselves, and let us go into the fortified cities, and let us perish there, because Yahweh our Almighty has doomed us and given us poisoned water to drink, for we have sinned against Yahweh. 15We waited for peace, but no good came; for a time of healing, but behold, terror! 16From Dan is heard the snorting of his horses; at the sound of the neighing of his stallions The whole land quakes; for they come and devour the land and its fulness, the city and its inhabitants. 17“For behold, I am sending serpents against you, adders, for which there is no charm, and they will bite you,” declares Yahweh. 18My sorrow is beyond healing, my heart is faint within me! 19Behold, listen! The cry of the daughter of my people from a distant land: “Is Yahweh not in Zion? Is her King not within her?” “Why have they provoked me with their graven images, with foreign idols?” 20“Harvest is past, summer is ended, and we are not saved.” 21For the brokenness of the daughter of my people I am broken; I mourn, dismay has taken hold of me. 22Is there no balm in Gilead? Is there no physician there? Why then has not the health of the daughter of my people been restored?

Chapter 9

OH, that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people! 9:2That I had in the desert a wayfarers’ lodging place; that I might leave my people, and go from them! For all of them are adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men. 3“And they bend their tongue like their bow; lies and not truth prevail in the land; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they do not know me,” declares Yahweh. 4“Let everyone be on guard against his neighbor, and do not trust any brother; because every brother deals craftily, and every neighbor goes about as a slanderer. 5“And everyone deceives his neighbor, and does not speak the truth, they have taught their tongue to speak lies; they weary themselves committing iniquity. 6“Your dwelling is in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me,” declares Yahweh. 7Therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Behold, I will refine them and assay them; for what else can I do, because of the daughter of my people? 8“Their tongue is a deadly arrow; it speaks deceit; with his mouth one speaks peace to his neighbor, but inwardly he sets an ambush for him. 9“Shall I not punish them for these things?” declares Yahweh. “On a nation such as this Shall I not avenge Myself? 10“For the mountains I will take up a weeping and wailing, and for the pastures of the wilderness a dirge, because they are laid waste, so that no one passes through, and the lowing of the cattle is not heard; both the birds of the sky and the beasts have fled; they are gone. 11“And I will make Jerusalem a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals; and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant.” 12Who is the wise man that may understand this? And who is he to whom the mouth of Yahweh has spoken, that he may declare it? Why is the land ruined, laid waste like a desert, so that no one passes through? 13And Yahweh said, “Because they have forsaken my Law which I set before them, and have not obeyed my voice nor walked according to it, 14but have walked after the stubbornness of their heart and after the Baals, as their fathers taught them,” 15therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “behold, I will feed them, this people, with wormwood and give them poisoned water to drink. 16“And I will scatter them among the nations, whom neither they nor their fathers have known; and I will send the sword after them until I have annihilated them.” 17Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Consider and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for the wailing women, that they may come! 18“And let them make haste, and take up a wailing for us, that our eyes may shed tears, and our eyelids flow with water. 19“For a voice of wailing is heard from Zion, ‘How are we ruined! We are put to great shame, for we have left the land, because they have cast down our dwellings.’” 20Now hear the word of Yahweh, you women, and let your ear receive the word of his mouth; teach your daughters wailing, and everyone her neighbor a dirge. 21For death has come up through our windows; it has entered our palaces To cut off the children from the streets, the young men from the town squares. 22Speak, “Thus declares Yahweh, ‘The corpses of men will fall like dung on the open field, and like the sheaf after the reaper, but no one will gather them.’” 23Thus says Yahweh, “Let not a wise man boast of his wisdom, and let not the mighty man boast of his might, let not a rich man boast of his riches; 24but let him who boasts boast of this, that he understands and knows me, that I am Yahweh who exercises lovingkindness, justice, and righteousness on earth; for I delight in these things,” declares Yahweh. 25“Behold, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “that I will punish all who are circumcised and yet uncircumcised— 26Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the sons of Ammon, and Moab, and all those inhabiting the desert who clip the hair on their temples; for all the nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised of heart.”

Chapter 10

Hear the word which Yahweh speaks to you, house of Israel. 10:2Thus says Yahweh, “Do not learn the way of the nations, and do not be terrified by the signs of the heavens Although the nations are terrified by them; 3For the customs of the peoples are delusion; because it is wood cut from the forest, the work of the hands of a craftsman with a cutting tool. 4“They decorate it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers So that it will not totter. 5“Like a scarecrow in a cucumber field are they, and they cannot speak; they must be carried, because they cannot walk! Do not fear them, for they can do no harm, nor can they do any good.” 6There is none like you, Yahweh; you are great, and great is your name in might. 7Who would not fear you, King of the nations? Indeed it is your due! For among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, there is none like you. 8But they are altogether stupid and foolish In their discipline of delusion—their idol is wood! 9Beaten silver is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of a craftsman and of the hands of a goldsmith; violet and purple are their clothing; they are all the work of skilled men. 10But Yahweh is the true Almighty; he is the living Almighty and the enduring King. At his wrath the earth quakes, and the nations cannot endure his indignation. 11Thus you shall say to them, “The gods that did not make the heavens and the earth shall perish from the earth and from under the heavens.” 12It is he who made the earth by his power, who established the world by his wisdom; and by his understanding he has stretched out the heavens. 13When he utters his voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and he causes the clouds to ascend from the end of the earth; he makes lightning for the rain, and brings out the wind from his storehouses. 14Every man is stupid, devoid of knowledge; every goldsmith is put to shame by his idols; for his molten images are deceitful, and there is no breath in them. 15They are worthless, a work of mockery; in the time of their punishment they will perish. 16The portion of Jacob is not like these; for the Maker of all is he, and Israel is the tribe of his inheritance; Yahweh of hosts is his name. 17Pick up your bundle from the ground, you who dwell under siege! 18For thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am slinging out the inhabitants of the land at this time, and will cause them distress, that they may be found.” 19Woe is me, because of my injury! My wound is incurable. But I said, “Truly this is a sickness, and I must bear it.” 20My tent is destroyed, and all my ropes are broken; my sons have gone from me and are no more. There is no one to stretch out my tent again or to set up my curtains. 21For the shepherds have become stupid and have not sought Yahweh; therefore they have not prospered, and all their flock is scattered. 22The sound of a report! Behold, it comes—A great commotion out of the land of the north—To make the cities of Judah A desolation, a haunt of jackals. 23I know, Yahweh, that a man’s way is not in himself; nor is it in a man who walks to direct his steps. 24Correct me, Yahweh, but with justice; not with your anger, lest you bring me to nothing. 25Pour out your wrath on the nations that do not know you, and on the families that do not call your name; for they have devoured Jacob; they have devoured him and consumed him, and have laid waste his habitation.

Chapter 11

The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying, 11:2“Hear the words of this covenant, and speak to the men of Judah and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem; 3and say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, “Cursed is the man who does not heed the words of this covenant 4which I commanded your forefathers in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, ‘Listen to my voice, and do according to all which I command you; so you shall be my people, and I will be your Almighty,’ 5in order to confirm the oath which I swore to your forefathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as it is this day.”’” Then I answered and said, “Amæn, Yahweh.” 6And Yahweh said to me, “Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Hear the words of this covenant and do them. 7‘For I solemnly warned your fathers in the day that I brought them up from the land of Egypt, even to this day, warning persistently, saying, “Listen to my voice.” 8‘Yet they did not obey or incline their ear, but walked, each one, in the stubbornness of his evil heart; therefore I brought on them all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do, but they did not.’” 9Then Yahweh said to me, “A conspiracy has been found among the men of Judah and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 10“They have turned back to the iniquities of their ancestors who refused to hear my words, and they have gone after other gods to serve them; the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers.” 11Therefore thus says Yahweh, “Behold I am bringing disaster on them which they will not be able to escape; though they will cry to me, yet I will not listen to them. 12“Then the cities of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem will go and cry to the gods to whom they burn incense, but they surely will not save them in the time of their disaster. 13“For your gods are as many as your cities, Judah; and as many as the streets of Jerusalem are the altars you have set up to the shameful thing, altars to burn incense to Baal. 14“Therefore do not pray for this people, nor lift up a cry or prayer for them; for I will not listen when they call to me because of their disaster. 15“What right has my beloved in my house when she has done many vile deeds? Can the sacrificial flesh take away from you your disaster, so that you can rejoice?” 16Yahweh called your name, “A green olive tree, beautiful in fruit and form”; with the noise of a great tumult he has kindled fire on it, and its branches are worthless. 17And Yahweh of hosts, who planted you, has pronounced evil against you because of the evil of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have done to provoke me by offering up sacrifices to Baal. 18Moreover, Yahweh made it known to me and I knew it; then you did show me their deeds. 19But I was like a gentle lamb led to the slaughter; and I did not know that they had devised plots against me, saying, “Let us destroy the tree with its fruit, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name be remembered no more.” 20But, Yahweh of hosts, who judges righteously, who tries the feelings and the heart, let me see your vengeance on them, for to you have I committed my cause. 21Therefore thus says Yahweh concerning the men of Anathoth, who seek your life, saying, “Do not prophesy in the name of Yahweh, that you might not die at our hand”; 22therefore, thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Behold, I am about to punish them! The young men will die by the sword, their sons and daughters will die by famine; 23and a remnant will not be left to them, for I will bring disaster on the men of Anathoth—the year of their punishment.”

Chapter 12

Righteous are you, Yahweh, that I would plead my case with you; indeed I would discuss matters of justice with you: why has the way of the wicked prospered? Why are all those who deal in treachery at ease? 12:2You have planted them, they have also taken root; they grow, they have even produced fruit. You are near to their lips But far from their mind. 3But you knowest me, Yahweh; you seest me; and you examine my heart’s attitude toward you. Drag them off like sheep for the slaughter and set them apart for a day of carnage! 4How long is the land to mourn and the vegetation of the countryside to wither? For the wickedness of those who dwell in it, animals and birds have been snatched away, because men have said, “He will not see our latter ending.” 5“If you have run with footmen and they have tired you out, then how can you compete with horses? If you fall down in a land of peace, how will you do in the thicket of the Jordan? 6“For even your brothers and the household of your father, even they have dealt treacherously with you, even they have cried aloud after you. Do not put any support in them, although they may say nice things to you.” 7“I have forsaken my house, I have abandoned my inheritance; I have given the beloved of my soul Into the hand of her enemies. 8“My inheritance has become to me Like a lion in the forest; she has roared against me; therefore I have come to hate her. 9“Is my inheritance like a speckled bird of prey to me? Are the birds of prey against her on every side? Go, gather all the beasts of the field, bring them to devour! 10“Many shepherds have ruined my vineyard, they have trampled down my field; they have made my pleasant field A desolate wilderness. 11“It has been made a desolation, desolate, it mourns before me; the whole land has been made desolate, because no man lays it to heart. 12“On all the bare heights in the wilderness Destroyers have come, for a sword of Yahweh is devouring from one end of the land even to the other; there is no peace for anyone. 13“They have sown wheat and have reaped thorns, they have strained themselves to no profit. But be ashamed of your harvest Because of the fierce anger of Yahweh.” 14Thus says Yahweh concerning all my wicked neighbors who strike at the inheritance with which I have endowed my people Israel, “Behold I am about to uproot them from their land and will uproot the house of Judah from among them. 15“And it will come about that after I have uprooted them, I will again have compassion on them; and I will bring them back, each one to his inheritance and each one to his land. 16“Then it will come about that if they will really learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name, ‘As Yahweh lives,’ even as they taught my people to swear by Baal, then they will be built up in the midst of my people. 17“But if they will not listen, then I will uproot that nation, uproot and destroy it,” declares Yahweh.

Chapter 13

Thus Yahweh said to me, “Go and buy yourself a linen waistband, and put it around your waist, but do not put it in water.” 13:2So I bought the waistband in accordance with the word of Yahweh and put it around my waist. 3Then the word of Yahweh came to me a second time, saying, 4“Take the waistband that you have bought, which is around your waist, and arise, go to the Euphrates and hide it there in a crevice of the rock.” 5So I went and hid it by the Euphrates, as Yahweh had commanded me. 6And it came about after many days that Yahweh said to me, “Arise, go to the Euphrates and take from there the waistband which I commanded you to hide there.” 7Then I went to the Euphrates and dug, and I took the waistband from the place where I had hidden it; and lo, the waistband was ruined, it was totally worthless. 8Then the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, 9“Thus says Yahweh, ‘Just so will I destroy the pride of Judah and the great pride of Jerusalem. 10‘This wicked people, who refuse to listen to my words, who walk in the stubbornness of their hearts and have gone after other gods to serve them and to bow down to them, let them be just like this waistband, which is totally worthless. 11‘For as the waistband clings to the waist of a man, so I made the whole household of Israel and the whole household of Judah cling to me,’ declares Yahweh, ‘that they might be for me a people, for renown, for praise, and for glory; but they did not listen.’ 12“Therefore you are to speak this word to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, “Every jug is to be filled with wine.”‘ And when they say to you, ‘Do we not very well know that every jug is to be filled with wine?’ 13then say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Behold I am about to fill all the inhabitants of this land—the kings that sit for David on his throne, the priests, the prophets and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem—with drunkenness! 14“And I will dash them against each other, both the fathers and the sons together,” declares Yahweh. “I will not show pity nor be sorry nor have compassion that I should not destroy them.”’” 15Listen and give heed, do not be haughty, for Yahweh has spoken. 16Give glory to Yahweh your Almighty, before he brings darkness and before your feet stumble on the dusky mountains, and while you are hoping for light he makes it into deep darkness, and turns it into gloom. 17But if you will not listen to it, my soul will sob in secret for such pride; and my eyes will bitterly weep and flow down with tears, because the flock of Yahweh has been taken captive. 18Say to the king and the queen mother, “Take a lowly seat, for your beautiful crown Has come down from your head.” 19The cities of the Negev have been locked up, and there is no one to open them; all Judah has been carried into exile, wholly carried into exile. 20“Lift up your eyes and see Those coming from the north. Where is the flock that was given you, your beautiful sheep? 21“What will you say when he appoints over you—And you yourself had taught them—Former companions to be head over you? Will not pangs take hold of you, like a woman in childbirth? 22“And if you say in your heart, ‘Why have these things happened to me?’ Because of the magnitude of your iniquity your skirts have been removed, and your heels have been exposed. 23“Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard his spots? Then you also can do good who are accustomed to doing evil. 24“Therefore I will scatter them like drifting straw To the desert wind. 25“This is your lot, the portion measured to you from me,” declares Yahweh, “Because you have forgotten me and trusted in falsehood. 26“So I Myself have also stripped your skirts off over your face, that your shame may be seen. 27“As for your adulteries and your lustful neighings, the lewdness of your prostitution On the hills in the field, I have seen your abominations. Woe to you, Jerusalem! How long will you remain unclean?”

Chapter 14

That which came as the word of Yahweh to Jeremiah in regard to the drought: 14:2“Judah mourns, and her gates languish; they sit on the ground in mourning, and the cry of Jerusalem has ascended. 3“And their nobles have sent their servants for water; they have come to the cisterns and found no water. They have returned with their vessels empty; they have been put to shame and humiliated, and they cover their heads. 4“Because the ground is cracked, for there has been no rain on the land; the farmers have been put to shame, they have covered their heads. 5“For even the doe in the field has given birth only to abandon her young, because there is no grass. 6“And the wild donkeys stand on the bare heights; they pant for air like jackals, their eyes fail For there is no vegetation. 7“Although our iniquities testify against us, Yahweh, act for your name’s sake! Truly our apostasies have been many, we have sinned against you. 8“You Hope of Israel, its Savior in time of distress, why are you like a stranger in the land or like a traveler who has pitched his tent for the night? 9“Why are you like a man dismayed, like a mighty man who cannot save? Yet you are in our midst, Yahweh, and we are called by your name; do not forsake us!” 10Thus says Yahweh to this people, “Even so they have loved to wander; they have not kept their feet in check. Therefore Yahweh does not accept them; now he will remember their iniquity and call their sins to account.” 11So Yahweh said to me, “Do not pray for the welfare of this people. 12“When they fast, I am not going to listen to their cry; and when they offer whole-ascending sacrifice and grain offering, I am not going to accept them. Rather I am going to make an end of them by the sword, famine and pestilence.” 13But, “Ah, my Lord Yahweh!” I said, “Look, the prophets are telling them, ‘You will not see the sword nor will you have famine, but I will give you lasting peace in this place.’” 14Then Yahweh said to me, “The prophets are prophesying falsehood in my name. I have neither sent them nor commanded them nor spoken to them; they are prophesying to you a false vision, divination, futility and the deception of their own minds. 15“Therefore thus says Yahweh concerning the prophets who are prophesying in my name, although it was not I who sent them—yet they keep saying, ‘There shall be no sword or famine in this land ‘—by sword and famine those prophets shall meet their end! 16“The people also to whom they are prophesying will be thrown out into the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword; and there will be no one to bury them—neither them, nor their wives, nor their sons, nor their daughters—for I shall pour out their own wickedness on them. 17“And you will say this word to them, ‘Let my eyes flow down with tears night and day, and let them not cease; for the virgin daughter of my people has been crushed with a mighty blow, with a sorely infected wound. 18‘If I go out to the country, behold, those slain with the sword! Or if I enter the city, behold, diseases of famine! For both prophet and priest Have gone roving about in the land that they do not know.’” 19Have you completely rejected Judah? Or have you loathed Zion? Why have you stricken us so that we are beyond healing? We waited for peace, but nothing good came; and for a time of healing, but behold, terror! 20We know our wickedness, Yahweh, the iniquity of our fathers, for we have sinned against you. 21Do not despise us, for your own name’s sake; do not disgrace the throne of your glory; remember and do not annul your covenant with us. 22Are there any among the idols of the nations who give rain? Or can the heavens grant showers? Is it not you, Yahweh our Almighty? Therefore we hope in you, for you are the one who have done all these things.

Chapter 15

Then Yahweh said to me, “Even though Moses and Samuel were to stand before me, my heart would not be with this people; send them away from my presence and let them go! 15:2“And it shall be that when they say to you, ‘Where should we go?’ then you are to tell them, ‘Thus says Yahweh: “Those destined for death, to death; and those destined for the sword, to the sword; and those destined for famine, to famine; and those destined for captivity, to captivity.”‘ 3“And I shall appoint over them four kinds of doom,” declares Yahweh: “the sword to slay, the dogs to drag off, and the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy. 4“And I shall make them an object of horror among all the kingdoms of the earth because of Manasseh, the son of Hezekiah, the king of Judah, for what he did in Jerusalem. 5“Indeed, who will have pity on you, Jerusalem, or who will mourn for you, or who will turn aside to ask about your welfare? 6“You who have forsaken me,” declares Yahweh, “You keep going backward. So I will stretch out my hand against you and destroy you; I am tired of relenting! 7“And I will winnow them with a winnowing fork at the gates of the land; I will bereave them of children, I will destroy my people; they did not repent of their ways. 8“Their widows will be more numerous before me Than the sand of the seas; I will bring against them, against the mother of a young man, a destroyer at noonday; I will suddenly bring down on her Anguish and dismay. 9“She who bore seven sons pines away; her breathing is labored. Her sun has set while it was yet day; she has been shamed and humiliated. So I shall give over their survivors to the sword Before their enemies,” declares Yahweh. 10Woe to me, my mother, that you have borne me As a man of strife and a man of contention to all the land! I have neither lent, nor have men lent silver to me, yet everyone curses me. 11Yahweh said, “Surely I will set you free for purposes of good; surely I will cause the enemy to make supplication to you In a time of disaster and a time of distress. 12“Can anyone smash iron, iron from the north, or bronze? 13“Your wealth and your treasures I will give for booty without cost, even for all your sins and within all your borders. 14“Then I will cause your enemies to bring it Into a land you do not know; for a fire has been kindled in my anger, it will burn upon you.” 15You who knowest, Yahweh, remember me, take notice of me, and take vengeance for me on my persecutors. Do not, in view of your patience, take me away; know that for your sake I endure reproach. 16Your words were found and I ate them, and your words became for me a joy and the delight of my heart; for I have been called by your name, Yahweh Almighty of hosts. 17I did not sit in the circle of merrymakers, nor did I exult. Because of your hand upon me I sat alone, for you did fill me with indignation. 18Why has my pain been perpetual and my wound incurable, refusing to be healed? Will you indeed be to me like deceptive waters that are not supported? 19Therefore, thus says Yahweh, “If you return, then I will restore you—Before me you will stand; and if you extract the precious from the worthless, you will become my spokesman. They for their part may turn to you, but as for you, you must not turn to them. 20“Then I will make you to this people A fortified wall of bronze; and though they fight against you, they will not prevail over you; for I am with you to save you and deliver you,” declares Yahweh. 21“So I will deliver you from the hand of the wicked, and I will redeem you from the grasp of the violent.”

Chapter 16

The word of Yahweh also came to me saying, 16:2“You shall not take a wife for yourself nor have sons or daughters in this place.” 3For thus says Yahweh concerning the sons and daughters born in this place, and concerning their mothers who bear them, and their fathers who beget them in this land: 4“They will die of deadly diseases, they will not be lamented or buried; they will be as dung on the surface of the ground and come to an end by sword and famine, and their carcasses will become food for the birds of the sky and for the beasts of the earth.” 5For thus says Yahweh, “Do not enter a house of mourning, or go to lament or to console them; for I have withdrawn my peace from this people,” declares Yahweh, “ My lovingkindness and compassion. 6“Both great men and small will die in this land; they will not be buried, they will not be lamented, nor will anyone gash himself or shave his head for them. 7“Neither will men break bread in mourning for them, to comfort anyone for the dead, nor give them a cup of consolation to drink for anyone’s father or mother. 8“Moreover you shall not go into a house of feasting to sit with them to eat and drink.” 9For thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel: “Behold, I am going to eliminate from this place, before your eyes and in your time, the voice of rejoicing and the voice of gladness, the voice of the groom and the voice of the bride. 10“Now it will come about when you tell this people all these words that they will say to you, ‘For what reason has Yahweh declared all this great calamity against us? And what is our iniquity, or what is our sin which we have committed against Yahweh our Almighty?’ 11“Then you are to say to them, ‘ It is because your forefathers have forsaken me,’ declares Yahweh, ‘and have followed other gods and served them and bowed down to them; but me they have forsaken and have not kept my Law. 12‘You too have done evil, even more than your forefathers; for behold, you are each one walking according to the stubbornness of his own evil heart, without listening to me. 13‘So I will hurl you out of this land into the land which you have not known, neither you nor your fathers; and there you will serve other gods day and night, for I shall grant you no favor.’ 14“Therefore behold, days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when it will no longer be said, ‘As Yahweh lives, who brought up the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt,’ 15but, ‘As Yahweh lives, who brought up the sons of Israel from the land of the north and from all the countries where he had banished them.’ For I will restore them to their own land which I gave to their fathers. 16“Behold, I am going to send for many fishermen,” declares Yahweh, “and they will fish for them; and afterwards I shall send for many hunters, and they will hunt them from every mountain and every hill, and from the clefts of the rocks. 17“For my eyes are on all their ways; they are not hidden from my face, nor is their iniquity concealed from my eyes. 18“And I will first doubly repay their iniquity and their sin, because they have polluted my land; they have filled my inheritance with the carcasses of their detestable idols and with their abominations.” 19Yahweh, my strength and my stronghold, and my refuge in the day of distress, to you the nations will come from the ends of the earth and say, “Our fathers have inherited nothing but falsehood, futility and things of no profit.” 20Can man make gods for himself? Yet they are not gods! 21“Therefore behold, I am going to make them know—This time I will make them know my power and my might; and they shall know that my name is Yahweh.”

Chapter 17

The sin of Judah is written down with an iron stylus; with a diamond point it is engraved upon the tablet of their heart, and on the horns of their altars, 17:2As they remember their children, so they remember their altars and their Asherim by green trees on the high hills. 3O “Mountain of mine” in the countryside, I will give over your wealth and all your treasures for booty, your high places for sin throughout your borders. 4And you will, even of yourself, let go of your inheritance that I gave you; and I will make you serve your enemies in the land which you do not know; for you have kindled a fire in my anger; onward of time immemorial it will be kindled. 5Thus says Yahweh, “Cursed is the man who trusts in mankind and makes flesh his strength, and whose heart turns away from Yahweh. 6“For he will be like a bush in the desert and will not see when prosperity comes, but will live in stony wastes in the wilderness, a land of salt without inhabitant. 7“Blessed is the man who trusts in Yahweh whose trust is Yahweh. 8“For he will be like a tree planted by the water, that extends its roots by a stream and will not fear when the heat comes; but its leaves will be green, and it will not be anxious in a year of drought Nor cease to yield fruit. 9“The heart is more deceitful than all else and is desperately sick; who can understand it? 10“I, Yahweh, search the heart, I test the mind, even to give to each man according to his ways, according to the results of his deeds. 11“As a partridge that hatches eggs which it has not laid, so is he who makes a fortune, but unjustly; in the midst of his days it will forsake him, and in the end he will be a fool.” 12A glorious throne on high from the beginning is the place of our sanctuary. 13Yahweh, the hope of Israel, all who forsake you will be put to shame. Those who turn away on earth will be written down, because they have forsaken the fountain of living water, even Yahweh. 14Heal me, Yahweh, and I will be healed; save me and I will be saved, for you are my praise. 15Look, they keep saying to me, “Where is the word of Yahweh? Let it come now!” 16But as for me, I have not hurried away from being a shepherd after you, nor have I longed for the woeful day; you yourself knowest the utterance of my lips was in your presence. 17Do not be a terror to me; you are my refuge in the day of disaster. 18Let those who persecute me be put to shame, but as for me, let me not be put to shame; let them be dismayed, but let me not be dismayed. Bring on them a day of disaster, and crush them with twofold destruction! 19Thus Yahweh said to me, “Go and stand in the public gate, through which the kings of Judah come in and go out, as well as in all the gates of Jerusalem; 20and say to them, ‘Listen to the word of Yahweh, kings of Judah, and all Judah, and all inhabitants of Jerusalem, who come in through these gates: 21‘Thus says Yahweh, “Take heed for yourselves, and do not carry any load on the sabbath day or bring anything in through the gates of Jerusalem. 22“And you shall not bring a load out of your houses on the sabbath day nor do any work, but keep the sabbath day holy, as I commanded your forefathers. 23“Yet they did not listen or incline their ears, but stiffened their necks in order not to listen or take correction. 24“But it will come about, if you listen attentively to me,” declares Yahweh, “to bring no load in through the gates of this city on the sabbath day, but to keep the sabbath day holy by doing no work on it, 25then there will come in through the gates of this city kings and princes sitting on the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they and their princes, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and this city will be inhabited to time immemorial. 26“They will come in from the cities of Judah and from the environs of Jerusalem, from the land of Benjamin, from the lowland, from the hill country, and from the Negev, bringing whole-ascending sacrifices, sacrifices, grain offerings and incense, and bringing sacrifices of thanksgiving to the house of Yahweh. 27“But if you do not listen to me to keep the sabbath day holy by not carrying a load and coming in through the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day, then I shall kindle a fire in its gates, and it will devour the palaces of Jerusalem and not be quenched.”’”

Chapter 18

The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh saying, 18:2“Arise and go down to the potter’s house, and there I shall announce my words to you.” 3Then I went down to the potter’s house, and there he was, making something on the wheel. 4But the vessel that he was making of clay was spoiled in the hand of the potter; so he remade it into another vessel, as it pleased the potter to make. 5Then the word of Yahweh came to me saying, 6“Can I not, house of Israel, deal with you as this potter does?” declares Yahweh. “Behold, like the clay in the potter’s hand, so are you in my hand, house of Israel. 7“At one moment I might speak concerning a nation or concerning a kingdom to uproot, to pull down, or to destroy it; 8if that nation against which I have spoken turns from its evil, I will relent concerning the calamity I planned to bring on it. 9“Or at another moment I might speak concerning a nation or concerning a kingdom to build up or to plant it; 10if it does evil in my sight by not obeying my voice, then I will think better of the good with which I had promised to bless it. 11“So now then, speak to the men of Judah and against the inhabitants of Jerusalem saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am fashioning calamity against you and devising a plan against you. Oh turn back, each of you from his evil way, and reform your ways and your deeds.”‘ 12“But they will say, ‘It’s hopeless! For we are going to follow our own plans, and each of us will act according to the stubbornness of his evil heart.’ 13“Therefore thus says Yahweh, ‘Ask now among the nations, who ever heard the like of this? The virgin of Israel Has done a most appalling thing. 14‘Does the snow of Lebanon forsake the rock of the open country? Or is the cold flowing water from a foreign land ever snatched away? 15‘For my people have forgotten me, they burn incense to worthless gods and they have stumbled from their ways, from the enduring paths, to walk in bypaths, not on a highway, 16To make their land a desolation, an object of enduring hissing; everyone who passes by it will be astonished and shake his head. 17‘Like an east wind I will scatter them Before the enemy; I will show them my back and not my face In the day of their calamity.’” 18Then they said, “Come and let us devise plans against Jeremiah. Surely the Law is not going to be lost to the priest, nor counsel to the sage, nor the divine word to the prophet! Come on and let us strike at him with our tongue, and let us give no heed to any of his words.” 19Do give heed to me, Yahweh, and listen to what my opponents are saying! 20Should good be repaid with evil? For they have dug a pit for me. Remember how I stood before you To speak good on their behalf, so as to turn away your wrath from them. 21Therefore, give their children over to famine, and deliver them up to the power of the sword; and let their wives become childless and widowed. Let their men also be smitten to death, their young men struck down by the sword in battle. 22May an outcry be heard from their houses, when you suddenly bringest raiders upon them; for they have dug a pit to capture me and hidden snares for my feet. 23Yet you, Yahweh, knowest All their deadly designs against me; do not forgive their iniquity or blot out their sin from your sight. But may they be overthrown before you; deal with them in the time of your anger!

Chapter 19

Thus says Yahweh, “Go and buy a potter’s earthenware jar, and take some of the elders of the people and some of the senior priests. 19:2“Then go out to the valley of Ben-hinnom, which is by the entrance of the potsherd gate; and proclaim there the words that I shall tell you, 3and say, ‘Hear the word of Yahweh, kings of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem: thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Behold I am about to bring a calamity upon this place, at which the ears of everyone that hears of it will tingle. 4“Because they have forsaken me and have made this an alien place and have burned sacrifices in it to other gods that neither they nor their forefathers nor the kings of Judah had ever known, and because they have filled this place with the blood of the innocent 5and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as whole-ascending sacrifices to Baal, a thing which I never commanded or spoke of, nor did it ever enter my mind; 6therefore, behold, days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when this place will no longer be called Topheth or the valley of Ben-hinnom, but rather the valley of Slaughter. 7“And I shall make void the counsel of Judah and Jerusalem in this place, and I shall cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies and by the hand of those who seek their life; and I shall give over their carcasses as food for the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth. 8“I shall also make this city a desolation and an object of hissing; everyone who passes by it will be astonished and hiss because of all its disasters. 9“And I shall make them eat the flesh of their sons and the flesh of their daughters, and they will eat one another’s flesh in the siege and in the distress with which their enemies and those who seek their life will distress them.”‘ 10“Then you are to break the jar in the sight of the men who accompany you 11and say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Just so shall I break this people and this city, even as one breaks a potter’s vessel, which cannot again be repaired; and they will bury in Topheth because there is no other place for burial. 12“This is how I shall treat this place and its inhabitants,” declares Yahweh, “so as to make this city like Topheth. 13“And the houses of Jerusalem and the houses of the kings of Judah will be defiled like the place Topheth, because of all the houses on whose rooftops they burned sacrifices to all the heavenly host and poured out libations to other gods.”’” 14Then Jeremiah came from Topheth, where Yahweh had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of Yahweh’s house and said to all the people: 15“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Behold, I am about to bring on this city and all its towns the entire calamity that I have declared against it, because they have stiffened their necks so as not to heed my words.’”

Chapter 20

When Pashhur the priest, the son of Immer, who was chief officer in the house of Yahweh, heard Jeremiah prophesying these things, 20:2Pashhur had Jeremiah the prophet beaten, and put him in the stocks that were at the upper Benjamin Gate, which was by the house of Yahweh. 3Then it came about on the next day, when Pashhur released Jeremiah from the stocks, that Jeremiah said to him, “Pashhur is not the name Yahweh has called you, but rather Magor-missabib. 4“For thus says Yahweh, ‘Behold, I am going to make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends; and while your eyes look on, they will fall by the sword of their enemies. So I shall give over all Judah to the hand of the king of Babylon, and he will carry them away as exiles to Babylon and will slay them with the sword. 5‘I shall also give over all the wealth of this city, all its produce, and all its costly things; even all the treasures of the kings of Judah I shall give over to the hand of their enemies, and they will plunder them, take them away, and bring them to Babylon. 6‘And you, Pashhur, and all who live in your house will go into captivity; and you will enter Babylon, and there you will die, and there you will be buried, you and all your friends to whom you have falsely prophesied.’” 7Yahweh, you have deceived me and I was deceived; you have overcome me and prevailed. I have become a laughingstock all day long; everyone mocks me. 8For each time I speak, I cry aloud; I proclaim violence and destruction, because for me the word of Yahweh has resulted In reproach and derision all day long. 9But if I say, “I will not remember him or speak anymore in his name,” Then in my heart it becomes like a burning fire Shut up in my bones; and I am weary of holding it in, and I cannot endure it. 10For I have heard the whispering of many, “Terror on every side! Denounce him; yes, let us denounce him!” All my trusted friends, watching for my fall, say: “Perhaps he will be deceived, so that we may prevail against him and take our revenge on him.” 11But Yahweh is with me like a dread champion; therefore my persecutors will stumble and not prevail. They will be utterly ashamed, because they have failed, with an enduring disgrace that will not be forgotten. 12Yet, Yahweh of hosts, you who test the righteous, who seest the mind and the heart; let me see your vengeance on them; for to you I have set forth my cause. 13Sing to Yahweh, praise Yahweh! For he has delivered the soul of the needy one from the hand of evildoers. 14Cursed be the day when I was born; let the day not be blessed when my mother bore me! 15Cursed be the man who brought the news To my father, saying, “A baby boy has been born to you!” And made him very happy. 16But let that man be like the cities which Yahweh overthrew without relenting, and let him hear an outcry in the morning and a shout of alarm at noon; 17Because he did not kill me before birth, so that my mother would have been my grave, and her womb enduringly pregnant. 18Why did I ever come forth from the womb To look on trouble and sorrow, so that my days have been spent in shame?

Chapter 21

The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh when King Zedekiah sent to him Pashhur the son of Malchijah, and Zephaniah the priest, the son of Maaseiah, saying, 21:2“Please inquire of Yahweh on our behalf, for Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon is warring against us; perhaps Yahweh will deal with us according to all his wonderful acts, that the enemy may withdraw from us.” 3Then Jeremiah said to them, “You shall say to Zedekiah as follows: 4‘Thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel, “Behold, I am about to turn back the weapons of war which are in your hands, with which you are warring against the king of Babylon and the Chaldeans who are besieging you outside the wall; and I shall gather them into the center of this city. 5“And I Myself shall war against you with an outstretched hand and a mighty arm, even in anger and wrath and great indignation. 6“I shall also strike down the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast; they will die of a great pestilence. 7“Then afterwards,” declares Yahweh, “I shall give over Zedekiah king of Judah and his servants and the people, even those who survive in this city from the pestilence, the sword, and the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of their foes, and into the hand of those who seek their lives; and he will strike them down with the edge of the sword. He will not spare them nor have pity nor compassion.”‘ 8“You shall also say to this people, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death. 9“He who dwells in this city will die by the sword and by famine and by pestilence; but he who goes out and falls away to the Chaldeans who are besieging you will live, and he will have his own life as booty. 10“For I have set my face against this city for harm and not for good,” declares Yahweh. “It will be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he will burn it with fire.”‘ 11“Then say to the household of the king of Judah, ‘Hear the word of Yahweh, 12House of David, thus says Yahweh: “Administer justice every morning; and deliver the person who has been robbed from the power of his oppressor, that my wrath may not go forth like fire and burn with none to extinguish it, because of the evil of their deeds. 13“Behold, I am against you, valley dweller, rocky plain,” declares Yahweh, “You men who say, ‘Who will come down against us? Or who will enter into our habitations?’ 14“But I shall punish you according to the results of your deeds,” declares Yahweh, “And I shall kindle a fire in its forest That it may devour all its environs.”’”

Chapter 22

Thus says Yahweh, “Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and there speak this word, 22:2and say, ‘Hear the word of Yahweh, king of Judah, who sits on David’s throne, you and your servants and your people who enter these gates. 3‘Thus says Yahweh, “Do justice and righteousness, and deliver the one who has been robbed from the power of his oppressor. Also do not mistreat or do violence to the stranger, the orphan, or the widow; and do not shed innocent blood in this place. 4“For if you men will indeed perform this thing, then kings will enter the gates of this house, sitting in David’s place on his throne, riding in chariots and on horses, even the king himself and his servants and his people. 5“But if you will not obey these words, I swear by Myself,” declares Yahweh, “that this house will become a desolation.”’” 6For thus says Yahweh concerning the house of the king of Judah: “You are like Gilead to me, like the summit of Lebanon; yet most assuredly I shall make you like a wilderness, like cities which are not inhabited. 7“For I shall set apart destroyers against you, each with his weapons; and they will cut down your choicest cedars and throw them on the fire. 8“And many nations will pass by this city; and they will say to one another, ‘Why has Yahweh done thus to this great city?’ 9“Then they will answer, ‘Because they forsook the covenant of Yahweh their Almighty and bowed down to other gods and served them.’” 10Do not weep for the dead or mourn for him, but weep continually for the one who goes away; for he will never return or see his native land. 11For thus says Yahweh in regard to Shallum the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who became king in the place of Josiah his father, who went forth from this place, “He will never return there; 12but in the place where they led him captive, there he will die and not see this land again. 13“Woe to him who builds his house without righteousness and his upper rooms without justice, who uses his neighbor’s services without pay and does not give him his wages, 14Who says, ‘I will build myself a roomy house with spacious upper rooms, and cut out its windows, paneling it with cedar and painting it bright red.’ 15“Do you become a king because you are competing in cedar? Did not your father eat and drink, and do justice and righteousness? Then it was well with him. 16“He pled the cause of the afflicted and needy; then it was well. Is not that what it means to know me?” Declares Yahweh. 17“But your eyes and your heart Are intent only upon your own dishonest gain, and on shedding innocent blood and on practicing oppression and extortion.” 18Therefore thus says Yahweh in regard to Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, “They will not lament for him: ‘Alas, my brother!’ or, ‘Alas, sister!’ They will not lament for him: ‘Alas for the master!’ or, ‘Alas for his splendor!’ 19“He will be buried with a donkey’s burial, dragged off and thrown out beyond the gates of Jerusalem. 20“Go up to Lebanon and cry out, and lift up your voice in Bashan; cry out also from Abarim, for all your lovers have been crushed. 21“I spoke to you in your prosperity; but you said, ‘I will not listen!’ This has been your practice from your youth, that you have not obeyed my voice. 22“The wind will sweep away all your shepherds, and your lovers will go into captivity; then you will surely be ashamed and humiliated Because of all your wickedness. 23“You who dwell in Lebanon, nested in the cedars, how you will groan when pangs come upon you, pain like a woman in childbirth! 24“As I live,” declares Yahweh, “even though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were a signet ring on my right hand, yet I would pull you off; 25and I shall give you over into the hand of those who are seeking your life, yes, into the hand of those whom you dread, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans. 26“I shall hurl you and your mother who bore you into another country where you were not born, and there you will die. 27“But as for the land to which they desire to return, they will not return to it. 28“Is this man Coniah a despised, shattered jar? Or is he an undesirable vessel? Why have he and his descendants been hurled out and cast into a land that they had not known? 29“Land, land, land, hear the word of Yahweh! 30“Thus says Yahweh, ‘Write this man down childless, a man who will not prosper in his days; for no man of his descendants will prosper Sitting on the throne of David or ruling again in Judah.’”

Chapter 23

“Woe to the shepherds who are destroying and scattering the sheep of my pasture!” declares Yahweh. 23:2Therefore thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel concerning the shepherds who are tending my people: “You have scattered my flock and driven them away, and have not attended to them; behold, I am about to attend to you for the evil of your deeds,” declares Yahweh. 3“Then I Myself shall gather the remnant of my flock out of all the countries where I have driven them and shall bring them back to their pasture; and they will be fruitful and multiply. 4“I shall also raise up shepherds over them and they will tend them; and they will not be afraid any longer, nor be terrified, nor will any be missing,” declares Yahweh. 5“Behold, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “When I shall raise up for David a righteous Branch; and he will reign as king and act wisely and do justice and righteousness in the land. 6“In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely; and this is his name by which he will be called, ‘Yahweh our righteousness.’ 7“Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when they will no longer say, ‘As Yahweh lives, who brought up the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt,’ 8but, ‘As Yahweh lives, who brought up and led back the descendants of the household of Israel from the north land and from all the countries where I had driven them.’ Then they will live on their own soil.” 9As for the prophets: my heart is broken within me, all my bones tremble; I have become like a drunken man, even like a man overcome with wine, because of Yahweh because of his holy words. 10For the land is full of adulterers; for the land mourns because of the curse. The pastures of the wilderness have dried up. Their course also is evil, and their might is not right. 11“For both prophet and priest are polluted; even in my house I have found their wickedness,” declares Yahweh. 12“Therefore their way will be like slippery paths to them, they will be driven away into the gloom and fall down in it; for I shall bring calamity upon them, the year of their punishment,” declares Yahweh. 13“Moreover, among the prophets of Samaria I saw an offensive thing: they prophesied by Baal and led my people Israel astray. 14“Also among the prophets of Jerusalem I have seen a horrible thing: the committing of adultery and walking in falsehood; and they strengthen the hands of evildoers, so that no one has turned back from his wickedness. All of them have become to me like Sodom, and her inhabitants like Gomorrah. 15“Therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts concerning the prophets, ‘Behold, I am going to feed them wormwood and make them drink poisonous water, for from the prophets of Jerusalem Pollution has gone forth into all the land.’” 16Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Do not listen to the words of the prophets who are prophesying to you. They are leading you into futility; they speak a vision of their own imagination, not from the mouth of Yahweh. 17“They keep saying to those who despise me, ‘Yahweh has said, “You will have peace “‘; and as for everyone who walks in the stubbornness of his own heart, they say, ‘Calamity will not come upon you.’ 18“But who has stood in the council of Yahweh, that he should see and hear his word? Who has given heed to his word and listened? 19“Behold, the storm of Yahweh has gone forth in wrath, even a whirling tempest; it will swirl down on the head of the wicked. 20“The anger of Yahweh will not turn back until he has performed and carried out the purposes of his heart; in the last days you will clearly understand it. 21“I did not send these prophets, but they ran. I did not speak to them, but they prophesied. 22“But if they had stood in my council, then they would have announced my words to my people, and would have turned them back from their evil way and from the evil of their deeds. 23“Am I an Almighty who is near,” declares Yahweh, “And not an Almighty far off? 24“Can a man hide himself in hiding places, so I do not see him?” declares Yahweh. “Do I not fill the heavens and the earth?” declares Yahweh. 25“I have heard what the prophets have said who prophesy falsely in my name, saying, ‘I had a dream, I had a dream!’ 26“How long? Is there anything in the hearts of the prophets who prophesy falsehood, even these prophets of the deception of their own heart, 27who intend to make my people forget my name by their dreams which they relate to one another, just as their fathers forgot my name because of Baal? 28“The prophet who has a dream may relate his dream, but let him who has my word speak my word in truth. What does straw have in common with grain?” declares Yahweh. 29“Is not my word like fire?” declares Yahweh, “and like a hammer which shatters a rock? 30“Therefore behold, I am against the prophets,” declares Yahweh, “who steal my words from each other. 31“Behold, I am against the prophets,” declares Yahweh, “who use their tongues and declare, ‘ The Yahweh declares.’ 32“Behold, I am against those who have prophesied false dreams,” declares Yahweh, “and related them, and led my people astray by their falsehoods and reckless boasting; yet I did not send them or command them, nor do they furnish this people the slightest benefit,” declares Yahweh. 33“Now when this people or the prophet or a priest asks you saying, ‘What is the oracle of Yahweh?’ then you shall say to them, ‘What oracle?’ Yahweh declares, ‘I shall abandon you.’ 34“Then as for the prophet or the priest or the people who say, ‘The oracle of Yahweh,’ I shall bring punishment upon that man and his household. 35“Thus shall each of you say to his neighbor and to his brother, ‘What has Yahweh answered?’ or, ‘What has Yahweh spoken?’ 36“For you will no longer remember the oracle of Yahweh, because every man’s own word will become the oracle, and you have perverted the words of the living Almighty, Yahweh of hosts, our Almighty. 37“Thus you will say to that prophet, ‘What has Yahweh answered you?’ and, ‘What has Yahweh spoken?’ 38“For if you say, ‘The oracle of Yahweh!’ surely thus says Yahweh, ‘Because you said this word, “The oracle of Yahweh!” I have also sent to you, saying, “You shall not say, ‘The oracle of Yahweh!’”‘ 39“Therefore behold, I shall surely forget you and cast you away from my presence, along with the city which I gave you and your fathers. 40“And I will put an enduring reproach on you and an enduring humiliation which will not be forgotten.”

Chapter 24

After Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and the officials of Judah with the craftsmen and smiths from Jerusalem and had brought them to Babylon, Yahweh showed me: behold, two baskets of figs set before the temple of Yahweh! 24:2One basket had very good figs, like first-ripe figs; and the other basket had very bad figs, which could not be eaten due to rottenness. 3Then Yahweh said to me, “What do you see, Jeremiah?” And I said, “Figs, the good figs, very good; and the bad figs, very bad, which cannot be eaten due to rottenness.” 4Then the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, 5“Thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel, ‘Like these good figs, so I will regard as good the captives of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans. 6‘For I will set my eyes on them for good, and I will bring them again to this land; and I will build them up and not overthrow them, and I will plant them and not pluck them up. 7‘And I will give them a heart to know me, for I am Yahweh; and they will be my people, and I will be their Almighty, for they will return to me with their whole heart. 8‘But like the bad figs which cannot be eaten due to rottenness—indeed, thus says Yahweh—so I will abandon Zedekiah king of Judah and his officials, and the remnant of Jerusalem who remain in this land, and the ones who dwell in the land of Egypt. 9‘And I will make them a terror and an evil for all the kingdoms of the earth, as a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse in all places where I shall scatter them. 10‘And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence upon them until they are destroyed from the land which I gave to them and their forefathers.’”

Chapter 25

The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah (that was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), 25:2which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, 3“From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even to this day, these twenty-three years the word of Yahweh has come to me, and I have spoken to you again and again, but you have not listened. 4“And Yahweh has sent to you all his servants the prophets again and again, but you have not listened nor inclined your ear to hear, 5saying, ‘Turn now everyone from his evil way and from the evil of your deeds, and dwell on the land which Yahweh has given to you and your forefathers from time immemorial and onward of time immemorial; 6and do not go after other gods to serve them and to worship them, and do not provoke me to anger with the work of your hands, and I will do you no harm.’ 7“Yet you have not listened to me,” declares Yahweh, “in order that you might provoke me to anger with the work of your hands to your own harm. 8“Therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts, ‘Because you have not obeyed my words, 9behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,’ declares Yahweh, ‘and I will send to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against its inhabitants, and against all these nations round about; and I will utterly destroy them, and make them a horror, and a hissing, and an enduring desolation. 10‘Moreover, I will take from them the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp. 11‘And this whole land shall be a desolation and a horror, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. 12‘Then it will be when seventy years are completed I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation,’ declares Yahweh, ‘for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans; and I will make it an enduring desolation. 13‘And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah has prophesied against all the nations. 14‘(For many nations and great kings shall make slaves of them, even them; and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the work of their hands.)’” 15For thus Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, says to me, “Take this cup of the wine of wrath from my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you, to drink it. 16“And they shall drink and stagger and go mad because of the sword that I will send among them.” 17Then I took the cup from Yahweh’s hand, and made all the nations drink, to whom Yahweh sent me: 18Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, and its kings and its princes, to make them a ruin, a horror, a hissing, and a curse, as it is this day; 19Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his princes, and all his people; 20and all the foreign people, all the kings of the land of Uz, all the kings of the land of the Philistines (even Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod); 21Edom, Moab, and the sons of Ammon; 22and all the kings of Tyre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the coastlands which are beyond the sea; 23and Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who cut the corners of their hair; 24and all the kings of Arabia and all the kings of the foreign people who dwell in the desert; 25and all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of Media; 26and all the kings of the north, near and far, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the earth which are upon the face of the ground, and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them. 27“And you shall say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Drink, be drunk, vomit, fall, and rise no more because of the sword which I will send among you.”‘ 28“And it will be, if they refuse to take the cup from your hand to drink, then you will say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts: “You shall surely drink! 29“For behold, I am beginning to work calamity in this city which is called by my name, and shall you be completely free from punishment? You will not be free from punishment; for I am summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth,” declares Yahweh of hosts.’ 30“Therefore you shall prophesy against them all these words, and you shall say to them, ‘Yahweh will roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he will roar mightily against his fold. He will shout like those who tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth. 31‘A clamor has come to the end of the earth, because Yahweh has a controversy with the nations. He is entering into judgment with all flesh; as for the wicked, he has given them to the sword,’ declares Yahweh.” 32Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Behold, evil is going forth from nation to nation, and a great storm is being stirred up from the remotest parts of the earth. 33“And those slain by Yahweh on that day shall be from one end of the earth to the other. They shall not be lamented, gathered, or buried; they shall be like dung on the face of the ground. 34“Wail, you shepherds, and cry; and wallow in ashes, you masters of the flock; for the days of your slaughter and your dispersions have come, and you shall fall like a choice vessel. 35“Flight shall perish from the shepherds, and escape from the masters of the flock. 36Hear the sound of the cry of the shepherds, and the wailing of the masters of the flock! For Yahweh is destroying their pasture, 37“And the peaceful folds are made silent Because of the fierce anger of Yahweh. 38“He has left his hiding place like the lion; for their land has become a horror Because of the fierceness of the oppressing sword, and because of his fierce anger.”

Chapter 26

IN the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, this word came from Yahweh, saying, 26:2“Thus says Yahweh, ‘Stand in the court of Yahweh’s house, and speak to all the cities of Judah, who have come to worship in Yahweh’s house, all the words that I have commanded you to speak to them. Do not omit a word! 3‘Perhaps they will listen and everyone will turn from his evil way, that I may repent of the calamity which I am planning to do to them because of the evil of their deeds.’ 4“And you will say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “If you will not listen to me, to walk in my Law, which I have set before you, 5to listen to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I have been sending to you again and again, but you have not listened; 6then I will make this house like Shiloh, and this city I will make a curse to all the nations of the earth.”’” 7And the priests and the prophets and all the people heard Jeremiah speaking these words in the house of Yahweh. 8And when Jeremiah finished speaking all that Yahweh had commanded him to speak to all the people, the priests and the prophets and all the people seized him, saying, “You must die! 9“Why have you prophesied in the name of Yahweh saying, ‘This house will be like Shiloh, and this city will be desolate, without inhabitant ‘?” And all the people gathered about Jeremiah in the house of Yahweh. 10And when the princes of Judah heard these things, they came up from the king’s house to the house of Yahweh and sat in the entrance of the New Gate of Yahweh’s house. 11Then the priests and the prophets spoke to the officials and to all the people, saying, “A death sentence for this man! For he has prophesied against this city as you have heard in your hearing.” 12Then Jeremiah spoke to all the officials and to all the people, saying, “Yahweh sent me to prophesy against this house and against this city all the words that you have heard. 13“Now therefore amend your ways and your deeds, and obey the voice of Yahweh your Almighty; and Yahweh will change his mind about the misfortune which he has pronounced against you. 14“But as for me, behold, I am in your hands; do with me as is good and right in your sight. 15“Only know for certain that if you put me to death, you will bring innocent blood on yourselves, and on this city, and on its inhabitants; for truly Yahweh has sent me to you to speak all these words in your hearing.” 16Then the officials and all the people said to the priests and to the prophets, “No death sentence for this man! For he has spoken to us in the name of Yahweh our Almighty.” 17Then some of the elders of the land rose up and spoke to all the assembly of the people, saying, 18“Micah of Moresheth prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah; and he spoke to all the people of Judah, saying, ‘Thus Yahweh of hosts has said, “Zion will be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem will become ruins, and the mountain of the house as the high places of a forest.”‘ 19“Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah put him to death? Did he not fear Yahweh and entreat the favor of Yahweh, and Yahweh changed his mind about the misfortune which he had pronounced against them? But we are committing a great evil against ourselves.” 20Indeed, there was also a man who prophesied in the name of Yahweh, Uriah the son of Shemaiah from Kiriath-jearim; and he prophesied against this city and against this land words similar to all those of Jeremiah. 21When King Jehoiakim and all his mighty men and all the officials heard his words, then the king sought to put him to death; but Uriah heard it, and he was afraid and fled, and went to Egypt. 22Then King Jehoiakim sent men to Egypt: Elnathan the son of Achbor and certain men with him went into Egypt. 23And they brought Uriah from Egypt and led him to King Jehoiakim, who slew him with a sword, and cast his dead body into the burial place of the common people. 24But the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, so that he was not given into the hands of the people to put him to death.

Chapter 27

IN the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah the son of Josiah, king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying— 27:2thus says Yahweh to me—“Make for yourself bonds and yokes and put them on your neck, 3and send word to the king of Edom, to the king of Moab, to the king of the sons of Ammon, to the king of Tyre, and to the king of Sidon by the messengers who come to Jerusalem to Zedekiah king of Judah. 4“And command them to go to their masters, saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, thus you shall say to your masters, 5“I have made the earth, the men and the beasts which are on the face of the earth by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and I will give it to the one who is pleasing in my sight. 6“And now I have given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, my servant, and I have given him also the wild animals of the field to serve him. 7“And all the nations shall serve him, and his son, and his grandson, until the time of his own land comes; then many nations and great kings will make him their servant. 8“And it will be, that the nation or the kingdom which will not serve him, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and which will not put its neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, I will punish that nation with the sword, with famine, and with pestilence,” declares Yahweh, “until I have destroyed it by his hand. 9“But as for you, do not listen to your prophets, your diviners, your dreamers, your soothsayers, or your sorcerers, who speak to you, saying, ‘You shall not serve the king of Babylon.’ 10“For they prophesy a lie to you, in order to remove you far from your land; and I will drive you out, and you will perish. 11“But the nation which will bring its neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon and serve him, I will let remain on its land,” declares Yahweh, “and they will till it and dwell in it.”’” 12And I spoke words like all these to Zedekiah king of Judah, saying, “Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him and his people, and live! 13“Why will you die, you and your people, by the sword, famine, and pestilence, as Yahweh has spoken to that nation which will not serve the king of Babylon? 14“So do not listen to the words of the prophets who speak to you, saying, ‘You shall not serve the king of Babylon,’ for they prophesy a lie to you; 15for I have not sent them,” declares Yahweh, “but they prophesy falsely in my name, in order that I may drive you out, and that you may perish, you and the prophets who prophesy to you.” 16Then I spoke to the priests and to all this people, saying, “Thus says Yahweh: do not listen to the words of your prophets who prophesy to you, saying, ‘Behold, the vessels of Yahweh’s house will now shortly be brought again from Babylon’; for they are prophesying a lie to you. 17“Do not listen to them; serve the king of Babylon, and live! Why should this city become a ruin? 18“But if they are prophets, and if the word of Yahweh is with them, let them now entreat Yahweh of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of Yahweh, in the house of the king of Judah, and in Jerusalem, may not go to Babylon. 19“For thus says Yahweh of hosts concerning the pillars, concerning the sea, concerning the stands, and concerning the rest of the vessels that are left in this city, 20which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon did not take when he carried into exile Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem. 21“Yes, thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, concerning the vessels that are left in the house of Yahweh, and in the house of the king of Judah, and in Jerusalem, 22‘They shall be carried to Babylon, and they shall be there until the day I visit them,’ declares Yahweh. ‘Then I will bring them back and restore them to this place.’”

Chapter 28

Now it came about in the same year, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the fourth year, in the fifth month, that Hananiah the son of Azzur, the prophet, who was from Gibeon, spoke to me in the house of Yahweh in the presence of the priests and all the people, saying, 28:2“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon. 3‘Within two years I am going to bring back to this place all the vessels of Yahweh’s house, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place and carried to Babylon. 4‘I am also going to bring back to this place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and all the exiles of Judah who went to Babylon,’ declares Yahweh, ‘for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.’” 5Then the prophet Jeremiah spoke to the prophet Hananiah in the presence of the priests and in the presence of all the people who were standing in the house of Yahweh, 6and the prophet Jeremiah said, “Amæn! May Yahweh do so; may Yahweh confirm your words which you have prophesied to bring back the vessels of Yahweh’s house and all the exiles, from Babylon to this place. 7“Yet hear now this word which I am about to speak in your hearing and in the hearing of all the people! 8“The prophets who were before me and before you from the time immemorial prophesied against many lands and against great kingdoms, of war and of calamity and of pestilence. 9“The prophet who prophesies of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then that prophet will be known as one whom Yahweh has truly sent.” 10Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke from the neck of Jeremiah the prophet and broke it. 11And Hananiah spoke in the presence of all the people, saying, “Thus says Yahweh, ‘Even so will I break within two full years, the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon from the neck of all the nations.’” Then the prophet Jeremiah went his way. 12And the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah, after Hananiah the prophet had broken the yoke from off the neck of the prophet Jeremiah, saying, 13“Go and speak to Hananiah, saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “You have broken the yokes of wood, but you have made instead of them yokes of iron.” 14‘For thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “I have put a yoke of iron on the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and they shall serve him. And I have also given him the beasts of the field.”’” 15Then Jeremiah the prophet said to Hananiah the prophet, “Listen now, Hananiah, Yahweh has not sent you, and you have made this people trust in a lie. 16“Therefore thus says Yahweh, ‘Behold, I am about to remove you from the face of the earth. This year you are going to die, because you have counseled rebellion against Yahweh.’” 17So Hananiah the prophet died in the same year in the seventh month.

Chapter 29

Now these are the words of the letter which Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem to the rest of the elders of the exile, the priests, the prophets, and all the people whom Nebuchadnezzar had taken into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon. 29:2(This was after King Jeconiah and the queen mother, the court officials, the princes of Judah and Jerusalem, the craftsmen and the smiths had departed from Jerusalem.) 3The letter was sent by the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah the son of Hilkiah, whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent to Babylon to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, saying, 4“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, to all the exiles whom I have sent into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon, 5‘Build houses and live in them; and plant gardens, and eat their produce. 6‘Take wives and become the fathers of sons and daughters, and take wives for your sons and give your daughters to husbands, that they may bear sons and daughters; and multiply there and do not decrease. 7‘And seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to Yahweh on its behalf; for in its welfare you will have welfare.’ 8“For thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Do not let your prophets who are in your midst and your diviners deceive you, and do not listen to the dreams which they dream. 9‘For they prophesy falsely to you in my name; I have not sent them,’ declares Yahweh. 10“For thus says Yahweh, ‘When seventy years have been completed for Babylon, I will visit you and fulfill my good word to you, to bring you back to this place. 11‘For I know the plans that I have for you,’ declares Yahweh, ‘plans for welfare and not for calamity to give you a future and a hope. 12‘Then you will call upon me and come and pray to me, and I will listen to you. 13‘And you will seek me and find me, when you search for me with all your heart. 14‘And I will be found by you,’ declares Yahweh, ‘and I will restore your fortunes and will gather you from all the nations and from all the places where I have driven you,’ declares Yahweh, ‘and I will bring you back to the place from where I sent you into exile.’ 15“Because you have said, ‘Yahweh has raised up prophets for us in Babylon ‘— 16for thus says Yahweh concerning the king who sits on the throne of David, and concerning all the people who dwell in this city, your brothers who did not go with you into exile— 17thus says Yahweh of hosts, ‘Behold, I am sending upon them the sword, famine, and pestilence, and I will make them like split-open figs that cannot be eaten due to rottenness. 18‘And I will pursue them with the sword, with famine and with pestilence; and I will make them a terror to all the kingdoms of the earth, to be a curse, and a horror, and a hissing, and a reproach among all the nations where I have driven them, 19because they have not listened to my words,’ declares Yahweh, ‘which I sent to them again and again by my servants the prophets; but you did not listen,’ declares Yahweh. 20“You, therefore, hear the word of Yahweh, all you exiles, whom I have sent away from Jerusalem to Babylon. 21“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, concerning Ahab the son of Kolaiah and concerning Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, who are prophesying to you falsely in my name, ‘Behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and he shall slay them before your eyes. 22‘And because of them a curse shall be used by all the exiles from Judah who are in Babylon, saying, “May Yahweh make you like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire, 23because they have acted foolishly in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbors’ wives, and have spoken words in my name falsely, which I did not command them; and I am he who knows, and am a witness,” declares Yahweh.’” 24And to Shemaiah the Nehelamite you shall speak, saying, 25“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Because you have sent letters in your own name to all the people who are in Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, and to all the priests, saying, 26“Yahweh has made you priest instead of Jehoiada the priest, to be the overseer in the house of Yahweh over every madman who prophesies, to put him in the stocks and in the iron collar, 27now then, why have you not rebuked Jeremiah of Anathoth who prophesies to you? 28“For he has sent to us in Babylon, saying, ‘ The exile will be long; build houses and live in them and plant gardens and eat their produce.’”’” 29And Zephaniah the priest read this letter to Jeremiah the prophet. 30Then came the word of Yahweh to Jeremiah, saying, 31“Send to all the exiles, saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite, “Because Shemaiah has prophesied to you, although I did not send him, and he has made you trust in a lie,” 32therefore thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am about to punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite and his descendants; he shall not have anyone living among this people, and he shall not see the good that I am about to do to my people,” declares Yahweh, “because he has preached rebellion against Yahweh.”’”

Chapter 30

The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying, 30:2“Thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Write all the words which I have spoken to you in a book. 3‘For, behold, days are coming,’ declares Yahweh, ‘when I will restore the fortunes of my people Israel and Judah.’ Yahweh says, ‘I will also bring them back to the land that I gave to their forefathers, and they shall possess it.’” 4Now these are the words which Yahweh spoke concerning Israel and concerning Judah, 5“For thus says Yahweh, ‘I have heard a sound of terror, of dread, and there is no peace. 6‘Ask now, and see, if a male can give birth. Why do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in childbirth? And why have all faces turned pale? 7‘Alas! for that day is great, there is none like it; and it is the time of Jacob’s distress, but he will be saved from it. 8‘And it shall come about on that day,’ declares Yahweh of hosts, ‘that I will break his yoke from off their neck, and will tear off their bonds; and strangers shall no longer make them their slaves. 9‘But they shall serve Yahweh their Almighty, and David their king, whom I will raise up for them. 10‘And fear not, Jacob my servant,’ declares Yahweh, ‘And do not be dismayed, Israel; for behold, I will save you from afar, and your offspring from the land of their captivity. And Jacob shall return, and shall be quiet and at ease, and no one shall make him afraid. 11‘For I am with you,’ declares Yahweh, ‘to save you; for I will destroy completely all the nations where I have scattered you, only I will not destroy you completely. But I will chasten you justly, and will by no means leave you unpunished.’ 12“For thus says Yahweh, ‘Your wound is incurable, and your injury is serious. 13‘There is no one to plead your cause; no healing for your sore, no recovery for you. 14‘All your lovers have forgotten you, they do not seek you; for I have wounded you with the wound of an enemy, with the punishment of a cruel one, because your iniquity is great and your sins are numerous. 15‘Why do you cry out over your injury? Your pain is incurable. Because your iniquity is great and your sins are numerous, I have done these things to you. 16‘Therefore all who devour you shall be devoured; and all your adversaries, every one of them, shall go into captivity; and those who plunder you shall be for plunder, and all who prey upon you I will give for prey. 17‘For I will restore you to health and I will heal you of your wounds,’ declares Yahweh, ‘Because they have called you an outcast, saying: “It is Zion; no one cares for her.”‘ 18“Thus says Yahweh, ‘Behold, I will restore the fortunes of the tents of Jacob and have compassion on his dwelling places; and the city shall be rebuilt on its ruin, and the palace shall stand on its rightful place. 19‘And from them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of those who make merry; and I will multiply them, and they shall not be diminished; I will also honor them, and they shall not be insignificant. 20‘Their children also shall be as formerly, and their congregation shall be established before me; and I will punish all their oppressors. 21‘And their leader shall be one of them, and their ruler shall come forth from their midst; and I will bring him near, and he shall approach me; for who would dare to risk his life to approach me?’ declares Yahweh. 22‘And you shall be my people, and I will be your Almighty.’” 23Behold, the tempest of Yahweh! Wrath has gone forth, a sweeping tempest; it will burst on the head of the wicked. 24The fierce anger of Yahweh will not turn back, until he has performed, and until he has accomplished The intent of his heart; in the latter days you will understand this.

Chapter 31

“AT that time,” declares Yahweh, “I will be the Almighty of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.” 31:2Thus says Yahweh, “The people who survived the sword Found grace in the wilderness—Israel, when it went to find its rest.” 3Yahweh appeared to him from afar, saying, “I have loved you with an enduring love; therefore I have drawn you with lovingkindness. 4“Again I will build you, and you shall be rebuilt, virgin of Israel! Again you shall take up your tambourines, and go forth to the dances of the merrymakers. 5“Again you shall plant vineyards On the hills of Samaria; the planters shall plant and shall enjoy them. 6“For there shall be a day when watchmen On the hills of Ephraim shall call out, ‘Arise, and let us go up to Zion, to Yahweh our Almighty.’” 7For thus says Yahweh, “Sing aloud with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chiefs of the nations; proclaim, give praise, and say, ‘Yahweh, save your people, the remnant of Israel.’ 8“Behold, I am bringing them from the north country, and I will gather them from the remote parts of the earth, among them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and she who is in labor with child, together; a great company, they shall return here. 9“With weeping they shall come, and by supplication I will lead them; I will make them walk by streams of waters, on a straight path in which they shall not stumble; for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my first-born.” 10Hear the word of Yahweh, nations, and declare in the coastlands afar off, and say, “He who scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.” 11For Yahweh has ransomed Jacob, and redeemed him from the hand of him who was stronger than he. 12“And they shall come and shout for joy on the height of Zion, and they shall be radiant over the bounty of Yahweh—Over the grain, and the new wine, and the oil, and over the young of the flock and the herd; and their life shall be like a watered garden, and they shall never languish again. 13“Then the virgin shall rejoice in the dance, and the young men and the old, together, for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and give them joy for their sorrow. 14“And I will fill the soul of the priests with abundance, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness,” declares Yahweh. 15Thus says Yahweh, “A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation and bitter weeping. Rachel is weeping for her children; she refuses to be comforted for her children, because they are no more.” 16Thus says Yahweh, “Restrain your voice from weeping, and your eyes from tears; for your work shall be rewarded,” declares Yahweh, “And they shall return from the land of the enemy. 17“And there is hope for your future,” declares Yahweh, “And your children shall return to their own territory. 18“I have surely heard Ephraim grieving, ‘You have chastised me, and I was chastised, like an untrained calf; bring me back that I may be restored, for you are Yahweh my Almighty. 19‘For after I turned back, I repented; and after I was instructed, I smote on my thigh; I was ashamed, and also humiliated, because I bore the reproach of my youth.’ 20“Is Ephraim my dear son? Is he a delightful child? Indeed, as often as I have spoken against him, I certainly still remember him; therefore my heart yearns for him; I will surely have mercy on him,” declares Yahweh. 21“Set up for yourself roadmarks, place for yourself guideposts; direct your mind to the highway, the way by which you went. Return, virgin of Israel, return to these your cities. 22“How long will you go here and there, faithless daughter? For Yahweh has created a new thing in the earth—A woman will encompass a man.” 23Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Once again they will speak this word in the land of Judah and in its cities, when I restore their fortunes, ‘Yahweh bless you, abode of righteousness, holy hill!’ 24“And Judah and all its cities will dwell together in it, the farmer and they who go about with flocks. 25“For I satisfy the weary ones and refresh everyone who languishes.” 26At this I awoke and looked, and my sleep was pleasant to me. 27“Behold, days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man and with the seed of beast. 28“And it will come about that as I have watched over them to pluck up, to break down, to overthrow, to destroy, and to bring disaster, so I will watch over them to build and to plant,” declares Yahweh. 29“In those days they will not say again, ‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge.’ 30“But everyone will die for his own iniquity; each man who eats the sour grapes, his teeth will be set on edge. 31“Behold, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I will covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah the covenant, anew, 32not according the covenant when I covenanted with their fathers—in the day I firmly took them by the hand to make them come out of the land of Egypt—when they broke my covenant, although I was master over them,” declares Yahweh. 33“But this is the covenant which I will covenant with the house of Israel after those days”, declares Yahweh, “I will put my Law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be to them as Almighty, and they shall be for me as people. 34And they shall not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know Yahweh,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares Yahweh, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.” 35Thus says Yahweh, who gives the sun for light by day, and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar; Yahweh of hosts is his name: 36“If this fixed order departs from before me,” declares Yahweh, “Then the offspring of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me forever.” 37Thus says Yahweh, “If the heavens above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out below, then I will also cast off all the offspring of Israel For all that they have done,” declares Yahweh. 38“Behold, days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when the city shall be rebuilt for Yahweh from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. 39“And the measuring line shall go out farther straight ahead to the hill Gareb; then it will turn to Goah. 40“And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the brook Kidron, to the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy to Yahweh; it shall not be plucked up, or overthrown anymore to time immemorial.”

Chapter 32

The word that came to Jeremiah from Yahweh in the tenth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar. 32:2Now at that time the army of the king of Babylon was besieging Jerusalem, and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the guard, which was in the house of the king of Judah, 3because Zedekiah king of Judah had shut him up, saying, “Why do you prophesy, saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am about to give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he will take it; 4and Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape out of the hand of the Chaldeans, but he shall surely be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall speak with him face to face, and see him eye to eye; 5and he shall take Zedekiah to Babylon, and he shall be there until I visit him,” declares Yahweh. “If you fight against the Chaldeans, you shall not succeed “‘?” 6And Jeremiah said, “The word of Yahweh came to me, saying, 7‘Behold, Hanamel the son of Shallum your uncle is coming to you, saying, “Buy for yourself my field which is at Anathoth, for you have the right of redemption to buy it.”‘ 8“Then Hanamel my uncle’s son came to me in the court of the guard according to the word of Yahweh, and said to me, ‘Buy my field, please, that is at Anathoth, which is in the land of Benjamin; for you have the right of possession and the redemption is yours; buy it for yourself.’ Then I knew that this was the word of Yahweh. 9“And I bought the field which was at Anathoth from Hanamel my uncle’s son, and I weighed out the silver for him, seventeen shekels of silver. 10“And I signed and sealed the deed, and called in witnesses, and weighed out the silver on the scales. 11“Then I took the deeds of purchase, both the sealed copy containing the terms and conditions, and the open copy; 12and I gave the deed of purchase to Baruch the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, in the sight of Hanamel my uncle’s son, and in the sight of the witnesses who signed the deed of purchase, before all the Jews who were sitting in the court of the guard. 13“And I commanded Baruch in their presence, saying, 14‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Take these deeds, this sealed deed of purchase, and this open deed, and put them in an earthenware jar, that they may last a long time.” 15‘For thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Houses and fields and vineyards shall again be bought in this land.”‘ 16“After I had given the deed of purchase to Baruch the son of Neriah, then I prayed to Yahweh, saying, 17‘Ah my Lord Yahweh! Behold, you have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and by your outstretched arm! Nothing is too difficult for you, 18who showest lovingkindness to thousands, but repayest the iniquity of fathers into the bosom of their children after them, great and powerful Mighty One. Yahweh of hosts is his name; 19great in counsel and mighty in deed, whose eyes are open to all the ways of the sons of men, giving to everyone according to his ways and according to the fruit of his deeds; 20who have set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, and even to this day both in Israel and among mankind; and you have made a name for yourself, as at this day. 21‘And you did bring your people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs and with wonders, and with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm, and with great terror; 22and gavest them this land, which you did swear to their forefathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey. 23‘And they came in and took possession of it, but they did not obey your voice or walk in your Law; they have done nothing of all that you commandedst them to do; therefore you have made all this calamity come upon them. 24‘Behold, the siege mounds have reached the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans who fight against it, because of the sword, the famine, and the pestilence; and what you have spoken has come to pass; and, behold, you seest it. 25‘And you have said to me, my Lord Yahweh, “Buy for yourself the field with silver, and call in witnesses “—although the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.’” 26Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah, saying, 27“Behold, I am Yahweh, the Almighty of all flesh; is anything too difficult for me?” 28Therefore thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am about to give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans and into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it. 29“And the Chaldeans who are fighting against this city shall enter and set this city on fire and burn it, with the houses where people have offered incense to Baal on their roofs and poured out libations to other gods to provoke me to anger. 30“Indeed the sons of Israel and the sons of Judah have been doing only evil in my sight from their youth; for the sons of Israel have been only provoking me to anger by the work of their hands,” declares Yahweh. 31“Indeed this city has been to me a provocation of my anger and my wrath from the day that they built it, even to this day, that it should be removed from before my face, 32because of all the evil of the sons of Israel and the sons of Judah, which they have done to provoke me to anger—they, their kings, their leaders, their priests, their prophets, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 33“And they have turned their back to me, and not their face; though I taught them, teaching again and again, they would not listen and receive instruction. 34“But they put their detestable things in the house which is called by my name, to defile it. 35“And they built the high places of Baal that are in the valley of Ben-hinnom to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire to Molech, which I had not commanded them nor had it entered my mind that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin. 36“Now therefore thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel concerning this city of which you say, ‘It is given into the hand of the king of Babylon by sword, by famine, and by pestilence.’ 37“Behold, I will gather them out of all the lands to which I have driven them in my anger, in my wrath, and in great indignation; and I will bring them back to this place and make them dwell in safety. 38“And they shall be my people, and I will be their Almighty; 39and I will give them one heart and one way, that they may fear me always, for their own good, and for the good of their children after them. 40“And I will make an enduring covenant with them that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; and I will put the fear of me in their hearts so that they will not turn away from me. 41“And I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will faithfully plant them in this land with all my heart and with all my soul. 42“For thus says Yahweh, ‘Just as I brought all this great disaster on this people, so I am going to bring on them all the good that I am promising them. 43‘And fields shall be bought in this land of which you say, “It is a desolation, without man or beast; it is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.” 44‘Men shall buy fields for silver, sign and seal deeds, and call in witnesses in the land of Benjamin, in the environs of Jerusalem, in the cities of Judah, in the cities of the hill country, in the cities of the lowland, and in the cities of the Negev; for I will restore their fortunes,’ declares Yahweh.”

Chapter 33

Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah the second time, while he was still confined in the court of the guard, saying, 33:2“Thus says Yahweh who made the earth, Yahweh who formed it to establish it, Yahweh is his name, 3‘Call to me, and I will answer you, and I will tell you great and mighty things, which you do not know.’ 4“For thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel concerning the houses of this city, and concerning the houses of the kings of Judah, which are broken down to make a defense against the siege mounds and against the sword, 5‘While they are coming to fight with the Chaldeans, and to fill them with the corpses of men whom I have slain in my anger and in my wrath, and I have hidden my face from this city because of all their wickedness: 6‘Behold, I will bring to it health and healing, and I will heal them; and I will reveal to them an abundance of peace and truth. 7‘And I will restore the fortunes of Judah and the fortunes of Israel, and I will rebuild them as they were at first. 8‘And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity by which they have sinned against me, and I will pardon all their iniquities by which they have sinned against me, and by which they have transgressed against me. 9‘And it shall be to me a name of joy, praise, and glory before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear of all the good that I do for them, and they shall fear and tremble because of all the good and all the peace that I make for it.’ 10“Thus says Yahweh, ‘Yet again there shall be heard in this place, of which you say, “It is a waste, without man and without beast,” that is, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem that are desolate, without man and without inhabitant and without beast, 11the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the voice of those who say, “Give thanks to Yahweh of hosts, for Yahweh is good, for his lovingkindness is to time immemorial”; and of those who bring a thank offering into the house of Yahweh. For I will restore the fortunes of the land as they were at first,’ says Yahweh. 12“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, ‘There shall again be in this place which is waste, without man or beast, and in all its cities, a habitation of shepherds who rest their flocks. 13‘In the cities of the hill country, in the cities of the lowland, in the cities of the Negev, in the land of Benjamin, in the environs of Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, the flocks shall again pass under the hands of the one who numbers them,’ says Yahweh. 14‘Behold, days are coming,’ declares Yahweh, ‘when I will fulfill the good word which I have spoken concerning the house of Israel and the house of Judah. 15‘In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and he shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth. 16‘In those days Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she shall be called: Yahweh is our righteousness.’ 17“For thus says Yahweh, ‘ David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; 18and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man before me to offer whole-ascending sacrifices, to burn grain offerings, and to prepare sacrifices continually.’” 19And the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah, saying, 20“Thus says Yahweh, ‘If you can break my covenant for the day, and my covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, 21then my covenant may also be broken with David my servant that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levitical priests, my ministers. 22‘As the host of heaven cannot be counted, and the sand of the sea cannot be measured, so I will multiply the descendants of David my servant and the Levites who minister to me.’” 23And the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah, saying, 24“Have you not observed what this people have spoken, saying, ‘The two families which Yahweh chose, he has rejected them’? Thus they despise my people, no longer are they as a nation in their sight. 25“Thus says Yahweh, ‘If my covenant for day and night stand not, and the fixed patterns of heaven and earth I have not established, 26then I would reject the descendants of Jacob and David my servant, not taking from his descendants rulers over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. But I will restore their fortunes and will have mercy on them.’”

Chapter 34

The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army, with all the kingdoms of the earth that were under his dominion and all the peoples, were fighting against Jerusalem and against all its cities, saying, 34:2“Thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel, ‘Go and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah and say to him: “Thus says Yahweh, ‘Behold, I am giving this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he will burn it with fire. 3‘And you will not escape from his hand, for you will surely be captured and delivered into his hand; and you will see the king of Babylon eye to eye, and he will speak with you face to face, and you will go to Babylon.’”‘ 4“Yet hear the word of Yahweh, Zedekiah king of Judah! Thus says Yahweh concerning you, ‘You will not die by the sword. 5‘You will die in peace; and as spices were burned for your fathers, the former kings who were before you, so they will burn spices for you; and they will lament for you, “Alas, lord!”‘ For I have spoken the word,” declares Yahweh. 6Then Jeremiah the prophet spoke all these words to Zedekiah king of Judah in Jerusalem 7when the army of the king of Babylon was fighting against Jerusalem and against all the remaining cities of Judah, that is, Lachish and Azekah, for they alone remained as fortified cities among the cities of Judah. 8The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, after King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people who were in Jerusalem to proclaim release to them: 9that each man should set free his male servant and each man his female servant, a Hebrew man or a Hebrew woman; so that no one should keep them, a Jew his brother, in bondage. 10And all the officials and all the people obeyed, who had entered into the covenant that each man should set free his male servant and each man his female servant, so that no one should keep them any longer in bondage; they obeyed, and set them free. 11But afterward they turned around and took back the male servants and the female servants, whom they had set free, and brought them into subjection for male servants and for female servants. 12Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying, 13“Thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel, ‘I made a covenant with your forefathers in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, saying, 14“At the edge of seven years each of you shall set free his Hebrew brother, who has been sold to you and has served you six years, you shall send him out free from you; but your forefathers did not obey me, or incline their ear to me. 15“Although recently you had turned and done what is right in my sight, each man proclaiming release to his neighbor, and you had made a covenant before me in the house which is called by my name. 16“Yet you turned and profaned my name, and each man took back his male servant and each man his female servant, whom you had set free according to their desire, and you brought them into subjection to be your male servants and female servants.”‘ 17“Therefore thus says Yahweh, ‘You have not obeyed me in proclaiming release each man to his brother, and each man to his neighbor. Behold, I am proclaiming a release to you,’ declares Yahweh, ‘to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you a terror to all the kingdoms of the earth. 18‘And I will give the men who have transgressed my covenant, who have not fulfilled the words of the covenant which they made before me, when they cut the calf in two and passed between its parts— 19the officials of Judah, and the officials of Jerusalem, the court officers, and the priests, and all the people of the land, who passed between the parts of the calf— 20and I will give them into the hand of their enemies and into the hand of those who seek their life. And their dead bodies shall be food for the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth. 21‘And Zedekiah king of Judah and his officials I will give into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those who seek their life, and into the hand of the army of the king of Babylon which has gone away from you. 22‘Behold, I am going to command,’ declares Yahweh, ‘and I will bring them back to this city; and they shall fight against it and take it and burn it with fire; and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation without inhabitant.’”

Chapter 35

The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying, 35:2“Go to the house of the Rechabites, and speak to them, and bring them into the house of Yahweh, into one of the chambers, and give them wine to drink.” 3Then I took Jaazaniah the son of Jeremiah, son of Habazziniah, and his brothers, and all his sons, and the whole house of the Rechabites, 4and I brought them into the house of Yahweh, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan the son of Igdaliah, the man of the Almighty, which was near the chamber of the officials, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the doorkeeper. 5Then I set before the men of the house of the Rechabites pitchers full of wine, and cups; and I said to them, “Drink wine!” 6But they said, “We will not drink wine, for Jonadab the son of Rechab, our father, commanded us, saying, ‘You shall not drink wine, you or your sons, onward of time immemorial. 7‘And you shall not build a house, and you shall not sow seed, and you shall not plant a vineyard or own one; but in tents you shall dwell all your days, that you may live many days in the land where you sojourn.’ 8“And we have obeyed the voice of Jonadab the son of Rechab, our father, in all that he commanded us, not to drink wine all our days, we, our wives, our sons, or our daughters, 9nor to build ourselves houses to dwell in; and we do not have vineyard or field or seed. 10“We have only dwelt in tents, and have obeyed, and have done according to all that Jonadab our father commanded us. 11“But it came about, when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against the land, that we said, ‘Come and let us go to Jerusalem before the army of the Chaldeans and before the army of the Arameans.’ So we have dwelt in Jerusalem.” 12Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah, saying, 13“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Go and say to the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, “Will you not receive instruction by listening to my words?” declares Yahweh. 14“The words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, which he commanded his sons not to drink wine, are observed. So they do not drink wine to this day, for they have obeyed their father’s command. But I have spoken to you again and again; yet you have not listened to me. 15“Also I have sent to you all my servants the prophets, sending them again and again, saying: ‘Turn now every man from his evil way, and amend your deeds, and do not go after other gods to worship them, then you shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your forefathers; but you have not inclined your ear or listened to me. 16‘Indeed, the sons of Jonadab the son of Rechab have observed the command of their father which he commanded them, but this people has not listened to me.’”‘ 17“Therefore thus says Yahweh, the Almighty of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Behold, I am bringing on Judah and on all the inhabitants of Jerusalem all the disaster that I have pronounced against them; because I spoke to them but they did not listen, and I have called them but they did not answer.’” 18Then Jeremiah said to the house of the Rechabites, “Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Because you have obeyed the command of Jonadab your father, kept all his commands, and done according to all that he commanded you; 19therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Jonadab the son of Rechab shall not lack a man to stand before me always.”’”

Chapter 36

And it came about in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, that this word came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying, 36:2“Take a scroll and write on it all the words which I have spoken to you concerning Israel, and concerning Judah, and concerning all the nations, from the day I first spoke to you, from the days of Josiah, even to this day. 3“Perhaps the house of Judah will hear all the calamity which I plan to bring on them, in order that every man will turn from his evil way; then I will forgive their iniquity and their sin.” 4Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah, and Baruch wrote at the dictation of Jeremiah all the words of Yahweh, which he had spoken to him, on a scroll. 5And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, “I am restricted; I cannot go into the house of Yahweh. 6“So you go and read from the scroll which you have written at my dictation the words of Yahweh to the people in Yahweh’s house on a fast day. And also you shall read them to all the people of Judah who come from their cities. 7“Perhaps their supplication will come before Yahweh, and everyone will turn from his evil way, for great is the anger and the wrath that Yahweh has pronounced against this people.” 8And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading from the book the words of Yahweh in Yahweh’s house. 9Now it came about in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, in the ninth month, that all the people in Jerusalem and all the people who came from the cities of Judah to Jerusalem proclaimed a fast before Yahweh. 10Then Baruch read from the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of Yahweh in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the upper court, at the entry of the New Gate of Yahweh’s house, to all the people. 11Now when Micaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard all the words of Yahweh from the book, 12he went down to the king’s house, into the scribe’s chamber. And, behold, all the officials were sitting there—Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the other officials. 13And Micaiah declared to them all the words that he had heard, when Baruch read from the book to the people. 14Then all the officials sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, to Baruch, saying, “Take in your hand the scroll from which you have read to the people and come.” So Baruch the son of Neriah took the scroll in his hand and went to them. 15And they said to him, “Sit down please, and read it to us.” So Baruch read it to them. 16Now it came about when they had heard all the words, they turned in fear one to another and said to Baruch, “We will surely report all these words to the king.” 17And they asked Baruch, saying, “Tell us please, how did you write all these words? Was it at his dictation?” 18Then Baruch said to them, “He dictated all these words to me, and I wrote them with ink on the book.” 19Then the officials said to Baruch, “Go, hide yourself, you and Jeremiah, and do not let anyone know where you are.” 20So they went to the king in the court, but they had deposited the scroll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and they reported all the words to the king. 21Then the king sent Jehudi to get the scroll, and he took it out of the chamber of Elishama the scribe. And Jehudi read it to the king as well as to all the officials who stood beside the king. 22Now the king was sitting in the winter house in the ninth month, with a fire burning in the brazier before him. 23And it came about, when Jehudi had read three or four columns, the king cut it with a scribe’s knife and threw it into the fire that was in the brazier, until all the scroll was consumed in the fire that was in the brazier. 24Yet the king and all his servants who heard all these words were not afraid, nor did they rend their garments. 25Even though Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah entreated the king not to burn the scroll, he would not listen to them. 26And the king commanded Jerahmeel the king’s son, Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel to seize Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet, but Yahweh hid them. 27Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah after the king had burned the scroll and the words which Baruch had written at the dictation of Jeremiah, saying, 28“Take again another scroll and write on it all the former words that were on the first scroll which Jehoiakim the king of Judah burned. 29“And concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah you shall say, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “You have burned this scroll, saying, ‘Why have you written on it that the king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall make man and beast to cease from it?’” 30‘Therefore thus says Yahweh concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah, “He shall have no one to sit on the throne of David, and his dead body shall be cast out to the heat of the day and the frost of the night. 31“I shall also punish him and his descendants and his servants for their iniquity, and I shall bring on them and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the men of Judah all the calamity that I have declared to them—but they did not listen.”’” 32Then Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to Baruch the son of Neraiah, the scribe, and he wrote on it at the dictation of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire; and many similar words were added to them.

Chapter 37

Now Zedekiah the son of Josiah whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had made king in the land of Judah, reigned as king in place of Coniah the son of Jehoiakim. 37:2But neither he nor his servants nor the people of the land listened to the words of Yahweh which he spoke through Jeremiah the prophet. 3Yet King Zedekiah sent Jehucal the son of Shelemiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, to Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “Please pray to Yahweh our Almighty on our behalf.” 4Now Jeremiah was still coming in and going out among the people, for they had not yet put him in the prison. 5Meanwhile, Pharaoh’s army had set out from Egypt; and when the Chaldeans who had been besieging Jerusalem heard the report about them, they lifted the siege from Jerusalem. 6Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah the prophet, saying, 7“Thus says Yahweh Almighty of Israel, ‘Thus you are to say to the king of Judah, who sent you to me to inquire of me: “Behold, Pharaoh’s army which has come out for your assistance is going to return to its own land of Egypt. 8“The Chaldeans will also return and fight against this city, and they will capture it and burn it with fire.”‘ 9“Thus says Yahweh, ‘Do not deceive yourselves, saying, “The Chaldeans will surely go away from us,” for they will not go. 10‘For even if you had defeated the entire army of Chaldeans who were fighting against you, and there were only wounded men left among them, each man in his tent, they would rise up and burn this city with fire.’” 11Now it happened, when the army of the Chaldeans had lifted the siege from Jerusalem because of Pharaoh’s army, 12that Jeremiah went out from Jerusalem to go to the land of Benjamin in order to take possession of some property there among the people. 13While he was at the Gate of Benjamin, a captain of the guard whose name was Irijah, the son of Shelemiah the son of Hananiah was there; and he arrested Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “You are going over to the Chaldeans!” 14But Jeremiah said, “A lie! I am not going over to the Chaldeans”; yet he would not listen to him. So Irijah arrested Jeremiah and brought him to the officials. 15Then the officials were angry at Jeremiah and beat him, and they put him in jail in the house of Jonathan the scribe, which they had made into the prison. 16For Jeremiah had come into the dungeon, that is, the vaulted cell; and Jeremiah stayed there many days. 17Now King Zedekiah sent and took him out; and in his palace the king secretly asked him and said, “Is there a word from Yahweh?” And Jeremiah said, “There is!” Then he said, “You will be given into the hand of the king of Babylon!” 18Moreover Jeremiah said to King Zedekiah, “ In what way have I sinned against you, or against your servants, or against this people, that you have put me in prison? 19“Where then are your prophets who prophesied to you, saying, ‘The king of Babylon will not come against you or against this land ‘? 20“But now, please listen, my lord the king; please let my petition come before you, and do not make me return to the house of Jonathan the scribe, that I may not die there.” 21Then King Zedekiah gave commandment, and they committed Jeremiah to the court of the guardhouse and gave him a loaf of bread daily from the bakers’ street, until all the bread in the city was gone. So Jeremiah remained in the court of the guardhouse.

Chapter 38

Now Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashhur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur the son of Malchijah heard the words that Jeremiah was speaking to all the people, saying, 38:2“Thus says Yahweh, ‘He who stays in this city will die by the sword and by famine and by pestilence, but he who goes out to the Chaldeans will live and have his own life as booty and stay alive.’ 3“Thus says Yahweh, ‘This city will certainly be given into the hand of the army of the king of Babylon, and he will capture it.’” 4Then the officials said to the king, “Now let this man be put to death, inasmuch as he is discouraging the men of war who are left in this city and all the people, by speaking such words to them; for this man is not seeking the well-being of this people, but rather their harm.” 5So King Zedekiah said, “Behold, he is in your hands; for the king can do nothing against you.” 6Then they took Jeremiah and cast him into the cistern of Malchijah the king’s son, which was in the court of the guardhouse; and they let Jeremiah down with ropes. Now in the cistern there was no water but only mud, and Jeremiah sank into the mud. 7But Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, a eunuch, while he was in the king’s palace, heard that they had put Jeremiah into the cistern. Now the king was sitting in the Gate of Benjamin; 8and Ebed-melech went out from the king’s palace and spoke to the king, saying, 9“My lord the king, these men have acted wickedly in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet whom they have cast into the cistern; and he will die right where he is because of the famine, for there is no more bread in the city.” 10Then the king commanded Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying, “Take thirty men from here under your authority, and bring up Jeremiah the prophet from the cistern before he dies.” 11So Ebed-melech took the men under his authority and went into the king’s palace to a place beneath the storeroom and took from there worn-out clothes and worn-out rags and let them down by ropes into the cistern to Jeremiah. 12Then Ebed-melech the Ethiopian said to Jeremiah, “Now put these worn-out clothes and rags under your armpits under the ropes”; and Jeremiah did so. 13So they pulled Jeremiah up with the ropes and lifted him out of the cistern, and Jeremiah stayed in the court of the guardhouse. 14Then King Zedekiah sent and had Jeremiah the prophet brought to him at the third entrance that is in the house of Yahweh; and the king said to Jeremiah, “I am going to ask you something; do not hide anything from me.” 15Then Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “If I tell you, will you not certainly put me to death? Besides, if I give you advice, you will not listen to me.” 16But King Zedekiah swore to Jeremiah in secret saying, “As Yahweh lives, who made this life for us, surely I will not put you to death nor will I give you over to the hand of these men who are seeking your life.” 17Then Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “Thus says Yahweh Almighty of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘If you will indeed go out to the officers of the king of Babylon, then you will live, this city will not be burned with fire, and you and your household will survive. 18‘But if you will not go out to the officers of the king of Babylon, then this city will be given over to the hand of the Chaldeans; and they will burn it with fire, and you yourself will not escape from their hand.’” 19Then King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “I dread the Jews who have gone over to the Chaldeans, lest they give me over into their hand and they abuse me.” 20But Jeremiah said, “They will not give you over. Please obey Yahweh in what I am saying to you, that it may go well with you and you may live. 21“But if you keep refusing to go out, this is the word which Yahweh has shown me: 22‘Then behold, all of the women who have been left in the palace of the king of Judah are going to be brought out to the officers of the king of Babylon; and those women will say, “Your close friends Have misled and overpowered you; while your feet were sunk in the mire, they turned back.” 23‘They will also bring out all your wives and your sons to the Chaldeans, and you yourself will not escape from their hand, but will be seized by the hand of the king of Babylon, and this city will be burned with fire.’” 24Then Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “Let no man know about these words and you will not die. 25“But if the officials hear that I have talked with you and come to you and say to you, ‘Tell us now what you said to the king, and what the king said to you; do not hide it from us, and we will not put you to death,’ 26then you are to say to them, ‘I was presenting my petition before the king, not to make me return to the house of Jonathan to die there.’” 27Then all the officials came to Jeremiah and questioned him. So he reported to them in accordance with all these words which the king had commanded; and they ceased speaking with him, since the conversation had not been overheard. 28So Jeremiah stayed in the court of the guardhouse until the day that Jerusalem was captured.

Chapter 39

Now it came about when Jerusalem was captured in the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came to Jerusalem and laid siege to it; 39:2in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the city wall was breached. 3Then all the officials of the king of Babylon came in and sat down at the Middle Gate: Nergal-sar-ezer, Samgar-nebu, Sar-sekim the Rab-saris, Nergal-sar-ezer the Rab-mag, and all the rest of the officials of the king of Babylon. 4And it came about, when Zedekiah the king of Judah and all the men of war saw them, that they fled and went out of the city at night by way of the king’s garden through the gate between the two walls; and he went out toward the Arabah. 5But the army of the Chaldeans pursued them and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and they seized him and brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, and he passed sentence on him. 6Then the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes at Riblah; the king of Babylon also slew all the nobles of Judah. 7He then blinded Zedekiah’s eyes and bound him in fetters of bronze to bring him to Babylon. 8The Chaldeans also burned with fire the king’s palace and the houses of the people, and they broke down the walls of Jerusalem. 9And as for the rest of the people who were left in the city, the deserters who had gone over to him and the rest of the people who remained, Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard carried them into exile in Babylon. 10But some of the poorest people who had nothing, Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard left behind in the land of Judah, and gave them vineyards and fields at that time. 11Now Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon gave orders about Jeremiah through Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard, saying, 12“Take him and look after him, and do nothing harmful to him; but rather deal with him just as he tells you.” 13So Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard sent word, along with Nebushazban the Rab-saris, and Nergal-sar-ezer the Rab-mag, and all the leading officers of the king of Babylon; 14they even sent and took Jeremiah out of the court of the guardhouse and entrusted him to Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, to take him home. So he stayed among the people. 15Now the word of Yahweh had come to Jeremiah while he was confined in the court of the guardhouse, saying, 16“Go and speak to Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Behold, I am about to bring my words on this city for disaster and not for prosperity; and they will take place before you on that day. 17“But I will deliver you on that day,” declares Yahweh, “and you shall not be given into the hand of the men whom you dread. 18“For I will certainly rescue you, and you will not fall by the sword; but you will have your own life as booty, because you have trusted in me,” declares Yahweh.’”

Chapter 40

The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh after Nebuzaradan captain of the bodyguard had released him from Ramah, when he had taken him bound in chains, among all the exiles of Jerusalem and Judah, who were being exiled to Babylon. 40:2Now the captain of the bodyguard had taken Jeremiah and said to him, “ Yahweh your Almighty promised this calamity against this place; 3and Yahweh has brought it on and done just as he promised. Because you people sinned against Yahweh and did not listen to his voice, therefore this thing has happened to you. 4“But now, behold, I am freeing you today from the chains which are on your hands. If you would prefer to come with me to Babylon, come along, and I will look after you; but if you would prefer not to come with me to Babylon, never mind. Look, the whole land is before you; go wherever it seems good and right for you to go.” 5As Jeremiah was still not going back, he said, “Go on back then to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon has appointed over the cities of Judah, and stay with him among the people; or else go anywhere it seems right for you to go.” So the captain of the bodyguard gave him a ration and a gift and let him go. 6Then Jeremiah went to Mizpah to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam and stayed with him among the people who were left in the land. 7Now all the commanders of the forces that were in the field, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah the son of Ahikam over the land and that he had put him in charge of the men, women and children, those of the poorest of the land who had not been exiled to Babylon. 8So they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah, along with Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of the Maacathite, both they and their men. 9Then Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, swore to them and to their men, saying, “Do not be afraid of serving the Chaldeans; stay in the land and serve the king of Babylon, that it may go well with you. 10“Now as for me, behold, I am going to stay at Mizpah to stand for you before the Chaldeans who come to us; but as for you, gather in wine and summer fruit and oil, and put them in your storage vessels, and live in your cities that you have taken over.” 11Likewise also all the Jews who were in Moab and among the sons of Ammon and in Edom, and who were in all the other countries, heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant for Judah and that he had appointed over them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan. 12Then all the Jews returned from all the places to which they had been driven away and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah at Mizpah, and gathered in wine and summer fruit in great abundance. 13Now Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces that were in the field came to Gedaliah at Mizpah, 14and said to him, “Are you well aware that Baalis the king of the sons of Ammon has sent Ishmael the son of Nethaniah to take your life?” But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam did not give any support to them. 15Then Johanan the son of Kareah spoke secretly to Gedaliah in Mizpah, saying, “Let me go and kill Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and not a man will know! Why should he take your life, so that all the Jews who are gathered to you should be scattered and the remnant of Judah perish?” 16But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said to Johanan the son of Kareah, “Do not do this thing, for you are telling a lie about Ishmael.”

Chapter 41

Now it came about in the seventh month that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal family and one of the chief officers of the king, along with ten men, came to Mizpah to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam. While they were eating bread together there in Mizpah, 41:2Ishmael the son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him arose and struck down Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, with the sword and put to death the one whom the king of Babylon had appointed over the land. 3Ishmael also struck down all the Jews who were with him, that is with Gedaliah at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans who were found there, the men of war. 4Now it happened on the next day after the killing of Gedaliah, when no one knew about it, 5that eighty men came from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria with their beards shaved off and their clothes torn and their bodies gashed, having grain offerings and incense in their hands to bring to the house of Yahweh. 6Then Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went out from Mizpah to meet them, weeping as he went; and it came about as he met them that he said to them, “Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam!” 7Yet it turned out that as soon as they came inside the city, Ishmael the son of Nethaniah and the men that were with him slaughtered them, and cast them into the cistern. 8But ten men who were found among them said to Ishmael, “Do not put us to death; for we have stores of wheat, barley, oil and honey hidden in the field.” So he refrained and did not put them to death along with their companions. 9Now as for the cistern where Ishmael had cast all the corpses of the men whom he had struck down because of Gedaliah, it was the one that King Asa had made on account of Baasha, king of Israel; Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled it with the slain. 10Then Ishmael took captive all the remnant of the people who were in Mizpah, the king’s daughters and all the people who were left in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard had put under the charge of Gedaliah the son of Ahikam; thus Ishmael the son of Nethaniah took them captive and proceeded to cross over to the sons of Ammon. 11But Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces that were with him heard of all the evil that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had done. 12So they took all the men and went to fight with Ishmael the son of Nethaniah and they found him by the great pool that is in Gibeon. 13Now it came about, as soon as all the people who were with Ishmael saw Johanan the son of Kareah and the commanders of the forces that were with him, they were glad. 14So all the people whom Ishmael had taken captive from Mizpah turned around and came back, and went to Johanan the son of Kareah. 15But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men and went to the sons of Ammon. 16Then Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces that were with him took from Mizpah all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, after he had struck down Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, that is, the men who were soldiers, the women, the children, and the eunuchs, whom he had brought back from Gibeon. 17And they went and stayed in Geruth Chimham, which is beside Bethlehem, in order to proceed into Egypt 18because of the Chaldeans; for they were afraid of them, since Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had struck down Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had appointed over the land.

Chapter 42

Then all the commanders of the forces, Johanan the son of Kareah, Jezaniah the son of Hoshaiah, and all the people both small and great approached 42:2and said to Jeremiah the prophet, “Please let our petition come before you, and pray for us to Yahweh your Almighty, that is for all this remnant; because we are left but a few out of many, as your own eyes now see us, 3that Yahweh your Almighty may tell us the way in which we should walk and the thing that we should do.” 4Then Jeremiah the prophet said to them, “I have heard you. Behold, I am going to pray to Yahweh your Almighty in accordance with your words; and it will come about that the whole message which Yahweh will answer you I will tell you. I will not keep back a word from you.” 5Then they said to Jeremiah, “May Yahweh be a true and faithful witness against us, if we do not act in accordance with the whole message with which Yahweh your Almighty will send through you to us. 6“Whether it is pleasant or unpleasant, we will listen to the voice of Yahweh our Almighty to whom we are sending you, in order that it may go well with us when we listen to the voice of Yahweh our Almighty.” 7Now it came about at the end of ten days that the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah. 8Then he called for Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the commanders of the forces that were with him, and for all the people both small and great, 9and said to them, “Thus says Yahweh the Almighty of Israel, to whom you sent me to present your petition before him: 10‘If you will indeed stay in this land, then I will build you up and not tear you down, and I will plant you and not uproot you; for I shall relent concerning the calamity that I have inflicted on you. 11‘Do not be afraid of the king of Babylon, whom you are now fearing; do not be afraid of him,’ declares Yahweh, ‘for I am with you to save you and deliver you from his hand. 12‘I will also show you compassion, so that he will have compassion on you and restore you to your own soil. 13‘But if you are going to say, “We will not stay in this land,” so as not to listen to the voice of Yahweh your Almighty, 14saying, “No, but we will go to the land of Egypt, where we shall not see war or hear the sound of a trumpet or hunger for bread, and we will stay there”; 15then in that case listen to the word of Yahweh, remnant of Judah. Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “If you really set your mind to enter Egypt, and go in to reside there, 16then it will come about that the sword, which you are afraid of will overtake you there in the land of Egypt; and the famine, about which you are anxious, will follow closely after you there in Egypt; and you will die there. 17“So all the men who set their mind to go to Egypt to reside there will die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence; and they will have no survivors or refugees from the calamity that I am going to bring on them.”’” 18For thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “As my anger and wrath have been poured out on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so my wrath will be poured out on you when you enter Egypt. And you will become a curse, an object of horror, an imprecation, and a reproach; and you will see this place no more.” 19Yahweh has spoken to you, remnant of Judah, “Do not go into Egypt!” You should clearly understand that today I have testified against you. 20For you have only deceived yourselves; for it is you who sent me to Yahweh your Almighty, saying, “Pray for us to Yahweh our Almighty; and whatever Yahweh our Almighty says, tell us so, and we will do it.” 21So, I have told you today, but you have not obeyed Yahweh your Almighty, even in whatever he has sent me to tell you. 22Therefore you should now clearly understand that you will die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence, in the place where you wish to go to reside.

Chapter 43

But it came about, as soon as Jeremiah whom Yahweh their Almighty had sent, had finished telling all the people all the words of Yahweh their Almighty—that is, all these words— 43:2that Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the arrogant men said to Jeremiah, “You are telling a lie! Yahweh our Almighty has not sent you to say, ‘You are not to enter Egypt to reside there’; 3but Baruch the son of Neriah is inciting you against us to give us over into the hand of the Chaldeans, so they may put us to death or exile us to Babylon.” 4So Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces, and all the people, did not obey the voice of Yahweh, so as to stay in the land of Judah. 5But Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces took the entire remnant of Judah who had returned from all the nations to which they had been driven away, in order to reside in the land of Judah— 6the men, the women, the children, the king’s daughters and every person that Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan, together with Jeremiah the prophet and Baruch the son of Neriah— 7and they entered the land of Egypt (for they did not obey the voice of Yahweh) and went in as far as Tahpanhes. 8Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah in Tahpanhes, saying, 9“Take some large stones in your hands and hide them in the mortar in the brick terrace which is at the entrance of Pharaoh’s palace in Tahpanhes, in the sight of some of the Jews; 10and say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Behold, I am going to send and get Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and I am going to set his throne right over these stones that I have hidden; and he will spread his canopy over them. 11“He will also come and strike the land of Egypt; those who are meant for death will be given over to death, and those for captivity to captivity, and those for the sword to the sword. 12“And I shall set fire to the temples of the gods of Egypt, and he will burn them and take them captive. So he will wrap himself with the land of Egypt as a shepherd wraps himself with his garment, and he will depart from there safely. 13“He will also shatter the obelisks of Heliopolis, which is in the land of Egypt; and the temples of the gods of Egypt he will burn with fire.”’”

Chapter 44

The word that came to Jeremiah for all the Jews living in the land of Egypt, those who were living in Migdol, Tahpanhes, Memphis, and the land of Pathros, saying, 44:2“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘You yourselves have seen all the calamity that I have brought on Jerusalem and all the cities of Judah; and behold, this day they are in ruins and no one lives in them, 3because of their wickedness which they committed so as to provoke me to anger by continuing to burn sacrifices and to serve other gods whom they had not known, neither they, you, nor your fathers. 4‘Yet I sent you all my servants the prophets, again and again, saying, “Oh, do not do this abominable thing which I hate.” 5‘But they did not listen or incline their ears to turn from their wickedness, so as not to burn sacrifices to other gods. 6‘Therefore my wrath and my anger were poured out and burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, so they have become a ruin and a desolation as it is this day. 7‘Now then thus says Yahweh Almighty of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Why are you doing great harm to yourselves, so as to cut off from you man and woman, child and infant, from among Judah, leaving yourselves without remnant, 8provoking me to anger with the works of your hands, burning sacrifices to other gods in the land of Egypt, where you are entering to reside, so that you might be cut off and become a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth? 9“Have you forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10“But they have not become contrite even to this day, nor have they feared nor walked in my Law or my statutes, which I have set before you and before your fathers.”‘ 11“Therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, ‘Behold, I am going to set my face against you for woe, even to cut off all Judah. 12‘And I will take away the remnant of Judah who have set their mind on entering the land of Egypt to reside there, and they will all meet their end in the land of Egypt; they will fall by the sword and meet their end by famine. Both small and great will die by the sword and famine; and they will become a curse, an object of horror, an imprecation and a reproach. 13‘And I will punish those who live in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, with the sword, with famine, and with pestilence. 14‘So there will be no refugees or survivors for the remnant of Judah who have entered the land of Egypt to reside there and then to return to the land of Judah, to which they are longing to return and live; for none will return except a few refugees.’” 15Then all the men who were aware that their wives were burning sacrifices to other gods, along with all the women who were standing by, as a large assembly, including all the people who were living in Pathros in the land of Egypt, responded to Jeremiah, saying, 16“As for the message that you have spoken to us in the name of Yahweh, we are not going to listen to you! 17“But rather we will certainly carry out every word that has proceeded from our mouths, by burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out libations to her, just as we ourselves, our forefathers, our kings and our princes did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; for then we had plenty of food, and were well off, and saw no misfortune. 18“But since we stopped burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out libations to her, we have lacked everything and have met our end by the sword and by famine.” 19“And,” said the women, “when we were burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven, and were pouring out libations to her, was it without our husbands that we made for her sacrificial cakes in her image and poured out libations to her?” 20Then Jeremiah said to all the people, to the men and women—even to all the people who were giving him such an answer—saying, 21“As for the smoking sacrifices that you burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, you and your forefathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land, did not Yahweh remember them, and did not all this come into his mind? 22“So Yahweh was no longer able to endure it, because of the evil of your deeds, because of the abominations which you have committed; thus your land has become a ruin, an object of horror and a curse, without an inhabitant, as it is this day. 23“Because you have burned sacrifices and have sinned against Yahweh and not obeyed the voice of Yahweh or walked in his Law, his statutes or his testimonies, therefore this calamity has befallen you, as it has this day.” 24Then Jeremiah said to all the people, including all the women, “Hear the word of Yahweh, all Judah who are in the land of Egypt, 25thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, as follows: ‘As for you and your wives, you have spoken with your mouths and fulfilled it with your hands, saying, “We will certainly perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pour out libations to her.” Go ahead and confirm your vows, and certainly perform your vows!’ 26“Nevertheless hear the word of Yahweh, all Judah who are living in the land of Egypt, ‘Behold, I have sworn by my great name,’ says Yahweh, ‘never shall my name be invoked again by the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, “As my Lord Yahweh lives.” 27‘Behold, I am watching over them for harm and not for good, and all the men of Judah who are in the land of Egypt will meet their end by the sword and by famine until they are completely gone. 28‘And those who escape the sword will return out of the land of Egypt to the land of Judah few in number. Then all the remnant of Judah who have gone to the land of Egypt to reside there will know whose word will stand, mine or theirs. 29‘And this will be the sign to you,’ declares Yahweh, ‘that I am going to punish you in this place, so that you may know that my words will surely stand against you for harm.’ 30“Thus says Yahweh, ‘Behold, I am going to give over Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt to the hand of his enemies, to the hand of those who seek his life, just as I gave over Zedekiah king of Judah to the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, who was his enemy and was seeking his life.’”

Chapter 45

This is the message which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written down these words in a book at Jeremiah’s dictation, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying: 45:2“Thus says Yahweh the Almighty of Israel to you, Baruch: 3‘You said, “Ah, woe is me! For Yahweh has added sorrow to my pain; I am weary with my groaning and have found no rest.”‘ 4“Thus you are to say to him, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Behold, what I have built I am about to tear down, and what I have planted I am about to uproot, that is, the whole land.” 5‘But you, are you seeking great things for yourself? Do not seek them; for behold, I am going to bring disaster on all flesh,’ declares Yahweh, ‘but I will give your life to you as booty in all the places where you may go.’”

Chapter 46

That which came as the word of Yahweh to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the nations. 46:2To Egypt, concerning the army of Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt, which was by the Euphrates River at Carchemish, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah: 3“Line up the shield and buckler, and draw near for the battle! 4“Harness the horses, and mount the steeds, and take your stand with helmets on! Polish the spears, put on the scale-armor! 5“Why have I seen it? They are terrified, they are drawing back, and their mighty men are defeated and have taken refuge in flight, without facing back; terror is on every side!” Declares Yahweh. 6Let not the swift man flee, nor the mighty man escape; in the north beside the river Euphrates They have stumbled and fallen. 7Who is this that rises like the Nile, like the rivers whose waters surge about? 8Egypt rises like the Nile, even like the rivers whose waters surge about; and he has said, “I will rise and cover that land; I will surely destroy the city and its inhabitants.” 9Go up, you horses, and drive madly, you chariots, that the mighty men may march forward: Ethiopia and Put, that handle the shield, and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow. 10For that day belongs to my Lord Yahweh of hosts, a day of vengeance, so as to avenge himself on his foes; and the sword will devour and be satiated and drink its fill of their blood; for there will be a slaughter for my Lord Yahweh of hosts, in the land of the north by the river Euphrates. 11Go up to Gilead and obtain balm, virgin daughter of Egypt! In vain have you multiplied remedies; there is no healing for you. 12The nations have heard of your shame, and the earth is full of your cry of distress; for one warrior has stumbled over another, and both of them have fallen down together. 13This is the message which Yahweh spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to smite the land of Egypt: 14“Declare in Egypt and proclaim in Migdol, proclaim also in Memphis and Tahpanhes; say, ‘Take your stand and get yourself ready, for the sword has devoured those around you.’ 15“Why have your mighty ones become prostrate? They do not stand because Yahweh has thrust them down. 16“They have repeatedly stumbled; indeed, they have fallen one against another. Then they said, ‘Get up! And let us go back To our own people and our native land Away from the sword of the oppressor.’ 17“They cried there, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a big noise; he has let the appointed time pass by!’ 18“As I live,” declares the King whose name is Yahweh of hosts, “Surely one shall come who looms up like Tabor among the mountains, or like Carmel by the sea. 19“Make your baggage ready for exile, daughter dwelling in Egypt, for Memphis will become a desolation; it will even be burned down and bereft of inhabitants. 20“Egypt is a pretty heifer, but a horsefly is coming from the north—it is coming! 21“Also her mercenaries in her midst Are like fattened calves, for even they too have turned back and have fled away together; they did not stand their ground. For the day of their calamity has come upon them, the time of their punishment. 22“Its sound moves along like a serpent; for they move on like an army and come to her as woodcutters with axes. 23“They have cut down her forest,” declares Yahweh; “Surely it will no more be found, even though they are now more numerous than locusts and are without number. 24“The daughter of Egypt has been put to shame, given over to the power of the people of the north.” 25Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, says, “Behold, I am going to punish Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh, and Egypt along with her gods and her kings, even Pharaoh and those who trust in him. 26“And I shall give them over to the power of those who are seeking their lives, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and into the hand of his officers. Afterwards, however, it will be inhabited as in the days of old,” declares Yahweh. 27“But as for you, Jacob my servant, do not fear, nor be dismayed, Israel! For, see, I am going to save you from afar, and your descendants from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return and be undisturbed and secure, with no one making him tremble. 28“Jacob my servant, do not fear,” declares Yahweh, “For I am with you. For I shall make a full end of all the nations where I have driven you, yet I shall not make a full end of you; but I shall correct you properly and by no means leave you unpunished.”

Chapter 47

That which came as the word of Yahweh to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the Philistines, before Pharaoh conquered Gaza. 47:2Thus says Yahweh: “Behold, waters are going to rise from the north and become an overflowing torrent, and overflow the land and all its fulness, the city and those who live in it; and the men will cry out, and every inhabitant of the land will wail. 3“Because of the noise of the galloping hoofs of his stallions, the tumult of his chariots, and the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers have not turned back for their children, because of the limpness of their hands, 4On account of the day that is coming To destroy all the Philistines, to cut off from Tyre and Sidon Every ally that is left; for Yahweh is going to destroy the Philistines, the remnant of the coastland of Caphtor. 5“Baldness has come upon Gaza; Ashkelon has been ruined. Remnant of their valley, how long will you gash yourself? 6“Ah, sword of Yahweh, how long will you not be quiet? Withdraw into your sheath; be at rest and stay still. 7“How can it be quiet, when Yahweh has given it an order? Against Ashkelon and against the seacoast—There he has assigned it.”

Chapter 48

Concerning Moab. Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel, “Woe to Nebo, for it has been destroyed; Kiriathaim has been put to shame, it has been captured; the lofty stronghold has been put to shame and shattered. 48:2“There is praise for Moab no longer; in Heshbon they have devised calamity against her: ‘Come and let us cut her off from being a nation!’ You too, madmen, will be silenced; the sword will follow after you. 3“The sound of an outcry from Horonaim, ‘Devastation and great destruction!’ 4“Moab is broken, her little ones have sounded out a cry of distress. 5“For by the ascent of Luhith They will ascend with continual weeping; for at the descent of Horonaim They have heard the anguished cry of destruction. 6“Flee, save your lives, that you may be like a juniper in the wilderness. 7“For because of your trust in your own achievements and treasures, even you yourself will be captured; and Chemosh will go off into exile Together with his priests and his princes. 8“And a destroyer will come to every city, so that no city will escape; the valley also will be ruined, and the plateau will be destroyed, as Yahweh has said. 9“Give wings to Moab, for she will flee away; and her cities will become a desolation, without inhabitants in them. 10“Cursed be the one who does Yahweh’s work negligently, and cursed be the one who restrains his sword from blood. 11“Moab has been at ease since his youth; he has also been undisturbed on his lees, neither has he been emptied from vessel to vessel, nor has he gone into exile. Therefore he retains his flavor, and his aroma has not changed. 12“Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I shall send to him those who tip vessels, and they will tip him over, and they will empty his vessels and shatter his jars. 13“And Moab will be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence. 14“How can you say, ‘We are mighty warriors, and men valiant for battle ‘? 15“Moab has been destroyed, and men have gone up to his cities; his choicest young men have also gone down to the slaughter,” Declares the King, whose name is Yahweh of hosts. 16“The disaster of Moab will soon come, and his calamity has swiftly hastened. 17“Mourn for him, all you who live around him, even all of you who know his name; say, ‘How has the mighty scepter been broken, a staff of splendor!’ 18“Come down from your glory and sit on the parched ground, daughter dwelling in Dibon, for the destroyer of Moab has come up against you, he has ruined your strongholds. 19“Stand by the road and keep watch, inhabitant of Aroer; ask him who flees and her who escapes And say, ‘What has happened?’ 20“Moab has been put to shame, for it has been shattered. Wail and cry out; declare by the Arnon That Moab has been destroyed. 21“Judgment has also come upon the plain, upon Holon, Jahzah, and against Mephaath, 22against Dibon, Nebo, and Beth-diblathaim, 23against Kiriathaim, Beth-gamul, and Beth-meon, 24against Kerioth, Bozrah, and all the cities of the land of Moab, far and near. 25“The horn of Moab has been cut off, and his arm broken,” declares Yahweh. 26“Make him drunk, for he has become arrogant toward Yahweh; so Moab will wallow in his vomit, and he also will become a laughingstock. 27“Now was not Israel a laughingstock to you? Or was he caught among thieves? For each time you speak about him you shake your head in scorn. 28“Leave the cities and dwell among the crags, inhabitants of Moab, and be like a dove that nests Beyond the mouth of the chasm. 29“We have heard of the pride of Moab—he is very proud—Of his haughtiness, his pride, his arrogance and his self-exaltation. 30“I know his fury,” declares Yahweh, “But it is futile; his idle boasts have accomplished nothing. 31“Therefore I shall wail for Moab, even for all Moab shall I cry out; I will moan for the men of Kir-heres. 32“More than the weeping for Jazer I shall weep for you, vine of Sibmah! Your tendrils stretched across the sea, they reached to the sea of Jazer; upon your summer fruits and your grape harvest The destroyer has fallen. 33“So gladness and joy are taken away from the fruitful field, even from the land of Moab. And I have made the wine to cease from the wine presses; no one will tread them with shouting, the shouting will not be shouts of joy. 34“From the outcry at Heshbon even to Elealeh, even to Jahaz they have raised their voice, from Zoar even to Horonaim and to Eglath-shelishiyah; for even the waters of Nimrim will become desolate. 35“And I shall make an end of Moab,” declares Yahweh, “the one who offers sacrifice on the high place and the one who burns incense to his gods. 36“Therefore my heart wails for Moab like flutes; my heart also wails like flutes for the men of Kir-heres. Therefore they have lost the abundance it produced. 37“For every head is bald and every beard cut short; there are gashes on all the hands and sackcloth on the loins. 38“On all the housetops of Moab and in its streets there is lamentation everywhere; for I have broken Moab like an undesirable vessel,” declares Yahweh. 39“How shattered it is! How they have wailed! How Moab has turned his back—he is ashamed! So Moab will become a laughingstock and an object of terror to all around him.” 40For thus says Yahweh, “Behold, one will fly swiftly like an eagle, and spread out his wings against Moab. 41“Kerioth has been captured and the strongholds have been seized, so the hearts of the mighty men of Moab in that day will be like the heart of a woman in labor. 42“And Moab will be destroyed from being a people Because he has become arrogant toward Yahweh. 43“Terror, pit, and snare are coming upon you, inhabitant of Moab,” declares Yahweh. 44“The one who flees from the terror will fall into the pit, and the one who climbs up out of the pit will be caught in the snare; for I shall bring upon her, even upon Moab, the year of their punishment,” declares Yahweh. 45“In the shadow of Heshbon The fugitives stand without strength; for a fire has gone forth from Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and it has devoured the forehead of Moab and the scalps of the riotous revelers. 46“Woe to you, Moab! The people of Chemosh have perished; for your sons have been taken away captive, and your daughters into captivity. 47“Yet I will restore the fortunes of Moab In the latter days,” declares Yahweh. Thus far the judgment on Moab.

Chapter 49

Concerning the sons of Ammon. Thus says Yahweh: “Does Israel have no sons? Or has he no heirs? Why then has Malcam taken possession of Gad and his people settled in its cities? 49:2“Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “That I shall cause a trumpet blast of war to be heard Against Rabbah of the sons of Ammon; and it will become a desolate heap, and her towns will be set on fire. Then Israel will take possession of his possessors,” Says Yahweh. 3“Wail, Heshbon, for Ai has been destroyed! Cry out, daughters of Rabbah, gird yourselves with sackcloth and lament, and rush back and forth inside the walls; for Malcam will go into exile Together with his priests and his princes. 4“How boastful you are about the valleys! Your valley is flowing away, backsliding daughter who trusts in her treasures, saying, ‘Who will come against me?’ 5“Behold, I am going to bring terror upon you,” Declares my Lord Yahweh of hosts, “From all directions around you; and each of you will be driven out headlong, with no one to gather the fugitives together. 6“But afterward I will restore The fortunes of the sons of Ammon,” Declares Yahweh. 7Concerning Edom. Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “Is there no longer any wisdom in Teman? Has good counsel been lost to the prudent? Has their wisdom decayed? 8“Flee away, turn back, dwell in the depths, inhabitants of Dedan, for I will bring the disaster of Esau upon him at the time I punish him. 9“If grape gatherers came to you, would they not leave gleanings? If thieves came by night, they would destroy only until they had enough. 10“But I have stripped Esau bare, I have uncovered his hiding places So that he will not be able to conceal himself; his offspring has been destroyed along with his relatives and his neighbors, and he is no more. 11“Leave your orphans behind, I will keep them alive; and let your widows trust in me.” 12For thus says Yahweh, “Behold, those who were not sentenced to drink the cup will certainly drink it, and are you the one who will be completely acquitted? You will not be acquitted, but you will certainly drink it. 13“For I have sworn by Myself,” declares Yahweh, “that Bozrah will become an object of horror, a reproach, a ruin and a curse; and all its cities will become enduring ruins.” 14I have heard a message from Yahweh, and an envoy is sent among the nations, saying, “Gather yourselves together and come against her, and rise up for battle!” 15“For behold, I have made you small among the nations, despised among men. 16“As for the terror of you, the arrogance of your heart has deceived you, you who live in the clefts of the rock, who occupy the height of the hill. Though you make your nest as high as an eagle’s, I will bring you down from there,” declares Yahweh. 17“And Edom will become an object of horror; everyone who passes by it will be horrified and will hiss at all its wounds. 18“Like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah with its neighbors,” says Yahweh, “no one will live there, nor will a son of man reside in it. 19“Behold, one will come up like a lion from the thickets of the Jordan against a perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I shall make him run away from it, and whoever is chosen I shall appoint over it. For who is like me, and who will summon me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can stand against me?” 20Therefore hear the plan of Yahweh which he has planned against Edom, and his purposes which he has purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: surely they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely he will make their pasture desolate because of them. 21The earth has quaked at the noise of their downfall. There is an outcry! The noise of it has been heard at the Red Sea. 22Behold, he will mount up and swoop like an eagle, and spread out his wings against Bozrah; and the hearts of the mighty men of Edom in that day will be like the heart of a woman in labor. 23Concerning Damascus. “Hamath and Arpad are put to shame, for they have heard bad news; they are disheartened. There is anxiety by the sea, it cannot be calmed. 24“Damascus has become helpless; she has turned away to flee, and panic has gripped her; distress and pangs have taken hold of her Like a woman in childbirth. 25“How the city of praise has not been deserted, the town of my joy! 26“Therefore, her young men will fall in her streets, and all the men of war will be silenced in that day,” declares Yahweh of hosts. 27“And I shall set fire to the wall of Damascus, and it will devour the fortified towers of Ben-hadad.” 28Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated. Thus says Yahweh, “Arise, go up to Kedar and devastate the men of the east. 29“They will take away their tents and their flocks; they will carry off for themselves Their tent curtains, all their goods, and their camels, and they will call out to one another, ‘Terror on every side!’ 30“Run away, flee! Dwell in the depths, inhabitants of Hazor,” declares Yahweh; “For Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has formed a plan against you and devised a scheme against you. 31“Arise, go up against a nation which is at ease, which lives securely,” declares Yahweh. “It has no gates or bars; they dwell alone. 32“And their camels will become plunder, and the multitude of their cattle for booty, and I shall scatter to all the winds those who cut the corners of their hair; and I shall bring their disaster from every side,” declares Yahweh. 33“And Hazor will become a haunt of jackals, a desolation onward of time immemorial; no one will live there, nor will a son of man reside in it.” 34That which came as the word of Yahweh to Jeremiah the prophet concerning Elam, at the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying, 35“Thus says Yahweh of hosts, ‘Behold, I am going to break the bow of Elam, the finest of their might. 36‘And I shall bring upon Elam the four winds from the four ends of heaven, and shall scatter them to all these winds; and there will be no nation To which the outcasts of Elam will not go. 37‘So I shall shatter Elam before their enemies and before those who seek their lives; and I shall bring calamity upon them, even my fierce anger,’ declares Yahweh, ‘And I shall send out the sword after them until I have consumed them. 38‘Then I shall set my throne in Elam, and I shall destroy out of it king and princes,’ Declares Yahweh. 39‘But it will come about in the last days That I shall restore the fortunes of Elam,’” Declares Yahweh.

Chapter 50

The word which Yahweh spoke concerning Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet: 50:2“Declare and proclaim among the nations. Proclaim it and lift up a standard. Do not conceal it but say, ‘Babylon has been captured, Bel has been put to shame, Marduk has been shattered; her images have been put to shame, her idols have been shattered.’ 3“For a nation has come up against her out of the north; it will make her land an object of horror, and there will be no inhabitant in it. Both man and beast have wandered off, they have gone away! 4“In those days and at that time,” declares Yahweh, “the sons of Israel will come, both they and the sons of Judah as well; they will go along weeping as they go, and it will be Yahweh their Almighty they will seek. 5“They will ask for the way to Zion, turning their faces in its direction; they will come that they may join themselves to Yahweh in an enduring covenant that will not be forgotten. 6“My people have become lost sheep; their shepherds have led them astray. They have made them turn aside on the mountains; they have gone along from mountain to hill and have forgotten their resting place. 7“All who came upon them have devoured them; and their adversaries have said, ‘We are not guilty, inasmuch as they have sinned against Yahweh who is the habitation of righteousness, even Yahweh, the hope of their fathers.’ 8“Wander away from the midst of Babylon, and go forth from the land of the Chaldeans; be also like male goats at the head of the flock. 9“For behold, I am going to arouse and bring up against Babylon A horde of great nations from the land of the north, and they will draw up their battle lines against her; from there she will be taken captive. Their arrows will be like an expert warrior who does not return empty-handed. 10“And Chaldea will become plunder; all who plunder her will have enough,” declares Yahweh. 11“Because you are glad, because you are jubilant, you who pillage my heritage, because you skip about like a threshing heifer and neigh like stallions, 12Your mother will be greatly ashamed, she who gave you birth will be humiliated. Behold, she will be the least of the nations, a wilderness, a parched land, and a desert. 13“Because of the indignation of Yahweh she will not be inhabited, but she will be completely desolate; everyone who passes by Babylon will be horrified and will hiss because of all her wounds. 14“Draw up your battle lines against Babylon on every side, all you who bend the bow; shoot at her, do not be sparing with your arrows, for she has sinned against Yahweh. 15“Raise your battle cry against her on every side! She has given herself up, her pillars have fallen, her walls have been torn down. For this is the vengeance of Yahweh: take vengeance on her; as she has done to others, so do to her. 16“Cut off the sower from Babylon, and the one who wields the sickle at the time of harvest; from before the sword of the oppressor They will each turn back to his own people, and they will each flee to his own land. 17“Israel is a scattered flock, the lions have driven them away. The first one who devoured him was the king of Assyria, and this last one who has broken his bones is Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. 18“Therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel: ‘Behold, I am going to punish the king of Babylon and his land, just as I punished the king of Assyria. 19‘And I shall bring Israel back to his pasture, and he will graze on Carmel and Bashan, and his desire will be satisfied in the hill country of Ephraim and Gilead. 20‘In those days and at that time,’ declares Yahweh, ‘search will be made for the iniquity of Israel, but there will be none; and for the sins of Judah, but they will not be found; for I shall pardon those whom I leave as a remnant.’ 21“Against the land of Merathaim, go up against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod. Slay and utterly destroy them,” declares Yahweh, “And do according to all that I have commanded you. 22“The noise of battle is in the land, and great destruction. 23“How the hammer of the whole earth Has been cut off and broken! How Babylon has become An object of horror among the nations! 24“I set a snare for you, and you were also caught, Babylon, while you yourself were not aware; you have been found and also seized Because you have engaged in conflict with Yahweh.” 25Yahweh has opened his armory and has brought forth the weapons of his indignation, for it is a work of my Lord Yahweh of hosts In the land of the Chaldeans. 26Come to her from the farthest border; open up her barns, pile her up like heaps and utterly destroy her, let nothing be left to her. 27Put all her young bulls to the sword; let them go down to the slaughter! Woe be upon them, for their day has come, the time of their punishment. 28There is a sound of fugitives and refugees from the land of Babylon, to declare in Zion the vengeance of Yahweh our Almighty, vengeance for his temple. 29“Summon many against Babylon, all those who bend the bow: encamp against her on every side, let there be no escape. Repay her according to her work; according to all that she has done, so do to her; for she has become arrogant against Yahweh, against the Holy One of Israel. 30“Therefore her young men will fall in her streets, and all her men of war will be silenced in that day,” declares Yahweh. 31“Behold, I am against you, arrogant one,” Declares my Lord Yahweh of hosts, “For your day has come, the time when I shall punish you. 32“And the arrogant one will stumble and fall with no one to raise him up; and I shall set fire to his cities, and it will devour all his environs.” 33Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “The sons of Israel are oppressed, and the sons of Judah as well; and all who took them captive have held them fast, they have refused to let them go. 34“Their Redeemer is strong, Yahweh of hosts is his name; he will vigorously plead their case, so that he may bring rest to the earth, but turmoil to the inhabitants of Babylon. 35“A sword against the Chaldeans,” declares Yahweh, “And against the inhabitants of Babylon, and against her officials and her wise men! 36“A sword against the oracle priests, and they will become fools! A sword against her mighty men, and they will be shattered! 37“A sword against their horses and against their chariots, and against all the foreigners who are in the midst of her, and they will become women! A sword against her treasures, and they will be plundered! 38“A drought on her waters, and they will be dried up! For it is a land of idols, and they are mad over fearsome idols. 39“Therefore the desert creatures will live there along with the jackals; the ostriches also will live in it, and it will never again be inhabited or dwelt in from generation to generation. 40“As when the Almighty overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah with its neighbors,” declares Yahweh, “No man will live there, nor will any son of man reside in it. 41“Behold, a people is coming from the north, and a great nation and many kings will be aroused from the remote parts of the earth. 42“They seize their bow and javelin; they are cruel and have no mercy. Their voice roars like the sea, and they ride on horses, marshalled like a man for the battle Against you, daughter of Babylon. 43“The king of Babylon has heard the report about them, and his hands hang limp; distress has gripped him, agony like a woman in childbirth. 44“Behold, one will come up like a lion from the thicket of the Jordan to a perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I shall make them run away from it, and whoever is chosen I shall appoint over it. For who is like me, and who will summon me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can stand before me?” 45Therefore hear the plan of Yahweh which he has planned against Babylon, and his purposes which he has purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: surely they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely he will make their pasture desolate because of them. 46At the shout, “Babylon has been seized!” the earth is shaken, and an outcry is heard among the nations.

Chapter 51

Thus says Yahweh: “Behold, I am going to arouse against Babylon and against the inhabitants of Leb-kamai The spirit of a destroyer. 51:2“And I shall dispatch foreigners to Babylon that they may winnow her and may devastate her land; for on every side they will be opposed to her In the day of her calamity. 3“Let not him who bends his bow bend it, nor let him rise up in his scale-armor; so do not spare her young men; devote all her army to destruction. 4“And they will fall down slain in the land of the Chaldeans, and pierced through in their streets.” 5For neither Israel nor Judah has been forsaken By his Almighty, Yahweh of hosts, although their land is full of guilt Before the Holy One of Israel. 6Flee from the midst of Babylon, and each of you save his life! Do not be destroyed in her punishment, for this is Yahweh’s time of vengeance; he is going to render recompense to her. 7Babylon has been a golden cup in the hand of Yahweh, intoxicating all the earth. The nations have drunk of her wine; therefore the nations are going mad. 8Suddenly Babylon has fallen and been broken; wail over her! Bring balm for her pain; perhaps she may be healed. 9We applied healing to Babylon, but she was not healed; forsake her and let us each go to his own country, for her judgment has reached to heaven and towers up to the very skies. 10Yahweh has brought about our vindication; come and let us recount in Zion The work of Yahweh our Almighty! 11Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers! Yahweh has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes, because his purpose is against Babylon to destroy it; for it is the vengeance of Yahweh, vengeance for his temple. 12Lift up a signal against the walls of Babylon; post a strong guard, station sentries, place men in ambush! For Yahweh has both purposed and performed what he spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon. 13You who dwell by many waters, abundant in treasures, your end has come, the measure of your end. 14Yahweh of hosts has sworn by himself: “Surely I will fill you with a population like locusts, and they will cry out with shouts of victory over you.” 15It is he who made the earth by his power, who established the world by his wisdom, and by his understanding he stretched out the heavens. 16When he utters his voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and he causes the clouds to ascend from the end of the earth; he makes lightning for the rain, and brings forth the wind from his storehouses. 17All mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge; every goldsmith is put to shame by his idols, for his molten images are deceitful, and there is no breath in them. 18They are worthless, a work of mockery; in the time of their punishment they will perish. 19The portion of Jacob is not like these; for the Maker of all is he, and of the tribe of his inheritance; Yahweh of hosts is his name. 20He says, “You are my war-club, my weapon of war; and with you I shatter nations, and with you I destroy kingdoms. 21“And with you I shatter the horse and his rider, 22And with you I shatter the chariot and its rider, and with you I shatter man and woman, and with you I shatter old man and youth, and with you I shatter young man and virgin, 23And with you I shatter the shepherd and his flock, and with you I shatter the farmer and his team, and with you I shatter governors and prefects. 24“But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of Chaldea for all their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes,” declares Yahweh. 25“Behold, I am against you, destroying mountain, who destroys the whole earth,” declares Yahweh, “And I will stretch out my hand against you, and roll you down from the crags and I will make you a burnt out mountain. 26“And they will not take from you even a stone for a corner nor a stone for foundations, but you will be an enduring desolation,” declares Yahweh. 27Lift up a signal in the land, blow a trumpet among the nations! Consecrate the nations against her, summon against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni and Ashkenaz; appoint a marshal against her, bring up the horses like bristly locusts. 28Consecrate the nations against her, the kings of the Medes, their governors and all their prefects, and every land of their dominion. 29So the land quakes and writhes, for the purposes of Yahweh against Babylon stand, to make the land of Babylon A desolation without inhabitants. 30The mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting, they stay in the strongholds; their strength is exhausted, they are becoming like women; their dwelling places are set on fire, the bars of her gates are broken. 31One courier runs to meet another, and one messenger to meet another, to tell the king of Babylon That his city has been captured from end to end; 32The fords also have been seized, and they have burned the marshes with fire, and the men of war are terrified. 33For thus says Yahweh of hosts, the Almighty of Israel: “The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing floor at the time it is stamped firm; yet in a little while the time of harvest will come for her.” 34“Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has devoured me and crushed me, he has set me down like an empty vessel; he has swallowed me like a monster, he has filled his stomach with my delicacies; he has washed me away. 35“May the violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,” The inhabitant of Zion will say; and, “May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,” Jerusalem will say. 36Therefore thus says Yahweh, “Behold, I am going to plead your case and exact full vengeance for you; and I shall dry up her sea and make her fountain dry. 37“And Babylon will become a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals, an object of horror and hissing, without inhabitants. 38“They will roar together like young lions, they will growl like lions’ cubs. 39“When they become heated up, I shall serve them their banquet and make them drunk, that they may become jubilant and may sleep an enduring sleep and not wake up,” declares Yahweh. 40“I shall bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams together with male goats. 41“How Sheshak has been captured, and the praise of the whole earth been seized! How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations! 42“The sea has come up over Babylon; she has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves. 43“Her cities have become an object of horror, a parched land and a desert, a land in which no man lives, and through which no son of man passes. 44“And I shall punish Bel in Babylon, and I shall make what he has swallowed come out of his mouth; and the nations will no longer stream to him. Even the wall of Babylon has fallen down! 45“Come forth from her midst, my people, and each of you save yourselves from the fierce anger of Yahweh. 46“Now lest your heart grow faint, and you be afraid at the report that will be heard in the land—For the report will come one year, and after that another report in another year, and violence will be in the land with ruler against ruler— 47Therefore behold, days are coming when I shall punish the idols of Babylon; and her whole land will be put to shame, and all her slain will fall in her midst. 48“Then heaven and earth and all that is in them will shout for joy over Babylon, for the destroyers will come to her from the north,” Declares Yahweh. 49Indeed Babylon is to fall for the slain of Israel, as also for Babylon the slain of all the earth have fallen. 50You who have escaped the sword, depart! Do not stay! Remember Yahweh from afar, and let Jerusalem come to your mind. 51We are ashamed because we have heard reproach; disgrace has covered our faces, for aliens have entered The holy places of Yahweh’s house. 52“Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “When I shall punish her idols, and the mortally wounded will groan throughout her land. 53“Though Babylon should ascend to the heavens, and though she should fortify her lofty stronghold, from me destroyers will come to her,” declares Yahweh. 54The sound of an outcry from Babylon, and of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans! 55For Yahweh is going to destroy Babylon, and he will make her loud noise vanish from her. And their waves will roar like many waters; the tumult of their voices sounds forth. 56For the destroyer is coming against her, against Babylon, and her mighty men will be captured, their bows are shattered; for Yahweh is an Almighty of recompense, he will fully repay. 57“And I shall make her princes and her wise men drunk, her governors, her prefects, and her mighty men, that they may sleep an enduring sleep and not wake up,” Declares the King, whose name is Yahweh of hosts. 58Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “The broad wall of Babylon will be completely razed, and her high gates will be set on fire; so the peoples will toil for nothing, and the nations become exhausted only for fire.” 59The message which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the grandson of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (Now Seraiah was quartermaster.) 60So Jeremiah wrote in a single scroll all the calamity which would come upon Babylon, that is, all these words which have been written concerning Babylon. 61Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “As soon as you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words aloud, 62and say, ‘You, Yahweh, have promised concerning this place to cut it off, so that there will be nothing dwelling in it, from man even onward of beast, but it will be an enduring desolation.’ 63“And it will come about as soon as you finish reading this scroll, you will tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates, 64and say, ‘Just so shall Babylon sink down and not rise again, because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become exhausted.’” Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

Chapter 52

Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 52:2And he did evil in the sight of Yahweh like all that Jehoiakim had done. 3For through the anger of Yahweh this came about in Jerusalem and Judah until he cast them out from his presence. And Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. 4Now it came about in the ninth year of his reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, camped against it, and built a siege wall all around it. 5So the city was under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. 6On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land. 7Then the city was broken into, and all the men of war fled and went forth from the city at night by way of the gate between the two walls which was by the king’s garden, though the Chaldeans were all around the city. And they went by way of the Arabah. 8But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho, and all his army was scattered from him. 9Then they captured the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath; and he passed sentence on him. 10And the king of Babylon slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and he also slaughtered all the princes of Judah in Riblah. 11Then he blinded the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him with bronze fetters and brought him to Babylon, and put him in prison until the day of his death. 12Now on the tenth day of the fifth month, which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard, who was in the service of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. 13And he burned the house of Yahweh, the king’s house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; even every large house he burned with fire. 14So all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard broke down all the walls around Jerusalem. 15Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away into exile some of the poorest of the people, the rest of the people who were left in the city, the deserters who had deserted to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the artisans. 16But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left some of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and plowmen. 17Now the bronze pillars which belonged to the house of Yahweh and the stands and the bronze sea, which were in the house of Yahweh, the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried all their bronze to Babylon. 18And they also took away the pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the basins, the pans, and all the bronze vessels which were used in temple service. 19The captain of the guard also took away the bowls, the firepans, the basins, the pots, the lampstands, the pans and the libation bowls, what was fine gold and what was fine silver. 20The two pillars, the one sea, and the twelve bronze bulls that were under the sea, and the stands, which King Solomon had made for the house of Yahweh—the bronze of all these vessels was beyond weight. 21As for the pillars, the height of each pillar was eighteen cubits, and it was twelve cubits in circumference and four fingers in thickness, and hollow. 22Now a capital of bronze was on it; and the height of each capital was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the capital all around, all of bronze. And the second pillar was like these, including pomegranates. 23And there were ninety-six exposed pomegranates; all the pomegranates numbered a hundred on the network all around. 24Then the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple. 25He also took from the city one official who was overseer of the men of war, and seven of the king’s advisers who were found in the city, and the scribe of the commander of the army who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the midst of the city. 26And Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 27Then the king of Babylon struck them down and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was led away into exile from its land. 28These are the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away into exile: in the seventh year 3,023 Jews; 29in the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar 832 persons from Jerusalem; 30in the twenty-third year of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried into exile 745 Jewish people; there were 4,600 persons in all. 31Now it came about in the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-fifth of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, showed favor to Jehoiachin king of Judah and brought him out of prison. 32Then he spoke kindly to him and set his throne above the thrones of the kings who were with him in Babylon. 33So Jehoiachin changed his prison clothes, and had his meals in the king’s presence regularly all the days of his life. 34And for his allowance, a regular allowance was given him by the king of Babylon, a daily portion all the days of his life until the day of his death.