Torah Times Messianic Ministry

Articles, PowerPoints, and Diagrams


The Scroll of Biblical Chronology

Did Israel Really Sin for 390 Years?

The Divided Kingdom Begins

Chronology of the Judges

The Canons of Biblical Chronology

Joshua’s Long Day

The Inception of the Priestly Divisions

A Review of Doig’s Crucifixion Plot

The Importance of Dating Tiberius Rightly

The Thinking of the Magi

The Birth of Messiah

President Obama and the destruction of the Temple.

The Messianic Faith What is the Messianic Faith? How is it like Christianity and Judaism? How it it unlike Christianity and Judaism? Find the answers here.

Are We Under the Law? What does Υπο Νομον mean? What did Paul really teach. Is the good news a pardon or acquittal?

The Synagogue of Satan Who or what is the Synagogue of Satan spoken about in Revelation 2:9 and 3:8-9?

Calling on the name of Yăhwēh What it means to call on the name of Yăhwēh.

Gen. 1:1-5 What an Interlinear translation should be, and should look like, in a printed form

The Virgin Birth Prophecy New light on the virgin birth prophecy.

Where it all leads.. Explaining the overall chronological picture

Is 1Cor. 16:2 talking about Sunday? Showing that a supposed Sunday collection was really a reference to the first of the Sabbaths, and that the collections were made after it.

Acts 20:7; Paul’s meeting on Sabbath Showing that a supposed Sunday meeting was really a Sabbath meeting.

End Times Update An update on the reasons for my different endtime guesses.

When does the Day begin? This article goes in depth into the scriptural definition of the calendar day.

The Redemption Cup Warning against idolatry in the Eucharist

Does Galatians 2:21 deny Righteousness? Explains how obeying the Law is righteousness vs. a mistranslated passage.

The New and the Old Explains the sentences in the ten commandments and how their ministry of death is fading away in the renewed covenant.

Justifying Reformed Theology by Torah Here I show how to justify (straighten out, correct) Reformed Theology.

Translating the “faithfulness of Yeshua” This article lectures on this theme in both practical and technical details.

Translating Romans 3:21. Explaining the real meaning of NOMOS.

Zechariah 12:8-10; A Torahtimes Hebrew Study showing the identity of Messiah.

Isaiah 9:5 [6] A Torahtimes Hebrew Study showing the identity of Messiah.

The Nature of the Most High. An article demonstrating the plural nature of the Almighty, and showing the meanings of being one. There is a onness of a unity of parts, and a oneness of exclusivity. This article also shows that the Isaiah texts, where Elohim speaks in the first person I in Hebrew represent a plural entity speaking.

The Hebrew Idiom Behind The Resurrection Day.

Fulfilling the Law. An Essay on Matthew 5:17-20.

Salvation by Superstition vs. Trusting Faithfulness. Using 1Sam. 4:3 (translated literally from Hebrew), I take up the subject of Israel's superstitious use of the ark, and what passes in the modern era for similar superstition.

To Account or not to Account. Was Paul really against Torah and good works having a place in salvation? Learn what Paul really meant in Romans 4 about not working vs. working, and He who does justice to the sinner vs. he who justifies the sinner.

In The Day After The Sabbath. An essay on how to count Shavuot, starting with practical matters, and then afterwards explaining the controversies and how to answer them.

Chart of Esther (This is PDF File of a portion of the Scroll of Biblical Chronology-Printed 6th Edition [forthcoming].) We like the free Foxit Reader for viewing PDF files.

Shavuot and Mt. Sinai A technical article explaining Shavuot counting. Please support these articles and ongoing research by purchasing the Scroll of Biblical Chronology Ebook.

PowerPoint Presentations

The New Moon, in the Light or in the Darkness? A PowerPoint (PPTX) presentation showing historical evidence for the sighted new moon, from Philo, the Elephantine Papyri, the Rabbis, and other sources. Please support these resources and ongoing research by purchasing the Scroll of Biblical Chronology Ebook. If you don't have PowerPoint, you can download a free viewer [here].

The Birth of Messiah, pt. 1. PowerPoint showing that Messiah was born on Tishri 1, 2 BC. The 15th Year of Tiberius and Coin Evidence. Establishing the rotation of Priestly Divisions. (Note: this PPT is now obsolete as I have replaced the T1A priestly system with the CRT system which gives more precise results. The conclusion is not changed.) If you don't have PowerPoint, you can download a free viewer [here].

The Birth of Messiah, pt. 2 PowerPoint showing how the Priestly divisions work correctly with the Tishri 1 (Yom Teruah/Feast of Trumpets) date of Yeshua's birth in 2 BC, and how they do not work out for 3 BC. (Note: this PPT is now obsolete as I have replaced the T1A priestly system with the CRT system which gives more precise results. The conclusion is not changed.) If you don't have PowerPoint, you can download a free viewer [here].

Passover, Exodus, and Passion. PowerPoint relating Messiah's death and resurrection to the timing of the Passover, and showing the way the types fit perfectly with a Wednesday crucifixion and Sabbath Resurrection. If you don't have PowerPoint, you can download a free viewer [here].

The Real Bible Code I PowerPoint starting from the beginning with the fundamentals of Biblical Chronology, with special attention to the year of Jubilee. Updated 5/6/2014. If you don't have PowerPoint, you can download a free viewer [here]. Please support this ministry by purchasing the Scroll of Biblical Chronology Ebook.

The Real Bible Code II. PowerPoint series continued. More Jubilees. If you don't have PowerPoint, you can download a free viewer [here]. Please support this ministry by purchasing the Scroll of Biblical Chronology Ebook.

The Real Bible Code III PowerPoint detailing the period of the Judges. If you don't have PowerPoint, you can download a free viewer [here].


The devolution to "believe only" How faithfulness mutated into 'believe only', and then believe only once. In both Hebrew and Greek, the relevent terms mean more than just to believe some important facts. They connotate loyalty and fidelity, and even obedience. Messiah is looking for trusting faithfulness, and not just a few doctrines dropped into your shopping basket as salvation insurance. If you are seeking a better translation of these words, it can be found on our website.

Daniel 9:24-26 Explained With Sabbatical Years Daniel 9:24-26 predicts Messiah Yeshua's first coming almost 500 years before it happened. The prophecy has often been explained in terms of 483 years. This chart shows how the prophecy is actually to be explained in terms of Israel's seven year Sabbatical year cycle. Seventy "weeks" are really "seventy sevens" or Sabbatical years.(A Sabbath year is every seventh year). The prophecy says to count up 7 cycles and then 62 cycles, and then Messiah came after that. A close relative of this chart is included in the Scroll of Biblical Chronology, and the details are explained.

Shabbat Resurrection (headline emphasis). Is it possible that Messiah died on a Wednesday and rose on the Sabbath? What if the texts are translated literally? What if the instruction in Lev. 23:15 to count seven Sabbaths is taken seriously? What if it looks like Messiah could have died on the 4th day of the week and rose on the seventh? Is it possible that Messiah died on a Wednesday and rose on the Sabbath? When was Messiah raised from the dead? About dawn on the Shabbat. According to all the texts the resurrection was on the "first of the Sabbaths" (Matthew 28:1, Luke 24:1, Mark 16:2, John 20:1) and not on the "first day of the week", which is a mistranslation. Leviticus 23:15 says to count "seven Sabbaths" after Passover, and this fact confirms that the resurrection passages. This material is covered in general in the Scroll of Biblical Chronology, and in great detail in the Resurrection Day of Messiah.

Aviv AD 34 This is a PNG image of the calendar for the month and year of Messiah's crucifixion. The notes are only clickable in the PDF version: 11x17 PDF Version with Notes. In Foxit Reader the notes may be hidden or displayed. The calendar may be printed on 11x17 cardstock in an inkjet printer. This chart is a good extra resource to go with the Resurrection Day book.

The Exodus Month This image is a wall calendar of the Exodus month with Passover. How the dates and times were arrived at is shown in the Scroll of Biblical Chronology, along with connections to Egyptian Chronology.

Birth of Messiah 0002BC This calendar shows the month for the birth of Messiah on Aug 31/Sept 1, 2 B.C. according to the sign on Revelation 12:1-3. The calendar is just an intro to this important chronological subject. The image was composed from Stellarium, and our custom built calendar generating program. We use the same calculation routine for all calendars from creation to the present.

Matthew 28:1 Mathew 28:1, "On the later of the Sabbaths, at the dawning on the first of the Sabbaths...The later Sabbath is the weekly Sabbath in Passion week, as there was an annual Sabbath earlier in the week. The Messiah died the day before the Annual Sabbath, the preparation of the Passover, and rose again on the later Sabbath, i.e. the weekly Sabbath. Also the weekly Sabbath is called "the first of the Sabbaths" because Lev. 23:11-15 instructed Israel to count "seven Sabbaths" following the annual Passover rest day. Therefore, the "first of the Sabbaths" is #1 in this counting to the feast of Pentecost.

The wave offering A satire on how to explain the wave offering. The Church says that the wave offering was Sunday morning, but if that is so, the it would have to last until Monday morning. So whose wave is correct, the Sunday morning wave, or the wave offering on the 16th of the month after the annual Sabbath? The Scroll of Biblical Chronology explains the wave offering, as also the Resurrection Day book in the context of Messiah's Passion.

Genesis Day The "day" is defined in Genesis 1:3-5 as "the light", which is dawn to dusk or 12 hours. The calendar day is also implied in the same passage to be from daybreak to daybreak (or dawn to dawn). This view is logical and sequential and is held by top Hebrew Scholars (Franz Delitzsch and Jacob Milgrom), who both made quite a point of the day starting at dawn and ending at dawn in their Torah commentaries. Excepting only Sabbaths and feast days, the calendar day everywhere in Scripture is counted from daybreak to daybreak. The daybreak to daybreak day is essential for understanding many passages including those having to do with the Levitical services. Even Sabbaths, beginning at sunset, are explained in terms of days reckoned from daybreak to daybreak.

Genesis 1:31 and Sabbath Showing when the Sabbath begins in terms of the underlying Genesis calendar day. The night part of the sixth day combines with the day part of the seventh day to make the Sabbath. We say that the Sabbath is the seventh day, and mean that this also includes the night before it. The word Sabbath means 'ceasing', and therefore may be used for time that is not on the seventh day. The key point for Sabbath reckoning is that the Most High saw all that he made before the setting on the sixth day, i.e. before the night began. The only way he can see ALL he had made was if he was done making everything. This is the proof that he ceased by sunset on the sixth day.

Yom Kippur: Here it is shown that a daybreak to daybreak day is used to explain the timing of Yom Kippur. The fast begins on the ninth day at setting, and lasts until the next day at setting, which is explained in Lev. 23:27 to be the tenth day. If the post AD 70 traditional way of reckoning a day from sunset is mistakenly used, then Lev. 23:32 would seem to say that Yom Kippur was from sunset at the beginning of the ninth day to sunset at the end of the ninth day, and would entirely miss being on the tenth day. Even worse is that such a definition of 'day' would imply two sunsets associated with the ninth day, one at the start, and one at the end. Scripture would then be guilty of confusion and imprecision, because from Lev. 23:32 it cannot be known which sunset of two sunsets using a post AD 70 traditional definition of the ninth day were meant.

On the other hand, since the ninth day is from daybreak to daybreak, the setting of the sun on the ninth day is unambiguously at the end of the day part, or in the middle of the twenty-four hour calendar day. There is no confusion. The confusion comes from outside Scripture, from people who seek to destroy Messianic prophecy, or who have been innocently misled by such teachers. These matters may seem irrelevant by themselves, but when it comes to solving biblical chronology they are critical. We have lots of information on the website (

Babylon Layout of ancient Babylon on map. Babylon Resource PDF This public domain book explains why Babylon must be rebuilt. The Scroll of Biblical Chronology shows that Babylon only ruled for 66 1/2 years so far, and that 3 1/2 years are in the future. Please acquire the ebook, and show your support. It is an essential bible study and understanding tool.

2013_2014 Sabbatic Year What about the Red Moon Tetrad and included Solar eclipse? Fast Facts..1. None of these five events will be visible in Israel, 2. The solar eclipse does NOT fall on the new moon day of either the Biblical calendar or the Rabbinic Calendar. 3. Only two of the lunar eclipses agree with biblical feast dates, and 3 of the events with Rabbinic dates. Therefore, the events favor neither calendar. If the events mean anything, then close will have to do. We do know this: the Sabbatical Cycle Shows that 2013-2016 will not be the End of Days. A better understanding of historical biblical chronology will keep you from falling victim to these last day speculations, which often are no better than celestial divination (astrology). The Scroll of Biblical Chronology sifts out the divination and keeps only the historical observations. Add it to your armory.

How Luke 24:21 falsifies Sunday Resurrection Doctrine. Here is a technical paper: Technical Paper This chart shows in particular why a Saturday afternoon or shortly after sunset on Saturday resurrection is not possible (assuming he died on Wed). For this would imply that the women came to the tomb Sunday morning and that the men going to Emmaus had counted wrong in Luke 24:21. For Sunday would be the 5th day. Therefore, the resurrection was at dawn on the Sabbath, and the women came to the tomb just after dawn on the Sabbath, and the men going to Emmaus in Luke 24:21 made their comment on Sabbath afternoon--when the third day had just passed. The Scroll of Biblical Chronology explains this.

How to explain "heart of the earth" (Mat. 12:40) This chart shows that "heart of the earth" derives from two idioms in Jonah, and that the combined idiom was not meant to exclude Messiah's "affliction" before he actually died (Jonah 2:2). David in the Psalms also used "grave" for the threat of death, and not just actual death. "Heart of the earth" also refers to suffering in Jerusalem. So the "three days and three nights" cover 72 hours from dawn on a WED to dawn on the Sabbath. "Heart of the earth" also refers to the physical grave. Both senses of "heart of the earth" put together make 72 hours. Taken as only in the physical grave, it was only part of the first day. Even so, in the Hebrew language a part of a day may be simply counted as a day.

Cornelius and four days This chart shows that 72 hours are counted as four days in Scripture. This is because these 72 hours include a part of a calendar day, two whole calendar days, and a part of a day. The standard calendar day in scripture is a day and a night, from daybreak to daybreak. Only Sabbaths are observed the night before. What this chart shows is that having the crucifixion on Wednesday and the resurrection on Saturday afternoon OR at sunset on Saturday would be counted as four days. But since the resurrection was at dawn on the Sabbath day, it is just inside the three day limit. We have lots of information on our website.

This chart also demonstrates inclusive counting using the Acts 10 narrative. Four whole days is 96 hours, but the actual time is 24 hours less due to the counting of part days. The minimum time for three days and three nights is therefore 48 hours. But Friday to Sunday has only fractions more than 36. The actual time of Messiah in the grave was 60 hours and a fraction of a day.

Matthew 28:1 Step by Step | (Technical Note) This diagram shows the logic behind the translation"later of the Sabbaths" so that non-Greek scholars can appreciate that there is a well reasoned argument, and so that believing Greek scholars will be able to prove for themselves that it is well justified.

Third Day Prophecies Always Inclusive This graphic illustrates how the third day is counted in Hebrew: today, tomorrow, the third day, OR today, yesterday, the third day. The starting point is always included in the counting. This agrees with Hos. 6:1-2 where 'the third day' is equated to 'after two days.'

The origin of Ἰησοῦς. | (further reading) Many are going about saying that 'Jesus' is a pagan name, or that the Greek word Ἰησοῦς is a pagan god. This graphic shows that these claims are lies. Truly his name is Yeshua, but 'Jesus' is not pagan, and many have been and will be saved, who only know his name as such. Those preaching the need to say the right words are promoting a gospel that is just as false as Rome's baptizing of infants to save them from Hell, or the gospel of saying the sinners prayer just once, and then live as you like because we are under grace. It is false, because such gospels are not the full and utter commitment of trusting faithfulness to Messiah, but cheap substitutes designed to make a person fell safe without faith.

How the Apostolic Writings represent Messiah's name | (further reading) This graphic illustrates how the 'New Testament' (really the Evangelists or Apostolic Writings) Greek manuscripts represented the true names of Messiah and pointed the reader back to the Hebrew forms.

The Continual Offering and Messiah Prophetic connections with the Tamid offering. The continual offering shows that the day as used by the priests started at daybreak and lasted to the next daybreak. So there are two types of day in scripture, one for Sabbaths, and another for sacrificial offerings. Guess which one should be used in counting the days of Messiah's death and resurrection?

The Olah offering (ascending or burnt offering) is very relevant to Messiah's resurrection on the Sabbath day near dawn. For Messiah was raised as the "firstfruits" offering. The instructions for the timing of the daily offering establish the timing of the firstfruits offering, which is also called the wave offering. The wave offering included a burnt offering, and therefore it was completed at dawn when the priest removed the ashes from the altar. In the case of Messiah, the wave offering was put on the altar on the 16th of Nisan after the annual Shabbat (which would be Friday morning), and it burned all night until the time of his resurrection at dawn on the Shabbat. The wave offering's final ascending (a type of resurrection) was just before dawn on the Shabbat. So what we must understand here is that a wave offering that might in some years begin on Sunday morning and end at dawn on Monday morning certainly does not qualify as a "match" to being fulfilled by any theory except the correct one wherein the resurrection is at dawn on the Sabbath, and the wave offering is made with its burnt offering about 22 hours earlier right after the daily offering on Friday at daybreak. For if the resurrection is at any time before 8 a.m. Sunday morning, then a wave offering on that day would completely miss the time of the resurrection, and John 20:1 assures us it was before that time, saying it was "still dark." This graphic also shows that offerings in general are reckoned from daybreak to daybreak, and likewise implies that Messiah's fulfiment of the Passover offering, the chag offering on Nisan 15, and the wave offering also, are all counted on the basis of a daybreak to daybreak day.

Acts 20:7 Calendar| Printable 11x17 PDF Answer the the anti-Sabbath Christian this Acts 20:7 they met on the Sabbath, and then Paul kept teaching into the next night, then the next day he continued his journey. This calendar shows the way it really was...

David Flees from Shaul | Printable 11x17 PDF The dating of David's flight from Saul took him to Nob on the Sabbath, were he obtained the showbread that was removed from the Sanctuary. We know the year of this event, the month, and the day of the month. The result shows that the Sabbath is an unbroken seven day cycle from the present back to then.

First day of unleavened bread This chart shows the basis of understanding Matthew, Mark, and Luke to be speaking of Nisan 14 when they introduce the Last Supper. Also the use of the root SH-B-T (from which we get Shabbat) is highlighted in the text. The first use of  ראשׁוֹן in Exo. 12:15a means "headmost" and refers to Nisan 14, and the second use in 12:15b means "first" and refers to Nisan 15. The first day (Nisan 15) is the sabbathing day for leaven that begins the feast. On the 14th day Yisrael "causes to cease," or "makes [the house] to take a Sabbath" from leaven. This makes the 15th day the first day of cessation...resting from leaven, and the day after it the 16th--if you get my hint.

Messiah, the First Fruit This chart shows Messiah Yeshua as the firstfruit of the Resurrection (1Cor. 15:20, 23). Yeshua fulfilled the prophetic type of the firstfruits offering when he rose from the dead at the exact same time the offering finished ascending (burning) on the altar in the Temple. Of every wave offering there was a portion for Yahweh put on the altar just after the daily offering, along with a male lamb (Lev.23:12), a grain offering, and a drink offering (Lev. 23:13). This portion burned (an-Olah ascending offering) for a day and a night (Lev. 6:9-10). Messiah ascended with the offering fulfilling Judges 13:20, Genesis 32:24 and Hosea 6:3. He ascended at the going up of the deep dawn.

Solving the Shavuot counting Mystery. This slide shows that counting the days to Shavuot starting after the annual Shabbat (Passover) is consistent with Lev. 23:11-16, and the reckoning of the Pharisees. The counting starts on Aviv 16 with the waving of the sheaf, which is termed the "tomorrow of the Shabbat"; then seven Sabbaths are to be counted in the tomorrow of the Shabbat, showing that "tomorrow" is used in the Semitic sense of "time to come" or "hereafter." Likewise, the 50th day is counted in the tomorrow of the seventh Sabbath, which need not be just one day after the Sabbath, but in the Hebrew sense of "tomorrow" it may be up to a week later. The widely cited Karaite argument from Lev. 23:16 is therefore shown to presuppose an error of omission. They omit that in Hebrew "tomorrow" also means "hereafter"because it makes their "proof" a non-proof. The sense they omit in vs. 16 is required to make sense out of vs. 15. Seven Sabbaths cannot be counted in the day after the Sabbath UNLESS day after = the hereafter of the Sabbath. Since the immediate context requires "hereafter", it follows that this sense should also have been considered in vs. 16.

John 20:1 Graphic showing that the Greek texts say 'first of the Sabbaths' for the resurrection day, and not 'first day of the week' (Sunday). The Church justifies formal worship on Sunday by appealing to the Sunday resurrection. This is how they ignore the Sabbath. But the resurrection was really on the Sabbath, so this proves that the excuse is a lie compounded on a lie.

Luke 23:54 to 24:1 | Technical Pages This slide shows that Luke 23:54-24:1 is speaking of two Sabbaths in Passion week. A textual problem in 23:54 is corrected (the word "dawn" does not go with the beginning of the Sabbath) following the reading of Codex Bezae (a very ancient Greek MSS and the basis of the Western Text) and several Latin MSS. A mistranslated sentence structure problem is corrrected with 23:56b-24:1. The mistranslation of "Sabbaths" (plural) as "week" (singular) in 24:1 is corrected. When all these structural problems are corrected, then the interpretation of the text can be corrected. The text is speaking about the Passover Shabbat from Lev. 23:11, 15a, and then the weekly Shabbat from Lev. 23:15b, which is the first of seven Sabbaths Israel was supposed to count after Passover.

Time Table of Nisan 14 | Third_hour_vs._sixth_hour | Peter's Denials | When is Cockcrowing? This chart shows the timetable from the time that Peter and John went to prepare for Passover till sunset opening the Annual Sabbath and the first day of unleavened bread. There are several things to note here. 1. the times 3rd hour, 6th hour, and 9th hour are "Quarter times", which is to say the way people divided up the day into approximate quarters when they could not note the 12 hour time from an official sundial. This explains the 3rd hour 6th hour discrepancy between Mark and John, i.e. we must not impose modern reckoning. See attached article. A second article explains the cockcrowings.

The Aramaic Deception and Matthew 28:1 | Article This chart shows that the Aramaic Peshitta was translated from Greek, why we cannot trust the Peshitta's translation of Matthew 28:1, and finally how Matthew 28:1 should really be rendered in Hebrew. The acompanying article takes Aramaic Primacy Advocates to task for claiming that their Aramaic versions are the Original Hebrew, when in fact the Greek texts are the Orginal Hebrew in so far as only by translating them into accurate Hebrew will we have an original Hebrew.

The Resurrection on the Sabbath Simplified I produced this chart because I have a bad habit of telling people way more than they need to know to understand the issue. The first quote is from Young's Literal Translation, wherein "week" is corrected to say what the original Greek actually says, "Sabbaths." The second quote is from the King James Version, and explains just what the "first of the Sabbaths" is, and where it is counted.

How to count the third day, Slide #1. Scripture always counts the third day inclusively from whatever event it is counting from. This means that the number 1,or the "first day" is the counting that is applied to the events with which the counting starts. There is a Hebrew idiom in Scripture that in Gen. 31:2, 5; Exo. 4:10; 5:7, 8, 14; 21:29, 36; Deut. 4:42; 19:4, 6; Jos. 3:4; 4:18; 20:5; Ruth 2:11; 1Sam. 4:7; 10:11; 14:21; 19:7; 21:6; 2Sam. 3:17; 5:2; 2Kings 13:5; 1Chron. 11:2. This idiom always counts; from today: "tomorrow", "the third day" or backwards from today: "yesterday" "the third day." This idiom is plain in the LXX (Greek version) and Hebrew Text.  It is mistranslated or covered up in every English version that Christians customarily use. Not even Young's Literal Translation has it right (YLT). This suppressed idiom is ABSOLUTE PROOF about how the third day is to be counted.

Counting the third day, Slide #2. There are those who think that Scriptural Hebrew counting of the third day can exclude the event being counted from. It cannot. Such thinking is not "Hebraic." It is often sold as Hebraic by those teaching Messiah's resurrection was near sunset on Saturday, and accused of being "Greek" thinking, but it is Western English thinking. Most of the Hebraic roots people are guilty of ignoring the Scriptural teaching of the "third day." The reason they have done this is that they do not really know Hebrew. The reason they are deceived by this is because all English translations that they depend on suppress the third day idiom. This idiom is essential to understanding the Messianic type and prophecy pattern of the "third day"! It's removal from English versions should make you angry and cry at the same time.

Lesson in Hypocrisy  (no click here unless you are a really sharp cookie). This chart is an illustration of what happens when the enemy invents new meanings for biblical words so that he can change what God said. If one invents too many meanings, then eventually you can use the corrupt meanings to prove anything including the original truth that the deceivers were trying to remove. So start out by accepting the mistranslation that "sabbaths" = "week". Then if this is so, because the Greek is plural, it may mean "weeks" as many wrong translations of Lev. 23:15 have it. Then we say that the Sabbath in Lev. 23:15 from which the counting begins is the Annual Sabbath (based on John 19:31 or Lev. 23:32 --take your pick). Matthew 12:40 then dictates that this Annual Sabbath will be on a weekday.From this I conclude that the counting started on the day after the Annual Sabbath, which was on a weekday, just as the Rabbis interpret Lev.23:11-16. In this case the "first day of the weeks" will be Nisan 16, which would be the Friday of Passion week, and since the wave offering lasts all night, it laps the first part of the weekly Sabbath, where we put the resurrection at the end of the 3rd night, on the third calendar day--according to Temple offerings.

My oppenents claim that "first of the Sabbaths" is not possible for the resurrection day. They render it "first day of the week," but then this implies that the word "sabbath" means "week"; when they get to Lev. 23:15, they promptly condemn the Rabbis for translating "weeks" and taking the sabbath in Lev. 23:11 and 23:15a to mean the Annual Sabbath, while they themselves think that in John 19:31 an annual Sabbath is named OR they deny this and retreat to a Friday to Sunday chronology wherein they contradict Matthew 12:40.

So, I say this. When an error is introduced into chronology, if it be pursued far enough, then it will expose the hypocrisy in the thinking of those who hold it.

Who Messiah is I This is rather advanced, but necessary. The Torah's answer about the divinity and humanity of Messiah Yeshua is Open Theism and Kenosis (emptying). We can only understand Messiah's deity when we rid ourselves of Greek Philosophy...Augustinian theology which false theology essentially prevents Yahweh from becoming man. Their answer is the hypostatic union (two natures doctrine in one person). The Kenosis theology correctly addresses this: Yahweh became a man, and as the man Yeshua retained his identify as Elohim, yet his divine power and glory were largely left behind to remain with the Father until he resumed it. The self limitation of the Almighty one was taught from the beginning:

Who Messiah is II | For your viewing.